Monthly Archives: October 2015



“The key role of urban design in building sustainable, socially integrated and prosperous urban environments.[..] can help tackle climate change. It reduces the impacts of disaster. It can help make our cities safer, cleaner, and more equal and integrative.”

Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon



Urban renewal project inTurkey. 2006 © UN-Habitat

2015: Better City, Better Life; Designed to live together

Recognizing the significance of urban basic services as a foundation for the overall social and economic development, the UN General Assembly designated on 27 December 2013, by resolution 68/239, 31 October as World Cities Day as of 2014.

Planned urbanization maximizes the capacity of cities to generate employment and wealth, and to foster diversity and social cohesion between different classes, cultures, ethnicities and religions. Cities designed to live together create opportunities, enable connection and interaction, and facilitate sustainable use of shared resources.

The theme of the 2015 World Cities Day promotes togetherness and harmony, making our cities and neighbourhoods inclusive and livable.


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Top 10 Surprises from the Pluto Flyby

New Horizons’ principal investigator describes the most amazing discoveries made when NASA’s New Horizons spacecraft flew past Pluto last July.

DSCOVRing Earth

An innovative Earth-observing satellite now shows near-daily views of our home planet online.

The Inner Workings of Red Giant Stars

New research connects pulsations in aging stars to their inner, unobservable magnetic fields.

White Dwarf Eats Mini Planet?

Astronomers have detected debris around a white dwarf that might be from one or more disintegrating rocky bodies.


This Week’s Sky at a Glance, October 30 – November 7

We’ll see a waning gibbous Moon this Halloween, and Daylight Saving Time ends the day after, making for earlier evenings (and skygazing!). And don’t miss Venus’s approach to Mars in the predawn hours.

How to See Lunar Craters with the Naked Eye

Who says you need a telescope to see craters on the Moon? Here’s how to find a half-dozen with just the naked eye.

Close-In Asteroid Offers Halloween Treat

The recently discovered asteroid 2015 TB145 won’t come especially close to Earth on October 31st, but it’s big enough to be seen in medium-size backyard telescopes.

Tour November’s Sky: Treats at Dawn & Dusk

Bright planets are putting on a stargazing show in the predawn sky, and evenings feature a mythical horse flying upside-down across the sky.


The Night of the Blazing Aurora

A group of about 40 intrepid souls from the U.S. and Australia hits paydirt on a tour of Iceland.

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Fox’s war on ‘Black Lives Matter’; 10 Confederate memorial of note; CofCC member up for re-election; and more.


Hatewatch Staff
October 27, 2015

Media Matters: From ‘hate group’ to ‘Nazis,’ Fox News ramps up their war on Black Lives Matter.

AlterNet: Ten noteworthy memorials to the Confederacy that still stand.

Daily Kos: She’s supported the white supremacist group that inspired Dylann Roof, and she’s up for re-election.

Crooks and Liars: Navy chaplain wins his discipline case, plans to continue preaching homophobic doctrine.

WCIV-TV (Mt. Pleasant, S.C.): Ku Klux Klan fliers turn up in Walterboro neighborhoods.

Right Wing Watch: Tennessee televangelist warns that gay rights will lead to ‘catastrophic natural disasters’ and violent persecution.

Think Progress: After students vote to take it down, Ole Miss will no longer fly the state flag.

Raw Story: Ken Ham offers bizarre rebuttal of Bill Nye, claiming climate-change ‘alarmists’ could push for mass killings.

Salon: Kim Davis’s newly unearthed emails reveal Christian extremists’ plot against the Constitution.

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Everyone by now has seen the video gone viral of a White police officer attacking a teenage Black girl student on Monday October 26, 2015.


11:49 a.m. CDT October 28, 2015

Columbia, SC (WLTX) – Richland County Sheriff Leon Lott will announce the results of an internal investigation into the actions by one of his officers at Spring Valley High School that’s caused a national uproar.

Lott is scheduled to speak at 12 p.m. Wednesday at the sheriff’s department headquarters. UPDATE: Sheriff Lott Fires Deputy – Click Here for Details

Lott said late Tuesday afternoon that an internal investigation was underway to review the actions of Deputy Ben Fields, a school resource officer at Spring Valley. Lott said his officers will look only at whether Fields acted properly under department protocols. Any possible criminal investigation will be handled by federal and state agencies.

