IN REMEMBRANCE: 8-2-2015

BOBBI KRISTINA BROWN, DAUGHTER OF WHITNEY HOUSTON

Bobbi Kristina Brown in 2012. Credit Jordan Strauss/Associated Press

Her death was confirmed by a statement from the Houston family provided by their representatives.

Ms. Brown, who grew up in the shadow of her parents’ fame and tumultuous relationship and was the sole heir to her mother’s estate, was found in her townhouse in a suburb of Atlanta on Jan. 31, and placed into a medically induced coma. The circumstances were reminiscent of those surrounding her mother’s death; Ms. Houston was found submerged in a hotel bathtub in Beverly Hills, Calif., on Feb. 11, 2012.

Ms. Houston was one of the foremost pop stars of the 1980s and ’90s. Her career deteriorated as she and Mr. Brown struggled with drug and alcohol addiction, and their marriage ended in 2007. In a 2009 interview with Oprah Winfrey, Ms. Houston said that their passionate marriage degenerated into physical and psychological abuse from Mr. Brown.

Whitney Houston, left, and Ms. Brown in 2011. Credit Dan Steinberg/Associated Press

Ms. Brown appeared onstage with her mother in the late 1990s and on reality shows like Bravo’s “Being Bobby Brown” (2005), about their dysfunctional family, and Lifetime’s “The Houstons: On Our Own,” about their grief after Ms. Houston’s death.

She was the sole heir to Ms. Houston’s estate, widely reported to be about $20 million, which was put into a trust to be paid out in installments to Ms. Brown. People magazine reported in March that Ms. Brown’s uncle and aunt, Gary and Pat Houston, were in charge of managing the trust.

Conflicting news reports and family statements about Ms. Brown’s condition swirled for months. She was placed into hospice care on June 24.

“She is finally at peace in the arms of God,” her family said in a statement confirming her death on Sunday.

Bobbi Kristina, left, with Ms. Houston and Bobby Brown in 2004. Credit Jim Ruymen/Reuters

Ms. Brown’s conservator, Bedelia Hargrove, filed a lawsuit on her behalf on June 25 against Nicholas Gordon, variously described in news media accounts as her boyfriend, fiancé or husband.

The suit charges that Mr. Gordon physically abused Ms. Brown and misrepresented himself as her husband to embezzle her funds. It also contends that the two had a loud argument before Mr. Gordon and a friend found her in the bathtub on Jan. 31.

The lawsuit also claims that Mr. Gordon stole more than $11,000 from Ms. Brown’s accounts while she was in a coma.

Randy Kessler, Mr. Gordon’s lawyer, said in a text message on Sunday night: “Sorry. I have no comment right now.”

Bobbi Kristina Houston Brown was born on March 4, 1993, in Livingston, N.J. Mr. Gordon was taken in by her family as a youth and grew up with her.

Survivors include her father; her grandmother, the singer Cissy Houston; and her uncle and aunt.

Correction: August 1, 2015
An obituary on Monday about Bobbi Kristina Brown, the only child of the pop stars Whitney Houston and Bobby Brown, referred incorrectly to her education. She did not attend Edison High School in Edison Township, N.J. (Attempts to identify what schools she did attend were unsuccessful.)

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SKYWATCH: WHAT PLUTO REVEALED, FIGURING OUT CERES’ BRIGHT SPOTS, AND MORE

LATEST NEWS

Dramatic Features in Pluto Close-Ups

New images from NASA’s New Horizons spacecraft reveal a bewildering array of geologic features – all carved by or into exotic ices – on the surface of Pluto.

Dawn Sees Cere(ou)s Bright Spots and More

New results from the Dawn orbiter show bright spots, a pyramid-shape mountain, and mysterious haze on the dwarf planet Ceres.

Fade Out (For Now) on SN 1987A

The famous supernova continues to transform: its necklace of hotspots is fading away as the shock wave moves further out.

Cosmic Wind Erodes Distant Galaxy

On Earth, wind can transform entire landscapes. Turns out the same is true in space – galaxy NGC 4921 faces an intracluster wind that’s eroding its star-forming terrain.

Aurora on a Dwarf Star

Astronomers have detected what looks like auroral emission on an ultra-cool star.

