Monthly Archives: April 2015

WORLD IMMUNIZATION WEEK [WHO]: APRIL 24, 2015

Global vaccination targets off-track

22 April 2015 — Progress towards global vaccination targets for 2015 is far off-track with 1 in 5 children still missing out on routine life-saving immunizations that could avert 1.5 million deaths each year from preventable diseases. In the lead-up to World Immunization Week 2015 (24 -30 April), WHO is calling for renewed efforts to get progress back on course.

World Immunization Week 2015: Close the immunization gap

A child being vaccinated.

WHO

The World Immunization Week, which will be held from 24-30 April 2015, will signal a renewed global, regional, and national effort to accelerate action to increase awareness and demand for immunization by communities, and improve vaccination delivery services. This year’s campaign focuses on closing the immunization gap and reaching equity in immunization levels as outlined in the Global Vaccine Action Plan, which is a framework to prevent millions of deaths by 2020 through universal access to vaccines for people in all communities.

Keeping Syrian children free from polio at home and across the border

20 April 2015 – The four-year-long armed conflict in the Syrian Arab Republic has driven millions of families from their homes. WHO is working with public health authorities and partners to ensure Syrian children – whether still in their home country or living in camps across the border in Jordan – are immunized against polio. During World Immunization Week, hundreds of thousands of children in both countries will be immunized.

Immunization: Closing the gap on pneumonia in Kenya

Neema in front of her house in Kenya

WHO/M Pflanz

April 2015 — As World Immunization Week approaches, WHO reports on Kenya’s successes preventing deaths from pneumonia among babies and young children through national implementation of the PCV-10 vaccine. A mother in Kilifi tells the story of her daughter’s near-fatal episode of pneumonia and how her younger children were protected through immunization.

fact buffet

65 countries

65 countries must reach 90% national vaccination coverage with DTP3 by 2015.

Fact sheet on immunization coverage

16%of children are not being immunized against measles.

Fact sheet on measles

24 countriesmust eliminate maternal and neonatal tetanus by end-2015

Maternal and neonatal tetanus elimination

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SKYWATCH: HAPPY BIRTHDAY, HUBBLE!, SPOT APOLLO MOONSITES, AND MORE

LATEST NEWS

Hubble Telescope’s Silver Anniversary

It’s been 25 years since the Space Shuttle Atlantis lofted the Hubble Space Telescope into orbit. We flash back to 1990, when astronomers debated the undertaking that changed the face of astronomy.

Hubble Investigates Ghosts of Quasars Past

A galaxy-size blob of gas discovered eight years ago by a Dutch schoolteacher has galvanized the study of the spectral remains of once-bright quasars.

Runaway Compact Galaxies?

Astronomers have discovered 195 compact elliptical galaxies, upping the known number of these weird galaxies sixfold.

OBSERVING HIGHLIGHTS

This Week’s Sky at a Glance, April 24 – May 2

Jupiter and the first-quarter Moon star in the evening skies this weekend. Jupiter’s still got game even though it’s now far from opposition – be sure to catch its moons antics this week.

How to See All Six Apollo Moon Landing Sites

Walk in the astronauts’ footsteps as you explore the places they visited in the heyday of Apollo program. Use these helpful maps to start you on your way.

Tour April’s Sky: Critters on the March

The stars of northern winter linger in the west — as celestial bears, a lion, and a snake climb in the east. Meanwhile, Jupiter and Venus sparkle overhead.

COMMUNITY

Celebrate Astronomy Day!

 

April 25th is Spring Astronomy Day, when hundreds of organizations worldwide host special family-oriented events to showcase the wonder and excitement of the night sky.

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ENGLISH LANGUAGE DAY: APRIL 23, 2015

 

ENGLISH LANGUAGE DAY

English Language Day is a United Nations (UN) observance that people celebrate on April 23 each year. It coincides withWilliam Shakespeare’s birthday and World Book and Copyright Day.

