INTERNATIONAL MIGRANTS DAY: DECEMBER 18, 2014

 

INTERNATIONAL MIGRANTS DAY

Quick Facts

The United Nations’ (UN) International Migrants Day is celebrated on December 18 each year.

Local names

Name Language
International Migrants Day English
Día Internacional del Migrante Spanish
יום המהגרים בינלאומי Hebrew
اليوم الدولي للمهاجرين Arabic
국제 이민자의 날 Korean
Internationaler Tag der Migranten German

International Migrants Day 2014

Thursday, December 18, 2014

International Migrants Day 2015

Friday, December 18, 2015

The United Nations’ (UN) International Migrants Day is annually held on December 18 to recognize the efforts, contributions and rights of migrants worldwide.

Muslim child and mother expressing joy.

International Migrants Day recognizes the efforts, contributions and rights of migrants worldwide.

©iStockphoto.com/DistinctiveImages

What do people do?

Each year the UN invites governments, organizations, and individuals to observe International Migrants Day by distributing information on the human rights and migrants’ fundamental freedoms. People are also invited to share their experiences and contribute to designing action plans to ensure their protection. Organizations actively involved in promoting the day include:

  • “December 18”, a non-governmental organization in special consultative status with the UN.
  • Radio 1812, an initiative that brings together radio stations to celebrate the day.
  • Amnesty International.
  • The International Organization for Migration.
  • The National Network for Immigrants and Refugee Rights.

Many organizations and communities celebrate the day through various activities to alert the general public on facts about migrants, problems with human trafficking, the lives of migrant workers’ children, the plight of refugees and ways in combating racism. Websites, such as http://www.britkid.org, gives people the opportunity to have a virtual experience of what it is like to come from a migrant background. Lobby groups may also use this day as an opportunity to pressure local public officials to look at issues concerning legalization, immigrant enforcement and migrants’ human rights. Special films and documentaries about migrants are also screened or broadcast on this day.

Public life

International Migrants Day is a global observance and not a public holiday.

Background

According to a Global Commission on International Migration report in 2005, the number of international migrants increased from 75 million to about 200 million in the past 30 years and migrants could be found in every part of the world. The report also found that the migration could accelerate due to the growing developmental, demographic and democratic disparities that existed between different world regions. Moreover, migration is driven by powerful economic, social and political forces that governments need to acknowledge as a reality.

On December 4, 2000, the UN General Assembly, taking into account the large and increasing number of migrants in the world, proclaimed December 18 as International Migrants. On that day, a decade earlier, the assembly adopted the International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families. Earlier celebrations of the day can be traced as far back as 1997 when some Asian migrant organizations marked December 18 as the day to recognize the rights, protection, and respect for migrants.

Symbols

The UN emblem may be found in material promoting International Migrants Day. The emblem consists of a projection of the globe centered on the North Pole. It depicts all continents except Antarctica and four concentric circles representing degrees of latitude. The projection is surrounded by images of olive branches, representing peace. The emblem is often blue, although it is printed in white on a blue background on the UN flag.

International Migrants Day Observances

 

Weekday Date Year Name Holiday type Where it is observed
Mon Dec 18 2000 International Migrants Day United Nations observance
Tue Dec 18 2001 International Migrants Day United Nations observance
Wed Dec 18 2002 International Migrants Day United Nations observance
Thu Dec 18 2003 International Migrants Day United Nations observance
Sat Dec 18 2004 International Migrants Day United Nations observance
Sun Dec 18 2005 International Migrants Day United Nations observance
Mon Dec 18 2006 International Migrants Day United Nations observance
Tue Dec 18 2007 International Migrants Day United Nations observance
Thu Dec 18 2008 International Migrants Day United Nations observance
Fri Dec 18 2009 International Migrants Day United Nations observance
Sat Dec 18 2010 International Migrants Day United Nations observance
Sun Dec 18 2011 International Migrants Day United Nations observance
Tue Dec 18 2012 International Migrants Day United Nations observance
Wed Dec 18 2013 International Migrants Day United Nations observance
Thu Dec 18 2014 International Migrants Day United Nations observance
Fri Dec 18 2015 International Migrants Day United Nations observance
Sun Dec 18 2016 International Migrants Day United Nations observance
Mon Dec 18 2017 International Migrants Day United Nations observance
Tue Dec 18 2018 International Migrants Day United Nations observance
Wed Dec 18 2019 International Migrants Day United Nations observance
Fri Dec 18 2020 International Migrants Day United Nations observance

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HATEWATCH HEADLINES: 12-18-2014

Hatewatch Headlines 12/18/14

By Hatewatch Staff on December 18, 2014 – 8:36 am

Media Matters: The most absurd anti-immigrant myths of 2014.

