Monthly Archives: May 2017

WORLD NO-TOBACCO DAY [WHO]: MAY 31, 2017

World No Tobacco Day

People, non-governmental organizations and governments unite on World No Tobacco Day to draw attention to the health problems that tobacco use can cause. It is held on May 31 each year.

Hand saying no thanks to a packages of cigarettes offered
World No Tobacco Day focuses on informing people about health problems associated with tobacco use.
©iStockphoto.com/Anneke Schram

What Do People Do?

World No Tobacco Day is a day for people, non-governmental organizations and governments organize various activities to make people aware of the health problems that tobacco use can cause. These activities include:

  • Public marches and demonstrations, often with vivid banners.
  • Advertising campaigns and educational programs.
  • People going into public places to encourage people to stop smoking.
  • The introduction of bans on smoking in particular places or types of advertising.
  • Meetings for anti-tobacco campaigners.

Moreover, laws restricting smoking in particular areas may come into effect and wide reaching health campaigns may be launched.

Public Life

World No Tobacco Day is not a public holiday.

Background

Tobacco is a product of the fresh leaves of nicotiana plants. It is used as an aid in spiritual ceremonies and a recreational drug. It originated in the Americas, but was introduced to Europe by Jean Nicot, the French ambassador to Portugal in 1559. It quickly became popular and an important trade crop.

Medical research made it clear during the 1900s that tobacco use increased the likelihood of many illnesses including heart attacks, strokes, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD), emphysema and many forms of cancer. This is true for all ways in which tobacco is used, including:

  • Cigarettes and cigars.
  • Hand rolling tobacco.
  • Bidis and kreteks (cigarettes containing tobacco with herbs or spices).
  • Pipes and water pipes.
  • Chewing tobacco.
  • Snuff.
  • Snus (a moist version of snuff popular in some countries such as Sweden).
  • Creamy snuff (a paste consisting of tobacco, clove oil, glycerin, spearmint, menthol, and camphor sold in a toothpaste tube popular in India).
  • Gutkha (a version of chewing tobacco mixed with areca nut, catechu, slaked lime and other condiments popular in India and South-East Asia).

On May 15, 1987, the World Health Organization passed a resolution, calling for April 7, 1988, to be the first World No Smoking Day. This date was chosen because it was the 40th anniversary of the World Health Organization. On May 17, 1989, the World Health Organization passed a resolution calling for May 31 to be annually known as World No Tobacco Day. This event has been observed each year since 1989.

Themes

The themes of World No Tobacco Day have been:

  • 2009 – Tobacco health warnings.
  • 2008 – Tobacco-free youth.
  • 2007 – Smoke free inside.
  • 2006 – Tobacco: deadly in any form or disguise.
  • 2005 – Health professionals against tobacco.
  • 2004 – Tobacco and poverty, a vicious circle.
  • 2003 – Tobacco free film, tobacco free fashion.
  • 2002 – Tobacco free sports.
  • 2001 – Second-hand smoke kills.
  • 2000 – Tobacco kills, don’t be duped.
  • 1999 – Leave the pack behind.
  • 1998 – Growing up without tobacco.
  • 1997 – United for a tobacco free world.
  • 1996 – Sport and art without tobacco: play it tobacco free.
  • 1995 – Tobacco costs more than you think.
  • 1994 – Media and tobacco: get the message across.
  • 1993 – Health services: our windows to a tobacco free world.
  • 1992 – Tobacco free workplaces: safer and healthier.
  • 1991 – Public places and transport: better be tobacco free.
  • 1990 – Childhood and youth without tobacco: growing up without tobacco.
  • 1989 – Initial observance.

Symbols

Images that symbolize World No Tobacco Day are:

  • Clean ashtrays with flowers in them.
  • Ashtrays with images of body parts, such as the heart and lungs, which are damaged by tobacco use.
  • No smoking signs.
  • Symbols of death, such as gravestones and skulls, with cigarettes.
  • Images of the diseases caused by tobacco use.

These images are often displayed as posters, on Internet sites and blogs, on clothing and public transport vehicles.

2017 Theme: “Tobacco – A Threat to Development”

World No Tobacco Day Observances

 

Weekday Date Year Name Holiday Type
Mon May 31 2010 World No Tobacco Day United Nations observance
Tue May 31 2011 World No Tobacco Day United Nations observance
Thu May 31 2012 World No Tobacco Day United Nations observance
Fri May 31 2013 World No Tobacco Day United Nations observance
Sat May 31 2014 World No Tobacco Day United Nations observance
Sun May 31 2015 World No Tobacco Day United Nations observance
Tue May 31 2016 World No Tobacco Day United Nations observance
Wed May 31 2017 World No Tobacco Day United Nations observance
Thu May 31 2018 World No Tobacco Day United Nations observance
Fri May 31 2019 World No Tobacco Day United Nations observance
Sun May 31 2020 World No Tobacco Day United Nations observance
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INTERNATIONAL DAY OF UNITED NATIONS PEACEKEEPERS: MAY 29, 2017

International Day of United Nations Peacekeepers

The International Day of United Nations Peacekeepers is a day to remember those who served in United Nations (UN) peacekeeping operations. They also honor the memory of people who died in the name of peace.

