Monthly Archives: April 2010


It happened two years before Jackson State and Kent State.

It has been relegated to oblivion for many years, but, the shooting deaths of three unarmed Black students at South Carolina State University in Orangeburg, South Carolina during the Civil Rights Movement, was one of the bloodiest campus uprisings during that turbulent time in this country’s history. It was also the beginning of the many clashes between students and law enforcement that would occur on many campuses across America in the years to come.

It was forty-two years ago on February 8, 1968, when a crowd of black students gathered on the campus of South Carolina State University to protest segregation at Orangeburg’s only bowling alley. Dozens of police arrived on the scene, and the students lit a bonfire on a street in front of the campus. Tensions escalated, and police officers opened fire into the crowd. When the shooting stopped, three students were dead and twenty-seven were wounded.

The Orangeburg massacre was never given the national news write-up that Kent State later received, but, the protest of the Black students against segregation in their town was a valiant and rallying fight against a system that suffocated their inalienable rights and liberty as citizens of this country.

The students of the Orangeburg Massacre deserve to be remembered and not forgotten for standing up for their rights. They took a stand to prevail against Jane Crow segregation and they paid the highest price to end the regime of race hatred with their lives.

Lest we forget.


  • Samuel Hammond Jr., 18
  • Delano Herman Middleton, 17
  • Henry Ezekial Smith, 19
  • unborn child of Louise Kelly Cawley – Louise’s beating by police while trying to help those injured get to the hospital caused her to miscarry



  • Patrolman David Shealy – his being injured is what led the police to start firing
  • Herman Boller Jr., 19
  • Johnny Bookhart, 19
  • Thompson Braddy, 20
  • Bobby K. Burton, 22
  • Ernest Raymond Carson, 17
  • Robert Lee Davis Jr., 19
  • Albert Dawson, 18
  • Bobby Eaddy, 17
  • Herbert Gadson, 19
  • Samuel Grant, 19
  • Samuel Grate, 19
  • Joseph Hampton, 21
  • Charles W. Hildebrand, 19
  • Nathaniel Jenkins, 21
  • Thomas Kennerly, 21
  • Joseph Lambright, 21
  • Richard McPherson, 19
  • Harvey Lee Miller, 15
  • Harold Riley, 20
  • Cleveland Sellers, 23
  • Ernest Shuler, 16
  • Jordan Simmons III, 21
  • Ronald Smith, 19
  • Frankie Thomas, 18
  • Robert Watson, 19
  • Robert Lee Williams, 19
  • Savannah Williams, 19
  • John Carson – was beaten by highway patrol after he started questioning their involvement.
  • Louise Kelly Cawley, 27 – was beaten and sprayed in the face with a chemical by policemen while trying to take the injured to the hospital. The beating was so severe that she had a miscarriage a week later.
  • John H. Elliot – was added to the list of those injured in the shooting on the 40th anniversary. Elliot said he was shot in the stomach the night of the massacre but did not go to the hospital for treatment.





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Chioma Gray (Cali): Anon Tip Line Established for more clues in case

blackandmissing | April 28, 2010 at 3:53 am | | URL:

Chioma Gray has been missing for two years, after she was last seen on the morning of Dec. 13, 2007. Tuesday is Chioma Gray’s 18th birthday.

Gray was last seen when Gray’s father dropped the Buena High School student at the school.

School video surveillance shows 20-year-old Andrew Tafoya arriving at the school at around the same time in a stolen Toyota sedan. Tafoya had been released from jail on Dec. 12. He was serving time for unlawful sex with a minor; the minor was Chioma Gray, who was 14 at the time.

Ventura Police suspect Gray left with Tafoya voluntarily.

A friend of Gray’s said Tafoya wanted to go to Mexico with Gray. A camera at the Mexican border reportedly recorded the license plate of the car Tafoya had been driving.

The FBI has declared Tafoya wanted for child stealing, unlawful flight to avoid prosecution and auto theft.

“Every day is an experience that’s like living in the pits of Hell,” said Francine Black, Chioma’s mother. “And not being able to see her, hold her or touch her is extremely life-changing.”

Black said Chioma did not go willingly, but police disagree.

“This was really her, we felt, her going on her own with somebody she knew, and leaving,” said Ventura Police Sgt. Jack Richards. “Not an abduction or kidnapping.”

Since Chioma has gone missing, her mother has not been interviewed by police or the FBI. In a conversation with an FBI investigator, she was told her daughter was dead.

Chioma was a 4.0 student at the time of her disappearance. She would have graduated high school in a few weeks.

Francine Black is now getting help from former assistant police chief of Oxnard Chuck Hookstra. They established an anonymous tip line. That number is (805) 844-5045 . The number is not associated with law enforcement.


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Published: April 19, 2010
Carolyn Rodgers, a leading poet of the Black Arts Movement of the 1960s and 1970s whose work wove strands of feminism, black power, spirituality and writerly self-consciousness into a sometimes raging, sometimes ruminative search for identity, died on April 2 in Chicago. She was 69.
April 19, 2010    

Gloria V. Rodgers

Carolyn Rodgers

The cause was cancer, said her sister Nina R. Gordon.

A student of Gwendolyn Brooks and a contemporary of Nikki Giovanni, Ms. Rodgers first came to prominence with poems that were strident, militant and experimental — free-verse declarations of collective black anger and a black woman’s selfhood, written in street language replete with profanities and vernacular spellings.

The poems reflected the philosophy of the Black Arts Movement, begun in the mid-’60s by Amiri Baraka, Ms. Brooks and others as the aesthetic complement to the political black power movement. But from the beginning her work was infused with a sense of the poet as a unique individual with singular passions.

Dark-skinned and statuesque, Ms. Rodgers was a dynamic reader of her own poems and a commanding figure at the coffeehouse gatherings that fueled the Black Arts Movement in Chicago. She was also an influential theoretician who spoke and wrote about the black aesthetic in poetry.

“What made her important was her unique use of language and her descriptions of our community,” said Haki Madhubuti, a poet and the founder of Third World Press, which published two early books by Ms. Rodgers, “Paper Soul” and “Songs of a Blackbird.” “When she read, people would sit up and take notice. Men gravitated toward her like she was a Corvette.”

By the late ’60s she had begun to modify her thinking, shifting from a collective black perspective to an individual one. In the poem “Breakthrough,” she addressed her own poetic evolution in progress:

I’ve had tangled feelings lately

About ev’rything

Bout writing poetry, and otha forms

Bout talkin and dreamin with a

Special man (who says he needs me)

Uh huh And my mouth has been open

Most of the time but

I ain’t been saying nothin but

Thinking about ev’rything

And the partial pain has been

How do I put my self on paper

The way I want to be or am and be

Not like any one else in this

Black world but me

Her best-known book, “How I Got Ovah: New and Selected Poems,” a finalist for the National Book Award in 1976, described her rejection of the revolutionary she once was and the blanket fury that accompanied much of the black power rhetoric of the ’60s. In its place was an embrace of churchliness and spirituality, though not without a vivid sensuousness, as though she had found in Christianity the acceptance of her womanhood that the movement denied.

“I think sometimes/when i write/God has his hand on me,” she wrote in the poem “Living Water.” “i am his little black slim ink pen.”