OBSERVING HIGHLIGHTS

This Week’s Sky at a Glance, July 31 – August 8

Altair shines high in the southeast after dark. Just above it is little orange Tarazed. And in early dawn these mornings, use binoculars to look for Mars below Castor and Pollux.

Blue Moon Rayed-Crater Blowout

Like “catching some rays”? This weekend’s Blue Moon invites us to explore the beauty and dazzle of crater rays, the tracks left by powerful impacts in the not-so-distant past.

Tour August’s Sky: Perseids Aplenty!

August provides great views of Scorpius and Saturn in the south – and the impressive Perseid meteor shower.

COMMUNITY

Put a Name on Hayabusa 2’s Asteroid

Help scientists name the Japanese spacecraft’s target asteroid. Launched late last year, Hayabusa 2 will arrive at its asteroid in 2018.

 

 

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WORLD DAY AGAINST TRAFFICKING PERSONS: JULY 30, 2015

WORLD DAY AGAINST TRAFFICKING PERSONS

On July 30 every year, the United Nations (UN) promotes World Day Against Trafficking Persons. Human trafficking affects every country in the world. At least 2.5 million people are trapped in modern-day slavery, according to the UN.

Heart shaped by hands, a symbol of World Day Against Trafficking Persons.
©bigstockphoto.com/sunnysurf

One in Four are Children

All around the world, men, women and children are kidnapped, tricked, blackmailed, or manipulated into slavery, like prostitution, forced labor, or organ removal. One in four victims are children. More than half of these children are from Africa and the Middle East, and more than one third are from Asia and the Pacific.

The UN launched the Day Against Trafficking Persons for the first time on July 30, 2014, to end human trafficking and raise awareness worldwide.

Support the End to Trafficking

The UN works with goverments and communities to promote the day through different events and activities. The UN has created a social media campaign, called #igivehope, inviting people to post a photo of a heart formed with your hands to express your support to end human trafficking.

What’s Open or Closed?

World Day Against Trafficking Persons is a global observance and not a public holiday so it’s business as usual.

World Day against Trafficking Persons Observances

Weekday Date Year Name Holiday type Where it is observed
Fri Sep 26 2014 World Day against Trafficking Persons United Nations observance
Sat Sep 26 2015 World Day against Trafficking Persons United Nations observance
Mon Sep 26 2016 World Day against Trafficking Persons United Nations observance
Tue Sep 26 2017 World Day against Trafficking Persons United Nations observance
Wed Sep 26 2018 World Day against Trafficking Persons United Nations observance
Thu Sep 26 2019 World Day against Trafficking Persons United Nations observance
Sat Sep 26 2020 World Day against Trafficking Persons United Nations observance
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INTERNATIONAL DAY OF FRIENDSHIP: JULY 30, 2015

INTERNATIONAL DAY OF FRIENDSHIP

The International Day of Friendship is a United Nations (UN) day that promotes the role that friendship plays in promoting peace in many cultures. It is observed on July 30 each year.

The UN has a special day to promote the concept of friendships across diverse backgrounds and cultures.
©iStockphoto.com/skynesher

What do people do?

To mark the International Day of Friendship, the UN encourages governments, organizations, and community groups to hold events, activities and initiatives that promote solidarity, mutual understanding and reconciliation.

Public life

The International Day of Friendship is a UN observance and not a public holiday.

Background

In 2011, the UN proclaimed the International Day of Friendship with the idea that friendship between peoples, countries, and cultures can inspire peace efforts and build bridges between communities. The UN wanted for the day to involve young people, as future leaders, in community activities that include different cultures and promote international understanding and respect for diversity.

International Day of Friendship Observances

Weekday Date Year Name Holiday type Where it is observed
Sat Jul 30 2011 International Day of Friendship United Nations observance
Mon Jul 30 2012 International Day of Friendship United Nations observance
Tue Jul 30 2013 International Day of Friendship United Nations observance
Wed Jul 30 2014 International Day of Friendship United Nations observance
Thu Jul 30 2015 International Day of Friendship United Nations observance
Sat Jul 30 2016 International Day of Friendship United Nations observance
Sun Jul 30 2017 International Day of Friendship United Nations observance
Mon Jul 30 2018 International Day of Friendship United Nations observance
Tue Jul 30 2019 International Day of Friendship United Nations observance
Thu Jul 30 2020 International Day of Friendship United Nations observance

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WORLD HEPATITIS DAY [WHO]: JULY 28, 2015

 

WORLD HEPATITIS DAY

World Hepatitis Day is annually held on July 28 to promote awareness of hepatitis, a disease that affects the liver.