International Business Times: Hispanic optimism about overcoming racism tied to history, but could change, experts say.

Salon: The Obamas recount their personal experiences with racism.

Associated Press: South Carolina judge rules that 14-year-old’s murder conviction 70 years ago was an injustice.

Raw Story: Indiana church that fired gay choir director closing after sharp decline in attendance.

Vice: Ku Klux Klan is boosting its numbers by recruiting veterans.

Access ADL: Apparent extremist threatens police officers and a city employee in small Louisiana town.

Right Wing Watch: Tony Perkins warns that gay rights will destroy freedom and the American economy.

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COMPOSITION II

kandinsky composition II

Composition II, Wassily Kandinsky. Oil on canvas, 200 x 300 cm, 1913. The State Tretyakov Gallery, Moscow, Russia.

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IN REMEMBRANCE: 12-14-2014

DOLLREE MAPP, WHO DEFIED POLICE SEARCH IN LANDMARK CASE

Police photos of Dollree Mapp in 1957. She resisted a search of her Cleveland home when officers could not produce a warrant. Credit Associated Press

It was a small gesture of defiance that led to a landmark United States Supreme Court ruling on the limits of police power.

Ms. Mapp told the officers that she wanted to see a search warrant. They did not produce one. A few hours later, more officers arrived and forced their way into the house. Ms. Mapp called her lawyer and again asked to see a warrant. When one officer held up a piece of paper that he said was a warrant, Ms. Mapp snatched it and stuffed it into her blouse. The officer reached inside her clothing and snatched it back.

The officers handcuffed Ms. Mapp — they called her “belligerent” — and then searched her bedroom, where they paged through a photo album and personal papers. They also searched her young daughter’s room, the kitchen, a dining area and the basement.

They did not find the man they were looking for, but they did find what they said were sexually explicit materials — books and drawings that Ms. Mapp said had belonged to a previous boarder — and they arrested Ms. Mapp.

Four years later, after Ms. Mapp had been sentenced to prison on obscenity charges and after her conviction had been upheld on appeal, the Supreme Court took up the case, ostensibly because of questions it raised about obscenity and the First Amendment.

But when the justices ruled, in June 1961, their decision dwelled, with far more significant consequences, on the role of the Fourth Amendment, which protects against unlawful search and seizure. Prosecutors had never produced the supposed warrant brandished by the Cleveland police or proved that it had existed.

The court ruled, 6 to 3, that Ms. Mapp’s conviction should be thrown out, and that all state courts must suppress evidence gathered through police misconduct in certain kinds of cases.

Even though Ms. Mapp’s name is etched in legal history, she had lived quietly in recent years, and besides a brief notice on a funeral home website, it took more than a month for her death to be reported. She was believed to be 90 or 91 when she died on Oct. 31, in or near Conyers, Ga.

Colorful, sometimes brash, Ms. Mapp was married for a time to Jimmy Bivins, a top-ranked fighter who died in 2012. She was later engaged to Archie Moore, a light-heavyweight champion, whom she sued in 1956 for $750,000, claiming he had assaulted her and had backed out of their marriage plans. (He died in 1998.) The bombing that officers were investigating in 1957 had been at the home of Don King, who would go on to become a famous boxing promoter. Ms. Mapp’s encounter with the police that day would not be her last run-in with the law.

Mapp v. Ohio may not ring as familiar as other cases involving civil rights and civil liberties, but it became a legal touchstone that continues to shape cases and stir debate.

Before the ruling, federal courts were required to suppress evidence gathered illegally. The decision extended the rule — known as the exclusionary rule — to state courts. The change has put continuing pressure on police departments to conduct investigations lawfully and brought increased scrutiny when their actions appear improper. Countless cases have been affected, and sometimes thrown out.