Carolyn Marie Rodgers was born on Dec. 14, 1940, to Clarence Rodgers, a welder, and his wife, Bazella. She was the last of four children but the only one born in Chicago, where the family had moved from Little Rock, Ark. She grew up in the Hyde Park neighborhood on the city’s South Side.

Ms. Rodgers was writing poetry from the time she was a young girl, her sister said. She honed her art in the writing workshops of the Organization of Black American Culture, a prominent arts collective. In the 1980s she earned a bachelor’s degree from Roosevelt University in Chicago and a master’s in English from the University of Chicago.

Ms. Rodgers contributed essays on poetry and black culture to myriad journals and taught at several schools, including the University of Washington and Indiana University, and, in Chicago, Columbia College and Harold Washington College. In the early 1980s her play “Love” was produced off Broadway at the New Federal Theater in Manhattan; in 1982 a gospel music tribute to her work was broadcast as part of the public television series “With Ossie and Ruby,” starring Ossie Davis and Ruby Dee.

In addition to her sister Ms. Gordon, she is survived by her mother and another sister, Gloria V. Rodgers, all of whom live in Chicago.





Published: April 20, 2010

United Press International

Ms. Height presented the Mary McLeod Bethune Human Rights Award to Eleanor Roosevelt in New York in 1960.

Associated Press

Ms. Height stood near the Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. as he gave his “I Have a Dream” speech in 1963 in Washington.

The death, at Howard University Hospital, was announced jointly by the hospital and the National Council of Negro Women, which Ms. Height had led for four decades. A longtime Washington resident, Ms. Height was the council’s president emerita at her death.

One of the last living links to the social activism of the New Deal era, Ms. Height had a career in civil rights that spanned nearly 80 years, from anti-lynching protests in the early 1930s to the inauguration of President Obama in 2009. That the American social landscape looks as it does today owes in no small part to her work.

Originally trained as a social worker, Ms. Height was president of the National Council of Negro Women from 1957 to 1997, overseeing a range of programs on issues like voting rights, poverty and in later years AIDS. A longtime executive of the Y.W.C.A., she presided over the integration of its facilities nationwide in the 1940s.

With Gloria Steinem, Shirley Chisholm, Betty Friedan and others, she helped found the National Women’s Political Caucus in 1971. Over the decades, she advised a string of American presidents on civil rights.

If Ms. Height was less well known than her contemporaries in either the civil rights or women’s movement, it was perhaps because she was doubly marginalized, pushed offstage by women’s groups because of her race and by black groups because of her sex. Throughout her career, she responded quietly but firmly, working with a characteristic mix of limitless energy and steely gentility to ally the two movements in the fight for social justice.

As a result, Ms. Height is widely credited as the first person in the modern civil rights era to treat the problems of equality for women and equality for African-Americans as a seamless whole, merging concerns that had been largely historically separate.

The recipient of the Presidential Medal of Freedom and other prestigious awards, Ms. Height was accorded a place of honor on the dais on Jan. 20, 2009, when Mr. Obama took the oath of office as the nation’s 44th president. In a statement on Tuesday, he called Ms. Height “the godmother of the civil rights movement and a hero to so many Americans.”

Over the years, historians have made much of the so-called “Big Six” who led the civil rights movement: the Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., James Farmer, John Lewis, A. Philip Randolph, Roy Wilkins and Whitney M. Young Jr. Ms. Height, the only woman to work regularly alongside them on projects of national significance, was very much the unheralded seventh, the leader who was cropped out, figuratively and often literally, of images of the era.

In 1963, for instance, Ms. Height sat on the platform an arm’s length from Dr. King as he delivered his epochal “I Have a Dream” speech at the March on Washington. She was one of the march’s chief organizers and a prize-winning orator herself. Yet she was not asked to speak, although many other black leaders — all men — addressed the crowd that day.

Ms. Height recounted the incident in her memoir, “Open Wide the Freedom Gates” (PublicAffairs, 2003; with a foreword by Maya Angelou). Reviewing the memoir, The New York Times Book Review called it “a poignant short course in a century of African-American history.”

Dorothy Irene Height was born on March 24, 1912, in Richmond, Va. Her father, James, was a building contractor; her mother, the former Fannie Burroughs, was a nurse. A severe asthmatic as a child, Dorothy was not expected to live, she later wrote, past the age of 16.

When Dorothy was small, the family moved north to Rankin, Pa., near Pittsburgh, where she attended integrated public schools. She began her civil rights work as a teenager, volunteering on voting rights and anti-lynching campaigns.

In high school, Ms. Height entered an oratory contest, sponsored by the Elks, on the subject of the United States Constitution. An eloquent speaker even in her youth, she soon advanced to the national finals, where she was the only black contestant. She delivered a talk on the 13th, 14th and 15th Amendments — the Reconstruction Amendments —intended to extend constitutional protections to former slaves and their descendants. The jury, all white, awarded her first prize: a four-year college scholarship.

As Ms. Height told The Detroit Free Press in 2008, “I’m still working today to make the promise of the 14th Amendment of equal justice under law a reality.”

A star student, the young Ms. Height applied to Barnard College and was accepted. Then, in the summer of 1929, shortly before classes began, she was summoned to New York by a Barnard dean.

There was a problem, the dean said. That Ms. Height had been admitted to Barnard was certain. But she could not enroll — not then, anyway. Barnard had already met its quota for Negro students that year.

Too distraught to call home, as she later wrote, Ms. Height did the only thing possible. Clutching her Barnard acceptance letter, she took the subway downtown to New York University. She was admitted at once, earning a bachelor’s degree in education there in 1933 and a master’s in psychology two years later.

Ms. Height was a caseworker with the New York City Welfare Department before becoming the assistant executive director of the Harlem Y.W.C.A. in the late 1930s. One of her first public acts at the Y was to call attention to the exploitation of black women working as domestic day laborers. The women, who congregated on street corners in Brooklyn and the Bronx known locally as “slave markets,” were picked up and hired, for about 15 cents an hour, by white suburban housewives who cruised the corners in their cars.

Ms. Height’s testimony before the New York City Council about the “slave markets” attracted the attention of the national and international news media. For a time, the publicity was enough to drive the markets underground, though they later re-emerged.

In 1946, as a member of the Y’s national leadership, Ms. Height oversaw the desegregation of its facilities nationwide. In 1965, she founded the Y’s Center for Racial Justice, which she led until 1977.

While working for the Y in the late ’30s, Ms. Height was chosen to escort the first lady, Eleanor Roosevelt, to a meeting of the National Council of Negro Women. There, Ms. Height caught the eye of Mary McLeod Bethune, the council’s founder, who became her mentor.

As the council’s president during the most urgent years of the civil rights movement, Ms. Height instituted a variety of social programs in the Deep South, including the pig bank, in which poor black families were given a pig, a prize commodity. In the mid-’60s, she helped institute “Wednesdays in Mississippi,” a program that flew interracial teams of Northern women to the state to meet with black and white women there.

Ms. Height, who long maintained that strong communities were at the heart of social welfare, inaugurated a series of “Black Family Reunions” in the mid-1980s. Sponsored by the National Council of Negro Women and held in cities across the United States, the reunions were large, celebratory gatherings devoted to the history, culture and traditions of African-Americans. Hundreds of thousands of people attended the first one, in Washington in 1986.

From 1947 to 1956, Ms. Height was also the president of Delta Sigma Theta, an international sorority of black women.