“We don’t expect this to draw out,” Lott said.

Lott said the findings would allow him to determine if Fields will continue working for the agency.

RAW VIDEO: All Three Angles of the Incident 

Lott had been in Chicago for a law enforcement conference when the incident, which has made national news, happened. He cut short the trip and flew back to the area early Tuesday morning to deal with the matter personally.He said just like everyone else, he was appalled by the first video that was released.

“I wanted to throw up, it makes you sick to your stomach,” he said. “You can’t watch the video without having those feelings.”

The incident happened inside a math class at the school around 10:30 a.m. Monday. According to Lott, the student was supposed to be working on a project using her computer, but was instead had her cell phone out, perhaps to text. Lott said the girl didn’t comply when her teacher told her multiple times to put away the device. An administrator then came to the class, Lott said, and she continued to refuse to obey their requests. Fields was then called to the room to remove her from the room.

Videos that surfaced online captured part of what happened next. Fields can be heard telling the student to get up. A few moments later, he grabs the student as she was in her seat, causing the girl and the chair to flip over onto the floor. Fields can then be seen dragging the girl for several feet and restraining her on the ground.

Related Coverage:Student Who Videotaped Incident Says He Was Afraid

Lott said he was told the girl didn’t sustain injuries.

The student was charged with disturbing schools and was given over to her parents. Another student in the classroom, 18-year-old Niya Kenny, was also charged with disturbing schools but was booked at the local jail. She was released on bond hours later. Related Coverage:Student Arrested Says She was Standing Up for Classmate

Lott said the girl was in the wrong for not complying with her school officials. He also said a third video has shown that the girl struck the officer as he was attempting to remove her. But Lott said his probe won’t focus on her actions–only the officers.

“What she did is not what I’m looking at,” Lott said.

To fend off any concerns that an internal probe might be a conflict of interest, Lott requested that federal authorities investigate what happened. By midday Tuesday, the FBI and U.S. Attorneys office obliged, saying they’d launch a civil rights probe into the matter.  “I don’t want anybody in Richland County or anywhere in the world to say that this is not being handled properly.” Related Coverage:Feds Open Civil Rights Investigation 

The student is black, while the officer is white, but Lott said despite some suggestions from the public, he doesn’t think race is a factor.

“He’s never expressed that in the past, we’ve never seen that,” Lott said.  The sheriff also pointed out that the officer dates an African-American woman.

Lott oversees a group of 87 school resource officers, who he said are instructors and offer guidance in schools. Fields also works as an assistant coach with the football team.

His officers do receive training in how to de-escalate a situation using only words, but he said often times his officers are put in difficult predicaments, where they are in charge of controlling students when teachers and administrators can’t.

“Should the officer have been called to get involved?” Lott said. “Is it proper to call an SRO in to discipline a child?”

Just before Lott spoke, Richland School District Two officials said they’d review their policies about when it’s appropriate for an officer to respond to a class. They also said they wanted to work with the department to improve training for officers. Related Coverage:Richland Two Leaders Say Incident is ‘Unforgivable’

Dr. Debbie Hamm, the district’s superintendent, said she’s worked in the school system for four decades, and said it’s one of the most upsetting incidents she’s seen.

“It was outrageous and unforgivable and it does not represent what this district stands for,” Hamm said.

“There is absolutely no place in this district for what happened yesterday,” said Richland School District Two Board Chairman Jim Manning. “Our tolerance for it is zero.”

SC NAACP Chairman Dr. Lonnie Randolph said his office was withholding making sweeping statements about what happened until they hear how law enforcement is going to respond.


During the attack, he could be heard in another video yelling to another student, Niya Kenny,  “I’ll put you in jail next.” She was arrested for speaking up and questioning the officer’s brutal use of force.

The two girls were arrested after the confrontation, according to The State, a South Carolina newspaper. They were charged with disturbing the peace and disturbing schools and released to the custody of their parents, according to the television station WLTX. The confrontation drew outrage as the videos spread.