“The state, by admitting evidence unlawfully seized, serves to encourage disobedience to the federal Constitution which it is bound to uphold,” Justice Tom C. Clark wrote in the majority opinion.

Justice Clark wrote that evidence gathered illegally had to be excluded. Other measures to address such conduct had proved “worthless and futile.”

Court decisions in the past quarter-century have made exceptions to the exclusionary rule in certain cases when evidence was gathered improperly — for example, if a law enforcement agency appears to have made the errors in good faith when it followed incorrect legal guidance or relied on incorrect information provided by another agency.

The current chief justice, John G. Roberts Jr., was a lawyer in the Reagan administration in the 1980s and helped it attack the exclusionary rule through litigation, proposed legislation and other means. In 2009, he wrote the majority opinion in Herring v. United States, a 5-to-4 decision that upheld the conviction of Bennie D. Herring after a search led to his arrest on drug and weapons charges based on false information that he was the subject of a warrant.

Some of the rule’s supporters worry that it could be significantly weakened or abolished under the current court. Jeffrey Fisher, a professor at Stanford Law School, said the issue would most likely go before the high court again as Herring is interpreted by lower courts.

“Some are reading Herring broadly,” Mr. Fisher said, “and some narrowly.”

Dollree Mapp was born in 1923 or 1924, according to census records, one of seven children of Samuel and Mary Mapp. She grew up in Forest, Miss. Her first name was spelled several ways in early records, and she was sometimes called Dolly. As an adult, Ms. Mapp gave numerous dates for her birth; public records show a wide range.

Information about her survivors was not immediately available. Her death was confirmed by the funeral home in Conyers that handled her services.

In 1968, Ms. Mapp moved from Cleveland to Queens. Two years later she was charged with possession of narcotics. Convicted in 1971 with a co-defendant, Alan Lyons, she pursued a series of appeals, claiming that the search warrant used in her arrest had been wrongly issued and that the police had targeted her because of her role in Mapp v. Ohio.

The drugs seized in the case were found at an apartment that Mr. Lyons apparently rented from Ms. Mapp. She lived several miles away. The police searched her home and found rent receipts that prosecutors argued established her as having aided and abetted Mr. Lyons. The officer who had applied for the warrant to search Ms. Mapp’s home was later dismissed from the police force after he was determined to have accepted about $3,500 from a narcotics dealer.

Ms. Mapp’s conviction was upheld, and she served time in the New York State Correctional Institution at Bedford Hills. On Dec. 31, 1980, Gov. Hugh Carey commuted her sentence, making her immediately eligible for parole.

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INTERNATIONAL MOUNTAIN DAY: DECEMBER 11, 2014

 

INTERNATIONAL MOUNTAIN DAY

Quick Facts

The United Nations’ (UN) International Mountain Day is an occasion to help raise awareness of the people who live in mountainous regions and the role that these regions play in providing food, water, and recreation. It is observed on December 11 each year.

Local names

Name Language
International Mountain Day English
Día Internacional de las Montañas Spanish
יום ההר הבינלאומי Hebrew
يوما دوليا للجبال Arabic
국제 산의 날 Korean
Welttag der Berge German

International Mountain Day 2014 Theme: “Mountain Farming”

Thursday, December 11, 2014

International Mountain Day 2015

Friday, December 11, 2015

The year 2002 was the International Year of Mountains. As this year drew to a close, the United Nations (UN) General Assembly proclaimed December 11 to be International Mountain Day. This observance, which is celebrated annually, aims to draw attention to the important roles that mountainous regions play in water and food supply.

International Mountain Day commemorates the role in which mountains play in providing food, water, and recreation.

©iStockphoto.com/Joseph Jean

What do people do?

Various activities are organized on and around International Mountain Day. These aim to increase awareness of and knowledge around the role of mountains and mountainous regions amongst the general population and professionals. Particular examples of events are: book fairs; symposia; themed lectures for students; workshops and press events. Mountaineering and explorations societies may hold lectures and social events on or around December 11.

Public life

International Mountain Day is a global observance and not a public holiday.

Background

The International Year of Mountains was held in 2002 and with the aim of raising awareness and triggering action on issues relating to sustainable mountain development. The leading agency was the Food and Agriculture Organization. The International Year of Mountains was launched at the headquarters of the United Nations in New York on December 11, 2001.

