Monthly Archives: October 2009
DISARMAMENT WEEK: OCTOBER 24-30, 2009
UNITED NATIONS DAY: OCTOBER 24, 2009
United Nations Day (October 24)
United Nations Day is an international observance to mark the anniversary of the founding of the United Nations on October 24, 1945. In the spring of that year representatives of fifty nations gathered in San Francisco to put the finishing touches on a document of far-reaching consequence – the Charter of the United Nations. The October 24th date marks the day when a sufficient number of ratifications had been obtained to launch the new United Nations officially. A new global institution had emerged out of the chaos and destruction of the Second World War to “save succeeding generations from the scourge of war – to reaffirm faith in fundamental human rights – to promote social progress and better standards of life in larger freedoms”.
In 1947 the UN General Assembly adopted a resolution declaring that October 24 “shall be henceforth officially called United Nations Day and shall be devoted to making known to the peoples of the world the aims and achievements of the UN, and to gaining their support for the work of the United Nations”. UN Day is now marked in the 189 UN Member States, large and small, throughout the world.
Over the years UN Day has been observed in hundreds of communities across Canada. Those observations have taken many forms, from symbolic events such as the flying of the UN flag in civic venues to serious debates and forums about the issues before the UN, their relevance to Canada, and suggestions on how to address world problems through international co-operation.
The generations born after the founding of the UN in 1945 have come to realize that the UN offers no “quick fix” to international problems but that it is an essential instrument through which multilateral processes can be brought to bear to contribute to the solutions to global problems. A United Nations Day programme offers an opportunity to groups and individuals to acquaint themselves with the activities and the accomplishments of the UN – and to address the challenges we face together as the world moves into a new century.
INTERNATIONAL DAY FOR THE ERADICATION OF POVERTY: OCTOBER 17, 2009
International Day for the Eradication of Poverty
“The campaign to make poverty history-a central moral challenge of our age-cannot remain a task for the few, it must become a calling for the many. On this International Day for the Eradication of Poverty, I urge everyone to join this struggle. Together, we can make real and sufficient progress towards the end of poverty.” United Nations Ex-Secretary-General, Kofi Annan
“Excerpts taken from his message to be delivered on the International Day for the Eradication of Poverty, 17 October 2006”.
The observance of the International Day for the Eradication of Poverty can be traced back to 17 October 1987. On that day, over a hundred thousand people gathered at the Trocadéro in Paris, where the Universal Declaration of Human Rights was signed in 1948, to honour the victims of extreme poverty, violence and hunger. They proclaimed that poverty is a violation of human rights and affirmed the need to come together to ensure that these rights are respected. These convictions are inscribed in a commemorative stone unveiled on this day. Since then, people of all backgrounds, beliefs and social origins have gathered every year on October 17 th to renew their commitment and show their solidarity with the poor. Replicas of the commemorative stone have been unveiled around the world and serve as a gathering place to celebrate the Day. One such replica is located in the garden of United Nations Headquarters and is the site of the annual commemoration organized by the United Nations Secretariat in New York.
Through resolution 47/196 adopted on 22 December 1992, the General Assembly declared 17 October as the International Day for the Eradication of Poverty and invited all States to devote the Day to presenting and promoting, as appropriate in the national context, concrete activities with regard to the eradication of poverty and destitution. The resolution further invites intergovernmental and non-governmental organizations to assist States, at their request, in organizing national activities for the observance of the Day, and requests the Secretary-General to take, within existing resources, the measures necessary to ensure the success of the Day’s observance by the United Nations.
October 17th presents an opportunity to acknowledge the effort and struggle of people living in poverty, a chance for them to make their concerns heard, and a moment to recognize that poor people are the first ones to fight against poverty. Participation of the poor themselves has been at the center of the Day’s celebration since its very beginning. The commemoration of October 17 th also reflects the willingness of people living in poverty to use their expertise to contribute to the eradication of poverty.
GA Resolution A/RES/47/196 of 31 March 1993
WORLD FOOD DAY: OCTOBER 16, 2009
WORLD MENTAL HEALTH DAY: OCTOBER 10, 2009
World Mental Health Day was started by the World Federation for Mental Health in 1992.
It is a unified effort to promote greater public awareness and understanding of mental health and mental illness. Every year, thousands of people across the world raise awareness and funds for mental health causes.
Each year, on 10 October, the Mental Health Foundation celebrates the day by raising awareness about mental health and wellbeing.
WORLD POST DAY: OCTOBER 9, 2009
|World Post Day is celebrated each year on 9 October, the anniversary of the establishment of the Universal Postal Union in 1874 in the Swiss Capital, Bern. It was declared World Post Day by the UPU Congress held in Tokyo, Japan in 1969. Since then, countries across the world participate annually in the celebrations. The Posts in many countries use the event to introduce or promote new postal products and services.|
|In most countries philatelic exhibitions are organized during this period and special stamps and date cancellation marks are issued on 9 October. Other activities include the display of World Post Day posters in post offices and other public places; open days at post offices, mail centres and postal museums; the holding of conferences, seminars and workshops; as well as cultural, sport and other recreation activities.|
|A World Post Day message from the Director General of the Universal Postal Union is sent each year to all Posts, read during celebrations and published in the media.|
|The UPU in cooperation with UNESCO has, for the past 35 years, organized an International Letter-writing Competition for young people. Most participating Posts use World Post Day to award prizes to the winners of the competition.|
INTERNATIONAL STRATEGY FOR DISASTER REDUCTION: OCTOBER 14, 2009
|International Strategy for Disaster Reduction|
Global Assessment Report launched in Philippines
The launch of the 2009 Global Assessment Report on Disaster Risk Reduction (GAR), prepared by the United Nations International Strategy for Disaster Reduction, took place yesterday, 28 October 2009, in the urban village of Barangay Nangka, Marikina City, one of the Metro Manila cities severely affected by floods. The report highlights the underlying drivers of disaster risk; poor urban governance, vulnerable rural livelihood and the decline of ecosystems.