This same officer had been brought up on civil rights violations in 2007 and 2013. On the case for police brutality in 2007, Fields was also sued in federal court in 2007 from his time as a patrol deputy. A jury eventually ruled in Fields’ favor in United States District Court for the District of South Carolina Columbia Division, Civil Action Number: 3:07-3782-JFA;  and the case for racial profiling, which goes to trial  January 27, 2016, United States District Court for the District of South Carolina Columbia Division, Civil Action No.: 3:13-cv-03040-TLW

This Officer Ben Fields who attacked at the School has weight lifting experience. A question I have:  Has he used anabolic steroids in the process of his weight lifting? Steroids have been scientifically and medically proven to cause extreme aggressive behavior.

How is this officer in his behavior around other adults? Other officers? Is he violent and terrifying in his interactions with other human beings?

This officer’s use of force to remove the teen girl from the class.

Anytime force is used, the situation escalates and violence becomes more vicious and destructive.

This officer showed signs of being unable to control his aggressive behavior: grabbing the girl, throwing her violently to the floor, choking her.  All of which are signs that this officer cannot control himself in a situation with another human being.

He should have been arrested for the following:

-Assault with Intent to Commit Bodily Injury;

-Terrorist Threat (against the other teen girl student who became distraught at what was happening in class)

One very important thing I saw in the videos across the Internet is the following—-all of the students in the videos were looking down with their heads in a cowered position:

past tense: cowered; past participle: cowered
crouch down in fear.
“children cowered in terror as the shoot-out erupted”


cringe, shrink, crouch, recoil, flinch, pull back, draw back, tremble, shake, quake, blench, quail, grovel

“they cowered at the sound of gunfire”

That is a red flag sign of the environment these students must work in. Schools today are built, operated and controlled as if they are a prison/military complex.

But, as of today, October 28, 2015, this officer has been fired.



October 28, 2015 2:57 PM CDT

Columbia, SC (WLTX) – Richland County Sheriff Leon Lott has fired a deputy who forcibly removed a student from a Spring Valley High School classroom, saying the officer used improper techniques in an attempt to restrain the girl.

Lott announced his decision on the fate of Deputy Ben Fields Wednesday afternoon following an internal investigation. Lott said the formal decision to terminate fields was made around 11:30 a.m.

“Deputy Ben Fields did wrong this past Monday,” Lott said. “It’s not what I expect from my deputies, or what I tolerate from my deputies.”

That probe’s purpose was only to determine if Fields followed proper protocol in dealing with the student; separate investigations, led by the FBI, the U.S. Attorneys office, and the South Carolina Law Enforcement Division, will determine if there was criminal activity.

Lott said the decision was not hard to make, and was based on the evidence that was collected from witness interviews and at least three cell phone recordings of the incident.

Around 10:30 a.m. Monday, students were sitting inside a math class at Spring Valley and were working on their assignments. Lott says one girl in the class had her phone out instead of working on her project. The sheriff said the girl was told multiple times by her teacher to put the phone away, but she refused. According to the sheriff, an administrator then came to the classroom, and the girl refused his requests to comply.

VIDEO: All Three Angles of Spring Valley Incident

VIDEO: All Three Angles of Spring Valley Incident WLTX

At that point, Fields was called to the classroom to remove the girl.

“She was not allowing the teacher to teach and not allowing the students to learn,” Lott said, calling the student very disruptive. “Their education was put on hold while this student had to be dealt with.”

Videos that surfaced online captured part of what happened next. Fields can be heard telling the student to get up. A few moments later, he grabs the student as she was in her seat, causing the girl and the chair to flip over onto the floor. Fields can then be seen dragging the girl for several feet and restraining her on the ground.

Lott said the deputy had the right to put his hands on the student, but that when he threw the girl across the room, that’s when he violated training.

“The maneuver that he used was not based on training or was acceptable,” Lott said. “He was not trained to throw the student…when he threw her across the room he lost control of her.”

Lott said the teacher and an administrator both told him that they supported the actions of Deputy Fields, and he’d received calls of support from parents and students. In the end, Lott said that didn’t matter. “My decision was based on what he did as a deputy sheriff.”

