INTERNATIONAL DAY OF PERSONS WITH DISABILITIES: DECEMBER 3, 2016

International Day of Persons with Disabilities

United Nations’ (UN) International Day of Persons with Disabilities is annually held on December 3 to focus on issues that affect people with disabilities worldwide.

The International Day of Persons with Disabilities re-affirms and draws attention to the rights of people who live with disabilities.
©iStockphoto.com/baranozdemir

What Do People Do?

People from many countries worldwide participate in various ways to promote the International Day of Persons with Disabilities. Events may include art exhibitions promoting artwork by people with disabilities. Other events take the form of protests to highlight the difficulties disabled people have in playing a full role in society.

Public Life

The International Day of Persons with Disabilities is a global observance and not a public holiday.

Background

The United Nations Decade of Disabled Persons was held from 1983 to 1992 to enable  governments and organizations to implement measures to improve the life of disabled persons all over the world. On October 14, 1992, as this decade drew to a close, the UN General Assembly proclaimed December 3 as the International Day of Disabled Persons. This day was first observed on December 3, 1992. On December 18, 2007, the assembly changed the observance’s name from the “International Day of Disabled Persons” to the “International Day of Persons with Disabilities”. The new name was first used in 2008.

Symbols

The International Day of Persons with Disabilities is coordinated by United Nations Enable, which works to support and promote the rights and dignity of persons with disabilities. The symbol of Enable is the blue UN symbol and the word “enable”. The UN symbol consists of an azimuthal equidistant projection of the globe centered on the North Pole surrounded by olive branches. The word “enable” is written entirely in lower case letters. The letter “e” is red and the other letters are blue.

Theme for 2016: “Achieving 17 Goals for the Future We Want”

International Day of Persons with Disabilities Observances

 

Weekday Date Year Name Holiday Type
Fri Dec 3 2010 International Day of Persons with Disabilities United Nations observance
Sat Dec 3 2011 International Day of Persons with Disabilities United Nations observance
Mon Dec 3 2012 International Day of Persons with Disabilities United Nations observance
Tue Dec 3 2013 International Day of Persons with Disabilities United Nations observance
Wed Dec 3 2014 International Day of Persons with Disabilities United Nations observance
Thu Dec 3 2015 International Day of Persons with Disabilities United Nations observance
Sat Dec 3 2016 International Day of Persons with Disabilities United Nations observance
Sun Dec 3 2017 International Day of Persons with Disabilities United Nations observance
Mon Dec 3 2018 International Day of Persons with Disabilities United Nations observance
Tue Dec 3 2019 International Day of Persons with Disabilities United Nations observance
Thu Dec 3 2020 International Day of Persons with Disabilities United Nations observance

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INTERNATIONAL DAY FOR THE ABOLITION OF SLAVERY: DECEMBER 2, 2016

International Day for the Abolition of Slavery

The United Nations’ (UN) International Day for the Abolition of Slavery is annually held on December 2 to raise awareness of the atrocities of modern slavery. It’s not to be confused with another UN day, the International Day for the Remembrance of the Slave Trade and its Abolition.

The International Day for the Abolition of Slavery reminds people that modern slavery works against human rights.
©iStockphoto.com/milansys

What Do People Do?

Many people use the International Day for the Abolition of Slavery as an opportunity to share their perspective in writings through poetry, opinion pieces, interviews, feature articles, short stories and other published material. Classrooms may review the history of slave trade, its evolution and changes it has undergone through to modern times. Students may also learn about the negative impacts of slavery on society.

Online, print and broadcast media promote the day through news, debates, forums, and talks about modern day slave trade and why it is a serious human rights issue. Political leaders, including senators and those with ministerial responsibilities, also take the time to urge the public to work together in eradicating any form of slavery in modern society. Flyers, posters, leaflets, newsletters about abolishing slavery and slave trade are also distributed throughout universities and in public areas on this day.

Public Life

The International Day for the Abolition of Slavery is an observance but not a public holiday.

Background

The United Nations is committed to fighting against slavery and considers bonded labour, forced labour, the worst forms of child labour and trafficking people as modern forms of slavery. Some sources day that more than one million children are trafficked each year for cheap labour or sexual exploitation. These types of slavery are global problems and go against article four of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, which states that “no one shall be held in slavery or servitude; slavery and the slave trade shall be prohibited in all their forms”.