One way of preventing hepatitis is to get a vaccine against the disease before travelling
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What do people do

Organizations such as the United Nations and the World Hepatitis Alliance work with individuals and community groups to promote awareness raising campaigns worldwide about hepatitis. Information about World Hepatitis Day is usually distributed via social media, newspapers, posters, and through the World Health Organization (WHO) website.

Background

Hepatitis simply means inflammation of the liver and can be caused by different things. One of the most common causes of chronic (long-term) hepatitis is viral infection. According to the World Hepatitis Alliance, about 500 million people are currently infected with chronic hepatitis B or C and 1 in 3 people have been exposed to one or both viruses.

The World Hepatitis Alliance first launched World Hepatitis Day in 2008. Following on, the UN declared official recognition of this event in 2010.

Symbols

There is a different theme for World Hepatitis Day each year. Past themes included “Get tested” and “This is hepatitis”.

World Hepatitis Day Observances

 

Weekday Date Year Name Holiday type Where it is observed
Thu Jul 28 2011 World Hepatitis Day United Nations observance
Sat Jul 28 2012 World Hepatitis Day United Nations observance
Sun Jul 28 2013 World Hepatitis Day United Nations observance
Mon Jul 28 2014 World Hepatitis Day United Nations observance
Tue Jul 28 2015 World Hepatitis Day United Nations observance
Thu Jul 28 2016 World Hepatitis Day United Nations observance
Fri Jul 28 2017 World Hepatitis Day United Nations observance
Sat Jul 28 2018 World Hepatitis Day United Nations observance
Sun Jul 28 2019 World Hepatitis Day United Nations observance
Tue Jul 28 2020 World Hepatitis Day United Nations observance

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IN REMEMBRANCE: 7-26-2015

CLAUDIA ALEXANDER, NASA MANAGER WHO LED JUPITER MISSION

Claudia Alexander had a pioneering role in the Galileo mission and was NASA’s scientist on the international Rosetta project. Credit Gina Ferazzi/Los Angeles Times

The cause was breast cancer, her sister, Suzanne Alexander, said.

Dr. Alexander was a rarity at the National Aeronautics and Space Administration for two reasons: She was a woman, and she was black. She was also considered a brilliant scientist.

She joined the Jet Propulsion Laboratory after getting her doctorate and was the last project manager of the 14-year, $1.5 billion Galileo mission, which ended in 2003, and the project scientist for NASA on the European Space Agency’s Rosetta project, which launched more than a decade ago. She was responsible for $35 million in instruments to collect data on Comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko, including its temperature.

Dr. Alexander’s areas of expertise included the evolution and physics of comets, Jupiter and its moons, Venus, plate tectonics and the stream of particles from the sun known as solar wind. She wrote or co-wrote more than a dozen scientific papers, several children’s books (including titles in the “Windows to Adventure” series, “Which of the Mountains Is Greatest of All?” and “Windows to the Morning Star”) and, for fun, science fiction.

Claudia Joan Alexander was born in Vancouver, British Columbia, on May 30, 1959, and raised in Santa Clara, Calif., during the birth of the computer revolution in the Silicon Valley. Her father, Harold, was a social worker. Her mother, the former Gaynelle Williams, was a librarian who worked for Gordon Moore, who became a co-founder of Intel.

In addition to her sister, she is survived by her brother, David.

“At the age of 5 or 6, the film ‘Fantasia’ opened an imaginative pathway of wonder for me about worlds other than Earth — primitive worlds — and how huge geological forces can impact life-forms there,” Dr. Alexander recalled in an interview with a University of Michigan alumni magazine. She also remembered watching Carl Sagan’s television series “Cosmos” a dozen or more times.

She hoped to enroll at the University of California, Berkeley, to study journalism, but her parents would pay only if she majored in “something ‘useful’ like engineering,” she said. She hated it.

