The United Nations’ (UN) World Habitat Day is annually celebrated on the first Monday of October to reflect on the state of human settlements and people’s right to sufficient shelter. It also aims to remind people that they are responsible for the habitat of future next generations.
What Do People Do?
World Habitat Day is celebrated in many countries around the world, including in places such as Angola, China, India, Mexico, Poland, Uganda and the United States. Various activities around the world are organized to examine the problems of rapid urbanization and its impact on the environment and human poverty. Activities may include awards ceremonies, including the “Habitat Scroll of Honour” award.
World Habitat Day is a global observance and not a public holiday.
The UN’s World Habitat Day was first celebrated in 1986 with the theme “Shelter is My Right”. Nairobi was allocated as the host city for the observance that year. This annual event is held on the first Monday of October with a new theme each year. Previous themes included: “Shelter for the Homeless” (1987); “Our Neighbourhood” (1995); “Future Cities” (1997); “Safer Cities” (1998); “Women in Urban Governance” (2000); “Cities without Slums” (2001) and “Water and Sanitation for Cities” (2003).
An important highlight of the day is the “Habitat Scroll of Honour” award, which was launched by the United Nations Human Settlements Programme (UNHSP) in 1989. It is believed to be the world’s most prestigious human settlements award and aims to acknowledge initiatives that make outstanding contributions in areas such as shelter provision, highlighting the plight of the homeless, leadership in post conflict reconstruction, and developing and improving the human settlements and the quality of urban life.
The UNHSP logo and slogan are often associated with World Habitat Day. The logo features The logo features a wreath consisting of crossed conventionalized branches of an olive tree encapsulating a circle. Within the circle is a figure of a person with his/her arms stretched out. The figure appears to be standing in front of a triangle. Underneath the image are the words “UN-HABITAT”. The slogan: “Shelter For All” is written in capital letters and sometimes appears next to the logo.
The United Nations’ (UN) World Teachers’ Day celebrates the role teachers play in providing quality education at all levels. This enables children and adults of all ages to learn to take part in and contribute to their local community and global society.
What Do People Do?
Various events are arranged in many countries around the world on or around October 5. These include celebrations to honor teachers in general or those who have made a special contribution to a particular community. The day may also be marked by conferences emphasizing the importance of teachers and learning, extra training sessions for teachers, recruitment drives for the teaching profession among university students or other suitably qualified professionals and events to increase the profile of teachers and the role they play in the media.
Trade unions or other professional organizations that represent teachers play an important role in organizing World Teachers’ Day events in many countries. These include:
The Australian Education Union.
The Canadian Teachers’ Federation.
The Elementary Teachers’ Federation of Ontario (Canada).
The All India Secondary Teachers’ Federation.
The Japan Teachers’ Union.
The Teachers Council (New Zealand).
The National Union of Teachers (United Kingdom).
The National Association of Schoolmasters Union of Women Teachers (United Kingdom).
The National Education Association (United States).
Moreover, international organizations such as TESOL (Teachers of English to Speakers of Other Languages) and Education International organize international, national and local events. In some areas posters are displayed and pupils and ex-pupils are encouraged to send e-cards or letters of appreciation to teachers who made a special or memorable contribution to their education.
World Teachers’ Day is a global observance and not a public holiday.
On October 5, 1966, the Special Intergovernmental Conference on the Status of Teachers in Paris, France, was closed and the “Recommendation concerning the Status of Teachers” was signed by representatives of UNESCO and International Labour Organization. On October 12, 1997, the 29th session of UNESCO’s General Conference was opened. During this conference, on November 11, 1997, the “Recommendation concerning the Status of Higher Education Teaching Personnel” was adopted.
On October 5, 1994, the first World Teachers’ Day was held. This event has been organized on the same date each year since then. However, local events may be on some other date close to October 5, so that they do not fall during fall (northern hemisphere) or spring (southern hemisphere) school vacations. In 2002, Canada Post issued a postage stamp to commemorate World Teachers’ Day.
2015 Theme: “Empowering Teachers, Building Sustainable Societies”
Wilton Felder, who for many years had a successful dual musical career, playing tenor saxophone with the Crusaders and moonlighting as a busy session bass player on records by the Jackson 5 and others, died on Sept. 27 at his home in Whittier, Calif. He was 75.