The International Day for the Abolition of Slavery recalls the adoption of the UN Convention for the Suppression of the Traffic in Persons and of the Exploitation of the Prostitution of Others (resolution 317(IV) of December 2, 1949). To remember the convention, a UN report of the Working Group on Slavery recommended in 1985 that December 2 be proclaimed the World Day for the Abolition of Slavery in all its forms. By 1995, the day was known as the International Day for the Abolition of Slavery.

On December 18, 2002, the UN General Assembly proclaimed 2004 the International Year to Commemorate the Struggle against Slavery and its Abolition. On November 28, 2006, the assembly designated March 25, 2007, as the International Day for the Commemoration of the 200th Anniversary of the Abolition of the Transatlantic Slave Trade. The UN also annually observes the UN’s International Day for the Remembrance of the Slave Trade and its Abolition on August 23.

Symbols

The UN emblem is often found in online and print material used to promote events such as the United Nations’ International Day for the Abolition of Slavery. The emblem consists of a projection of the globe centered on the North Pole. It depicts all continents except Antarctica and four concentric circles representing degrees of latitude. The projection is surrounded by images of olive branches, representing peace. The emblem is often blue, although it is printed in white on a blue background on the UN flag.

Note: It is unclear on when the name “International Day for the Abolition of Slavery” was first used instead of the “World Day for the Abolition of Slavery” but the new name was mentioned in a UN report in 1995.

International Day for the Abolition of Slavery Observances

 

Weekday Date Year Name Holiday Type
Thu Dec 2 2010 International Day for the Abolition of Slavery United Nations observance
Fri Dec 2 2011 International Day for the Abolition of Slavery United Nations observance
Sun Dec 2 2012 International Day for the Abolition of Slavery United Nations observance
Mon Dec 2 2013 International Day for the Abolition of Slavery United Nations observance
Tue Dec 2 2014 International Day for the Abolition of Slavery United Nations observance
Wed Dec 2 2015 International Day for the Abolition of Slavery United Nations observance
Fri Dec 2 2016 International Day for the Abolition of Slavery United Nations observance
Sat Dec 2 2017 International Day for the Abolition of Slavery United Nations observance
Sun Dec 2 2018 International Day for the Abolition of Slavery United Nations observance
Mon Dec 2 2019 International Day for the Abolition of Slavery United Nations observance
Wed Dec 2 2020 International Day for the Abolition of Slavery United Nations observance

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SKYWATCH: CASSINI TO ENTER RING-GRAZING ORBITS, COMET CAMPAIGN CALLS FOR AMATEUR IMAGERS, AND MORE

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The Beginning of the End for Cassini

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Cassini’s final main engine burn this weekend sets the stage for a stunning grand finale that sends it into ring-grazing orbits before skimming the planet’s cloudtops.

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IAU Standardizes 212 Traditional Star Names

Sky & Telescope

Bringing order to chaos, the International Astronomical Union has approved standardized spellings and designations for the traditional names of 212 bright stars.

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Orbital Path Podcast: In Search of Planet 9

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Astronomers are debating the existence of a big planet beyond the orbits of Pluto and Neptune. Dr. Michelle Thaller talks with planetary scientists Scott Shepard and Mike Brown about when we’ll discover it.

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This Week’s Sky at a Glance, December 2 – 10

Sky & Telescope

The Moon shines about 5° or 6° to the right of little orange Mars in early evening, with Venus blazing far to their lower right.

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Comet Campaign Seeks Imagers Worldwide

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Calling all imagers! Three comets will make close flybys of Earth over the next two years. Join a new pro-am effort to make the most of this rare triple play.

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Planning a Night of Imaging

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Thinking about going out for night of astroimaging? Remember the five P’s – Proper Planning Prevents Poor Performance.

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Tour December’s Sky: Orion Arising

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Download our monthly astronomy podcast to track down Mercury in the evening sky. Then swing around to the east, to behold Orion, the mighty Hunter, climbing into the sky.