Rachel Shebesh appointed African Champion for Disaster Risk Reduction
Rachel Shebesh, Member of Parliament of the Republic of Kenya and Chair of the African Parliamentarian Initiative for Climate Risk Reduction, was appointed today as the UN International Strategy for Disaster Reduction champion for disaster risk reduction in Africa during the launch of the Black and Green, Ready to Lead campaign that took place at the Pan-African Parliament in Johannesburg, South Africa.
Get to know UNISDR’s new Champion – Q & A with Rachel Shebesh
Experts and Policy Makers Gather to Discuss Critical Actions for Climate Change Adaptation
Global experts and policy makers working on disaster risk reduction begin discussions today at the 2009 Stockholm Policy Forum on Climate-Smart Disaster Risk Reduction. The Forum aims to address the issue of reducing risks associated with weather-related hazards, a key component of climate change adaptation. The Forum will also identify promising practices and critical actions for post-Copenhagen implementation of adaptation.
New Legislation in the Philippines places Disaster Risk Reduction as the first line of defense against climate change risks
A new climate change law that fully integrates the priorities of the Hyogo Framework for Action – a ten-year blueprint for reducing risks to disasters worldwide – has been passed today by the Philippine Government to address increasing climatic risks.
African Parliamentarians agree on concrete actions to reduce the impact of climatic disasters
• UNISDR-lead advocacy results in recognition of crucial synergies between disaster risk reduction and climate change adaptation
N’Djamena- Parliamentarians and Ministers from Central African countries met in Chad last Saturday and recognized disaster risk reduction measures as a main tool to adapt to future climate related disasters that are already affecting many countries in Africa.
International Day for Disaster Reduction: new initiatives launched in London
The global event of the 2009 International Day for Disaster Reduction was staged at the Royal Marsden Hospital, which was severely damaged by a fire in early 2008. The meeting gathered more than 120 participants from all stakeholder groups and was hosted by the UK Health Protection Agency in collaboration with the World Health Organization (WHO) and the United Nations International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (UNISDR).
2009 International Day for Disaster Reduction
International Day for Disaster Reduction: Disaster Risk Reduction initiative for Nepal launched
Katmandu – A new disaster risk reduction initiative for Nepal was launched by a consortium of partners that comprises the UN International Strategy for Disaster Reduction, other United Nations organizations, the International Federation of Red Cross & Red Crescent Societies (IFRC), the Asian Development Bank and the World Bank to mark the 2009 International Day for Disaster Reduction.
ISDR World Campaign 2010-2011 on urban risk and resilient cities
Interested in sharing your ideas, views and possible contributions with us to shape the Campaign?
Please participate in our online survey
For background information, please consult the Incheon Declaration (outcome document of the international conference ‘Building a Local Government Alliance for Disaster Risk Reduction’).
The Summit on Climate Change acknowledges disaster risk reduction
Disaster risk reduction was highlighted during the one-day Summit on many occasions. The outcome of the Summit, captured in the Chair’s Summary, emphasized clearly that adaptation must be given higher priority and in this context called for greater synergy with disaster risk reduction.
UNISDR at World Climate Conference 3 (WCC-3)
Geneva International Conference Center, Switzerland, 31 August – 4 September 2009
WCC-3 focuses on how humankind can benefit from the advances in climate prediction and information services to manage climate-related risks as a way of developing resilience through adaptation. Disaster Risk Reduction is a key component of the agenda and UNISDR is directly involved in a variety of events, such as the Opening of the Conference and Plenary Session 4 on Climate Extremes, Warning Systems and Disaster Risk Reduction.
Bringing together more than 2 000 climate scientists, sectoral experts and decision-makers, WCC-3 established on 3 September a Global Framework for Climate Services “to strengthen production, availability, delivery and application of science-based climate prediction and services.”
WORLD HABITAT DAY: OCTOBER 5, 2009
WORLD TEACHER’S DAY: OCTOBER 5, 2009
- unesco.org /
- Education /
- Teacher Education
- / Advocacy
- / World Teachers’ Day
- Toolkit on Teacher Codes of Conduct
- Teacher Training Initiative for sub-Saharan Africa
World Teachers’ Day, held annually on 5 October since 1994, commemorates the anniversary of the signing in 1966 of the UNESCO/ILO Recommendation Concerning the Status of Teachers. It is an occasion to celebrate the essential role of teachers in providing quality education at all levels.
World Teachers’ Day 2009 – “Build the future: invest in teachers now!”
World Teachers’ Day 2009 puts the spotlight on the global teacher shortage and the challenges of being a teacher today.
In our rapidly changing and interdependent world, teachers not only have to ensure that students acquire solid skills in basic subjects, but also that they become responsible local and global citizens, at ease with new technologies and able to make informed decisions about health, the environment and other challenges.
Sustained investment is required to develop a well-trained and motivated teaching force. A global total of 10.3 million teachers should be recruited between 2007 and 2015 just to meet the goal of universal primary education. At a time when the global economic slowdown risks putting tight constraints on education budgets, it is critical that governments support the recruitment, training and professional development of teachers.
Message from Mr Koïchiro Matsuura, Director-General of UNESCO
Information note about World Teachers’ Day 2009
Education International (Global federation of teacher unions) World Teachers’ Day page and poster
Hands Up for Education: Education International’s strategy for recovery
United Nations Regional Information Centre for Western Europe: Human Rights Education
UNESCO Institute for Statistics Information Sheet on Global Demand for Teachers
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WORLD SPACE WEEK: OCTOBER 4-10, 2009