United Nations soldiers stand at the ready.
Many UN workers are remembered for their work in peacekeeping operations.
©iStockphoto.com/ Sean_Warren

What Do People Do?

Many activities are organized on this day. Activities include:

  • Notes in official UN documents and schedules.
  • Presentations during UN meetings and events.
  • Memorial services and wreath laying events for those who died in peace keeping missions.
  • Presentation of the Dag Hammarskjöld Medal as a way to honor military, police and civilian personnel who lost their lives while working for UN peacekeeping operations.
  • Awarding peacekeeping medals to military and police officers who are peacekeepers.
  • The launch of photographic and multimedia exhibitions on the work of UN peacekeepers.

The events take place in places such as the UN headquarters in New York in the United States, as well as Vienna, Australia, and other locations worldwide.

Public Life

The International Day of United Nations Peacekeepers is not a public holiday.

Background

The UN Truce Supervision Organization (UNTSO) was founded on May 29, 1948. UNTSO’s task was to assist peacekeepers to observe and maintain a cease-fire. This cease-fire marked the end of the hostilities between Israel and the Arab League forces. The hostilities started after the end of the British Mandate of Palestine on May 14, 1948. On December 11, 2002, the UN General assembly designated May 29 as the International Day of United Nations Peacekeepers. The day was first observed on May 29, 2003.

The International Day of United Nations Peacekeepers is a tribute to people who serve or have served in UN peacekeeping operations. The peacekeepers are honored for their high level of professionalism, dedication and courage. People who died for peace are also remembered.

Symbols

UN Peacekeepers are usually clearly recognizable. They often display the UN flag and the letters “UN” on their clothing, equipment and vehicles. They also wear hats, helmets or other clothing with UN colors.

International Day of United Nations Peacekeepers Observances

 

Weekday Date Year Name Holiday Type
Sat May 29 2010 International Day of United Nations Peacekeepers United Nations observance
Sun May 29 2011 International Day of United Nations Peacekeepers United Nations observance
Tue May 29 2012 International Day of United Nations Peacekeepers United Nations observance
Wed May 29 2013 International Day of United Nations Peacekeepers United Nations observance
Thu May 29 2014 International Day of United Nations Peacekeepers United Nations observance
Fri May 29 2015 International Day of United Nations Peacekeepers United Nations observance
Sun May 29 2016 International Day of United Nations Peacekeepers United Nations observance
Mon May 29 2017 International Day of United Nations Peacekeepers United Nations observance
Tue May 29 2018 International Day of United Nations Peacekeepers United Nations observance
Wed May 29 2019 International Day of United Nations Peacekeepers United Nations observance
Fri May 29 2020 International Day of United Nations Peacekeepers United Nations observance

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IN REMEMBRANCE: 5-28-2017

BARBARA SMITH CONRAD, SINGER AT CENTER OF INTEGRATION

Barbara Smith Conrad at her home in Manhattan in 2011. Credit Robert Caplin for The New York Times

In spring 1957, two weeks before the opening of Henry Purcell’s opera “Dido and Aeneas” at the University of Texas at Austin, Barbara Smith, a 19-year-old mezzo-soprano, received some bad news. She would not be appearing as Dido, a role she had been rehearsing for months.

Ms. Smith was black. The singer cast as Aeneas was white. In the South, then emerging only slowly from strict segregation, this was a problem, even though the two principal characters do not kiss, embrace or even touch.

Joe Chapman, a Democrat in the State Legislature from Ms. Smith’s own district in the pine country of Northeast Texas, had taken the matter up with Logan Wilson, the university’s president. During their conversation, Mr. Chapman had told him that the opera’s casting might be bad publicity for the school, especially since the Legislature was preparing to vote on an appropriations bill.

Three days before the opera was scheduled to open, The Houston Post broke the story, under the headline “Negro Girl Out of UT Opera Cast.” The Daily Texan, the student newspaper, followed with an article the next day. Its reporter asked Mr. Chapman, a former Texas railroad commissioner, if he believed that the Legislature had the right to dictate policy to the university.

