Published: January 6, 2012

William Duell, a diminutive character actor whose puckishness and understated comic flair enlivened Broadway shows, television series and Hollywood films, died at his home in Manhattan on Dec. 22. He was 88.

United Artists, via Photofest

William Duell, right, with Vincent Schiavelli, as inmates in a mental institution in “One Flew Over the Cuckoo’s Nest.”

The cause was respiratory failure, his wife, Mary Barto, said. Mr. Duell, who was less than five and a half feet tall and weighed not quite 140 pounds, was never a star, but he had a slyly roguish and perpetually boyish mug that always added spice to the roles of cabdrivers, shoeshine men, butlers and desk clerks he often played. He brought a kind of perky oddity even to serious roles.

In “One Flew Over the Cuckoo’s Nest” (1975), Milos Forman’s adaptation of the Ken Kesey novel set in a mental institution (starring Jack Nicholson), Mr. Duell played Sefelt, an epileptic inmate who fears his medication. In the early 1980s, he had a regular role as Johnny, a snitch, in “Police Squad!,” the spoof of police dramas, starring Leslie Nielsen, created in the mold of the hit film “Airplane!”

In 1969, in the original Broadway production of the historical musical “1776,” Mr. Duell played Andrew McNair, the custodian of the Continental Congress and the man who rang the Liberty Bell to announce the nation’s independence; he repeated the role in the 1972 film version.

And in the 1996 Broadway revival of “A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to the Forum,” Mr. Duell played Erronius, a man in search of his sons who has been dispatched by a soothsayer to circle the seven hills of Rome seven times. At intervals during the show he would appear from backstage, trotting in from the wings, and announce the lap; by the third time he was so winded that he could only signal.

“The audience adored him,” Nathan Lane, who starred in the show, said in an interview. “The first time around he’d get a huge laugh. The second time he’d get a huge laugh. The third time, he’d just hold up his fingers — and it brought the house down.”

George William Duell was born on Aug. 30, 1923, in Corinth, N.Y., and named for his father, George Leon Duell, who worked for the International Paper Company. His mother, the former Eliza Janet Harrington, with whom William spent a good deal of his life decided at some point that she didn’t like her son’s first name and legally changed it to Darwin. Mr. Duell never used it.

He attended Green Mountain College in Vermont, where he played his first role, a detective, in “Arsenic and Old Lace.”

Mr. Duell was a Navy medic during World War II. He finished his undergraduate career at Illinois Wesleyan University and earned a master’s degree from Yale Drama School. One classmate there, Paul Newman, helped him get a role as a pool player in the 1961 film “The Hustler,” in which Newman starred.

During the 1950s, Mr. Duell appeared on many live broadcasts of television dramas. His last Broadway appearance was in a revival of “The Man Who Came to Dinner,” starring Mr. Lane, in 2000.

Mr. Duell met Ms. Barto when they were both in the cast of “Hamlet” at the Public Theater, a 1988 production that starred Kevin Kline. Mr. Duell was Gravedigger No. 2; Ms. Barto was in the play within the play. Their marriage, in 2004, was not publicized, and not well known even among their friends. She is his only survivor.




ABC, via Associated Press

Richard Threlkeld worked for ABC News and CBS.


Published: January 13, 2012

Richard Threlkeld, who in his 33 years as a correspondent for CBS and ABC News covered wars, presidential campaigns, assassinations and the collapse of the Soviet Union, died Friday morning in a car accident on Long Island. He was 74.

Mr. Threlkeld’s car collided with a propane tanker on a highway in Amagansett, N.Y., the police in East Hampton, where he lived, said. Mr. Threlkeld was alone in his car, the police said, and the driver of the truck was not injured. “Richard Threlkeld had the kind of name and kind of looks that could have made him a reporter in the movies, but unlike a reporter in the movies, he could write his own scripts,” Lesley Stahl, with whom he was co-anchor of “CBS Morning News” from 1977 to 1979, said in a statement. “In fact, he was one of our best writers and reporters.”

Mr. Threlkeld did two stints at CBS — from 1965 to 1982, and again from 1989 to 1998 — and the intervening seven years at ABC. Over those three decades, he covered seven presidential campaigns, the assassination of Robert F. Kennedy, the American invasions of Panama and Grenada, the Patricia Hearst kidnapping and trial, the war in Lebanon and the Middle East peace process.

On April 29, 1975, after covering the Vietnam War, Mr. Threlkeld was aboard one of the last helicopters to lift off from the American embassy as Saigon fell to the Communists. He was in Beijing during the Tiananmen Square demonstrations in 1989 and in Moscow as the Soviet Union crumbled in the 1990s. From that experience, he wrote a book, “Dispatches from the Former Evil Empire” (2001).

Mr. Threlkeld was among the first correspondents doing features for CBS’s “Sunday Morning,” which first went on the air in 1979. Three years later, Roone Arledge, then the chairman of ABC News, hired him as a correspondent for “World News Tonight.” There he began doing a regular feature, “Status Reports,” offering analysis of the week’s most important story. For seven of those reports, in 1982 and ’83, he received the prestigious Alfred I. duPont-Columbia University Silver Baton. In 1984, he won an Overseas Press Club award for his reporting on Lebanon and Grenada.