Besides the Presidential Medal of Freedom, awarded by President Bill Clinton in 1994, Ms. Height’s many honors include the Congressional Gold Medal, awarded by President George W. Bush in 2004. The two medals are the country’s highest civilian awards.

Ms. Height, who never married, is survived by a sister, Anthanette Aldridge, of New York City.

If despite her laurels Ms. Height remained in the shadow of her male contemporaries, she rarely objected. After all, as she often said in interviews, the task at hand was far less about personal limelight than it was about collective struggle.

“I was there, and I felt at home in the group,” she told The Sacramento Bee in 2003 “But I didn’t feel I should elbow myself to the front when the press focused on the male leaders.”

Ms. Height received three dozen honorary doctorates, from institutions including Tuskegee, Harvard and Princeton Universities. But there was one academic honor — the equivalent of a bachelor’s degree — that resonated more strongly than all the rest: In 2004, 75 years after turning her away, Barnard College designated Ms. Height an honorary graduate.





Published: April 24, 2010

Someone had called to say the Ku Klux Klan was coming to bomb Robert Hicks’s house. The police said there was nothing they could do. It was the night of Feb. 1, 1965, in Bogalusa, La.

Associated Press

Robert Hicks in 1965, the year of a sit-in by blacks at a cafe in Bogalusa, La., where he lived.

The Klan was furious that Mr. Hicks, a black paper mill worker, was putting up two white civil rights workers in his home. It was just six months after three young civil rights workers had been murdered in Philadelphia, Miss.

Mr. Hicks and his wife, Valeria, made some phone calls. They found neighbors to take in their children, and they reached out to friends for protection. Soon, armed black men materialized. Nothing happened.

Less than three weeks later, the leaders of a secretive, paramilitary organization of blacks called the Deacons for Defense and Justice visited Bogalusa. It had been formed in Jonesboro, La., in 1964 mainly to protect unarmed civil rights demonstrators from the Klan. After listening to the Deacons, Mr. Hicks took the lead in forming a Bogalusa chapter, recruiting many of the men who had gone to his house to protect his family and guests.

Mr. Hicks died of cancer at his home in Bogalusa on April 13 at the age of 81, his wife said. He was one of the last surviving Deacon leaders.

But his role in the civil rights movement went beyond armed defense in a corner of the Jim Crow South. He led daily protests month after month in Bogalusa — then a town of 23,000, of whom 9,000 were black — to demand rights guaranteed by the 1964 Civil Rights Act. And he filed suits that integrated schools and businesses, reformed hiring practices at the mill and put the local police under a federal judge’s control.

It was his leadership role with the Deacons that drew widest note, however. The Deacons, who grew to have chapters in more than two dozen Southern communities, veered sharply from the nonviolence preached by the Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. They carried guns, with the mission to protect against white aggression, citing the Second Amendment.

And they used them. A Bogalusa Deacon pulled a pistol in broad daylight during a protest march in 1965 and put two bullets into a white man who had attacked him with his fists. The man survived. A month earlier, the first black deputy sheriff in the county had been assassinated by whites.

When James Farmer, national director of the human rights group the Congress of Racial Equality, joined protests in Bogalusa, one of the most virulent Klan redoubts, armed Deacons provided security.

Dr. King publicly denounced the Deacons’ “aggressive violence.” And Mr. Farmer, in an interview with Ebony magazine in 1965, said that some people likened the Deacons to the K.K.K. But Mr. Farmer also pointed out that the Deacons did not lynch people or burn down houses. In a 1965 interview with The New York Times Magazine, he spoke of CORE and the Deacons as “a partnership of brothers.”

The Deacons’ turf was hardscrabble Southern towns where Klansmen and law officers aligned against civil rights campaigners. “The Klan did not like being shot at,” said Lance Hill, author of “The Deacons for Defense: Armed Resistance and the Civil Rights Movement”(2004).

In July 1965, escalating hostilities between the Deacons and the Klan in Bogalusa provoked the federal government to use Reconstruction-era laws to order local police departments to protect civil rights workers. It was the first time the laws were used in the modern civil rights era, Mr. Hill said.

Adam Fairclough, in his book “Race and Democracy: The Civil Rights Struggle in Louisiana, 1915-1972” (1995), wrote that Bogalusa became “a major test of the federal government’s determination to put muscle into the Civil Rights Act in the teeth of violent resistance from recalcitrant whites.”

Mr. Hicks was repeatedly jailed for protesting. He watched as his 15-year-old son was bitten by a police dog. The Klan displayed a coffin with his name on it beside a burning cross. He persisted, his wife said, for one reason: “It was something that needed to be done.”

Robert Hicks was born in Mississippi on Feb. 20, 1929. His father, Quitman, drove oxen to harvest trees for the paper mill. He played football on a state championship high school team and later for the semi-professional Bogalusa Bushmen.

He was known for his generosity: at the Baptist congregation where he was a deacon, he bought new suits for poor members. As the first black supervisor at the mill, he helped a young man amass enough overtime to buy the big car he dreamed of. Children all over town called him Dad, his son Charles said.

A leader in the local N.A.A.C.P. and his segregated union, Mr. Hicks was the logical choice to head the Bogalusa Civic and Voters League when it was formed to lead the local civil rights effort. He was first president, then vice president of the Deacons in Bogalusa.

Besides Valeria Hicks, his wife of 62 years, and his son Charles, Mr. Hicks is survived by three other sons, Gregory, Robert Lawrence and Darryl; his daughter, Barbara Hicks Collins; and many grandchildren and great-grandchildren.

By 1968, the Deacons had pretty much vanished. In time they were “hardly a footnote in most books on the civil rights movement,” Mr. Hill said. He attributed this to a “mythology” that the rights movement was always nonviolent.

Mrs. Hicks said she was glad it was not.

“I became very proud of black men,” she said. “They didn’t bow down and scratch their heads. They stood up like men.”





Published: April 24, 2010

Purvis Young, a self-taught painter who emerged from prison as a young man and by dint of his striking, expressionist vision of urban life and mammoth output over more than three decades transformed a forgotten Miami neighborhood into a destination for contemporary art aficionados, died on Tuesday in Miami. He was 67.

April 24, 2010    

Larry T. Clemons, Gallery 721

Purvis Young in 2003 with one of his murals in Fort Lauderdale, Fla. He never attended high school and spent time in prison.

American Folk Art Museum, New York

An untitled painting on paper and mounted on cardboard by Mr. Young. Many of his works were made on found materials.

The cause was cardiac arrest and pulmonary edema, said Dindy Yokel, a friend. Mr. Young was a diabetic and had several health problems in recent years, including a kidney transplant in 2007.

Mr. Young, who never attended high school, was often called an outsider artist or a street artist, and he lived a life that only intermittently surfaced on the art-world grid. But he was influenced by a number of artists — including Rembrandt, El Greco, van Gogh and Delacroix — whose works he pored over in art books in the public library.

“His great ability was to twin urban contemporary culture with high-art motifs,” said Brooke Davis Anderson, a curator at the American Folk Art Museum in Manhattan, which has 20 of Mr. Young’s pieces in its collection, 14 donated by the Rubell Family Collection in Miami, which bought the entire contents of Mr. Young’s studio, as many as 3,000 pieces, in 1999.