In a statement, the university said that it had made the casting change “to ensure Miss Smith’s well-being and to squelch any possibility that her appearance would precipitate a cut in the university’s appropriations.”

More than 100 students rose in protest. Eight state legislators expressed indignation. A petition circulated, gathering 1,500 signatures. Mr. Chapman was hanged in effigy from a balcony in the State Capitol.

Ms. Conrad just before entering the University of Texas in 1956. Credit Ward Photo, via Dolph Briscoe Center for American History

Ms. Smith tried to smooth matters over. “After the first shock and hurt had passed,” she told The Daily Texan, “I began to realize that the ultimate success of integration at the university is much more important than my appearance in the opera.”

As wire services and Time magazine picked up the story, national figures spoke out, including Sidney Poitier and Eleanor Roosevelt. The singer Harry Belafonte stepped forward, offering to pay for Ms. Smith’s musical education at any school in the world.

Barbara Louise Smith was born on Aug. 11, 1937, in Atlanta, Tex., south of Texarkana. Growing up, she divided her time between Queen City, where she attended school, and the family house in Center Point, an all-black town near Pittsburg, Tex., that had been founded by freed slaves, among them her forebears. It no longer exists.

Ms. Conrad as Amneris in the Cincinnati Opera’s production of “Aida” in 1976. Credit via University of Texas at Austin

She grew up singing in the town’s Baptist choir and at home, where an older brother accompanied her on the piano. She idolized Marian Anderson, the black contralto and civil rights activist, whom she later played on television in the 1977 mini-series “Eleanor and Franklin: The White House Years.”

In her sophomore year, a member of the music faculty heard her singing in a practice room and invited her to audition for the part of Dido. She did, successfully.

The prize was wrested from her after an anonymous employee at the university complained to Jerry Sadler, a Democratic legislator from Percilla. At a weekly breakfast attended by 40 legislators from East Texas, including Mr. Chapman, Mr. Sadler railed against the mixed-race casting.

After graduating, Ms. Smith, as she was still known, went to New York, where Mr. Belafonte introduced her to his friends in the arts. Mrs. Roosevelt paid her fare.

In 1965, she appeared as Bess in the New York City Opera’s production of “Porgy and Bess,” a work she revisited in 1985, when she sang the role of Maria at the Metropolitan Opera, with Grace Bumbry as Bess and Simon Estes as Porgy.

She also sang from the mezzo repertoire with leading orchestras, including the New York Philharmonic and the London, Boston, Cleveland and Detroit symphonies. She was a founder and the vocal director of the Wagner Theater Program at the Manhattan School of Music, which trained students for Wagnerian roles.

Ms. Conrad, whose marriage ended in divorce, leaves no immediate survivors.

In 2009, the Texas Legislature passed a resolution honoring Ms. Conrad for her achievements. In return, she gave a performance of “Amazing Grace” in the rotunda of the Capitol.

“She believed in forgiveness and reconciliation,” Dr. Carleton said. “She wanted to be treated as someone who accomplished things. She did not regard being a victim as an accomplishment.”

Correction: May 26, 2017
An obituary on Thursday about the opera singer Barbara Smith Conrad misstated the relationship between Ms. Conrad and Bettye Neal, who confirmed her death. Ms. Neal is Ms. Conrad’s cousin, not her niece.SOURCE

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GREGG ALLMAN, INFLUENTIAL FORCE BEHIND THE ALLMAN BROTHERS BAND

From left, Duane Allman, Dickey Betts, Gregg Allman, Jai Johanny Johanson, Berry Oakley and Butch Trucks in 1969. Credit Michael Ochs Archives/Getty Images

Gregg Allman, a founding member of the Allman Brothers Band, the incendiary group that inspired and gave shape to both the Southern rock and jam-band movements, died on Saturday at his home in Savannah, Ga. He was 69.

His publicist, Ken Weinstein, said the cause was complications of liver cancer.

The band’s lead singer and keyboardist, Mr. Allman was one of the principal architects of a taut, improvisatory fusion of blues, jazz, country and rock that — streamlined by inheritors like Lynyrd Skynyrd and the Marshall Tucker Band — became the Southern rock of the 1970s.

[ Listen to 10 definitive Gregg Allman songs ]

The group, which originally featured Mr. Allman’s older brother, Duane, on lead and slide guitar, was also a precursor to a generation of popular jam bands, like Widespread Panic and Phish, whose music features labyrinthine instrumental exchanges.

Mr. Allman’s percussive Hammond B-3 organ playing helped anchor the Allman Brothers’ rhythm section and provided a chuffing counterpoint to the often heated musical interplay between his brother and the band’s other lead guitarist, Dickey Betts.