On December 20, 2002, as the International Year of Mountains drew to a close, the UN designated December 11 as International Mountain Day and encouraged the international community to organize events to highlight the importance of sustainable mountain development on this date. International Mountain Day was first observed on December 11, 2003. Each year International Mountain Day has a particular theme. Previous themes have focused on freshwater, peace, biodiversity or climate change.

Symbols

The symbol of International Mountain Day consists of three equilateral triangles, each orientated with two points on a single imaginary horizontal line and one point directed upwards. The triangles are mainly black and represent mountains. The triangle on the left has a blue “diamond” shape at the top, representing ice or snow at the top of a mountain. The middle triangle has an orange circle at its center, representing resources that are mined from inside mountains. The triangle on the right has a small green triangle at its lower right-hand point.

This represents the crops that grow on mountains. Under the three triangles is a black stripe containing the words “11 December” and the words “International Mountain Day” in two shades of United Nations’ use of the color blue. The symbol of International Mountain Day is based on the symbol for the International Year of Mountains (2002).

International Mountain Day Observances

 

Weekday Date Year Name Holiday type Where it is observed
Thu Dec 11 2003 International Mountain Day United Nations observance
Sat Dec 11 2004 International Mountain Day United Nations observance
Sun Dec 11 2005 International Mountain Day United Nations observance
Mon Dec 11 2006 International Mountain Day United Nations observance
Tue Dec 11 2007 International Mountain Day United Nations observance
Thu Dec 11 2008 International Mountain Day United Nations observance
Fri Dec 11 2009 International Mountain Day United Nations observance
Sat Dec 11 2010 International Mountain Day United Nations observance
Sun Dec 11 2011 International Mountain Day United Nations observance
Tue Dec 11 2012 International Mountain Day United Nations observance
Wed Dec 11 2013 International Mountain Day United Nations observance
Thu Dec 11 2014 International Mountain Day United Nations observance
Fri Dec 11 2015 International Mountain Day United Nations observance
Sun Dec 11 2016 International Mountain Day United Nations observance
Mon Dec 11 2017 International Mountain Day United Nations observance
Tue Dec 11 2018 International Mountain Day United Nations observance
Wed Dec 11 2019 International Mountain Day United Nations observance
Fri Dec 11 2020 International Mountain Day United Nations observance

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SKYWATCH: WATCH THE GEMINIDS, COMET LOVEJOY HEADING OUR WAY, AND MORE

 

LATEST NEWS

Earth’s Water Likely Not From Comets

An early outcome from Rosetta’s scrutiny of Comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko is that the isotopes in its water have distinctly different ratios from those on Earth.

Geologic Map Shows What’s Where on Vesta

NASA’s Dawn spacecraft spent 14 months photographing Vesta from close range. Now researchers have completed a global map of the asteroid’s surface geology.

New Horizons Awakens for Pluto Encounter

Right on cue, New Horizons spacecraft has awakened from its final electronic hibernation. Seven months from now, it will make the first-ever visit to Pluto.

THIS WEEK’S SKY AT A GLANCE

This Week’s Sky At a Glance, December 12 – 20

The Geminids greet stargazers over the weekend, and the Moon rises later every night, clearing the evening sky for meteor-spotting and deep-sky observing. Later in the week, the waning crescent will pair with Saturn for early risers.

Watch This Weekend: The Geminid Meteors

The Geminids, an impressive annual meteor shower sparked by dust and debris shed from a small asteroid, peaks this weekend.

Binocular Comet Lovejoy Headed Our Way

The latest Comet Lovejoy should reach 5th magnitude in late December and January, when it will be nicely placed high in the dark for your binoculars or telescope. It could even become detectable naked-eye.

Venus Finally Comes Out Of Hiding

Welcome back, Venus! The brightest planet in the sky returns just in time for the holidays.

COMMUNITY

Our 2015 Observing Calender Is Here!

As contributing editor Tony Flanders notes, calendars help us plan our lives. And for amateur astronomers, no plan is complete unless it includes sky events!