The cause was myeloma, his son, Wilton Jr., said.
Wilton Felder, left, in 1970, with his fellow Crusaders, from left, Joe Sample, Wayne Henderson and Stix Hooper.
Mr. Felder was a founding member of the Jazz Crusaders, which later became the Crusaders as its sound evolved from hard bop, a driving variation on bebop, to jazz-funk. The group was formed in Houston when Mr. Felder, the pianist Joe Sample and the drummer Nesbert Hooper, better known by the nickname Stix, were teenagers.
Initially called the Swingsters, the group later added the trombonist Wayne Henderson, the flutist Hubert Laws and the bassist Harry Wilson. Mr. Felder, Mr. Sample, Mr. Hooper and Mr. Henderson left Houston in the late 1950s for more promising career prospects in Los Angeles and began calling themselves the Jazz Crusaders.
“I remember the way each of us played and made our sound unique,” Mr. Felder told The Virginian-Pilot in 2006. “There was individual playing within the context of a band. We were a unit with each piece of the puzzle standing out.”
The Jazz Crusaders were one of the more successful jazz groups of the 1960s, when they recorded more than a dozen albums, starting with “Freedom Sound” in 1961. The group’s repertoire included compositions by Mr. Felder.
In an attempt to broaden their audience, the Crusaders dropped the word “jazz” from their name in the early 1970s and added an electric guitar, with Mr. Sample switching his focus to electric piano. (They had already begun moving in a more pop-oriented direction, recording cover versions of hits like the Beatles’ “Eleanor Rigby.”) As the Crusaders, they opened for the Rolling Stones on tour in 1975 and had a Top 40 pop hit in 1979 with “Street Life,” a catchy funk tune with a vocal by Randy Crawford.
“At their best, the Crusaders create a mellow, finger-popping mood,” Robert Palmer wrote in The New York Times in 1977. “Although their sound is less adrenal than that of most jazz-rock groups, they do retain a certain visceral intensity, especially in Mr. Felder’s raw, preaching saxophone solos.”
Mr. Felder also played electric bass with a wide range of musicians, among them Billy Joel, B. B. King, Joni Mitchell, Joe Cocker, Randy Newman and Steely Dan. He took part in numerous sessions for Motown, including the one that produced the Jackson 5 hit “I Want You Back,” which topped the Billboard pop chart in 1970.
Born in Houston on Aug. 31, 1940, Wilton Lewis Felder grew up listening to jazz, blues and country music. He took up the alto saxophone before he turned 10. He had become seriously ill, his son said, and his brother Owen, who played the saxophone, got him one to lift his spirits. He practiced constantly while attending Phillis Wheatley High School, and then studied music at Texas Christian University.
He told The Times in a 1981 article that he developed a big sound out of necessity.
“Most Texas saxophonists used to play in clubs where you didn’t have microphones, and after the early 1940s there were usually electric guitarists who played with their amplifiers turned way up,” Mr. Felder said. “So if you were playing saxophone, in order to be heard, you got a big steel mouthpiece and a hard reed. And you learned to play strong.”
The Crusaders broke up in the 1980s, though they reunited and performed together in different incarnations over the years. Mr. Felder also released a number of solo albums, starting with “Bullitt” in 1969. His most recent was “Let’s Spend Some Time” in 2005.
In addition to his son, Mr. Felder is survived by three sisters, Clara Walker, Jean Foster and Rozelia Gilliam; two daughters, Michelle LeBlanc and Deborah Clark; seven grandchildren; and his wife, the former Geraldine Hooper, sister of his longtime bandmate Stix Hooper.
DON EDWARDS, WHO CHAMPIONED CIVIL RIGHTS DURING 32 YEARS IN CONGRESS
Oct. 2, 2015, 4:59 PM – WASHINGTON
Don Edwards, a longtime liberal Democratic icon from San Jose who distinguished himself fighting for the rights of the disadvantaged and opposing the Vietnam War, died Thursday, 20 years after he retired from Congress. He was 100.
His death was confirmed by his son, Santa Clara County Superior Court Judge Len Edwards.