Gregg Allman’s vocals, by turns squalling and brooding, took their cue from the anguished emoting of down-home blues singers like Elmore James, as well as from more sophisticated ones like Bobby Bland. Foremost among Mr. Allman’s influences as a vocalist, though, was the Mississippi-born blues and soul singer and guitarist known as Little Milton.

In 1977, Mr. Allman and the singer Cher, who were then married, performed in Brussels on tour for their album, “Two the Hard Way.” The project was poorly received by critics and the record-buying public alike. Credit Bettmann

“‘Little Milton’ Campbell had the strongest set of pipes I ever heard on a human being,” Mr. Allman wrote in his autobiography, “My Cross to Bear,” written with Alan Light (2012). “That man inspired me all my life to get my voice crisper, get my diaphragm harder, use less air and just spit it out. He taught me to be absolutely sure of every note you hit, and to hit it solid.”

The band’s main songwriter early on, Mr. Allman contributed expansive, emotionally fraught compositions like “Dreams” and “Whipping Post”to the Allman Brothers repertoire. Both songs became staples of their epic live shows; a cathartic 22-minute version of “Whipping Post” was a highlight of their acclaimed 1971 live album, “At Fillmore East.”

Gregg Allman and the Allman Brothers Band at the Beacon Theater in New York in 2011. Credit Chad Batka for The New York Times

His final studio album, “Southern Blood,” produced by Don Was, was scheduled to be released this year. All his 2017 tour dates, including 10 nights at City Winery in New York in July, were canceled in mid-March.

In 1977, Mr. Allman and the singer Cher, to whom he was married at the time, released the album “Two the Hard Way.” (They were billed on the cover as Allman and Woman.) The project was poorly received by critics and the record-buying public alike.

Mr. Allman struggled for years with alcohol, heroin and other drugs, and entered treatment for them numerous times, before embarking on a path of recovery in the mid-1990s. He was later found to have hepatitis C and received a liver transplant in 2010.

The band’s lead singer and keyboardist, Mr. Allman — performing here in Macon, Ga., in 1978 — also enjoyed an enduring, if intermittent, career as a solo artist. Credit Jerome McClendon/Atlanta Journal-Constitution, via Associated Press

He took up the guitar before Duane did, but he was a keyboardist and vocalist by the time the two worked together in local bands while they were in high school. As the Allman Joys, they played clubs in the South and recorded a single, a version of Willie Dixon’s “Spoonful.”

In 1968, everyone in the band, except for Gregg, moved back to Florida after being released from their recording contract. He stayed behind when executives at Liberty decided he had commercial potential.

Duane joined a Jacksonville band, called the 31st of February, led by the future Allman Brothers drummer Butch Trucks. (Mr. Trucks died in January at 69.)

The group later added the bassist Berry Oakley, the percussionist Jai Johanny Johanson (known as Jaimoe) and Mr. Betts and became the Allman Brothers Band. They released their debut album in 1969 on Capricorn Records, an Atlantic imprint based in Macon, Ga. They also toured widely and developed a devoted following with their next two albums, “Idlewild South” and “At Fillmore East.”

Mr. Allman at the Palace Theater in Stamford, Conn., in 2011. “There’s that old saying,” he said in his autobiography, “‘Fun for ages 6 to 60,’ and by God, that’s what our audience is.” Credit Chad Batka for The New York Times

On Oct. 29, 1971, just before the group achieved mainstream popularity, Duane Allman was killed in a motorcycle accident. Mr. Oakley, the band’s bassist, died in another motorcycle crash — both accidents were in Macon — a little more than a year later.

“All My Friends: Celebrating the Songs and Voice of Gregg Allman,” an album recorded live in Atlanta that paid tribute to Mr. Allman’s enduring influence and reach, was released in 2015. It featured performances by Mr. Allman and by contemporaries and inheritors like the soul singer Sam Moore, the country star Vince Gill, Widespread Panic and the steel guitarist Robert Randolph, another jam-band favorite.

“It’s an exceptional feeling to see all those young folks at the shows,” Mr. Allman wrote in his autobiography, discussing the intergenerational appeal of the music that he and the Allmans created in the ’60s and ’70s.

SOURCE

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DINA MERRILL, ACTRESS AND PHILANTHROPIST

Dina Merrill and Larry Blyden in “What Makes Sammy Run?” Credit Photofest

Dina Merrill, the actress and heiress to two fortunes who wintered at her family’s Mar-a-Lago estate in Palm Beach, Fla., as a child before becoming a leading lady in movies, most often in upper-class roles, died on Monday at her home in East Hampton, N.Y. She was 93.

Her death was confirmed by her son, Stanley H. Rumbough, who said she had Lewy Body dementia.