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HATEWATCH: A BYLINE OF HIS OWN: JOHN ELLIS OF OCCIDENTAL DISSENT ‘DOXES’ REPORTERS

A Byline Of His Own: John Ellis of Occidental Dissent ‘Doxes’ Reporters

By Keegan Hankes on December 11, 2014 – 3:00 pm

John V. Ellis identified himself as this man on American Renaissance. (Source: YouTube)

Earlier this week, the home addresses and telephone numbers of two reporters for The New York Times and a CNN correspondent appeared across a spectrum a racist websites—an apparent response to the Times publishing the personal information of Darren Wilson, the police officer who fatally shot Michael Brown.

Known as “doxing,” Michael Carothers, the username for Michael Weaver, who has been affiliated with several neo-Nazi groups and a long criminal history, posted the journalists’ personal information on Stormfront, the Internet’s largest racist message board. But very soon afterward, the information appeared elsewhere, on Occidental Dissent, in a piece written by a contributor pseudonymously known as “Jack Ryan.”

“A new low in anti-White gutter journalism was reached this week,” Ryan wrote. “The New York Times published the home address of Officer Darren Wilson with the clear intent of aiding and abetting black lynch mobs to make good on their threat to attack and possibly murder Wilson and his new wife.”

In truth, the Times did not include the home address of Wilson, only the neighborhood and street name of Wilson’s home—information that was widely circulated in other media outlets including Yahoo News, USA Today, The Washington Post and others.

Still, “Jack Ryan” went ahead and “doxed” the three journalists who publish using genuine bylines, while hiding behind the name he has used for years to publish racist commentary across a wide swath of the white supremacist web.

“Of course it would be wrong to threaten or harrass [sic] these folks,” Ryan wrote. “[B]ut there’s nothing that says you can’t drop them a card or phone them to wish them happy holidays, or simply to let their neighbors and local law enforcement know how displeased you are with their unprofessional actions.”

It was a tongue-in-cheek disclaimer, surely. As far as racist web portals go, Stormfront remains among the worst. As the Southern Poverty Law Center noted in a special report earlier this year, Stormfront users have been disproportionately responsible for some of the most lethal hate crimes and mass killings since the site was put up in 1995. In the past five years alone, Stormfront members have murdered close to 100 people. It’s not the kind of place one wants personal information posted.

So who is this Jack Ryan?

A Hatewatch investigation under way at the time of the doxing—including examining his extensive posting history on white nationalist sites like VDARE, American Renaissance, Alternative Right, and Occidental Dissent—found that “Jack Ryan” is actually John V. Ellis of Hyde Park, Chicago. An active supporter of the League of the South (LOS), a neo-Confederate hate group, Ellis first came to our attention after appearing at a demonstration in Murfreesboro, Tenn., last year.  His vicious comments online almost immediately caught the attention of Hatewatch.

“Blacks are fairly predictable once you get to know the breed. Here are some tips: Never show fear, indecision. Blacks can smell this, same as dogs,” Ellis wrote on the American Renaissance website. “Always have some weapon that isn’t a gun. I highly recommend canemaster [sic] canes, $12 Target T Ball bat—carry in a gym bag along with ball and glove.”

In another article from Alternative Right, Ellis made some ugly statements about Muslims. “These Arab Muslim mobs are savage, barbarians. … I have a beautiful 23 year old White Daughter, I don’t want any of these filthy, urine colored Arab Muslim savages anywhere near my daughter.”

Ellis, who could not be reached for comment, claims to have have attended Vanderbilt University before completing an MBA at New York University’s Stern School of Business. Interestingly, however, he says he works for a painting company in Chicago. He also claims to have frequented many white nationalist conferences, including the 2013 American Renaissance national conference and most recently the VDARE Christmas party in New York City .

Most recently, Ellis says he attended the VDARE Christmas party in New York City where he and featured guest Ann Coulter apparently didn’t get along. “Mean, disrespectful, didn’t recognize Occidental Dissent,” wrote Ellis after the event. “I was very, very close to stripping off her clothes and spanking her bare ass right there.” (Hatewatch could not confirm Ellis’, nor Coulter’s attendance. A telephone message left with Coulters’ publicist today was not returned, and Peter Brimelow, who runs VDARE, would not comment. )

Although Coulter didn’t recognize Ellis and the bigotry he spews at Occidental Dissent, hopefully others will now. He’s been long due for a real byline.

SOURCE

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