Rep. Don Edwards in 1990; the liberal Democratic icon and champion of civil and constitutional rights has died at the age of 100. (John Duricka / Associated Press)
During 32 years in Congress, Edwards became known as the dean of the California delegation and a champion of civil and constitutional rights. Admirers called him “the conscience of Congress.”
Early on, he played a key role in convincing Congress to pass the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act of 1965 under President Lyndon Johnson.
“It’s hard for some of you to remember… When I arrived [in Congress], black people couldn’t vote in large parts of the country, and if they did, they’d get hanged,” Edwards told supporters when he retired in 1995.
He also served on the House Judiciary Committee during the Watergate crisis that forced President Richard Nixon to resign.
He was one of the first lawmakers to oppose the nation’s growing involvement in the Vietnam War. Later, he would oppose the U.S. invasion of Panama in 1989, and he tried to stop the U.S. from going to war in the Persian Gulf in 1991.
In criticizing President George H.W. Bush’s war on drugs in 1990, Edwards said, “In a free society, values are not imposed by wholesale arrests and imprisonment of minor offenders.”
In 2003, he was awarded the Congressional Distinguished Service Award for serving his constituents and America with “extraordinary distinction and selfless dedication.”
Rep. Zoe Lofgren (D-San Jose), who succeeded Edwards in Congress, said he will be remembered for a life of service to California and the country.
“His contributions will live on for many generations through the Don Edwards San Francisco Bay National Wildlife Refuge, through his stalwart defense of the Constitution, his profound dedication to civil rights, his tireless advocacy for the rights of women as the ‘Father of the Equal Rights Amendment,’ and his lifelong efforts for a peaceful world,” Lofgren wrote on Facebook.
William Donlon Edwards was born in San Jose on Jan. 6, 1915. He attended San Jose public schools and earned degrees from Stanford University and Stanford Law School.
He began his career as an FBI agent but joined the Navy in the early 1940s and served as an intelligence and gunnery officer. After the war, he made his money in the insurance business.
He married three times and had three sons. His third wife, Edith Wilkie, died in 2011.
Edwards began his political career as a Republican and was elected president of the California Young Republicans in 1950. But he had switched parties by the time he was first elected to the House in 1962.
Shortly after he arrived in Washington, he joined a small group of lawmakers who tried to abolish the House Committee on Un-American Activities, which had ruined numerous careers in misguided investigations of alleged Communist sympathizers.
“I’d only been there a few days,” Edwards said proudly in 1995, recalling the 1963 vote. “The whole room just stopped. The whole room.”
In 1967, as antiwar protests roiled the nation, he voted against making flag burning a federal crime. He would go on to oppose efforts to introduce prayer in public schools, to ban abortions, and to end school busing to integrate schools. He was arrested in a protest of South African apartheid.
“He has been willing to work with most conservative Republicans, people who have disagreed with him on every ideological issue, to try and create a California agenda,” Howard Berman, then a California congressman, told The Times in 1994. “He has never let his ideology undermine his commitment to California.”
In January, Edwards celebrated his 100th birthday with chocolate cake and ice cream, and was in good spirits despite being nearly deaf and blind, according to the San Jose Mercury News.
“The world works better when we get along, and that’s what we owe everybody,” Edwards told the newspaper in 2003.
ROBERT CURVIN, LEGENDARY NEWARK CIVIL RIGHTS LEADER AND HISTORIAN
By Dan Ivers
September 29, 2015 at 8:04 PM, updated September 30, 2015 at 11:06 AM
NEWARK — On July 12, 1967, Robert Curvin stood outside Newark’s 4th Precinct headquarters, bullhorn firmly in hand.
Robert Curvin tried unsuccessfully to calm an angry crowd outside a police station after rumors circulated that a black cabdriver had been beaten to death by white police officers.Credit Bettmann/Corbis Inside the building was John Smith, a cab driver still clinging to life after being arrested and beaten by police, drawing throngs of city residents ready to explode after decades of mistreatment and racial tension. Curvin pleaded for peace, but it was not to be.
The incident marked the beginning of five days of civil unrest — riots to some, a rebellion for others — that forever changed the course of Newark, and cast a pall over the city from which it is still working to emerge.
That Curvin, who died Tuesday at 81 after a lengthy illness, stood center stage in such a seminal event came as little surprise to those that knew him. An iconic activist, he was among the city’s early leaders in the civil rights movement, serving as national vice chair and Newark chapter head for the Congress of Racial Equality, one of the major organizations credited with bringing issues of racial equality to the fore in the 1950s.