Lott said he had spoken with Fields, and said he believes it wasn’t the officer’s intent, and that the man felt he was doing his job. “If he probably had to do it over again, he’d probably do it different,” Lott said.

PHOTOS: Spring Valley High School Incident

The sheriff said Tuesday he didn’t believe the girl suffered any injuries, but in an interview with News19 Wednesday, attorney Todd Rutherford, who’s representing the student, said she was hospitalized, and currently has a cast on her arm. Rutherford also said the girl is experiencing problems with her back. Related Coverage: Student in Video is Injured, is Wearing a Cast

When asked about the discrepancy, Lott said Wednesday that was the information he had been given by the officer and school administrators.

The girl was charged with disturbing schools, a broadly defined law in South Carolina that allows officers to arrest students for a wide range of minor offenses related to disrupting the daily activities of class. It is a misdemeanor.

The girl was then released to the custody of her guardians. A second student in the class, 18-year-old Niya Kenny, was also arrested on a disturbing schools charge. Lott said the girl used foul language and was also stopping learning from taking place, but Kenny said she was trying to stand up for her classroom. Previous Coverage: Arrested Student Said She Was Standing Up for Classmate

“I had never seen nothing like that in my life, a man use that much force on a little girl,” Kenny told News19 Monday night following her release from jail. “A big man, like 300 pounds of full muscle. I was like ‘no way, no way.’ You can’t do nothing like that to a little girl. I’m talking about she’s like 5’6′.”

Lott says he still feels like both the students did wrong, disrupted the class, and need to be held accountable for their actions. He said at this point, there are no plans to drop the charges against them.

Tony Robinson Jr., one of the other students in the classroom, saw something brewing, was one of those who pulled out his cell phone and recorded the event.

“I’ve never seen anything so nasty looking, so sick to the point that you know, other students are turning away, don’t know what to do, and are just scared for their lives,” Robinson said. “That’s supposed to be somebody that’s going to protect us. Not somebody that we need to be scare off, or afraid.” Previous Coverage:Student Says He Was Afraid for His Life

Tony Robinson Jr. spoke exclusively with News19 Monday night about what happened between a student and an officer. WLTX

But another student who recorded the incident, who wanted to remain anonymous, told News19 that the officer was just trying to do his job. “Everybody was commenting on something and they weren’t there,” he said. “They don’t know the full story. I wanted to at least take some of the pressure off of him.” Previous Coverage:Student Says Deputy Was Trying to Do His Job

Lott was grateful for the videos that were made of the incident. “Videos are something that we welcome,” he said. “Hopefully one day soon we’ll have them on all of our deputies.”

Richland School District Two, the system over Spring Valley, officials said they’d review their policies about when it’s appropriate for an officer to respond to a class. They also said they wanted to work with the department to improve training for officers. Related Coverage: Richland Two Leaders Say Incident is ‘Unforgivable’

Dr. Debbie Hamm, the district’s superintendent,released this statement after Lott’s decision:

“I want to thank Sheriff Lott and his department for their swift response. There may be some who think this is the end of the matter. In Richland Two, however, we continue to work closely with the Sheriff’s Department and independent federal and state investigating agencies to examine exactly what happened.

“We know important work is ahead of us as we thoughtfully and carefully review the decision-making process that may lead to a school resource officer taking the lead in handling a student disruption. Conversations that have already started will continue around how we work with the sheriff’s department on improvement and coordination of our work as educators and their work as law enforcement officers.

“Our primary goal is to de-escalate situations through problem-solving and communication techniques, while avoiding actions that escalate and result in unfortunate confrontations. We will continue to move forward with this approach.”


Full Coverage:

Raw Video: Deputy, Student Confrontation in Classroom

Raw Video: Instagram Video of the Incident

Raw Video: First Video That Surfaced of the Confrontation

Teen Who Videotaped Incident Says He was ‘Scared for His Life’

Student Arrested Says She Was Standing Up for Classmate

Student Says Deputy was Doing His Job

Lawyer: Student in Deputy Video Injured, is in a Cast

Richland Two Leaders Say Incident is ‘Unforgivable’ 

Feds Open Civil Rights Investigation 

Deputy in Incident Had Been Sued Before

SC NAACP Waiting to See How Law Enforcement Responds


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The World Day for Audiovisual Heritage is annually observed on October 27 to build global awareness of issues on preserving audiovisual material, such as sound recordings and moving images.

cutout of 16mm motion picture projector
The World Day for Audiovisual Heritage explores issues such as ways to preserve audiovisual material and documents.
© Kurtz

What Do People Do?