She said in another interview, “I found it was a lot more fun to think about the flow of water in a river than water in the city sewer, so I switched to earth science.” But she had already gravitated toward planetary science, and a mentorship with the astronomer Ray T. Reynolds, during a high school summer internship with NASA.

Her favorite college memory, she said, was “staying up all night with friends arguing about which one of us was going to do the most for mankind with the research we were doing.”

She graduated from Berkeley and went on to earn a master’s degree at the University of California, Los Angeles, and a doctorate from the University of Michigan.

Dr. Alexander was so inspired by Johannes Kepler’s research into circular orbits, what she called a lifelong dedication to “searching out a fundamental truth,” that she was thrilled even to be proved wrong when the discovery of a thin atmosphere on Jupiter’s moon Ganymede upended assumptions that it was frozen solid.

“It was an exciting moment to experience something that changed my whole way of thinking,” she recalled. “I’ve never been so happy to be wrong before.”

She was 40 when she joined the Rosetta project. Rosetta’s lander reached the comet last November.

“They said they wanted someone who was young enough who would still be around when Rosetta gets there 10 years from now,” she explained in an interview with US Black Engineer and Information Technology magazine. “And they said they chose me deliberately for my ability to get along with different cultures.”

In an interview last year with The Los Angeles Times, she recalled that as a black woman in a field dominated by white men, “I’m used to walking between two different cultures.”

“For me,” she added, “this is among the purposes of my life — to take us from states of ignorance to states of understanding with bold exploration that you can’t do every day.”

In an interview with Michigan Engineer magazine, she reminded young people that “loving your work can sometimes be as important as how much money you make.”

She also compared a scientist’s effect on society with that of other careers.

“In the annals of history,” she said, “the athletes and musicians fade, but the ones who make fundamental improvements in humankind’s way of life, and in their understanding of the universe, live on in their discoveries.”

SOURCE

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ALEX ROCCO, WHO PLAYED MOE GREENE IN ‘THE GODFATHER’

Alex Rocco as Moe Greene in “The Godfather.” The actor emerged from the film with a collection of signature lines. Credit Paramount Pictures

The cause was cancer, his manager, Susan Zachary, said.

Mr. Rocco had fairly limited screen time in “The Godfather” (1972), but he emerged from that film with a collection of signature lines, including “You don’t buy me out. I buy you out” and “Do you know who I am?” (both spoken to the Godfather-in-waiting, played by Al Pacino), and a Hollywood reputation for stealing scenes with little more than a Boston attitude and his eyebrows.

In 1990 he won an Emmy Award for his role as a larger-than-life old-school talent agent in the well-reviewed but short-lived Jon Cryer sitcom “The Famous Teddy Z.”

Mr. Rocco’s other noteworthy films included “The Friends of Eddie Coyle” (1973), with Robert Mitchum; “Freebie and the Bean” (1974), one of several projects he did with Alan Arkin; Tom Hanks’s “That Thing You Do!” (1996), as a fast-talking music executive; “The Wedding Planner” (2001), as Jennifer Lopez’s old-fashioned father; and “A Bug’s Life” (1998), as the voice of the grumpy grain-counting ant Thorny. (He once said of his voice work, which also included the role of a cynical cartoon producer on “The Simpsons,” “It’s like stealing money.”)

“It always seems like if I’m not killing somebody, violently, I’m playing somebody’s dad,” Mr. Rocco said in an interview with The A.V. Club in 2012. In the same interview, he talked about meeting with the director Francis Ford Coppola about the role in “The Godfather.”

He recalled saying: “I’m Italian. I wouldn’t know how to play a Jew.” Mr. Coppola, he recalled, suggested hand gestures that could differentiate the two ethnic groups. “Greatest piece of direction I ever got,” Mr. Rocco said.

Alexander Federico Petricone Jr. was a Leap Year baby, born in Cambridge, Mass., on Feb. 29, 1936, to Alexander Sr. and the former Mary Di Biase. He often told journalists that he worked in his youth for gangsters in the Winter Hill neighborhood of nearby Somerville, but an early stay at the Middlesex House of Correction in Billerica, Mass., turned him against a life of crime.