His work can also be found in the collections of the Bass Museum in Miami, the Corcoran Gallery in Washington, the High Museum in Atlanta, the Smithsonian American Art Museum and the Philadelphia Museum of Art, among many other places.

Painted or drawn in ink on found materials as diverse as cardboard, discarded doors, orange crates, telephone bills, printed book pages and manila folders, Mr. Young’s work often concerned itself with cacophonous, urgent representations of urban strife. He lived most of his life in the Overtown section of Miami, a once-thriving community that was ravaged by the construction of an interstate highway through it in the 1960s, and he painted what he saw around him.

His work featured writhing calligraphic lines often denoting crowds of people, frenzied bursts of color and repeated symbols — a personal iconography that included horses, which, as he explained in interviews, denoted freedom; angels and large floating heads, which denoted good people and the possibility of goodness in a strife-riven world; and round blue shapes, sometimes coalescing into eyes that denoted an all-seeing establishment.

He often painted images of trucks, trains and railroad tracks to suggest possibilities of escape and methods of connection between the inner city and the outer world. Indeed, there is a storytelling aspect to his paintings; they resonate with the consequences of racism, the plight of the underprivileged, the atmosphere of daily violence, the world’s pervasive hypocrisy.

“I don’t like the luxury I see of a lot of these church people while the world is getting worser,” he said in a mid-1990s interview reprinted in “Souls Grown Deep: African-American Vernacular Art,” by William and Paul Arnett. “What I say is the world is getting worser, guys pushing buggies, street people not having no jobs here in Miami, drugs kill the young, and church people riding around in luxury cars.”

Purvis Young was born in Miami on Feb. 2, 1943. He was introduced to drawing by an uncle, but he gave it up at a young age. In his late teens he was convicted of a felony — it has been variously reported as breaking and entering and armed robbery — and spent between two and three years in a Florida prison, where he began drawing again and perusing art books.

“I didn’t have nothing going for myself,” he said. “That’s the onliest thing I could mostly do. I was just looking through art books, looking at guys painting their feelings.”

When he got out, in the mid-1960s, he was inspired by Vietnam War demonstrations and by the protest art he read about from other cities — notably the Wall of Respect mural in Chicago, painted by members of the Black Arts Movement. In the early 1970s he created a mural of his own, plastering a wall along a deserted stretch of Overtown’s Goodbread Alley with dozens of his works.

The mural drew attention from the news media and from Miami’s art establishment, including an eccentric millionaire, Bernard Davis, who owned the Miami Museum of Modern Art and briefly became Mr. Young’s patron, providing him with painting supplies. (Mr. Davis died in 1973.) From then on, Mr. Young grew into something of an urban legend, a local celebrity, a frequent interview subject and an art-world star.

“He became part of the itinerary for people going to Art Basel,” the Miami Beach art fair, Ms. Anderson, of the Folk Art Museum, said.

Mr. Young’s survivors include his longtime partner, Eddie Mae Lovest; two sisters, Betty Rodriguez and Shirley Byrd; a brother, Irvin Byrd; four stepdaughters, Kenyatta, Kentranice, Taketha and Elisha; and 13 step-grandchildren.

By most accounts Mr. Young never paid much attention to his finances, and in his last years he became involved in a tangled legal battle with a former manager, Martin Siskind, whom Mr. Young sued for mismanaging funds. Mr. Siskind successfully petitioned a judge to have Mr. Young declared mentally incompetent, and his affairs were placed in the control of legal guardians. Several of Mr. Young’s friends say that he was in no way incompetent, and that the arrangement had left him destitute.

In an interview, Mr. Siskind said that he and Mr. Young had settled their suit amicably, and that Mr. Young retained ownership of 1,000 paintings and had plenty of money, although he said he had contributed $1,000 to help pay for Mr. Young’s funeral.

Mr. Young frequently seemed nonplussed by reactions to his work.

“It was mostly white people interested,” he said in the mid-1990s, recalling the days after he was discovered. “Some people would say stuff, say I looked like Gauguin, all different artists they say I looked like. A lot of black people seen them, but they didn’t say much to me about it. Some of them said I was mad, some cursed me out, some liked it, some of them admired me, some didn’t. A friend of mine — he’s passed away now — say to me: ‘I look at your paintings but I don’t see nothing. But every time I turn around you’re in the newspaper.’ ”

Correction: April 24, 2010

An earlier version of this obituary referred to Art Basel as a Miami art fair. It is in Miami Beach.




Pool photo by Charles Dharapak

The former International Olympic Committee chief Juan Antonio Samaranch in October at Madrid’s failed bid to host the Games.


Published: April 21, 2010

Juan Antonio Samaranch, a dominant figure in the modern Olympic movement who over 21 years guided the Games from a period of boycotts and near bankruptcy to an era of unprecedented success and damaging scandal, died on Wednesday in his home city, Barcelona, Spain. He was 89.

Associated Press

In 1980, Samaranch succeeded Lord Killanin of Ireland, left, as I.O.C. president.

The cause was heart failure, said a spokesman for the Quirón hospital in Barcelona, where Mr. Samaranch had been admitted.

In a statement on Wednesday, Jacques Rogge, who succeeded Mr. Samaranch as president of the International Olympic Committee, called him “the man who built up the Olympic Games of the modern era.”

Mr. Samaranch, a former Spanish diplomat, led the I.O.C. from 1980 to 2001. Inheriting an organization with only $200,000 in cash reserves, he guided its transformation into a multibillion-dollar enterprise.

His stamp on the Games was considerable. He helped end the boycott era, after Africans, Americans and Soviets hobbled the Olympics from the mid-1970s through the mid-’80s by withholding participation. Under a program called Olympic Solidarity, he brought financial aid to underdeveloped nations and encouraged the whole world to participate in the Games, from Jamaican bobsledders to Syrian heptathletes.

He opened one of the most closed old-boy clubs, welcoming women as members of the I.O.C. and elevating the participation of female athletes in the Winter and Summer Games to more than 40 percent.

He also ended the sham of amateurism. Americans had often been paid under the table, and Eastern bloc athletes had essentially been state-sponsored employees. But under Mr. Samaranch, many of the world’s greatest professional athletes, including Michael Jordan and Lance Armstrong, became Olympians, and athletes who were once forced to abandon their Olympic hopes after college were able to continue to compete while building financially successful careers.

Mr. Samaranch’s final achievement before stepping down on July 16, 2001, was to bring the 2008 Summer Games to Beijing, thus awarding one of the world’s foremost sporting events to the world’s most populous nation for the first time.

His political skills were evident earlier in the separate participation in the Games of China and Taiwan; in the return of South Africa to the Olympics after apartheid was dismantled; in the participation of the former Soviet republics as the Unified Team in 1992 after the Eastern bloc collapsed; and in the joint march of North Korea and South Korea at the opening ceremonies of the 2000 Summer Games in Sydney, Australia.

Only Pierre de Coubertin, the French baron who founded the modern Games in 1896, had a longer tenure than Mr. Samaranch’s. And to John J. MacAloon, a historian of the Olympics and a professor at the University of Chicago, no Olympics leader, aside from de Coubertin, was more significant.

“It’s rare that a single person manages to transform so thoroughly an international organization as important as the I.O.C., or an institution as significant as the Olympic Games,” Professor MacAloon said. “His major achievement was to give the I.O.C. a political competence, an ability to deal with states and the United Nations in a way that earned both interest and respect.”