Born on Nov. 30, 1937, in Cedar Rapids, Iowa, and reared in Barrington, Ill., Mr. Threlkeld graduated from Ripon College in Wisconsin in 1960 with a degree in political science and history. A year later he received a master’s degree from the Medill School of Journalism at Northwestern University. Before joining CBS, he worked at WMT-TV in Cedar Rapids, and WHAS-TV in Louisville, Ky.

He is survived by his wife of 28 years, Betsy Aaron, a former CBS, ABC, NBC and CNN correspondent; a brother, Robert; two children, Susan Paulukonis and Julia Threlkeld; and two grandchildren.

When Mr. Threlkeld left CBS to join ABC, Charles Kuralt, the anchor of “Sunday Morning,” told The New York Times: “We didn’t want Richard Threlkeld to leave without saying that we think he has given us something more than 108 good stories. He has given us a demonstration that the news on television does not have to be cramped and constricted. It can be expansive and exalting if you make a little time on the air and then ask a good man to fill it.”





Published: January 14, 2012

Joel J. Tyler, who as a Manhattan judge ruled, in a particularly explicit and colorful opinion, that the pornographic film “Deep Throat” was obscene and that the New York City theaters showing it were breaking the law, inadvertently helping it become perhaps the most popular X-rated movie of all time, died in Yonkers on Nov. 9. He was 90.

Dave Pickoff/Associated Press

Seven years after Judge Tyler’s ruling, protesters demonstrated against the showing of “Deep Throat” at a Manhattan theater.

Allyn Baum/The New York Times

Joel J. Tyler in 1966.

The cause was a heart attack, his daughter Alexandra said. She said the family did not report his death until now because her father did not want the acknowledgment. But in the weeks after his death, she said, she and her sister, Lisa, “came to feel overwhelmingly that he deserved it.”

Judge Tyler, a former city commissioner of licenses, had been on the Criminal Court bench for four years when “Deep Throat” opened at the New Mature World Theater on West 49th Street on June 12, 1972. The film, about a woman whose quest for sexual satisfaction is frustrated until she discovers that her clitoris is in her throat, almost immediately became a touchstone in the culture wars of the day.

On one side was outrage over the film’s flagrant and unashamed depiction of sex acts; on the other was cheering for its daring to confront social taboos and to present a woman’s sexual needs as being equally robust as a man’s.

A notorious artifact, “Deep Throat” became a target in the early efforts of New York City to rid Times Square of its seamier elements. In August that year, complaints were lodged by the Police Department and charges were filed against Mature Enterprises, the company that owned the theater, for promotion of obscene material. The trial began in December 1972.

A psychiatrist testified that the sexual acts depicted in the film were “well within the bounds of normal behavior.” A film critic testified that “Deep Throat” had redeeming social value — a key element in the definition of obscenity — because it showed sympathy for female desires, because the script contained humor and because, unlike other porn films, it was photographed “with clarity and lack of grain.”

On the other hand, a New York University professor, responding to a claim that the film was at least in part a spoof of sexual behavior, said, “I do not see how you can spoof fellatio by showing continuous performance of fellatio.”

On March 1, 1973, Judge Tyler came down stridently against the film, though not without literary flourish. In an opinion that came with a long appendix, he called “Deep Throat” “this feast of carrion and squalor,” “a nadir of decadence” and “a Sodom and Gomorrah gone wild before the fire.”

“Oh, yes! There is a gossamer of a story line — the heroine’s all-engrossing search for sexual gratification, and when all sexual endeavors fail to gratify, her unique problem is successfully diagnosed to exist in her throat,” he wrote, adding, “The alleged story lines are the facade, the sheer negligee through which clearly shines the producer’s and the defendant’s true and only purpose, that is, the presentation of unmistakably hard-core pornography.”

Judge Tyler fined Mature Enterprises $100,000, which was later reduced on appeal.

Born Josël Gonigman on July 28, 1921, in Balti, a Romanian city now a part of Moldova, Judge Tyler came to the United States with his family as an infant. His name was Americanized to Joseph Honigman. His father left the family shortly thereafter, and young Joseph grew up on the Lower East Side of Manhattan, reared by his mother, Sonia, who earned money with sewing jobs. A bout of polio as a boy left him with a lifelong limp.

According to his daughters, as he grew to adulthood he experimented with names, changing Joseph to Joel, choosing the middle initial J for Jefferson (and later settling on Jeffrey) and the last name Tyler after seeing it on a billboard while he was driving through the South.

“I remember him saying that he liked presidents,” Lisa Tyler said.

He attended Indiana University and finished his undergraduate education at New York University before graduating from law school at Fordham. His first job was in the law department of the Allied Chemical and Dye corporation. He opened his own practice in 1951.

Mayor John V. Lindsay named him licensing commissioner in 1966, a post he held until 1968. Afterward, he served on the Criminal Court of New York and was an acting State Supreme Court justice and then a federal magistrate until he retired in 1991.

In addition to his daughters, Judge Tyler’s survivors include his wife, the former Helen Wolinsky, whom he married in 1952, and two granddaughters.

Shortly after Judge Tyler’s ruling, the United States Supreme Court, in Miller v. California, redefined obscenity and made it easier for states to regulate material that fit the definition. (The court said material was obscene if it appealed to a prurient interest in sex; if it described sexual conduct in a patently offensive way; and if, as a whole, it lacked serious literary, artistic, scientific or political value.)