An elegant presence in most of her 30 or so mid-20th-century movies, Ms. Merrill played the betrayed wife who loses both her husband, Laurence Harvey, and her mink coat to Elizabeth Taylor in “Butterfield 8” (1960); the chic fashion consultant who loses Glenn Ford to Shirley Jones in “The Courtship of Eddie’s Father” (1963); and the steadfast socialite wife of an assistant district attorney played by Burt Lancaster in “The Young Savages” (1961).

In the submarine comedy “Operation Petticoat” (1959), her stranded Navy nurse ends up married to a slick lieutenant played by Tony Curtis.

The daughter of the Wall Street broker E. F. Hutton and the cereal heiress Marjorie Merriweather Post, Ms. Merrill grew up in luxury, spending up to six months a year on the Sea Cloud, the family yacht. The Duke and Duchess of Windsor were among the guests on what has been described as a “floating palace” equipped with fireplaces, marble bathrooms, a barber shop and a wine cellar.

Home during the winter was the 115-room Mar-a-Lago estate, which was bought by Donald J. Trump in 1985 and converted into a private club. (Mr. Trump’s daughter Ivanka Trump slept in the same children’s suite that Ms. Merrill had used.)

But as it turned out, the “someone else” was almost always a coolly sophisticated patrician woman not that different from the real Dina Merrill. Typical of her parts, in the 1959 television version of Budd Schulberg’s “What Makes Sammy Run?” she was the glamorous daughter of a Wall Street banker.

Dina Merrill in 2002 at a Museum of Television & Radio gala in Beverly Hills. Credit Frederick M. Brown/Getty Images

Although her father’s investments had earned her a million dollars by the time she became an actress, against his wishes, Ms. Merrill supported herself by modeling clothes for Vogue at $10 an hour.

She attended George Washington University, but dropped out after a year to study at the American Academy of Dramatic Arts in New York. In 1946 she married Stanley M. Rumbough Jr., heir to the Colgate-Palmolive consumer products fortune, and spent much of the next decade raising their three children. By the time she got her first movie role — as a young research assistant to Katharine Hepburn in “Desk Set” (1957), with Spencer Tracy — she was over 30.

Her subsequent roles included the bored upper-class wife of an Australian sheep rancher in the Deborah Kerr movie “The Sundowners” (1960), and the alcoholic wife of an entrepreneur played by the comedian Alan King in “Just Tell Me What You Want” (1980).

E.F. Hutton with Ms. Merrill, his daughter, on the deck of the family yacht on a vacation in Honolulu. Her mother was Marjorie Merriweather Post. Credit Bettmann/Getty

She returned to Broadway in 1975, starring as a wife whose husband is trying to drive her mad in a revival of the play “Angel Street.” In 1983 she played the manager of the Russian Ballet in a well-received Broadway revival of the Rodgers and Hart musical “On Your Toes.”

With an inheritance from her parents estimated at more than $50 million, Ms. Merrill became a philanthropist. A liberal Republican, she was vice chairwoman of the Republican Pro-Choice Coalition, an advocate on women’s health issues and vice president of the New York City Mission Society. After her son David, who had diabetes, died in a boating accident at age 23 in 1973, Ms. Merrill created a yearly award for scientific excellence in his name for the Juvenile Diabetes Research Foundation.

After divorcing Mr. Robertson in 1986, Ms. Merrill married Ted Hartley, a former Navy fighter pilot, actor and investment banker, who survives her. Shortly after their marriage in 1989, their company, Pavilion Communications, bought a controlling interest in RKO Pictures, but they had little success in returning that studio to its former glory.

Ms. Merrill had some regrets about her late-blooming acting career, which had been forestalled because of her child-rearing responsibilities.

“You didn’t go to work then if you had young children,” she said in 1979. “But the 20s are very important years to an actress. If I had it to do over again today, I might continue working.”

Correction: May 24, 2017
An obituary on Tuesday about the actress Dina Merrill misstated the date of her birth in 1923. It was Dec. 29, not Dec. 9.

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ROGER MOORE, WHO PLAYED JAMES BOND 007 TIMES

Roger Moore in 1968. His first James Bond film was “Live and Let Die” (1973), and his last was “A View to a Kill” (1985). Credit Peter Ruck/Hulton Archive, via Getty Images

Roger Moore, the dapper British actor who brought tongue-in-cheek humor to the James Bond persona in seven films, eclipsing his television career, which had included starring roles in at least five series, died on Tuesday in Switzerland. He was 89.

The death, attributed to cancer, was confirmed in a family statement on Twitter. His family did not say where in Switzerland he had died.