But Mr. Samaranch’s tenure was also marred by scandal. Ten Olympic committee members either resigned or were expelled in the late 1990s after receiving more than $1 million in cash, gifts, scholarships and other benefits as part of Salt Lake City’s winning bid for the 2002 Winter Games. Other members were linked to improprieties in the bidding for the Atlanta and Sydney Olympics.

As a former sports official in Spain in the fascist Franco regime, Mr. Samaranch had come to tolerate a degree of corruption. He tended to co-opt his enemies and ignore the unsavory reputations of some of the members he brought into the I.O.C., among them Francis Nyangweso, a former defense chief for the murderous Ugandan dictator Idi Amin.

“It’s a little like the story of the baboon climbing a pole,” Dick Pound, an I.O.C. delegate from Montreal, said. “The higher the baboon climbs, the more undesirable are the parts exposed.”

While the Games became immensely popular under Mr. Samaranch, they also became hugely expensive and difficult to manage. At the 2000 Sydney Games, journalists outnumbered athletes by 2 to 1, state government bailouts totaled $140 million, and the city was left with huge, little-used stadiums.

Mr. Samaranch was also faulted over the issue of doping, which the I.O.C. did not begin to take seriously until after the police uncovered a scandal that nearly shut down the 1998 Tour de France. Many Olympic officials said the failure to mount an effective campaign against the use of banned performance-enhancing drugs was Mr. Samaranch’s greatest deficiency.

When he replaced Mr. Samaranch, Dr. Rogge said doping was the biggest crisis facing international sport. “It is the credibility of sport that is at risk,” he said.

Juan Antonio Samaranch was born on July 17, 1920, in Barcelona, the son of a self-made textile baron. His first love was soccer, but after an illness he turned to roller hockey and became a champion player in table tennis.

Mr. Samaranch attended two business institutes in Barcelona; cemented his social status in 1955 by marrying Maria Teresa Salisachs-Rowe, who was from an old-money family; and built an administrative career in Gen. Francisco Franco’s regime. He joined the I.O.C. in 1966 and five years later became a member of Franco’s national parliament.

“I am not ashamed of what I did in Spain,” Mr. Samaranch said in a 1999 interview with The New York Times. “Franco did good things for my country.”

When Franco died in 1975, Mr. Samaranch adapted to a newly democratic Spain, and two years later he became its ambassador to Moscow. He was living in Moscow when the 1980 Summer Games were held there.

Kurt Strumpf/Associated Press

In 1981, he met with gold-medal winners from the Moscow Games, including Sebastian Coe, right, the chairman of the organizing committee for the 2012 London Games.

 The Takeaway With Jeré Longman

Paul Hosefros/The New York Times

Juan Antonio Samaranch during an interview in 1999, towards the end of his 21-year term as president of the International Olympic Committee.

In I.O.C. voting, he was elected to succeed Lord Killanin of Ireland as president of the International Olympic Committee on the first ballot, mining support from the Eastern bloc and Spanish- and French-speaking countries.

It did not seem a promising job. The United States had boycotted the Moscow Games after the Soviet Union invaded Afghanistan. This followed an African boycott of the 1976 Montreal Games and preceded a retaliatory boycott of the 1984 Los Angeles Games by the Eastern bloc. The Olympics had little money and appeared to have even less political currency to prevent the Games from becoming a casualty of the cold war.

“Everybody was writing the Olympic obituary,” said Michael Payne, a former I.O.C. marketing director.

A year later, the 1988 Summer Games were awarded to Seoul, South Korea. Facing a fourth consecutive boycott, now by the Communist world, Mr. Samaranch kept the door open to North Korea’s request to host some of the 1988 events, knowing that the Communist government would never allow the foreign news media or international sports officials to intrude. He was also hoping to prevent any terrorist disruption of the Seoul Games. In the end, the Soviet Union, China and East Germany did not boycott the Games.

“Instead of leaving the political negotiations to the governments of North and South Korea and letting the Olympics be the meat in the political sandwich, we took over the negotiations ourselves,” Mr. Pound said. “He persuaded the Koreans to trust him. We knew the North Koreans would never compete and that Cuba was in hock to North Korea, but he made it possible for the Warsaw Pact and China to participate and avoided a repetition of Los Angeles and Moscow.”

That same year, 1985, as a way to persuade East Germany to compete in Seoul, Mr. Samaranch awarded the Olympic Order, the I.O.C.’s highest honor, to the dictator Erich Honecker. By bestowing the honor, Mr. Samaranch implicitly sanctioned the state-sponsored system of doping in East Germany that was widely suspected at the time and that was later revealed to have involved up to 10,000 athletes. A number of female athletes later gave birth to children who were blind or had club feet.

“The worst thing is, he knew about it,” said Dr. Arne Ljungqvist, a Swedish I.O.C. delegate and a member of its medical commission, referring to Mr. Samaranch and the East German doping situation.

Mr. Samaranch denied knowledge of the East Germans’ doping.

Mr. Samaranch was known to travel incessantly and work indefatigably. When his wife, known as Bibis, died of cancer during the Sydney Olympics, he left for Barcelona, attended her funeral and returned to the Games. On his 81st birthday, the day after he retired, he was hospitalized for extreme fatigue and fluid in his lungs after campaigning to have Beijing named host of the 2008 Games and to have Dr. Rogge, of Belgium, named his successor.

Mr. Samaranch could be gracious, ruthless, funny and imperious. At a breakfast with reporters in 1997 in Lausanne, Switzerland, where the I.O.C. has its headquarters, he signaled for his assistant to walk around the table to quarter his grapefruit, apparently because he did not want to exert himself.

Until reforms were enacted after the Salt Lake City scandal in 1998, the I.O.C., a private, tax-exempt organization, conducted its business in secret and often with little real debate.

“There was no public opportunity to understand how decisions were made,” said John Krimsky, a former executive director of the United States Olympic Committee. “I don’t think he thought democracy was a terribly efficient way to run an organization.”

Mr. Samaranch kept such a tight rein on the I.O.C. that many found it highly unlikely that he did not know about the bidding excesses that culminated in the Salt Lake City scandal. Seven years earlier, Toronto officials had alerted the I.O.C., but their concerns were ignored.

Mr. Samaranch rammed through a series of reforms after the scandal, yet he seemed to indicate that the I.O.C. was conducting business as usual when, as he was stepping down in 2001, he nominated his son, Juan Antonio Samaranch Jr., to the Olympic committee, ignoring accusations of nepotism.

His son survives him, as do a daughter, Maria Teresa, and Mr. Samaranch’s companion, Luisa Sallent.

In his retirement, despite advancing age and a number of medical ailments — he received dialysis treatment for kidney trouble — Mr. Samaranch remained active with the I.O.C., traveling to meetings around the world and promoting Madrid’s unsuccessful bids for the 2012 and 2016 Games as well as for the Paralympics, for disabled athletes.

Mr. Samaranch spoke during Madrid’s presentation in Copenhagen last October. “Dear colleagues,” he said, “I know that I am very near the end of my time. I am, as you know, 89 years old. May I ask you to consider granting my country the honor and also the duty to organize the Games and Paralympics in 2016.”