English is one of the most popular languages used worldwide.
English is one of the most popular languages used worldwide.
©iStockphoto.com/sqback

Celebrate English Language Day

English Language Day aims to entertain and inform people about the history, culture and achievements associated with the language. The day often features book-reading events, English quizzes, poetry and literature exchanges, and other activities that promote the English language.

Public life

English Language Day is a global observance and not a public holiday.

About English Language Day

English is one of the two working languages of the UN Secretariat and one of the organization’s six official languages. English is often referred to as a “world language”, or the lingua franca (bridge language or common language used by speakers of different languages) of the modern era because it is widely spoken. The UN first celebrated English Language Day on April 23, 2010.

Did you know?

For a language that was used by only 3 tribes about 1500 years ago, English has official or special status in at least 75 countries with a total population of over two billion.

English Language Day Observances

 

Weekday Date Year Name Holiday type Where it is observed
Fri Apr 23 2010 English Language Day United Nations observance
Sat Apr 23 2011 English Language Day United Nations observance
Mon Apr 23 2012 English Language Day United Nations observance
Tue Apr 23 2013 English Language Day United Nations observance
Wed Apr 23 2014 English Language Day United Nations observance
Thu Apr 23 2015 English Language Day United Nations observance
Sat Apr 23 2016 English Language Day United Nations observance
Sun Apr 23 2017 English Language Day United Nations observance
Mon Apr 23 2018 English Language Day United Nations observance
Tue Apr 23 2019 English Language Day United Nations observance
Thu Apr 23 2020 English Language Day United Nations observance

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WORLD BOOK AND COPYRIGHT DAY: APRIL 23, 2015

 

WORLD BOOK AND COPYRIGHT DAY

April 23 marks the anniversary of the birth or death of a range of well-known writers, including Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra, Maurice Druon, Inca Garcilaso de la Vega, Haldor Kiljan Laxness, Manuel Mejía Vallejo, Vladimir Nabokov, Josep Pla and William Shakespeare. For this reason, UNESCO’s General Conference chose this date to pay tribute to books, the authors who wrote them, and the copyright laws that protect them.

World Book and Copyright Day
People of all ages take the time to appreciate books and their authors on World Book and Copyright Day.
People of all ages take the time to appreciate books and their authors on World Book and Copyright Day.
©iStockphoto.com/ Ekaterina Monakhova

What do people do?

A range of activities to promote reading and the cultural aspects of books are held all over the world. Many of these emphasize international cooperation or friendships between countries. Events include: relay readings of books and plays; the distribution of bookmarks; the announcement of the winners of literary competitions; and actions to promote the understanding of laws on copyright and the protection of authors’ intellectual property.

In some years, the Children’s and Young People’s Literature in the Service of Tolerance is awarded. This is a prize for novels, collections of short stories or picture books that promote tolerance, peace, mutual understanding and respect for other peoples and cultures. There are two categories: one for books aimed at children aged up to 12 years; and one for those aimed at young people aged 13 to 18 years.

Purpose of the day

World Book and Copyright Day is an occasion to pay a worldwide tribute to books and authors and to encourage people to discover the pleasure of reading. It is hoped that this will lead to the renewed respect for those who have made irreplaceable contributions to social and cultural progress. In some years, the UNESCO Prize for Children’s and Young People’s Literature in the Service of Tolerance is awarded. It is also hoped that World Book and Copyright Day will increase people’s understanding of and adherence to copyright laws and other measures to protect intellectual copyright.

Background

The year 1995 was named the United Nations Year for Tolerance and UNESCO’s General Conference, held in Paris, concentrated on this theme. The delegates voted to establish an annual occasion to carry the message of tolerance into the future, in the form of a day to celebrate books, authors and the laws that protect them. The date was chosen because April 23 marks the anniversary of the birth or death of a range of internationally renowned writers and because of the Catalan traditions surrounding this day. In Catalonia, a region of Spain, April 23 is known as La Diada de Sant Jordi (St George’s Day) and it is traditional for sweethearts to exchange books and roses. World Book and Copyright Day has been held annually since 1995.