Judge Tyler’s ruling added to the must-see cachet of “Deep Throat.” The film eventually reopened in New York (with a few scenes cut) and across the country, closely followed by officials scrambling to shut it down. According to a 2005 documentary, “Inside Deep Throat,” by the mid-1970s the film had been banned in 23 states.

In 1975 the federal government filed conspiracy charges in Memphis against 117 people involved with the film, and Harry Reems, its male star, was convicted and sentenced to five years in jail. The conviction was overturned on appeal.

Linda Lovelace, the female star, eventually renounced the film, saying she had been coerced into making it. But none of this derailed its popularity. As X-rated films emigrated from movie theaters to living rooms, “Deep Throat” continued to bring in revenue, much of it for organized crime, which controlled much of its distribution. The film, which was made for $25,000 by the director Gerald Damiano, a former hairdresser, earned an estimated $600 million.

Judge Tyler, whose reputation as a prude frustrated him — he told The New York Times that Ingmar Bergman’s film “Cries and Whispers” “had a lot of sex, but it was one of the greatest movies I’ve ever seen” — recognized that his ruling was a function of its era.

“If I were to write that appendix today,” he told The New York Law Journal in 1991, “I would be deemed a fool, given the substantial change in our outlook.”


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Dark matter map

Van Waerbeke / Heymans / CFHTLens collaboration

Bulletin at a Glance

News Observing This Week’s Sky at a Glance Community

New Maps of Dark Matter

January 10, 2012                                                                | An intensive study of dark matter’s distribution in the universe has verified predictions of where the invisible stuff that makes up the majority of cosmic matter resides. > read more

Alien Mars Announced

January 11, 2012                                                                | Aided by an amateur astronomer, Kepler scientists have detected an exoplanet system containing three sub-Earth-sized planets, the smallest of which is about the size of Mars. > read more

Black Hole Shoots Bullets

January 12, 2012                                                                | Observations of a black hole that spat out twin blobs of superhot material may help astronomers understand how the mysterious beasts create powerful jets that shoot out from their poles. The blobs appeared just as the system went quiet in X-rays. > read more

Farewell to Rossi’s Explorer

January 13, 2012                                                                | Last week, NASA engineers reluctantly shut down the Rossi X-ray Timing Explorer, a largely unheralded orbiting outpost  that relayed a steady stream of observations for 16 years. > read more


Asteroid 433 Eros


A Rare Flyby of Asteroid Eros

January 13, 2012                                                                | The grandaddy of near-Earth asteroids brightens to magnitude 8.6 as it flies by Earth in late January and early February. > read more

New Supernova in Leo

January 9, 2012                                                                | Along with the usual galaxies, dark matter, and exoplanets, the American Astronomical Society’s January meeting is abuzz with the discovery of a supernova by a team of amateurs. Astronomers are rushing to observe the explosion before it fades. > read more

Tour January’s Sky by Eye and Ear!

December 30, 2011                                                                  | With every New Year, millions of us resolve to do something, anything, different or better in the coming year. So let’s resolve to get outside and enjoy the night sky more. Venus, Jupiter, and a host of winter stars await you. > read more

Jupiter: Big, Bright, and Beautiful

September 23, 2011                                                                | The “King of Planets,” which will dominate the evening sky from late 2011 through early 2012, is a captivating sight no matter how you look at it. > read more

Meteor Showers in 2012

December 25, 2011                                                                  | Sky & Telescope predicts that 2012’s best meteor shower should be the Quadrantids in January, but this will also be a good year for the Perseids in August and the Geminids in December. > read more

This Week’s Sky at a Glance

Dawn view, looking southwest

This Week’s Sky at a Glance

January 13, 2012                                                                  | Venus and Jupiter slowly draw toward each other. The Winter Hexagon looms large over the evening world. And the waning Moon shines in early dawn. > read more


Orion Nebula

S&T: Rick Fienberg

What to See with Your New Telescope

December 28, 2011                                                                  | Thousands of telescopes are given and received as gifts during the holidays. But once you’ve assembled your new treasure, then what? The editors of Sky & Telescope show you where to look first.  > read more

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What’s Not to Love About Tim Tebow? Start With His Anti-Abortion Ad

The wildly popular Denver quarterback proudly touts his evangelical Christian political principles. But athletes who take up progressive causes risk widespread criticism—and often their livelihoods.

Jamilah King unravels the story.

Why the GOP’s Spectacular Collapse Isn’t Good for Social Justice

Elections for incumbents are all about accountability, says Kai Wright.

Infographic: They Are the (White) 94 Percent Who Shape Presidential Elections

How Did 15-Year-Old Jakadrien Turner, a U.S. Citizen, Get Deported?

The extraordinary story that caught the nation’s attention last week wasn’t so exceptional, reports Julianne Hing.

How ‘Sh*t White Girls Say to Black Girls’ Blew Up the Internet Franchesca Ramsey has turned the year’s first online meme into social commentary. But are efforts like hers enough to create meaningful discussions about racial justice? Jamilah King digs in.

Racist Jabs at Michelle Obama—and the Apologies That Make Them Worse Racially coded digs at the first lady are a dime a dozen. So why do they still make me so angry, Akiba Solomon asks.