Mr. Moore was the oldest Bond ever hired for films in the official series — although David Niven was in his 50s when he played Bond in the spoof “Casino Royale” — taking on the role when he was 45. (Sean Connery, who originated the film character and with whom Mr. Moore was constantly compared, was 32 when the first Bond film, “Dr. No,” was released.) Mr. Moore also had the longest run in the role, beginning in 1973 with “Live and Let Die” and winding up in 1985 with “A View to a Kill.”

When he became 007, the author Ian Fleming’s sexy secret agent with a license to kill, Mr. Moore was already well known to American audiences. After playing the title role in a British medieval-adventure series, “Ivanhoe,” shown in the United States in syndication in 1958, and starring in “The Alaskans,” a short-lived (1959-60) ABC gold-rush series, he replaced the departing James Garner in the fourth season (1960-61) of the western hit “Maverick.” His decidedly non-Western accent was explained away by the British education of his character, Beauregard Maverick, the original hero’s cousin.

Mr. Moore, with Jane Seymour in “Live and Let Die,” was often compared with his 007 predecessor, Sean Connery. Credit United Artists, via Photofest

From 1962 to 1969, Mr. Moore was Simon Templar, the title character of “The Saint,” a wildly popular British series about an adventurous, smooth-talking thief. It did so well in syndication in America that NBC adopted it for its prime-time schedule from 1967 to 1969. Two years later, Mr. Moore and Tony Curtis starred in ABC’s one-season series “The Persuaders” as playboy partners solving glamorous European crimes

After surrendering the Bond role to Timothy Dalton, Mr. Moore appeared in a half-dozen largely unexceptional movies, made a few television appearances and did voice work in animated films. Mostly, however, he turned his attention elsewhere, becoming a Unicef good-will ambassador in 1991. He was made a Commander of the British Empire in 1999 and was knighted in 2003.

Mr. Moore in the Bond adventure “Moonraker” (1979). He was the oldest Bond ever hired, taking on the role when he was 45. Credit United Artists

Roger George Moore was born on Oct. 14, 1927, in Stockwell, South London, the only child of George Alfred Moore, a London police officer who dabbled in amateur theater, and the former Lily Pope. Early on, Roger expressed interest in becoming a commercial artist and worked while a teenager at an animation company. But he fell into movie extra work, was encouraged by a director to pursue acting and entered the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art in 1944.

Jacqui Chan and Mr. Moore in “The Saint,” a wildly popular British series about a smooth-talking thief. He played the title character from 1962 to 1969. Credit BBC America

During his tenure as James Bond, Mr. Moore played almost a score of unrelated acting roles, most notably in “The Cannonball Run” (1981), the car-race comedy with Burt Reynolds, and the television movie “Sherlock Holmes in New York” (1976), in which he starred as Holmes and John Huston played Professor Moriarty.

In between, Andrew Lloyd Webber cast him in his 1989 musical, “Aspects of Love,” in London, but Mr. Moore dropped out a month before the opening. (He said at the time that he was unhappy with his singing voice, but he later said that he had left at Mr. Lloyd Webber’s request.)

Mr. Moore and Barbara Bach at a screening for “The Spy Who Loved Me” at the Cannes Film Festival in 1977. Credit Associated Press

His last film appearance was a supporting role in “The Carer” (2016), about an aging and ailing British actor (Brian Cox).

Mr. Moore married four times and was divorced three. He met his first wife (1946-53), Doorn Van Steyn, at acting school in London. He married Dorothy Squires in 1953 and left her in the early ’60s for Luisa Mattioli, whom he had met making an Italian film, but their divorce was not final until 1968. He married Ms. Mattioli the next year and had three children with her. They divorced in 1996, and in 2002 he married the Swedish-born Kristina Tholstrup, who survives him.

With Grace Jones in “A View to a Kill.” After the film, the role of Bond was taken over by Timothy Dalton. Credit MGM/United Artists, via Everett Collection

Mr. Moore had definite opinions about playing heroic adventurers long before he became Bond. “I would say your average hero has a super ego, an invincible attitude and an overall death wish,” he told The New York Times in 1970. “He’s slightly around the twist, isn’t he?”

“In theatrical terms, I’ve never had a part that demands much of me,” he added. “The only way I’ve had to extend myself has been to carry on charming.”