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COMMUNITY

Staracle: A Free Star-Naming Service

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“Name a star” businesses are approaching their peak with the holidays. But since giving stars personal names is unofficial anyway, you might as well do it for free.

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HATEWATCH: HEADLINES FOR 12-2-2016

 

December 02, 2016

Trump and the tide of school bullying; Kobach backs voter-fraud claims; Spencer’s finances are shrouded in secrecy; and more.

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Mother Jones: Donald Trump inspired a sickening tide of bullying in America’s schools.

Right Wing Watch: Kris Kobach, king of voter suppression, gets behind Trump’s bogus voter-fraud claim.

Media Matters: An anti-LGBT hate group is wielding growing power on Trump’s transition team.

Washington Post: The financial secrecy behind Richard Spencer’s alt-right white-nationalist organization.

Access ADL: The term ‘alt-right’ is here to stay.

Think Progress: Reddit cofounder finally understands online abuse after being targeted for harassment.

Raw Story: ‘I will hide you in my basement’: Missouri neighborhood vows to protest Muslim family from Trump.

Salon: Texas will now require funeral services whenever a woman has an abortion or a miscarriage.

Tulsa World (OK): Sand Springs man sentenced for supplying knife for forced tattoo removal in Aryan Brotherhood case.

The Journal News (Westchester, NY): Putnam man arrested after threatening men in store, saying he wanted to shoot all Spanish-speaking people.

Holland Sentinel (MI): Man uses his business’ Facebook account to launch racist tirade, threats against black man.

WRIC-TV (Richmond, VA): ‘White Lives Matter’ fliers turning up in Virginia neighborhoods.

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COLORLINES: REPORTING ON WHITE SUPREMACY IN THE AGE OF TRUMP

The Media’s Big Trump Conundrum

News outlets that pride themselves on objectivity are struggling with how to characterize the racism and xenophobia of the Donald Trump Administration.

Why I’m Neither Celebrating Nor Mourning the Passing of Fidel Castro

Sheriden M. Booker, an African-American scholar with deep ties to Cuba through her studies, relationships and religion, explains why she’s ambivalent about Fidel Castro’s legacy. 

Nationwide Protests Mark Fourth Anniversary of #FightFor15

The campaign seeks to win a living wage for underpaid service workers.

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Larry Wilmore Signs Multi-Year Deal With ABC

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WORLD AIDS DAY: DECEMBER 1, 2016

World AIDS Day

The United Nations’ (UN) World AIDS Day is held on December 1 each year to honor AIDS victims. It also focuses on issues surrounding HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) and AIDS (acquired immune deficiency syndrome).

A simple red ribbon is one of the most widely recognized symbols of HIV and AIDS.
©iStockphoto.com/Jill Chen

What Do People Do?

World AIDS Day is the focal point of the World AIDS Campaign, which is active all year round. On December 1, there are many health education campaigns that promote the day. Anti-discrimination activities are also launched on or around this date.

Many people hold events on World AIDS Day to remember people died of AIDS-related conditions. One example is an AIDS Memorial Quilt project, which allows friends and family members of a deceased AIDS sufferer to construct quilt panels, which are then exhibited throughout the United States.

Public Life

World AIDS Day is a global observance and not a public holiday.

Background

AIDS stands for “acquired immune deficiency syndrome” or “acquired immunodeficiency syndrome” and denotes a condition, which results from the damage done by HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) to the immune system. The condition was first identified in 1981 and the name “AIDS” was first introduced on July 27, 1982.

HIV can only be transmitted between people through direct contact of a mucous membrane or the blood stream with a bodily fluid. Hence, there has been a lot of stigma around the spread of HIV and people living with HIV and AIDS. It has been estimated that around 33 million people around the world have been infected with HIV and that around two million people die from AIDS related conditions each year. On October 27, 1988, the UN General Assembly officially recognized that the World Health Organization declared December 1, 1988, to be World AIDS Day. World AIDS Day has also been observed on this date each year since then.

Symbols

A simple red ribbon is one of the most widely recognized symbols of HIV and AIDS and the people who live with these conditions. The symbol was presented by the Visual AIDS Artists Caucus in 1991. The individuals in this group wished to remain anonymous, keep the image copyright free and create a symbol to raise consciousness of HIV and AIDS. The red ribbon was originally intended to be worn as a badge, but is now used in a wide variety of ways.