10 Years Later, No Child Left Behind Ignores Plenty INFOGRAPHIC: A day in the life of the type of student who is still being left behind by the landmark law, on its tenth anniversary.

Even George Lucas Had a Hard Time Finding Funding for Film with Black LeadsYou know it’s bad when the man behind ‘Star Wars’ who has two of the top 10 grossing films of all time, can’t get funding because his lead characters are all black.

Carwasheros in Los Angeles Win Over $1 Million in Settlement A big victory for workers at one Los Angeles car wash.

Hidden in the Open: A Photographic Essay of 140 Years of Black Male Couples A Houston historian has collected over a hundred images spanning 140 years of black males loving each other.

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Neo-Confederate League of the South Espouses Posse Comitatus Ideology

by  Leah Nelson  on January 11, 2012

Affirming his group’s embrace of antigovernment “Patriot” ideology, League of the South (LOS) President Michael Hill on Monday sent members an E-Mail declaring the federal government an “organized criminal enterprise” led by “domestic terrorists” and telling his followers to prepare for a fight.

“I discourage the formation of private militias except as a last resort,” he wrote. “If your State and local officials refuse to serve the citizens and to protect them by the historic means of Nullification, Interposition, or Secession, then you may have reached the ‘last resort.’”

It’s not especially shocking that a group that advocates secession and sees the Civil War as an aggressive attack on a peaceful people would articulate these ideas, particularly in an era that has seen a significant rise in Patriot activity overall. The LOS has been drifting in this direction since at least 2007, and the rhetoric at its July 2011 national conference stressed Patriot and survivalist themes more than ever.

What is surprising, however, is how deep into Patriot territory the LOS has apparently lurched. Amidst the usual condemnations of Abraham Lincoln and talk of using states’ rights to oppose the federal government, Hill declared, “We can also use our counties as bulwarks against the criminal class. The County Sheriff is the principal peace officer in his jurisdiction. As such, he can lawfully tell the Feds to ‘Go to Hell’ and stay out of his territory. He also can deputize as many of the county’s citizens as he wishes and have them armed to the teeth. No one can over-rule him within his boundaries. Make sure your current Sheriff knows his authority and to whom he answers (you and your neighbors). If he is unwilling to use his authority for the good of the people of his jurisdiction, replace him at the first opportunity.”

These ideas come straight out of the playbook of the Posse Comitatus, a racist, anti-Semitic group that raged through the Midwest in the late 1970s and 1980s. A precursor to the modern “sovereign citizens” movement, the Posse Comitatus believed that sheriffs were the only legal law enforcers in the country.

It makes sense that Posse Comitatus and sovereign citizen ideology would appeal to the LOS. Most sovereigns base their belief they are not bound by most laws on the idea that they are “organic citizens” whose rights are God-given, as opposed to “14th Amendment citizens,” whose rights derive solely from the U.S. Constitution. Unsurprisingly, the LOS despises the 14th Amendment (which expanded the concept of citizenship to include anyone born in the United States, including blacks), calling it the most “nefarious consequence of the Reconstruction” and claiming that its ratification was illegal. (In fact, the ratification of the 14th Amendment did involve strong-arm tactics. After the Civil War, Southern states were granted re-entry into the Union only on the condition that they ratify it. Of course, America at the time had just fought the bloodiest war in her history over the issue of slavery, and extending citizenship to newly freed slaves was a vital component of Reconstruction.) Sovereign ideology allows whites to reject the 14th Amendment and proclaim themselves the true Americans, free from what they perceive as an overweening and downright criminal federal government. For the racist LOS, it would be a way to simultaneously affirm whites’ superiority over blacks and reject the portions of the Constitution they despise.

The LOS has not fully adopted sovereign citizen ideas – yet. But in mid-March, the group’s Georgia chapter will hold a symposium on “The 14th Amendment and it [sic] Legal Transformation,” exploring such topics as citizenship and “[h]ow the 14th amendment transformed our political status and system of law.” One of the speakers will be Roger Sayles – presumably, the same Roger Sayles who declared himself a sovereign citizen in 1992 and believes that the 14th Amendment applies to “the citizenship of the Negro,” not whites. Another presenter will be Pat Shannan, a conspiracy theorist who in a recent column for the anti-Semitic American Free Press praised the Montana Freeman, a heavily armed antigovernment group that in 1996 engaged in the longest police-standoff siege in U.S. history, for embodying “true Americanism.”



“It’s not especially shocking that a group that advocates secession and sees the Civil War as an aggressive attack on a peaceful people would articulate these ideas, particularly in an era that has seen a significant rise in Patriot activity overall.”

True. But, the principal aggressors of the Civil War must be called out.

The Civil War was an aggressive attack when eleven Southern states declared secession from the United States to form the Confederate States of America, and with the firing on Fort Sumter April 12-13, 1861 by Confederate forces, caused the beginning of the Civil War.

Michael Hill declaring the federal government an “organized criminal enterprise” led by “domestic terrorists” and telling his followers to prepare for a fight”, is the real terrorist, and any fight that he and his kind find themselves in will be more than they can handle when they let their German Shepherd mouths get their Chihuahua asses into trouble they cannot handle.