The Games were awarded to Rio de Janeiro.

Still, Mr. Pound said, Mr. Samaranch’s legacy would endure. “He took a very badly fragmented, disorganized and impecunious organization and built it into a universal, united and financially and politically independent organization that has credibility, not only in the world of sport, but also in political circles,” he told The Associated Press. “That’s an enormous achievement to accomplish in 20 years.”





Published: April 24, 2010

RIO DE JANEIRO — A former Nazi-era German soldier who founded a secretive German cult in southern Chile, where he sexually abused about 25 children, died of heart failure at a prison hospital early Saturday, Chilean officials said. He was 89.

European Pressphoto Agency

Paul Schaefer in 2005.

The former soldier, Paul Schaefer, was serving a 20-year sentence for the sexual abuse of minors, but he was also under investigation for the 1985 disappearance of Boris Weisfeiler, an American citizen who vanished while on a hiking trip.

The Chilean government said officially that Mr. Weisfeiler, then 43 years old, drowned while trying to ford a river. But State Department and C.I.A. reports that were later declassified indicated that he was probably kidnapped by Chilean state security forces, who then handed him over to Mr. Schaefer’s heavily armed Colonia Dignidad religious sect based nearby. Dozens of opponents of Gen. Augusto Pinochet’s dictatorship were tortured at Colonia Dignidad, according to human rights groups.

One military informant said that Mr. Weisfeiler, a Russian-born Jew, was held captive there, and that he was later tortured and executed.

A former nurse from the Luftwaffe, Mr. Schaefer was forced to leave Germany after he was charged with sexually abusing young boys in an orphanage he ran there. In 1961 he founded Colonia Dignidad, an anti-Semitic apocalyptic religious sect about 225 miles south of Santiago. Early last decade it still had about 300 inhabitants, and it still exists but is referred to as Villa Baviera.

Mr. Schaefer ran the sect with a heavy hand, banning almost all contact with the outside world, separating women from men and children from their parents, and controlling intimate contact. While he was never a hunted Nazi, Mr. Schaefer opened Colonia Dignidad for fugitive Nazis to hide out for periods of time.

After Chile’s courts began investigating Mr. Schaefer for sexual abuse charges in the late 1990s, he fled to Argentina, where he hid until he was found in 2005. After being returned to Chile, he was sentenced to 20 years in prison for sexually abusing 25 children.

Mr. Schaefer was also sentenced to three years for violating weapons control law after a huge military arsenal was found on Colonia Dignidad grounds, to seven years for homicide and to three years for torture.

The disappearance of Mr. Weisfeiler, who was a mathematics professor at Pennsylvania State University, continues to be an unsolved mystery, and Mr. Schafer was never charged in the case.

Sebastián Piñera, Chile’s president, said Saturday that while Mr. Schaefer now cannot be judged in court for additional crimes he was suspected of, “there is another justice that never ends, which is divine justice.”


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I am sure the late Alabama Gov. George Curley Wallace is happy (wherever in the afterlife he is) now that racial isolation and segregation still remain intact in the good ol’ USA.

“Segregation today, segregation tomorrow. . . .segregation forever” was what George preached over 50 years ago, and his hate was not confined to him.



Since Brown v. Board of Education, American schools have been at a standstill in improved equal education, quality education, and the eradication of racial separation of American students due to race, class and socio-economic standing.

Segregation may be illegal on paper, but, segregation is more deply entrenched in this country than many people wish to acknowledge. America’s so-called desegregation of education failed in its embryonic phase and in the 21ST Century has stalled and sputtered to a grinding halt.




Washington Post Staff Writer
Tuesday, April 20, 2010

TYLERTOWN, MISS. — During her elementary school years in this rural Mississippi town, Addreal Harness, a competitive teenager with plans to be a doctor, said her classes had about the same numbers of white and black students. It was a fact she took little note of until the white kids began leaving.

This Story
  • Some schools drifting back into segregation
  • Schools out of balance?
  • Answer Sheet: Is the Department of Education lagging behind in the fight against segregation?
Some left in seventh grade, even more in eighth, and by the time Harness, who is African American, reached Tylertown High School, she became aware of talk that has slowly seeped into her 16-year-old psyche — that some white parents call Tylertown “the black school,” while Salem Attendance Center, where many of her white classmates transferred, is known as “the white school.”

“In my class of 2012, there’s just seven white girls now,” said Harness, raising her chin slightly. “The ones that left, they think Salem’s smarter because they have more white kids, but it’s not.”

Walthall County NAACP branch leader Clennel Brown filed a complaint with the U.S. Justice Department that led to a federal judge's ruling that a county policy was effectively resegregating schools.

Walthall County NAACP branch leader Clennel Brown filed a complaint with the U.S. Justice Department that led to a federal judge’s ruling that a county policy was effectively resegregating schools. (Miguel Juarez – For The Washington Post)


Last week, a federal judge ruled that a school board policy here in Walthall County has had the effect of creating “racially identifiable” schools in violation of a 1970 federal desegregation order. Although the case is unique in some ways, it fits a broader trend toward racial isolation that has been underway for years in American schools and has undermined the historic school integration efforts of the civil rights era.

More than half a century after courts dismantled the legal framework that enforced segregation, Obama administration officials are investigating an array of practices across the country that contribute to a present-day version that they say is no less insidious.

Although minority students have the legal right to attend any school, federal officials are questioning whether in practice many receive less access than white students to the best teachers, college prep courses and other resources. Department of Education lawyers also are investigating whether minority students are being separated into special education classes without justification, whether they are being disciplined more harshly and whether districts are failing to provide adequate English language programs for students who are not fluent, among other issues.

The Walthall County case fell under the jurisdiction of the Justice Department, which is still monitoring more than 200 mostly Southern school districts for compliance with desegregation orders dating to the 1960s and ’70s. Justice officials said they have sometimes found that local school boards have adopted policies that undermine those orders, a situation that some experts say reflects a misguided sense that civil rights concerns are somehow a thing of the past.

Studies have shown schools drifting back into segregation since the 1980s, when the federal government became less aggressive in its enforcement. The Supreme Court ruled in 2007 that school districts cannot make racial balance a policy goal unless — as is the case in Walthall — they are attempting to comply with a federal desegregation order.

“School boards are constantly under pressure from privileged parts of their districts, and if there isn’t any counterbalance of civil rights enforcement policy, you can easily end up with a set of decisions that increase segregation,” said Gary Orfield, director of the civil rights project at the University of California at Los Angeles. Its studies that show that 38 percent of black students and 40 percent of Latino students attend public schools that are more than 90 percent minority.

In Walthall County, an area with sprawling green lawns and hot pink azaleas near the Louisiana border, the main employers are the county and small factories that make truck pallets and military uniforms. The school district has three attendance zones serving about 2,500 students, with 64 percent of them black and 34 percent white.

In recent years, the school board, which has three black and three white members, approved hundreds of requests from mostly white parents to transfer their children out of their zoned school, the majority-black Tylertown, to Salem, which has since the early 1990s become a majority white school.

White parents sometimes defended their requests by explaining that they live closer to Salem. More frequently, though, they employed the vague reason that their kids would be “more comfortable” at Salem, whose academic record and course offerings are similar to Tylertown’s.