The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) works with organizations, governments and communities promote the World Day for Audiovisual Heritage on October 27 each year. Activities and events include:

  • Competitions, such as a logo contest, to promote the World Day for Audiovisual Heritage.
  • Local programs organized as a joint effort between national film archives, audiovisual societies, television or radio stations, and governments.
  • Panel discussions, conferences, and public talks on the importance of preserving important audiovisual documents.
  • Special film screenings.

Countries previously involved in observing the day included (but were not exclusive to) Canada, Denmark, Thailand, and the United States.

Public Life

The World Day for Audiovisual Heritage is a global observance and not a public holiday.


Many sound recordings, moving images and other audiovisual material are lost because of neglect, natural decay and technological obsolescence. Organizations such as UNESCO felt that more audiovisual documents would be lost if stronger and concerted international action was not taken. A proposal to commemorate a World Day for Audiovisual Heritage was approved at a UNESCO general conference in 2005. The first World Day for Audiovisual Heritage was held on October 27, 2007.

The World Day for Audiovisual Heritage aims to raise general awareness of the need for urgent measures to be taken. It also focuses on acknowledging the importance of audiovisual documents as an integral part of national identity.


UNESCO’s logo features a drawing of a temple with the “UNESCO” acronym under the roof of the temple and on top of the temple’s foundation. Underneath the temple are the words “United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization”. This logo is often used in promotional material for the World Day for Audiovisual Heritage.

2015 Theme: “Archives at Risk: Protecting the World’s Identities”

World Day for Audiovisual Heritage Observances


Weekday Date Year Name Holiday type Where it is observed
Wed Oct 27 2010 World Day for Audiovisual Heritage United Nations observance
Thu Oct 27 2011 World Day for Audiovisual Heritage United Nations observance
Sat Oct 27 2012 World Day for Audiovisual Heritage United Nations observance
Sun Oct 27 2013 World Day for Audiovisual Heritage United Nations observance
Mon Oct 27 2014 World Day for Audiovisual Heritage United Nations observance
Tue Oct 27 2015 World Day for Audiovisual Heritage United Nations observance
Thu Oct 27 2016 World Day for Audiovisual Heritage United Nations observance
Fri Oct 27 2017 World Day for Audiovisual Heritage United Nations observance
Sat Oct 27 2018 World Day for Audiovisual Heritage United Nations observance
Sun Oct 27 2019 World Day for Audiovisual Heritage United Nations observance
Tue Oct 27 2020 World Day for Audiovisual Heritage United Nations observance

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IN REMEMBRANCE: 10-25-2015


Associated Press 6:59 a.m. EDT October 25, 2015

LOS ANGELES – Maureen O’Hara, the flame-haired Irish movie star who appeared in classics ranging from the grim How Green Was My Valley to the uplifting Miracle on 34th Street and bantered unforgettably with John Wayne in several films has died. She was 95.


O’Hara starred in the 1941 Oscar winner ‘How Green Was My Valley,’ along with ‘The Hunchback of Notre Dame.’(Photo: DAMIAN DOVARGANES, AP)

O’Hara died in her sleep at her home in Boise, Idaho, said Johnny Nicoletti, her longtime manager.

“She passed peacefully surrounded by her loving family as they celebrated her life listening to music from her favorite movie, The Quiet Man,” said a statement from her family.

“As an actress, Maureen O’Hara brought unyielding strength and sudden sensitivity to every role she played. Her characters were feisty and fearless, just as she was in real life. She was also proudly Irish and spent her entire lifetime sharing her heritage and the wonderful culture of the Emerald Isle with the world,” said a family biography.

O’Hara came to Hollywood to star in the 1939 The Hunchback of Notre Dame and went on to a long career.