“He’s a legend as it relates to civil rights here in Newark,” said Sen. Ronald Rice (D-Essex). “Those of us from back in those days, we haven’t really forgotten where we come from and how much had to be done. He was one of those people, up until his demise, that recognized there’s still a lot to be done.”
In the years following the 1967 uprising, Curvin played a pivotal role in the city’s political arena, working as a trusted advisor to its first black mayor, Kenneth Gibson, in 1970. Though he never accepted a city job, he also proved a valuable resource for Gibson’s successor, Sharpe James.
“He knew everybody. Everybody knew him,” said James. “He was a walking encyclopedia about where Newark’s been, where we are today and where we are going.”
Though he may have had the ear of the city’s political elite, Curvin was busy building a lengthy resume that belied his unique aptitude for both activism and academia.
By 1990, he had helped establisj he non-profit New Community Corporation as a founding board member, spent seven years on the editorial board at the New York Times, earned a doctorate in political science from Princeton, served as dean of the Milano School of Management and Urban Policy at New School University, and begun a 12-year stint heading the Ford Foundation, which ended in 2000.
Curvin largely focused on academic pursuits during his later years, penning books on urban politics and the history of Newark. Just last year, he published “Inside Newark. Decline, Rebellion, and the Search for Transformation” — a comprehensive look at the city’s path since the infamous riots.
“He was right in there at the top of his game, even at the end of his life,” said People’s Organization for Progress Chairman Lawrence Hamm, a fellow civil rights leader who had known Curvin for more than 40 years.
A longtime resident of Newark’s Vailsburg section, Curvin and his wife Patricia remained in the same home on Reynolds Place for most of their lives. They raised a son, Dr. Frank Curvin, and a daughter, Nicole.
He also spent his final years serving his original alma mater, Rutgers-Newark, working as a visiting scholar and professor at the Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy on the university’s New Brunswick campus.
In a statement, Chancellor Nancy Cantor called his death a “huge blow” to the campus community.
“In our midst was one of the country’s most incisive social critics, deeply committed to issues of social justice and yet, he was so gentle and kind. He was someone we could all love and trust.”
The Martian opened in theaters October 2, 2015, a movie and book that have brought the public a little closer to Mars. Get closer still with our Mars globe – take $20 off at checkout with the coupon code MARTIANS.
Even the Hubble Space Telescope can’t show you all the details found on this new edition of our classic Mars globe. Created with more than 6,000 images taken by the Viking orbiters, our 12-inch globe approximates the planet’s true color.
Produced in cooperation with NASA and the U.S. Geological Survey, the globe includes official names for 140 features.
This new edition comes with an updated 16-page booklet about the surface of Mars, authored by Dr. Michael Carr of the U.S. Geological Survey, who is a leading expert on Martian geology and history. Carr describes the latest evidence of past water on Mars discovered by NASA rovers – findings that boost prospects that the Red Planet could once have been an abode for life. The updated booklet also discusses the latest findings from NASA’s Mars Odyssey and Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter, and the European Space Agency’s Mars Express orbiter.
The United Nations’ (UN) International Day of Non-Violence is a global observance that promotes non-violence through education and public awareness. It is annually held on October 2 to coincide with renowned Indian leader Mahatma Gandhi’s birthday.
What Do People Do?
Many people, governments, and non-government organizations around the world observe the International Day of Non-Violence through various events and activities such as:
News articles and broadcast announcements promoting the day.
Public lectures, seminars, discussions, and press conferences about non-violence.
Photo exhibitions highlighting issues, such as the dangers of the illicit trade of small arms.
Street awareness campaigns.
Light ceremonies promoting non-violence and peace.
Multi-faith prayer meetings.
The International Day of Non-Violence has strong connections with the works, beliefs, and methods of peace leader Mahatma Gandhi, who is known as India’s “Father of the Nation”.
The International Day of Non-Violence is a global observance but it is not a public holiday.
The principle of non-violence, also known as non-violent resistance, rejects the use of physical violence to achieve social or political change. Many groups throughout the world use this method in social justice campaigns. There are three main categories of non-violence action:
Protest and persuasion, including marches and vigils.