He never wanted to sacrifice his privacy again, he said. So he tossed a coin to decide whether to start a new life in Miami or Los Angeles. Los Angeles won.

Mr. Rocco moved to Southern California in the early 1960s and worked as a bartender while studying acting with Leonard Nimoy. His first film role was in “Motorpsycho!” (1965), a Russ Meyer special in which he played a biker-gang rapist. Between that movie and his role in “The Godfather,” he was typecast quickly in films including “The St. Valentine’s Day Massacre,” “The Boston Strangler,” “Wild Riders” and “Blood Mania.”

Television viewers knew him best as the rough-edged father of Nancy McKeon’s character, the blue-collar student at a fancy girls’ school, on the long-running NBC series “The Facts of Life” in the 1980s. His last series was “Magic City” (2012-13), a Starz drama about mobsters in 1950s Miami.

He was most recently seen in “Scammerhead,” a noirish comedy, but two films he made are awaiting release now. In “Silver Skies,” a comic drama about eccentric retirees, he plays a nice guy, nostalgic for his days as a guard at Paramount. In “The Other,” a thriller, he’s the owner of an estate where dark, demonic things seem to happen.

Mr. Rocco married Sandie Elaine Garrett in 1966, and they had three children. She died in 2002. He married the actress Shannon Wilcox in 2005. She survives him, as do a son, Lucien; a daughter, Jennifer Rocco; a stepson, Sean Doyle; a stepdaughter, the actress Kelli Williams; a sister, Vivian De Simone; and four grandchildren. Another son, the director Marc Rocco, died in 2009.

Mr. Rocco told interviewers that he enjoyed playing gangsters, and that he used his “street energy” in show business.

 “I don’t mean you have to be overbearing, but you have to stay on top of things — read the trades, know what’s going on in the town,” he told the website comicbookmovie.com in 2011. “I call it ‘dare to be stupid.’ The worst thing they can say is, ‘We got nothing for you.’ So I’ve hustled a lot.”

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SKYWATCH: EARTH’S CLOSEST COUSIN YET, “BREAKTHROUGH” FOR SETI, AND MORE

LATEST NEWS

Kepler Discovers Earth’s Closest Cousin Yet

The Kepler team announced today the discovery of Kepler-452b, an Earth-size planet in the “goldilocks” zone around a Sun-like star. But is it Earthlike?

(Unofficially) Naming Pluto

Amidst all the excitement of seeing Pluto’s unique features for the first time, NASA researchers have been using unofficial names to talk science until official terms come down the pipeline.

“Breakthrough Listen”: Giant Leap for SETI

A $100 million donation will radically speed up the search for artificial signals from the nearest million stars — and from trillions of much farther stars in the 100 nearest galaxies.

High Definition Space Telescope — Hubble’s Successor?

A proposal released earlier this month calls for a giant orbiting space telescope that could revolutionize astronomy — that is, if we can afford it.

Buckyballs Solve Interstellar Mystery

Soccer-ball-shaped molecules lurking in the dusty corners of the Milky Way help resolve a long-standing conundrum.

The Frozen Plain of Pluto

New images from NASA’s New Horizons spacecraft reveal an ice-covered plain on Pluto that looks remarkably young and fresh.

Astronomers Spot Unusual Five-Star System

Two binary systems and a fifth stellar wheel make for a rare, and so far unique, set of stars.

OBSERVING HIGHLIGHTS

This Week’s Sky at a Glance, July 24 – Aug. 1

The Cat’s Eyes point west (right) by nearly a fist-width toward Mu Scorpii, a much tighter pair known as the Little Cat’s Eyes. Can you resolve Mu without using binoculars?

Why We Can See In The Dark

In search of a pitch black night? Don’t expect to find it on Earth. Thanks to starlight, zodiacal light, and especially airglow, true darkness doesn’t exist.

Tour July’s Sky: Saturn and the Scorpion

Stargazing in July is warm and pleasant. After sunset Venus and Jupiter are together in the west and Saturn is low in the south amid the stars of Scorpius.

COMMUNITY

Own the Sky & Telescope Collection

The digital archive of Sky & Telescope magazine is an essential resource for astronomers at any level. And this weekend only, get $25 off.

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