During her movie heyday, she became known as the Queen of Technicolor because of the camera’s love affair with her vivid hair, pale complexion and fiery nature.

After her start in Hollywood with Hunchback and some minor films at RKO, she was borrowed by 20th Century Fox to play the beautiful young daughter in the 1941 saga of a coal-mining family, How Green Was My Valley.

How Green Was My Valley went on to win five Oscars including best picture and best director for John Ford, beating out Orson Welles and Citizen Kane among others. It was the first of several films she made under the direction of Ford, whose grouchy nature seemed to melt in her presence.

The popularity of How Green Was My Valley confirmed O’Hara’s status as a Hollywood star. RKO and Fox shared her contract, and her most successful films were made at Fox.

They included Miracle on 34th Street,” the classic 1947 Christmas story in which O’Hara was little Natalie Wood’s skeptical mother and among those charmed by Edmund Gwenn as a man who believed he was Santa Claus.

Other films included the costume drama The Foxes of Harrow (Rex Harrison, 1947); the comedy Sitting Pretty (Clifton Webb, 1948); and the sports comedy Father Was a Fullback (Fred MacMurray, 1949).

Often she sailed the high seas in colorful pirate adventures such as The Black Swan with Tyrone Power, The Spanish Main with Paul Henreid, Sinbad the Sailor with Douglas Fairbanks Jr., and Against All Flags with Errol Flynn.

With Ford’s Rio Grande in 1950, O’Hara became Wayne’s favorite leading lady. The most successful of their five films was 1952’s The Quiet Man, also directed by Ford, in which she matched Wayne blow for blow in a classic donnybrook.

With her Irish spunk, she could stand up to the rugged Duke, both on and off screen. She was proud when he remarked in an interview that he preferred to work with men — “except for Maureen O’Hara; she’s a great guy.”

“We met through Ford, and we hit it right off,” she remarked in 1991. “I adored him, and he loved me. But we were never sweethearts. Never, ever.”

O’Hara’s other movies with Wayne were The Wings of Eagles (1957), McClintock! (1963) and Big Jake (1971).

After her studio contracts ended, she remained busy. She played the mother of twins, both played by Hayley Mills, who conspire to reunite their divorced parents in the 1961 Disney comedy The Parent Trap.

She was also in Spencer’s Mountain with Henry Fonda (1963), a precursor to TV’s The Waltons; and a Western, The Rare Breed, with James Stewart (1966).

In 1968, she married her third husband, Brig. Gen. Charles Blair. After Big Jake, she quit movies to live with him in the Virgin Islands, where he operated an airline. He died in a plane crash in 1978 and she took over management of the airline before eventually selling it.

“Being married to Charlie Blair and traveling all over the world with him, believe me, was enough for any woman,” she said in a 1995 Associated Press interview. “It was the best time of my life.”

She returned to movies in 1991 for a role that writer-director Chris Columbus had written especially for her, as John Candy’s feisty mother in a sentimental drama, Only the Lonely. It was not a box-office success.

Over the following decade, she did three TV movies: The Christmas Box, based on a best-selling book, a perennial holiday attraction; Cab to Canada, a road picture; and The Last Dance.

While making The Christmas Box in 1995, she admitted that roles for someone her age (75) were scarce: “The older a man gets, the younger the parts that he plays. The older a woman gets, you’ve got to find parts that are believable. Since I’m not a frail character, it’s not that easy.”

Maureen FitzSimons was born in 1920 near Dublin, Ireland. Her mother was a well-known opera singer, and her father owned a string of soccer teams. Through her father, she learned to love sports; through her mother, she and her five siblings were exposed to the theater.

“My first ambition was to be the No. 1 actress in the world,” she recalled in 1999. “And when the whole world bowed at my feet, I would retire in glory and never do anything again.”

Maureen was admitted to the training program at Dublin’s famed Abbey Theater, where she was a prize student. When word of the beautiful Irish teen reached London, she was offered a screen test, and a friend convinced her reluctant parents to allow it.

Maureen considered the test a failure, but it led to a few small roles in English films. The great actor Charles Laughton, who was producing and starring in films made in England, saw the test and was intrigued by her dancing eyes. At 17 she co-starred opposite him in a pirate yarn, Jamaica Inn, directed by Alfred Hitchcock. Laughton gave her a more manageable name: O’Hara.

