The history and cruelties of racist white supremacy has been a long and entrenched part of the USofA for centuries.
The genocide of Native Americans, the race-based enslavement of Black Americans, the racial pogroms, banishment, massive rapes of Black women and girls as young as 7-,10-,12-years-of-age, the lynching spectacles of brutality (torturing-burning for hours and the keeping of body parts as souvenirs), the nightmare of 90 years of Jane Crow segregation, the evil and viciousness of anti-miscegenation laws against the legality and respect of marriages between different racial groups, the racial profiling, redlining, gerrymandering, racial restrictive covenants, the illegal subprime loans————those are just a few of the hells this so-called nation has committed against millions of people.
Then along came the following directive issued in 1977 that was supposed to be a start to remedy the effects of this long history of racial subjugation.
The Office of Management and Budget (OMB) issued
Office of Management and Budget (OMB)
DIRECTIVE NO. 15
Race and Ethnic Standards for Federal Statistics
and Administrative Reporting
(as adopted on May 12, 1977)
This Directive provides standard classifications for record keeping, collection, and presentation of data on race and ethnicity in Federal program administrative reporting and statistical activities. These classifications should not be interpreted as being scientific or anthropological in nature, nor should they be viewed as determinants of eligibility for participation in any Federal program. They have been developed in response to needs expressed by both the executive branch and the Congress to provide for the collection and use of compatible, nonduplicated, exchangeable racial and ethnic data by Federal agencies.
The basic racial and ethnic categories for Federal statistics and program administrative reporting are defined as follows:
- American Indian or Alaskan Native. A person having origins in any of the original peoples of North America, and who maintains cultural identification through tribal affiliation or community recognition.
- Asian or Pacific Islander. A person having origins in any of the original peoples of the Far East, Southeast Asia, the Indian subcontinent, or the Pacific Islands. This area includes, for example, China, India, Japan, Korea, the Philippine Islands, and Samoa.
- Black. A person having origins in any of the black racial groups of Africa.
- Hispanic. A person of Mexican, Puerto Rican, Cuban, Central or South American or other Spanish culture or origin, regardless of race.
- White. A person having origins in any of the original peoples of Europe, North Africa, or the Middle East.
2. Utilization for Record keeping and Reporting
To provide flexibility, it is preferable to collect data on race and ethnicity separately. If separate race and ethnic categories are used, the minimum designations are:
— American Indian or Alaskan Native
–Asian or Pacific Islander
–Not of Hispanic origin
When race and ethnicity are collected separately, the number of White and Black persons who are Hispanic must be identifiable, and capable of being reported in that category.
If a combined format is used to collect racial and ethnic data, the minimum acceptable categories are:–American Indian or Alaskan Native
–Asian or Pacific Islander
–Black, not of Hispanic origin
–White, not of Hispanic origin.
The category which most closely reflects the individual’s recognition in his community should be used for purposes of reporting on persons who are of mixed racial and/or ethnic origins.
In no case should the provisions of this Directive be construed to limit the collection of data to the categories described above. However, any reporting required which uses more detail shall be organized in such a way that the additional categories can be aggregated into these basic racial/ethnic categories.
The minimum standard collection categories shall be utilized for reporting as follows:
- Civil rights compliance reporting. The categories specified above will be used by all agencies in either the separate or combined format for civil rights compliance reporting and equal employment reporting for both the public and private sectors and for all levels of government. Any variation requiring less detailed data or data which cannot be aggregated into the basic categories will have to be specifically approved by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) for executive agencies. More detailed reporting which can be aggregated to the basic categories may be used at the agencies’ discretion.
- General program administrative and grant reporting. Whenever an agency subject to this Directive issues new or revised administrative reporting or record keeping requirements which include racial or ethnic data, the agency will use the race/ethnic categories described above. A variance can be specifically requested from OMB, but such a variance will be granted only if the agency can demonstrate that it is not reasonable for the primary reporter to determine the racial or ethnic background in terms of the specified categories, and that such determination is not critical to the administration of the program in question, or if the specific program is directed to only one or a limited number of race/ethnic groups, e.g., Indian tribal activities.
- Statistical reporting. The categories described in this Directive will be used at a minimum for federally sponsored statistical data collection where race and/or ethnicity is required, except when: the collection involves a sample of such size that the data on the smaller categories would be unreliable, or when the collection effort focuses on a specific racial or ethnic group. A repetitive survey shall be deemed to have an adequate sample size if the racial and ethnic data can be reliably aggregated on a biennial basis. Any other variation will have to be specifically authorized by OMB through the reports clearance process. In those cases where the data collection is not subject to the reports clearance process, a direct request for a variance should be made to OMB.