  “I didn’t realize it was getting to the point anyone should worry about it,” said Jay Boyd, the school board president, who is white. “I just thought we need to do what’s best for students — if they’re happy, let them go to Salem. Who’s it hurting?”

A federal judge answered that question last week, ruling that the transfers created “racially identifiable” schools in the district. The judge also found that Tylertown’s elementary schools were concentrating white students into certain classrooms, a practice some school officials have defended as necessary to avoid white flight from the county.

“We said we’re going back to where it was before 1970,” said Clennel Brown, who heads the local NAACP branch that complained to the Justice Department. “When the white parents say ‘more comfortable,’ to me it’s saying ‘I don’t want my child to be influenced by black children.’ ”

Although the court ruling did not explicitly address the question of intent, Brown and others here noted that the transfers by white families gathered speed several years ago, after Tylertown, which was the official black high school under the old segregated system, got its first African American principal since desegregation in 1970. At Salem, which was the white school in the Jim Crow era, the principals have always been white.

Brown and others also noted that at Tylertown, white children and parents rarely attend graduation ceremonies, and that white students have often held a separate prom out of town. Until recently, Salem voted for separate black and white homecoming courts.

Boyd, the school board president, reluctantly acknowledged that racism probably played a role in the transfer requests. “I thought that was a thing of the past,” he said. “You live and you learn.”

The court order mandates that the white students who transferred to Salem, with some exceptions, must return to Tylertown next school year, a situation that has upset students and teachers. Many say that despite the school board policy, both Tylertown and Salem remain more integrated than many schools across the country. Tylertown is 76 percent black and 22 percent white; Salem is 33 percent black and 66 percent white.

Over the years, white and black students and teachers have formed friendships and in other intangible ways reaped some benefit from the very diversity that the court ruling is attempting to protect.

“I have felt we had something very special here,” said Lyshon Harness, an African American who is an assistant teacher at Salem and a relative of Addreal Harness.

“Last night,” added Judy Walters, an assistant teacher who is white, “I heard someone saying on TV that we’re ‘hillbillies from Mississippi,’ saying we need to move on. But you go up north, and it’s real bad.”

Indeed, in a nation where housing patterns remained profoundly shaped by race, many schools could easily be categorized by the dominant racial group attending them. Walthall County got particular scrutiny because of its desegregation order and because the board adopted policies that had the effect of sharpening the racial identity of their schools.

The ruling has led some white parents in Walthall County to reconsider the systemic effects of individual choice. Roger Ginn, a white parent whose children graduated from both Tylertown and Salem, said he’d always considered the transfer issue a simple matter of student happiness, not race.

“But if all that adds up to segregated schools?” he asked, and then paused for a while. “That wouldn’t be right, no.”


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Solar prominence on March 30, 2010
NASA / AIA team

Bulletin at a Glance

This Week’s Sky at a Glance

A Solar Sentinel’s Stunning Debut

April 22, 2010 | NASA researchers are betting that the Solar Dynamics Observatory will help them understand the Sun as never before — and enthrall the public with kaleidoscopic images and videos. > read more

Readying for Hayabusa’s Return

April 23, 2010 | When the Hayabusa spacecraft returns to Earth on June 13th, an international welcoming party will be waiting in Australia to spot and recover its sample-return capsule. > read more 

An Astro-Blast at NEAF

April 20, 2010 | Amateurs gathered in Suffern, New York, to check out the latest gear at the 19th annual Northeast Astronomy Forum. > read more 

The Return of Neptune

April 16, 2010 | It’s taken 164 years, but Neptune is once again located exactly where it was when discovered by Johann Galle and Heinrich d’Arrest. > read more 



Saturn on Feb. 23
S&T: Sean Walker

A Saturn Almanac

November 12, 2008 | Spectacular Saturn is now well placed for telescopic observing as soon as the sky gets dark. Click here to find printable data on the positions of Saturn’s rings and planets. > read more

Tour April’s Sky by Eye and Ear!

March 26, 2010 | If you’ve always wanted to spot Mercury, here’s your chance. Find out where and when to look for the fleet-footed planet using this month’s audio sky tour. Host: S&T’s Kelly Beatty. (6.5MB MP3 download: running time: 6m 52s) > read more 

Vesta in 2010

January 1, 2010 | Vesta was at opposition on February 18, 2010, and it shines at magnitude 7 or brighter through mid-May. > read more 

This Week’s Sky at a Glance


Venus and star clusters at dusk, April 25

This Week’s Sky at a Glance

April 23, 2010 | Venus, the Evening “Star” at nightfall, passes the Pleiades, Aldebaran and the Hyades this week. Mars continues to fade. And Saturn shines high, with its rings turned nearly edge on. > read more



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If you cannot see this email: – register for vending opportunities todayJoin Us on May 15th for The Event that could very well save your life! The health disparities in the African American community are beyond alarming as black people lead all other ethnicities in preventable diseases such as diabetes, high blood pressure, cancer and congestive heart failure.

On May 15th @ 2pm – The Richmond Noir Market presents The Plate of Black America: the Secret Relationship of Food & Disease Terrorizing African American Wellness featuring Dr. Baruch of Everlasting Life and the Michael Baisden Show. This program will open the public eyes to a very taboo topic – the popular dietary habits of Black America and how what is put on the table in many African America households contribute to many health disparities in obesity, diabetes, high blood pressure and congestive heart failure.

On May 15th join us for the launch of the Richmond Noir Market, an initiative developed by Happily Natural Day in partnership with Camp Diva for the purpose of promoting health & wellness in the community.

Vending opportunities are available – 25.00 per table – space may be reserved by registering online here – The talk starts at 4:30. Call 804-852-4385 begin_of_the_skype_highlighting              804-852-4385      end_of_the_skype_highlighting for more information. This event is FREE – So bring your friends & family.

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Federal Judge in KC Temporarily Blocks Missouri’s Decision To Deny Klan Group a Permit


The Associated Press 

A federal court hearing has been scheduled in the case of a Ku Klux Klan group that was denied a permit for a gathering at a historic site after a state agency found its literature contained “historical inaccuracies.”

Frank Ancona, the imperial wizard of the Traditionalist American Knights of the Ku Klux Klan, filed a lawsuit seeking an emergency order to overrule the Department of Natural Resources’ rejection of his application to rent a pavilion at the Fort Davidson Historic Site in southeast Missouri.

U.S. District Judge Rodney Sippel in St. Louis issued a temporary restraining order last week against the DNR decision.

“To me it’s a pretty clear, cut-and-dried viewpoint discrimination case that’s just not allowed by the First Amendment,” said Anthony Rothert, legal director of the American Civil Liberties Union of Eastern Missouri. The ACLU is representing the Klan group in the case.

“I am baffled that they think this is constitutional,” Rothert said Tuesday.

The preliminary injunction hearing on the DNR’s decision to refuse the permit has been scheduled for Friday. But Rothert said he has asked for continuance on the hearing until April 30.

In issuing the 10-day restraining order April 14, Sippel said he wouldn’t bar the Klan group from renting a pavilion at the Fort Davidson Historic Site, about 70 miles southwest of St. Louis.

But Sippel said the group had to follow DNR rules, one of which requires $2 million in liability insurance for special events, according to DNR spokesman Judd Slivka.

The Klan group wasn’t able to come up with the required insurance by the date of the event, scheduled for April 17, Ancona said. Instead, the group held its picnic on private property about 40 miles away, he said.