With the onslaught of World War II, filmmaking virtually halted in England. Laughton moved to RKO in Hollywood and starred as Quasimodo in The Hunchback of Notre Dame, with O’Hara as the beautiful gypsy girl, Esmeralda.

Her first husband was director George Hanley Brown, whom she met while making Jamaica Inn. When she moved to Hollywood, he remained in England and the marriage was annulled.

In 1941, she married a tall, handsome director, Will Price, and they had a daughter, Bronwyn, in 1944.

“The marriage was a terrible mistake, and we divorced in 1952,” she said. She remained unmarried until the wedding to Blair in 1968.

O’Hara’s career was threatened by a manufactured scandal in 1957, when Confidential magazine claimed she and a lover engaged in “the hottest show in town” in a back row in Hollywood’s Grauman’s Chinese Theater.

But at the time, she told AP, “I was making a movie in Spain, and I had the passport to prove it.” She testified against the magazine in a criminal libel trial and brought a lawsuit that was settled out of court. The magazine eventually went out of business.

On the screen, O’Hara always played strong, willful women. In a 1991 interview, she was asked if she was the same woman she appeared in movies.

“I do like to get my own way,” she said. “But don’t think I’m not acting when I’m up there. And don’t think I always get my own way. There have been crushing disappointments. But when that happens, I say, ‘Find another hill to climb.’”

She is survived by her daughter, Bronwyn FitzSimons of Glengarriff, Ireland; her grandson, Conor FitzSimons of Boise and two great-grandchildren.

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The United Nations’ (UN) World Development Information Day is annually held on October 24 to draw attention of worldwide public opinion to development problems and the need to strengthen international cooperation to solve them.

World Development Information Day activities attract the media, including television journalists.

What Do People Do?

Many events are organized to focus attention on the work that the UN does, particularly with regard to problems of trade and development. Many of these are aimed at journalists working for a range of media, including television, radio, newspapers, magazines and Internet sites. Direct campaigns may also be organized in some areas. These may use advertisements in newspapers and on radio and television as well as posters in public places.

In South Africa, indabas (gatherings of community representatives with expertise in a particular area) are often held. Representatives of local, national and international bodies are invited to share, discuss and consolidate their ideas around a particular development issue of local or national importance.

Public Life

World Development Information Day is a global observance and not a public holiday.


On May 17, 1972, the UN Conference on Trade and Development proposed measures for the information dissemination and the mobilization of public opinion relative to trade and development problems. These became known as resolution 3038 (XXVII), which was passed by the UN General Assembly on December 19, 1972.

This resolution called for introducing World Development Information Day to help draw the attention of people worldwide to development problems. A further aim of the event is to explain to the general public why it is necessary to strengthen international cooperation to find ways to solve these problems. The assembly also decided that the day should coincide with United Nations Day to stress the central role of development in the UN’s work. World Development Information Day was first held on October 24, 1973, and has been held on this date each year since then.

In recent years, many events have interpreted the title of the day slightly differently. These have concentrated on the role that modern information technologies, such as Internet and mobile telephones can play in alerting people and finding solutions to problems of trade and development. One of the specific aims of World Development Information Day was to inform and motivate young people and this change may help to further this aim.

World Development Information Day Observances


Weekday Date Year Name Holiday type Where it is observed
Sun Oct 24 2010 World Development Information Day United Nations observance
Mon Oct 24 2011 World Development Information Day United Nations observance
Wed Oct 24 2012 World Development Information Day United Nations observance
Thu Oct 24 2013 World Development Information Day United Nations observance
Fri Oct 24 2014 World Development Information Day United Nations observance
Sat Oct 24 2015 World Development Information Day United Nations observance
Mon Oct 24 2016 World Development Information Day United Nations observance
Tue Oct 24 2017 World Development Information Day United Nations observance
Wed Oct 24 2018 World Development Information Day United Nations observance
Thu Oct 24 2019 World Development Information Day United Nations observance
Sat Oct 24 2020 World Development Information Day United Nations observance

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