3. Effective Date
The provisions of this Directive are effective immediately for all new and revised record keeping or reporting requirements containing racial and/or ethnic information. All existing record keeping or reporting requirements shall be made consistent with this Directive at the time they are submitted for extension, or not later than January 1, 1980.
4. Presentation of Race/Ethnic Data
Displays of racial and ethnic compliance and statistical data will use the category designations listed above. The designation “nonwhite” is not acceptable for use in the presentation of Federal Government data. It is not to be used in any publication of compliance or statistical data or in the text of any compliance or statistical report.
In cases where the above designations are considered inappropriate for presentation of statistical data on particular programs or for particular regional areas, the sponsoring agency may use:
(1) The designations “Black and Other Races” or “All Other Races,” as collective descriptions of minority races when the most summary distinction between the majority and minority races is appropriate;
(2) The designations “White,” “Black,”and “All Other Races” when the distinction among the majority race, the principal minority race and other races is appropriate; or
(3) The designation of a particular minority race or races, and the inclusion of “Whites” with “All Other Races,” if such a collective description is appropriate.
In displaying detailed information which represents a combination of race and ethnicity, the description of the data being displayed must clearly indicate that both bases of classification are being used.
When the primary focus of a statistical report is on two or more specific identifiable groups in the population, one or more of which is racial or ethnic, it is acceptable to display data for each of the particular groups separately and to describe data relating to the remainder of the population by an appropriate collective description.
Source: Excerpt from http://www.census.gov/population/www/socdemo/race/Directive_15.html accessed on August 8, 2005.
The directive was to make up for past racist history in keeping Blacks, Native Americans, Latinos and other non-white people from enjoying the fruits of being a citizen of this country. The keeping of data for statistics on employment, housing, education, the law and many areas of all our lives was to ensure that discrimination was lessened.
Looming on the horizon with the 2020 U.S. Census, is the fact that Black Americans will still be left behind in the brave new world that awaits us down the line 50-1oo years from 2020.
As of the 2000-2010 Census, more marriages are between Latinos, Asian-Americans and White people. Marriages, friendships, even acquaintance relationships are eschewed by non-blacks in how they shun their fellow Black Americans. The creation of a multi-racial category in the census will do nothing to help the condition of Black Americans.
Which is also why a white, Jewish South African who becomes a naturalized American citizen can call him/herself an African American.
I saw that coming years ago which is why I do not call myself an African American. Which is why I prefer Black American as a designator of my identity.
The income wealth gap, which is already as wide as the Grand Canyon, will become as deep and divisive as the Marianas Trench between Black Americans and every other racial group in this country. Education for Black Americans in the public school system will continue to stagnate, as schools have in the last years after Brown vs. Board. Schools in America have become segregated again since Brown.
Housing most of all will be the greatest barrier of all.
No where is racism more prominent than in housing.
Blacks will continue to make up the bulk of inner cities/urban areas, while Whites/other racial groups will live in the suburbs. Oh, there will always be non-black groups who pass through and gather their strength in predominantly black neighborhoods, but, as soon as they can, they run into the embrace of whiteness in moving into predominantly white neighborhoods, towns and suburbs.
With the racial classifications more likely to change with more racial mixing, Blacks will be the losers in that area as well.
Poor/substandard/separate and unequal housing, medical care, education, injustice in the courts, Black Americans will continue to receive the short end of the whip, night stick and the fenced-in stratification this country will continue to dole out to them.
As the country veers more toward a so-called brown America, Blacks will be left marginalized. It has been going on since the Irish, Jews, Greeks, Italians, Bulgarians, etc., became white and how well they beat down on Black people solidified their grasp on the wages and the property of whiteness.
The so-called multi-cultural, multi-racial kumbaya let’s-all-hold-hands-together utopia LSD/crystal meth-laced hallucination will not solve the problem of racist white supremacy.
The only thing that will give justice, dignity and humanity to all in this country is the abolition of racist white supremacy.
But, that will never happen in my lifetime.
Oh, in maybe 10-, to 15,000 years.
Not in the near future.
All the non-blacks siding with racist white supremacy, siding of non-blacks to become honorary whites, will add to Black Americans continued suffering. Black people will continue to be kept at the bottom——–the faces at the bottom of the well. What would America be without its pariah citizens, if not a better more healthy place to live in?
More important, who will take the place of Black people for America to continue to hate on?
I don’t see a show of hands out there.
Towards a more multi-racial America?
Well, look what has happened in Brazil.
Don’t believe that such a thing can happen here?
Well, believe it.
Oh, wait a minute.
That is already happening in America.
If anything, there will be more episodes of The Redemption of Ham happening. This nation will end up with more of the morenas-pardas-amorenadas-claras-trigos—– among 136 color gradations to come that await Black Americans to face.
Racist white supremacy.
No chance of it ever coming to an end as long as racist white supremacy and all those it affects hold onto it like the teat on an udder of a lactating cow.