The ilk such as Hill are the domestic terrorists who wage an ideological war against their sovereign government. Their contempt for the 14TH Amendment is in essence their racist hatred of Black American citizens. True, the 14TH Amendment had a hellish history and the South was required to acknowledge it before being allowed back into the Union. This amendment gave due process of law and equal protection to “all persons”:  constitutional guarantees of equality, freedom, and individual liberty. That this amendment protects Blacks as well as other citizens pisses fools such as Hill off. That it took Brown vs. Board of Education, Loving vs. Virginia, the Civil Rights Movement, and many other important events to enforce what should have occurred during Reconstruction, says a lot about the defeated South’s fight against the rights of the newly freed enslaves.

The 14TH Amendment is the Jewel in the Crown. No other amendment before or after has had such a profound effect on all citizens of this nation.

Which is why creatures such as Hill so viciously attack this most cherished of amendments. Which is why creatures such as Hill bleat such vomit as the following: 

“Hill declared, “We can also use our counties as bulwarks against the criminal class. The County Sheriff is the principal peace officer in his jurisdiction. As such, he can lawfully tell the Feds to ‘Go to Hell’ and stay out of his territory. He also can deputize as many of the county’s citizens as he wishes and have them armed to the teeth. No one can over-rule him within his boundaries. Make sure your current Sheriff knows his authority and to whom he answers (you and your neighbors).”

After all it went through to be enacted, and after all it is still going through, the 14TH is the amendment that refuses to die. It protects what Hill and his kind have so much savage anger against:

All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the State wherein they reside. No State shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any State deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.”

Those words exemplify why Hill and those like him have so much antipathy towards the 14TH Amendment (“nefarious consequence of the Reconstruction”). Therefore, state imposed segregation, state imposed racist laws, state imposed injustice became null and void under the 14TH Amendment. It is those protections that include Black’s rights and basic humanity that makes Hill and his consorts rage and fume with venom.

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Santorum Defends Comments About Food Stamps

January 9, 2012, 4:54 pm  — Updated: 9:15 am


DERRY, N.H. — Rick Santorum said Monday that comments he made last week in Iowa about food stamps  that some construed as racially charged were the result of his having been tongue-tied and were not a reference to black people.

Moreover, he said he has done more in black communities “than any Republican in recent memory.”

Mr. Santorum, who had worked on overhauling the welfare system when he was in Congress, was discussing food stamps in Sioux City, Iowa, on Jan. 1 when he was reported to have said: “I do not want to make black people’s lives better by giving them somebody else’s money, I want to give them the opportunity to go out and earn the money.”

He maintains that he did not say “black” people’s lives but rather stumbled verbally when he was trying to say “people’s lives” and uttered a short syllable that came out as “plives.”

Nonetheless, he faced criticism afterward for apparently linking food stamps with black people, although there are more whites (49 percent of recipients) on food stamps than blacks (26 percent). The rest (20 percent) are Hispanic.

On Monday, at a stop at Mary Ann’s Diner here, he was asked by a reporter if he had been unfair to black people.

“Oh that’s just absurd,” he said testily, as a mob of reporters surrounded him. “First off, I didn’t say the word black. I got my tongue tied. You guys are making — look at my track record, look at what I’ve done for opportunity and helping people. Look at my record of employment, look at my record of working in the community. You guys, you guys — it’s really sad that you are bringing this up. It’s just sad news. I’ve done more in the African-American communities as a Republican than any Republican in recent memory.”

With that, he hopped in his campaign van and headed off to his next event.



He’s done more for Black people than any other Rethuglican?

He has done so much to improve the lives of Black people? Where is the proof of all this altruistic help you state you have given to Black citizens?

Also, the New York Times article states that Santorum spoke of food stamps. He did not. It was Newt Gingrich who mentioned food stamps, as I posted earlier  here. Click on the video link as I had posted in the middle of the article in my previous post.

Word up, Mr. Sanctimonium—you have backpedaled yourself into a corner.

“Oh that’s just absurd,” he said testily, as a mob of reporters surrounded him. “First off, I didn’t say the word black. I got my tongue tied.”

Yeah, you’re testy alright. Your racist attack on Black (oh, sorry–Blah) people showed through loud and clear. So, don’t lie about it, ‘kay.

“You guys, you guys — it’s really sad that you are bringing this up. It’s just sad news.”

No. What is really sad is that you guys (Inner Sanctorum, Gangrene-Grinch, and Paul ) are sad with your hatred of Black Americans who have done more for this country than your ilk could ever dream to accomplish. So, let’s go over that statement you said you did not utter and insert in what you said you stated:

“I do not want to make blah people’s plives better by giving them somebody else’s money, I want to give them the opportunity to go out and earn the money.”

Yeah, just as I thought.

Stereotyping and hating on Blah people.

And I am sure that some of your best friends are Blah people.

And you Mr. Sanitorium are a liar and a racist.


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Here is an update on the 15-year-old teenager deported from the U.S. to Columbia. Jakadrien Turner, arrived back into the U.S. on Friday. After landing at Dallas- Fortworth Airport in Dallas, Texas, Jakadrien was placed by police in a car who took her off the tarmac to a secluded area where state and U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement officials questioned her for three hours. Wonder what was discussed behind closed doors during those three hours?

Anyway, Lorene Turner, Jakadrien’s grandmother, can now start trying to put the pieces together on this most bizarre case. Thanks to this resolute grandmother who refused to give up on finding her granddaughter, Jakadrien is back home in her native country.