Correction: May 23, 2017
An earlier version of this obituary misspelled the given name of Mr. Moore’s wife. She is Kristina Tholstrup, not Christina.
Correction: May 23, 2017
An earlier version of this obituary misstated the ages of both Sean Connery and Mr. Moore when they first played James Bond. Mr. Connery was 32, not 33, when “Dr. No” was released; and Mr. Moore was 45, not 46, when he began filming “Live and Let Die.”
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SKYWATCH: FIRST RESULTS FROM JUNO AT JUPITER, EXPLORE THE SUMMER TRIANGLE, AND MORE

LATEST NEWS

Juno: Surprises in First Science Results

Sky & Telescope
From its dynamic atmosphere to its hidden depths, the Juno spacecraft has Jupiter as never before — surprising NASA scientists with unexpected complexity. Read more…

Water Flow Gives Insights on Mars and Titan

Sky & Telescope
A team of researchers led by Benjamin Black (City College of New York) used global drainage patterns of Titan, Earth, and Mars’ surfaces to determine the likelihood of recent tectonic activity. Read more…

Finally! The Galaxy’s Most Mysterious Star Is Dimming

Sky & Telescope
Tabby’s star, otherwise known as the most mysterious star in the galaxy, is dipping drastically in brightness, giving astronomers an opportunity to figure out what has been causing this star’s weird behavior. Read more…

How Hard Did It Rain on Ancient Mars?

Sky & Telescope
Mars was once far wetter than it is now — but just how much rain fell, and when? Read more…

Seventh TRAPPIST-1 Planet Confirmed

Sky & Telescope
Astronomers have confirmed the existence of the seventh planet around the ultracool dwarf star TRAPPIST-1. Read more…

Brown Dwarfs Mimic Their Big Stellar Siblings

Sky & Telescope
Two recent studies suggest that brown dwarfs, or so-called “failed stars,” are nevertheless more like stars than planets. Read more…

The Origin of the Milky Way’s Mysterious Gamma Rays

Sky & Telescope
Our galaxy’s center region is producing gamma rays, but astronomers are still debating whether pulsars or dark matter are the source. Three recent studies tackle the debate head-on. Read more…

ASKAP Joins the Hunt for Mysterious Bursts

Sky & Telescope
ASKAP, the Australian Square Kilometre Array Pathfinder (ASKAP), has joined the search for energetic and elusive fast radio bursts. And in just a few days of looking, it’s already had success. Read more…

OBSERVING HIGHLIGHTS

This Week’s Sky at a Glance, May 26 – June 3

Sky & Telescope
While twilight is still bright, can you catch the thin crescent Moon just above the west-northwest horizon about to set, as shown at right? (In these scenes, the Moon is always shown three times its actual apparent size.) Read more…

The Summer Triangle Makes its Midnight Debut

Sky & Telescope
Stay up late and you’ll see the return of one of the sky’s most familiar asterisms, the Summer Triangle. Firefly nights under the arch of the summertime Milky Way will soon be here. Read more…

Tour May’s Sky: Big Dipper Leads the Way

Sky & Telescope
Listen to May’s astronomy podcast to learn why the Big Dipper is the “Swiss Army Knife” of the late-spring northern sky. Read more…

COMMUNITY

Daylight Polar Alignment Made Easy

Sky & Telescope
Try this easy technique to roughly polar-align your telescope mount during the day using your smartphone and a planetarium app. Read more…

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HATEWATCH: HEADLINES FOR 5-25-2017

May 25, 2017

Trump seeks funds for immigration crackdown; Radical Christians attack LGBT presence in the military; DeVos apparently fine with LGBT discrimination in schools; and more.

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Mother Jones: Trump asks for $4.6 billion to pay for his immigration crackdown, including $1.6 billion towards border wall.

AlterNet: The alt-right is furious with Trump for his shift on Syria that surfaced during his trip abroad.

Newsweek: The ‘Trump effect’ inspires radical Christian contingent in the military, eager to combat LGBT members.

Scientific American: Inside social media’s battle to contain viral hatred that feeds the growth of terrorism.

The Guardian (UK): How Facebook flouts Holocaust-denial laws except where it fears being sued.

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INTERNATIONAL DAY TO END OBSTETRIC FISTULA: MAY 23, 2017

International Day to End Obstetric Fistula

May 23 is the United Nations’ (UN) International Day to End Obstetric Fistula, which promotes action towards treating and preventing obstetric fistula, a condition that affects many girls and women in developing countries.

Pregnant woman in rural Africa.
Pregnant women in developing countries need access to proper healthcare to avoid problems like obstetric fistula.
©iStockphoto.com/GomezDavid

Celebrate the International Day to End Obstetric Fistula

Fundraisers, media announcements and mobile van campaigns driven by health professionals are a few of many events and activities that promote the International Day to End Obstetric Fistula.

Public Life

The International Day to End Obstetric Fistula is a global observance and not a public holiday.

About the International Day to End Obstetric Fistula

Obstetric fistula is a hole in the birth canal caused by prolonged labor without prompt medical intervention, such as a Caesarean section. An estimated 2 to 3 million women and girls in developing countries are living with obstetric fistula.