Ancona said his group intends to seek another permit for a similar gathering at the site.

“The state of Missouri ran the clock out on us,” Ancona said Tuesday. “They tried to classify the barbecue as a special event … They said there would be interaction with the public.

“The only thing we were doing is having a barbecue and having informational flyers about the historic site.”

When the DNR originally denied the Klan group’s permit request March 23, the DNR cited the group’s desire to have a Confederate flag flying at the historic site and to present information claiming the Confederate flag had been removed from the state historic site.

The DNR said in a letter to the ACLU that the Confederate battle flag was never flown at the site.

The DNR also said the flag depicted on the Klan group’s flyer was an Army of Northern Virginia unit flag.

“These and other historical inaccuracies render the proposed public event inconsistent with the historical mission and purpose of the Fort Davidson State Historic Site,” the DNR letter said.

Ancona, a self-employed contractor from the Potosi area, said the flag depicted on the group’s flyer wasn’t meant to refer to the exact flag that flew at Fort Davidson, a Union post during the Civil War.

“It was just a graphic that someone put on a flyer,” he said. “It wasn’t meant to be historically accurate


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Arbor Day is a nationally-celebrated observance that encourages  us to plant and care for a tree. Founded by J. Sterling Morton in 1872, it is celebrated on the last Friday in April. Arbor Day is also the day to plant your favourite trees in celebration of all that trees do so much for us.

My favourite trees are citrus and fruit trees. Over the years, I have planted peach trees (for my deceased Mother), and lemon, orange, and grapefruit trees. The jasmine-like fragrance that citrus tree blooms give off at this time of year is intoxicating, and to see the little blooms fall away from the tiny fruit buds is a sight to see, no matter how many seasons I have seen from my trees.

In addition to preventing soil erosion, growing beautiful and fragrant blooms (during springtime),providing shade, and producing food to enjoy (some trees), trees, like all plants, create oxygen from the carbon dioxide they take in from humans and other living beings. Without oxygen, we would not be able to breathe and live, so trees perform an important life-giving necessity to us. Trees also provide homes for nesting birds.

From the smallest to the tallest, trees gives so much and ask so little in return.

So, on Arbor Day, please go out and plant a tree. For those of you who live in apartments, you can still plant a tree in a container, if you wish to grow and care for a dwarf species of tree. Just be sure to keep it watered properly, and feed it liquid food to keep it growing and strong.

Happy Arbor Day!




Arbor Day Dates






Arbor Day Merchandise



Materials to enhance your Arbor Day celebration.



Proclaim Arbor Day



Proclaim Arbor Day in your neighborhood, school or community. 





Postcards to inspire your family and friends to celebrate Arbor Day! 



Celebrate Arbor Day



Ideas for making the most of Arbor Day in your family, school, and community.



give trees



Perfect for your Arbor Day celebration!



Arbor Day Awards



Honor leaders in the tree planting and environmental stewardship. 



Proclaim Arbor Day

Does your town officially recognize Arbor Day? Here’s how they can. 



Arbor Day History



It all started with one man living in a tree-less community.



Give-A-Tree Cards



Every card plants a tree. Give a gift that lasts a lifetime.



How to Celebrate



Improve your community, whether you want to plant one tree, or 1,000.



Nature Explore



Teach the kids in your life to celebrate trees.



Educational Resources



Activities and downloads for educators.



Arbor Day in the Classroom



Bring Arbor Day to classrooms in your community.  



Plays and other celebration ideas for the classroom. 

How people all around the world celebrate Arbor Day.





Grow Your Own Tree Kit

A perfect classroom activity to get kids interested in Arbor Day.


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April 25, 2010 is the recognition of World Malaria Day. Every minute, a child in Asia and Africa  dies from malaria.

In one year alone, malaria causes the deaths of over one million lives, leaving grieving families, communities and nations poverty-stricken in its destruction. Very young children and babies are the most vulnerable from the ravages of this dreaded disease, as their immune systems are not strong enough to fight this terrible disease.

The “Rollback Malaria” campaign is committed to end this preventable and treatable disease, with the development of new drugs to combat malaria and to distribute insecticide-treated nets to areas where they are needed.

Malaria takes a great toll on the wealth of a nation—–its people, and the fight to eradicate malaria will give hope to today’s generation, to make way for a safer living environment for those of the future.

To learn more about the global community’s efforts to end the scourge of malaria, visit and see how you can contribute in the fight against one of the world’s oldest diseases, so that one day there will no longer be a World Malaria Day.


Today, there are 109 malarious countries in 4 regions

Source: Global Malaria Action Plan

World Malaria Day – A Day to Act

25 April is a day of unified commemoration of the global effort to provide effective control of malaria around the world. This year’s World Malaria Day marks a critical moment in time. The international malaria community has less than a year to meet the 2010 targets of delivering effective and affordable protection and treatment to all people at risk of malaria, as called for by the UN Secretary-General, Ban Ki-Moon.

World Malaria Day represents a chance for all of us to make a difference. Whether you are a government, a company, a charity or an individual, you can roll back malaria and help generate broad gains in multiple areas of health and human development.

Reducing the impact of malaria would significantly propel efforts to achieve the Millennium Development Goals, agreed by every United Nations member state. These include not only the goal of combatting the disease itself, but also goals related to women’s and children’s rights and health, access to education and the reduction of extreme poverty.

Hundreds of RBM partners – governments, international organizations, companies, academic and research institutions, foundations, NGOs and individuals – are already gaining ground against malaria. Diverse partner initiatives are guided by a single strategy, outlined in the Global Malaria Action Plan.

Learn how you can support RBM


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 April 15, 2010 ColorLines Direct. News and commentary from ColorLines magazine and RaceWire blog.

An Interactive History of the Tea Party’s Many Co-ConvenersJohn McCain. Newt Gingrich. CNBC. Fox News. Even poor old Michael Steele. It’s taken a whole lotta leaders to keep this party going. Click your way down memory lane.

ALSO: Daisy Hernández on The Media-Savvy Racist.





Arizona Legislature Passes Racist Immigration Bill, Advocates Urge Governor’s Veto
Advocates in the state of Arizona are streaming into Phoenix today to urge Republican Gov. Jan Brewer to veto what might be the most draconian state immigration law ever passed.

Reid Plays Political Football with Latinos, Makes U-Turn on Immigration Reform Promise
Just three days after promising immediate action on an immigration bill, Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid that reform will have to wait.

Mississippi Ordered to Stop Segregating Its Schools
The Department of Justice announced that a federal judge ordered a Mississippi county to stop the illegal practice of allowing white students to transfer out of their assigned high schools to the county’s only white-majority high school.

NCAA’s Mandatory Sickle Cell Testing Could Impact Black Athletes
Last year, ColorLines reported on a proposed new rule from the NCAA that would require sickle cell testing for all Division I athletes. This week The NY Times reports that NCAA member conferences are set to vote sometime this week in Indianapolis, and it’s uncertain whether the controversial rule will pass.

Jobs Creation’s Winning Formula = Green Equity + Grassroots + Good GovernmentWe have to stay fired up to push our government to do its job… namely, putting millions of people into good jobs and answering the urgent needs of our communities. Check out our video profiles of successful Green Case Studies in New York City, Los Angeles and the Navajo Nation.


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