Non-violent intervention, such as blockades and occupations.
The UN recognizes a philosophical connection between the human rights principles in its universal declaration and those that Mahatma Gandhi used. Gandhi was born in India on October 2, 1869. He is remembered today for his contributions towards India’s freedom and for sharing with the world a doctrine for dealing with injustice and disharmony. He taught people the philosophy of Ahimsa, which encourages the use of non-violence as a tool for the peaceful resolution of differences. India gained its freedom on August 15, 1947, through Gandhi’s efforts. He was assassinated on January 30, 1948.
The UN General Assembly came up with a resolution in 2007 to establish the International Day of Non-Violence. The day aimed to spread the message of non-violence, including through education and public awareness, around the world. The resolution reflected universal respect for Gandhi and his philosophy. October 2, which is Gandhi’s birthday, was allocated as the day’s date. The first International Day of Non-Violence was on October 2, 2007.
The UN logo is often associated with marketing and promotional material for this event. It features a projection of a world map (less Antarctica) centered on the North Pole, inscribed in a wreath consisting of crossed conventionalized branches of the olive tree. The olive branches symbolize peace and the world map depicts the area of concern to the UN in achieving its main purpose, peace and security. The projection of the map extends to 60 degrees south latitude, and includes five concentric circles.
The United Nations’ (UN) International Day of Older Persons is celebrated annually on October 1 to recognize the contributions of older persons and to examine issues that affect their lives.
What Do People Do?
International Day of Older Persons is a special day for older persons or senior citizens all over the world. In many countries, politicians make speeches, particularly those responsible for government departments that focus on senior citizens, at this time of the year. Some radios, televisions or newspapers publish interviews with senior citizens on various issues such as achievements they made to create a better society.
Other activities surrounding this day include: displays of promotional material on the International Day of Older Persons in schools, tertiary institutions, office buildings and public notice boards; media announcements on the day and activities that promote older persons; and inter-generational cooperation on voluntary activities focused on the environment, health, education or community services.
The World Health Organization (WHO), which is the UN’s directing and coordinating authority for health related issues, and other groups have been actively involved in promoting public awareness and attention on the International Day of Older Persons. Discussions are centered on topics such as: ageing populations and the provision of adequate healthcare for aged persons; volunteer work; social care; and ways to be more inclusive of older persons in the workforce.
The International Day of Older Persons is a global observance and not a public holiday.
On December 14, 1990, the UN General Assembly made October 1 as the International Day of Older Persons, following up on initiatives such as the Vienna International Plan of Action on Ageing, which was adopted by the 1982 World Assembly on Ageing and endorsed later that year by the assembly. The International Day of Older Persons was observed for the first time throughout the world on October 1, 1991.
In 1991 the UN General Assembly adopted the United Nations Principles for Older Persons. In 2002 the second World Assembly on Ageing adopted the Madrid International Plan of Action on Ageing to respond to the opportunities and challenges of population ageing in the 21st century and to promote the development of a society for all ages.
The WHO logo is often seen on promotional material for the International Day of Older Persons. The logo is often featured in the color white on a mid-blue background. It shows a stereographic projection of the earth centered on the North Pole under a serpent coiled around a staff. Two ears of wheat “cradle” the image. The projection symbolizes the global nature of the organization, while the serpent and staff are known to symbolize medical help and knowledge. Images of older people from different cultures and backgrounds around the world have been also used in UN promotional tools for the International Day of Older Persons.
2015 Theme: “Sustainability and Age Inclusiveness in the Urban Environment”
BEAUTIFUL, ALSO, ARE THE SOULS OF MY BLACK SISTERS · A BLOGSITE FOR THE PRAISING OF ALL THINGS BEAUTIFUL AND SUBLIME IN HONOR OF ALL BLACK WOMEN. "ONLY THE BLACK WOMAN CAN SAY WHEN AND WHERE I ENTER, IN THE QUIET, UNDISPUTED DIGNITY OF MY WOMANHOOD, WITHOUT VIOLENCE AND WITHOUT SUING OR SPECIAL PATRONAGE, THEN AND THERE THE WHOLE. . .RACE ENTERS WITH ME." ANNA JULIA COOPER, 1892