Jakadrien Turner: Deported Texas Teen Returns to U.S.

Jan. 7, 2012

An American-born teen from Texas who told law enforcement officials that she was a 21-year-old Colombian woman and ended up deported to that South American nation was returned to her waiting family at Dallas-Fort Worth International Airport.

Jakadrien Turner, 15, was reunited with her mother Friday night, ABC News’ Dallas affiliate WFAA reported.

“After they said she was on the plane, I didn’t hear anything else they were saying. I’m going to hug her tight and let her know we love her, and everything’s going to be alright,” grandmother Lorene Turner told WFAA, which broke the news of Jakadrien’s fluke deportation.

Dana Ames, of Urban Search and Rescue, which also helped locate Jakadrien said finding the teen is a “tremendous blessing for the family.”

“I’m sure the child is going to have a lot to go through over the coming days and months, and the family, too. We just want to welcome her home,” Ames said.

As soon as Jakadrien disembarked at DFW airport, police placed Jakadrien, who doesn’t speak fluent Spanish, in a car and whisked her off the tarmac to a secluded area where state and U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement officials questioned her for three hours.

PHOTO: Jakadrien Turner: Deported Texas Teen Returns to U.S.
Mike Fuentes/AP Photo
Jakadrien Turner, 15, arrives at DFW Airport in Fort Worth, Texas, on Friday Jan. 6, 2012.
Deported Teen Returning From Colombia
Deportation Error Lands Texas Teen in Colombia

Her relatives said Jakadrien ran away in Nov. 2010.

When she was arrested on April 2, 2011, for misdemeanor theft, she told Houston police her name was Tika Lanay Cortez, a Colombian woman born in 1990.

Unable to determine her true identity or immigration status, officials at Houston’s Harris County Jail handed the teen over the federal immigration officials.

They said they found nothing to indicate that Jakadrien wasn’t a Colombian woman, and that the teen claimed to be Cortez throughout the criminal proceedings in Houston and federal deportation process.

An immigration judged remanded Jakadrien to Colombia, where officials provided her with the necessary travel document and declared her a citizen.

According to the Colombian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the girl was enrolled in the country’s “Welcome Home” program after she arrived there.

She was given shelter, psychological assistance and a job at a call center, a statement from the agency said. Her lawyer said she she’d been placed under detention.

On Friday, Jakadrien’s family said they planned to spend the coming days together quietly, sorting through and trying to answer some questions.

The girl’s mother, Johnisa Turner, had arrived at DFW Airport carrying what she said was her daughter’s favorite Snuggie, a lavender blanket imprinted with peace symbols and the word, “Love.”

“They want to get their daughter home. They want their daughter to be able to get some rest. They want to reunite the family. That’s the purpose of this day. They’re very happy they were able to get her home,” Attorney Ray Jackson said on behalf of the family.

Jackson, vowed to sue over “civil rights violations” linked to the deportation and the planned lawsuit aimed to “make the people who are responsible pay for the civil rights violations that Miss Turner has had to go through.”


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Associated Press

The lawyers for the NAACP Legal Defense and Educational Fund Inc. From left, Louis L. Redding, Robert L. Carter, Oliver W. Hil and Thurgood Marshall. Not shown in the photo is Spottswood W. Robinson III. (NAACP)


Published: January 3, 2012

Robert L. Carter, a former federal judge in New York who, as a lawyer, was a leading strategist and a persuasive voice in the legal assault on racial segregation in 20th-century America, died on Tuesday morning in Manhattan. He was 94.

Fred R. Conrad/The New York Times

Robert L. Carter in 2004.

The cause was complications of a stroke, said his son John W. Carter, a justice of the New York Supreme Court in the Bronx.

Judge Carter presided over the merger of professional basketball leagues in the 1970s and was instrumental in opening the New York City police force to more minority applicants. But perhaps his greatest impact came in the late 1940s and 1950s as a member of the NAACP Legal Defense and Educational Fund Inc., led by Thurgood Marshall.

Often toiling behind the scenes, Mr. Carter had a significant hand in many historic legal challenges to racial discrimination in the postwar years. None was more momentous than Brown v. Board of Education, the landmark case that led in 1954 to a Supreme Court decision abolishing legal segregation in the public schools.

Mr. Carter’s well-honed argument that the segregation of public schools was unconstitutional on its face became the Supreme Court’s own conclusion in Brown. The decision swept away half a century of legal precedent that the South had used to justify its “separate but equal” doctrine.

Mr. Carter and his underpaid, overworked colleagues at the Legal Defense and Educational Fund argued before the court that the South’s schools rarely offered anything like equal opportunities to black children. But that was beside the point in any case, they said. Segregation itself, they argued, was so damaging to black children that it should be abolished, on the ground that it was contrary to the 14th Amendment, which guarantees equal rights to all citizens.

Mr. Carter spent years doing research in law and history to construct that legal theory before it reached the Supreme Court. Though aspects of segregation law had been struck down before World War II, Mr. Carter’s task was still daunting. His challenge was to persuade the Supreme Court to overturn, finally, a looming obstacle to equal rights, the court’s 1896 decision in Plessy v. Ferguson. That ruling upheld a Louisiana law requiring racial separation on railroad cars. The South used that decision to justify a wide range of discriminatory practices for years to come.