In 2003 the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) and its partners launched the global Campaign to End Fistula, a collaborative initiative to prevent fistula and restore the health of those affected by the condition. In 2012, the UN announced that it would observe International Day to End Obstetric Fistula on May 23 each year, starting on 2013.

International Day to End Obstetric Fistula Observances

 

Weekday Date Year Name Holiday Type
Thu May 23 2013 International Day to End Obstetric Fistula United Nations observance
Fri May 23 2014 International Day to End Obstetric Fistula United Nations observance
Sat May 23 2015 International Day to End Obstetric Fistula United Nations observance
Mon May 23 2016 International Day to End Obstetric Fistula United Nations observance
Tue May 23 2017 International Day to End Obstetric Fistula United Nations observance
Wed May 23 2018 International Day to End Obstetric Fistula United Nations observance
Thu May 23 2019 International Day to End Obstetric Fistula United Nations observance
Sat May 23 2020 International Day to End Obstetric Fistula United Nations observance

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INTERNATIONAL DAY FOR BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY: MAY 22, 2017

International Day for Biological Diversity

On May 22, 1992, the text of the Convention on Biological Diversity was adopted by the of the United Nations at a conference in Nairobi, Kenya. Since 2001, the International Day for Biological Diversity is celebrated each year on the anniversary of this date.

International Day for Biological Diversity
The International Day for Biological Diversity raises awareness about preserving endangered habitats.
©iStockphoto.com/Terraxplorer

What Do People Do?

A wide range of events are organized globally to increase the understanding of the important role of biodiversity in our future. Celebrations are organized by: the Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity, which forms part of the United Nations Environmental Programme; many national governments; and a range of non-governmental organizations.

Activities include:

  • Translating booklets, leaflets and other educational resources into local languages.
  • Distributing information on biodiversity via schools, colleges, universities, newspapers, radio and television.
  • Exhibitions and seminars for students, professionals and the general public.
  • Showings of movies on environmental issues.
  • Presentations of programs to preserve endangered species or habitats.
  • Planting trees and other plants that help prevent erosion.

Politicians may also give speeches on local environmental issues and other events may include competitions for children and young people to take photographs or create artwork centered on the annual theme of the day.

Public Life

The International Day for Biological Diversity is an observance and not a public holiday.

Background

In 1992 state and government leaders agreed on a strategy for sustainable development at the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development, also known as “The Earth Summit”, in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Sustainable development is a way to meet the needs of people all over the world and ensuring that planet earth remains healthy and viable for future generations. One of the most important agreements reached during the Earth Summit was the Convention on Biological Diversity.

The Convention on Biological Diversity came into force on December 29, 1993, and each anniversary of this date was designated the International Day for Biological Diversity. From 2001 onwards the date of this celebration was moved to May 22 due to the number of holidays that fell in late December. On this date in 1992, the text of the Convention on Biological Diversity was adopted at a United Nations at a conference in Nairobi, Kenya.

Each year, the International Day for Biodiversity focuses on a particular theme. Recently, the themes have been: Biodiversity and Poverty Alleviation (2003); Biodiversity: Food, Water and Health for All (2004); Biodiversity: Life Insurance for our Changing World (2005); Protect Biodiversity in Drylands (2006); and Biodiversity and Climate Change (2007); and Biodiversity and Agriculture (2008).

Symbols

The International Day for Biological Diversity is part of a series of activities to focus attention on the Convention on Biological Diversity. The symbol of this convention is a stylized image of a twig or branch with three green leaves. Depending on the background, the leaves may be just outlines or green blocks. Each year a piece of artwork is commissioned to reflect the theme. Details of the artwork are used as symbols for different aspects of the International Day for Biological Diversity.

International Day for Biological Diversity Observances

Weekday Date Year Name Holiday Type
Sat May 22 2010 International Day for Biological Diversity United Nations observance
Sun May 22 2011 International Day for Biological Diversity United Nations observance
Tue May 22 2012 International Day for Biological Diversity United Nations observance
Wed May 22 2013 International Day for Biological Diversity United Nations observance
Thu May 22 2014 International Day for Biological Diversity United Nations observance
Fri May 22 2015 International Day for Biological Diversity United Nations observance
Sun May 22 2016 International Day for Biological Diversity United Nations observance
Mon May 22 2017 International Day for Biological Diversity United Nations observance
Tue May 22 2018 International Day for Biological Diversity United Nations observance
Wed May 22 2019 International Day for Biological Diversity United Nations observance
Fri May 22 2020 International Day for Biological Diversity United Nations observance

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