The symbol of UNAIDS, the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS consists of the word “UNAIDS”. The letters “U” and “N” are in black and the rest of letters are in red. To the left of the word ‘UNAIDS’ is a red ribbon superimposed on the symbol of the United Nations. This symbol is shown in black and consists of a projection of the globe centered on the North Pole surrounded by olive branches.

The symbol of the World AIDS Campaign consists of a sketched image of a red ribbon and the words “world aids campaign”. The words “world” and “campaign” are in black and the word “aids” is in red. The ends of the ribbon merge into splashes of green, blue, purple and orange. The splashes of color can be interpreted in a variety of ways, and often indicate the diversity of people living with HIV and AIDS.

2016 Theme: “HANDS UP FOR #HIVPREVENTION

World AIDS Day Observances

 

Weekday Date Year Name Holiday Type
Wed Dec 1 2010 World AIDS Day United Nations observance
Thu Dec 1 2011 World AIDS Day United Nations observance
Sat Dec 1 2012 World AIDS Day United Nations observance
Sun Dec 1 2013 World AIDS Day United Nations observance
Mon Dec 1 2014 World AIDS Day United Nations observance
Tue Dec 1 2015 World AIDS Day United Nations observance
Thu Dec 1 2016 World AIDS Day United Nations observance
Fri Dec 1 2017 World AIDS Day United Nations observance
Sat Dec 1 2018 World AIDS Day United Nations observance
Sun Dec 1 2019 World AIDS Day United Nations observance
Tue Dec 1 2020 World AIDS Day United Nations observance

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INTERNATIONAL DAY OF SOLIDARITY WITH THE PALESTINIAN PEOPLE: NOVEMBER 29, 2016

International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People

The United Nations’ (UN) International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People is annually observed on November 29. The day is also known as Solidarity Day.

November 29 is the International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People, also known as Solidarity Day.
This illustration is based on artwork from ©iStockphoto.com/Joel Carillet & ©iStockphoto.com/Benoit Roussseau

What Do People Do?

Special meetings may be held to observe Solidarity Day in some UN offices, councils, government bodies and organizations that have a special interest in the issues encompassing the event.  The day may also be publicized through newspapers, magazines, radio and television news, and online media.  Some topics that may be publicized or discussed include the status and plight of Palestinian refugees, as well as general information on Palestinian culture and society.

Public Life

The International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People is a global observance and not a public holiday.

Background

On November 29, 1947, the UN General Assembly adopted the resolution on the partition of Palestine (resolution 181 (II)). On December 2, 1977, it was recorded that the assembly called for the annual observance of November 29 as the International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People (A/RES/32/40 B). On December 1, 2003, the assembly encouraged member states to continue to provide support and publicity to observe the day. So the day was observed on December 1 in 2003.

The assembly also requested that the Committee on the Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People and the Division for Palestinian Rights of the Secretariat should continue to organize an annual exhibit on Palestinian rights or a cultural event with the Permanent Observer Mission of Palestine to the United Nations.

Symbols

The UN logo is often associated with marketing and promotional material for this event. It features a projection of a world map (less Antarctica) centered on the North Pole, inscribed in a wreath consisting of crossed conventionalized branches of the olive tree. The olive branches symbolize peace and the world map depicts the area of concern to the UN in achieving its main purpose, peace and security. The projection of the map extends to 60 degrees south latitude, and includes five concentric circles.

International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People Observances

 

Weekday Date Year Name Holiday Type
Mon Nov 29 2010 International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People United Nations observance
Tue Nov 29 2011 International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People United Nations observance
Thu Nov 29 2012 International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People United Nations observance
Fri Nov 29 2013 International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People United Nations observance
Sat Nov 29 2014 International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People United Nations observance
Sun Nov 29 2015 International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People United Nations observance
Tue Nov 29 2016 International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People United Nations observance
Wed Nov 29 2017 International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People United Nations observance
Thu Nov 29 2018 International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People United Nations observance
Fri Nov 29 2019 International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People United Nations observance
Sun Nov 29 2020 International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People United Nations observance

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