“We have one fundamental contention,” Mr. Carter told the court. “No state has any authority under the equal protection clause of the 14th Amendment to use race as a factor in affording educational opportunities among its citizens.”

Mr. Carter insisted on using the research of the psychologist Kenneth B. Clark to attack segregated schools, a daring courtroom tactic in the eyes of some civil rights lawyers. Experiments by Mr. Clark and his wife, Mamie, showed that black children suffered in their learning and development by being segregated. Mr. Clark’s testimony proved crucial in persuading the court to act, Mr. Carter wrote in a 2004 book, “A Matter of Law: A Memoir of Struggle in the Cause of Equal Rights.”

As chief deputy to the imposing Mr. Marshall, who was to become the first black Supreme Court justice, Mr. Carter labored for years in his shadow. In the privacy of legal conferences, Mr. Carter was seen as the house radical, always urging his colleagues to push legal and constitutional positions to the limits.

He recalled that Mr. Marshall had encouraged him to play the gadfly: “I was younger and more radical than many of the people Thurgood would have in, I guess. But he’d never let them shut me up.”

Robert Lee Carter was born in Caryville, in the Florida Panhandle, on March 17, 1917, the youngest of nine children. His family moved to New Jersey when he was 6 weeks old, and his father, Robert L. Carter, died when he was a year old. His mother, Annie Martin Carter, took in laundry for white people for 25 years.

Mr. Carter recalled experiencing racial discrimination as a 16-year-old in East Orange, N.J. The high school he attended allowed black students to use its pool only on Fridays, after classes were over. After he read in the newspaper that the State Supreme Court had outlawed such restrictions, he entered the pool with white students and stood up to a teacher’s threat to have him expelled from school. It was his first taste of activism, he said.

He attended two predominantly black universities: Lincoln University in Pennsylvania, where he enrolled at 16, and Howard University School of Law in Washington. He then went to Columbia University as a graduate student and wrote his master’s thesis on the First Amendment. He used parts of the thesis in preparing for the school segregation cases in the 1950s.

Mr. Carter joined the Army a few months before the United States entered World War II. His military experience made a militant of him, he said, starting with the day a white captain welcomed Mr. Carter’s unit of the Army Air Corps at Augusta, Ga. The captain, Mr. Carter said in his memoir, “wanted to inform us right away that he did not believe in educating niggers.”

“He was not going to tolerate our putting on airs or acting uppity,” Mr. Carter said.

In spite of repeated antagonisms, Mr. Carter completed Officer Candidate School and became a second lieutenant. He was the only black officer at Harding Field in Baton Rouge, La., and promptly integrated the officers’ club, arousing new anger. He was soon transferred to a training base in Columbus, Ohio, where he continued to face racial hostility.

He left the service in 1944 and got a job as a lawyer at the Legal Defense and Educational Fund, then the legal arm of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People. (It later became an independent organization.) He had become Marshall’s chief deputy by 1948, and soon became active in school segregation cases, notably Sweatt v. Painter, in which the Supreme Court ruled in 1950 that the University of Texas Law School had acted illegally in denying admission to a black applicant.

Mr. Carter was also involved in housing discrimination cases, the dismantling of all-white political primaries in several Southern states and the ending of de facto school segregation in the North.

Mr. Carter was disappointed when Marshall passed him over and chose a white staff lawyer, Jack Greenberg, to succeed him as director-counsel of the fund in 1961. Mr. Carter moved to the N.A.A.C.P. — by then a separate entity — as its general counsel. He considered that a demotion, and resented what he saw as Mr. Greenberg’s undercutting him.

Mr. Carter resigned in protest from the N.A.A.C.P. in 1968 when its board fired a white staff member, Lewis M. Steel, who had written an article in The New York Times Magazine critical of the Supreme Court. After a year at the Urban Center at Columbia, he joined the New York law firm of Poletti, Freidin, Prashker, Feldman & Gartner. President Richard M. Nixon nominated him to the federal bench for the Southern District of New York in 1972 at the recommendation of Senator Jacob K. Javits, Republican of New York.

On the bench, Judge Carter became known for his strong hand in cases involving professional basketball. He oversaw the merger of the National Basketball Association and the American Basketball Association in the 1970s, the settlement of a class-action antitrust suit against the N.B.A. brought by Oscar Robertson and other players, and a number of high-profile free-agent arbitration disputes involving players like Marvin Webster and Bill Walton.

In 1979, his findings of bias shown against black and Hispanic applicants for police jobs in New York City led to significant changes in police hiring policies and an increase in minority representation on the force.

Mr. Carter, who lived in Manhattan and died in a hospital there, married Gloria Spencer of New York in 1946. She died in 1971. Besides his son John, Judge Carter is survived by another son, David; a sister, Alma Carter Lawson; and a grandson.

Well into advanced age, Mr. Carter retained the fire of a civil rights agitator who believed that much remained to be done in the pursuit of racial equality.

“Black children aren’t getting equal education in the cities,” he said in an interview with The Times in 2004. “The schools that are 100 percent black are still as bad as they were before Brown. Integration seems to be out, at least for this generation.”

But, he said, “I have hope.”

“In the United States, we make progress in two or three steps, then we step back,” he added. “And blacks are more militant now and will not accept second-class citizenship as before.”

Dennis Hevesi contributed reporting.





Published: January 3, 2012

Fred Milano, one of the original members of Dion and the Belmonts, who wove his backup tenor tones into the musically seamless harmonies of 1950s and ’60s hits like “A Teenager in Love” and “Where or When,” died on Sunday at a hospital on Long Island. He was 72 and lived in Massapequa, N.Y.

Laurie Records

From left, Carlo Mastrangelo, Dion DiMucci and Freddy Milano, as he was known.

The cause was complications of lung cancer, his brother-in-law Mark Alter said.

Freddie Milano, as he was known, along with Angelo D’Aleo and Carlo Mastrangelo, were teenage buddies from the largely Italian neighborhood bordering Arthur Avenue in the Bronx when they began blending their doo-wop sounds on street corners and apartment stoops. Originally calling themselves the Belmonts (after the avenue on which Mr. Milano lived), they became Dion and the Belmonts in 1957 when Dion DiMucci joined as lead tenor.

As “The Billboard Book of American Singing Groups” (1992) has stated, they went on to become “one of the best of the late ’50s early ’60s vocal groups.”

Among more than a dozen singles released by the group, five made it into the Top 30 of the Billboard charts. Their first hit, “I Wonder Why,” rose to No. 22 in 1958 and propelled them to appearances on Dick Clark’s “American Bandstand.” They hit No. 5 in 1959 with “A Teenager in Love,” and No. 3 later that year with “Where or When.” A year after Mr. DiMucci left the group for a solo career in 1960, the Belmonts reached No. 18 on the charts with “Tell Me Why” and No. 28 in 1962 with “Come On Little Angel.”

“Freddie’s harmony kept everything together, made it very tight,” Warren Gradus, who joined the Belmonts in 1963, said in an interview on Tuesday.

For one night in 1972, Dion and the Belmonts reunited, in a sold-out concert at Madison Square Garden that was recorded for an album by Warner Brothers. Billy Vera, a rock ’n’ roll historian (and the leader of the accompanying band that night), recalled, “When they announced, ‘For the first time in years, Dion and the Belmonts!’ the place went wild and you could feel the building shake.”

Born in the Bronx on Aug. 26, 1939, Mr. Milano was one of three children of Betty and Rocco Milano. He is survived by his wife of 43 years, the former Lynn Heitzner; a daughter, Tara Lesak; a son, Cal; and 10 grandchildren.

Although Mr. Milano went on to become a paralegal and in recent years was a legal coordinator working with inmates at the Rikers Island jail in New York, he and other members of the Belmonts continued to perform at casinos and concert halls.

He couldn’t resist going back to his street-corner roots. After a show at the Beacon Theater in New York in the 1970s, Mr. Gradus recalled, “I went out to get the car, and as I pull up at the stage door, Freddie’s out there singing with four guys — strangers he met at the door.”





Published: January 5, 2012

TALLAHASSEE, Fla. (AP) — Robert Dickey, a guitarist and singer who was half of the duo that recorded the hit song “I’m Your Puppet,” died here on Dec. 29. He was 72.

His death was confirmed by a Tallahassee funeral home. No cause was given.

Mr. Dickey, born in Tallahassee in 1939, began his musical career in the ’60s and spent time touring with Otis Redding and other singers. He eventually teamed with his cousin James Purify to form the soul duo James and Bobby Purify.

The two had their biggest hit in the fall of 1966 when “I’m Your Puppet” reached the pop Top 10. They went on to have three other Top 40 singles in 1967.


Mr. Dickey told The Tallahassee Democrat in 2000, when he was honored as part of an exhibition on Florida rock ’n’ roll at the Museum of Florida History, that he never liked “I’m Your Puppet,” one of many hits written by the team of Dan Penn and Spooner Oldham.

“I hated it,” he said of the song, which he noted had originally been intended as a B-side. Recalling the grueling recording session that produced “I’m Your Puppet,” he explained, “I sang it for 23 hours straight; that’s why I hate it.”

Mr. Dickey abandoned his music career in 1972, and was replaced in the duo by Ben Moore, who became the new “Bobby Purify.” Mr. Dickey returned to Tallahassee, where he became a city maintenance supervisor. But he continued to sing and play guitar with his church and as a member of the Bethlehem Male Singers.





Published: December 27, 2011

Marco Ugarte/Associated Press

Pedro Armendáriz Jr. at the Mexican Oscars in 2009.

Pedro Armendáriz Jr., a Mexican character actor best known for playing sly, sometimes cynical types, died on Monday in New York City. He was 71.

The cause was cancer, said the Mexican government news agency Notimex.

Mr. Armendáriz acted in more than 100 films, including “The Crime of Father Amaro,” which became the biggest box-office hit in the history of Mexican film when it was released in 2002. He played Pancho Villa in the 1989 film “Old Gringo” — a role that had earlier been played by his father, a Mexican movie star in the 1950s and ’60s — and was also in “Once Upon a Time in Mexico” (2003) and the two most recent Zorro movies, “The Mask of Zorro” (1998) and “The Legend of Zorro” (2005).

His extensive television credits included roles on “Columbo,” “Remington Steele” and several Mexican series.

Mr. Armendáriz was born in 1940 and began his movie career in 1966.

He had been married and divorced twice and is survived by several children.


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