Symbols

Each year a poster is designed and distributed around the world. It features images designed to encourage people, particularly children, to read books and appreciate literature. There is also a logo for World Book and Copyright Day. It features a circle, representing the world, and two books, one of which is open.

External links

United Nations: World Book and Copyright Day

World Book and Copyright Day Observances

 

Weekday Date Year Name Holiday type Where it is observed
Mon Apr 23 1990 World Book and Copyright Day United Nations observance
Tue Apr 23 1991 World Book and Copyright Day United Nations observance
Thu Apr 23 1992 World Book and Copyright Day United Nations observance
Fri Apr 23 1993 World Book and Copyright Day United Nations observance
Sat Apr 23 1994 World Book and Copyright Day United Nations observance
Sun Apr 23 1995 World Book and Copyright Day United Nations observance
Tue Apr 23 1996 World Book and Copyright Day United Nations observance
Wed Apr 23 1997 World Book and Copyright Day United Nations observance
Thu Apr 23 1998 World Book and Copyright Day United Nations observance
Fri Apr 23 1999 World Book and Copyright Day United Nations observance
Sun Apr 23 2000 World Book and Copyright Day United Nations observance
Mon Apr 23 2001 World Book and Copyright Day United Nations observance
Tue Apr 23 2002 World Book and Copyright Day United Nations observance
Wed Apr 23 2003 World Book and Copyright Day United Nations observance
Fri Apr 23 2004 World Book and Copyright Day United Nations observance
Sat Apr 23 2005 World Book and Copyright Day United Nations observance
Sun Apr 23 2006 World Book and Copyright Day United Nations observance
Mon Apr 23 2007 World Book and Copyright Day United Nations observance
Wed Apr 23 2008 World Book and Copyright Day United Nations observance
Thu Apr 23 2009 World Book and Copyright Day United Nations observance
Fri Apr 23 2010 World Book and Copyright Day United Nations observance
Sat Apr 23 2011 World Book and Copyright Day United Nations observance
Mon Apr 23 2012 World Book and Copyright Day United Nations observance
Tue Apr 23 2013 World Book and Copyright Day United Nations observance
Wed Apr 23 2014 World Book and Copyright Day United Nations observance
Thu Apr 23 2015 World Book and Copyright Day United Nations observance
Sat Apr 23 2016 World Book and Copyright Day United Nations observance
Sun Apr 23 2017 World Book and Copyright Day United Nations observance
Mon Apr 23 2018 World Book and Copyright Day United Nations observance
Tue Apr 23 2019 World Book and Copyright Day United Nations observance
Thu Apr 23 2020 World Book and Copyright Day United Nations observance

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HATEWATCH: MAYOR: CONFEDERATE FLAG AT RURAL COUNTY COURTHOUSE ‘MUST COME DOWN’

Mayor: Confederate Flag at Rural County Courthouse ‘Must Come Down’

By Don Terry on April 22, 2015 – 4:08 pm

A large Confederate battle flag snapping in the wind at the top of a pole in front of the county courthouse in the small rural Georgia town of Summerville must come down and “it shouldn’t have been put up there in the first place,” the city’s first black mayor told Hatewatch today.

“It certainly sheds a negative light on the city and the county,” Mayor Harry Harvey said. “We have a lot of positive things going on in the area, a lot of progress, and this distracts from it. It’s not something we want to be known for.”

With permission from the Chattooga County Commissioner, Jason Winters, the local chapter of the Sons of Confederate Veterans (SCV) raised the flag at the beginning of April (Confederate History and Heritage Month in Georgia) with plans to replace it at the end of the month with a rotation of other Confederate emblems, such as the Bonnie Blue flag, according to journalist Tyler Jett.

Jett said Commissioner Winters had told him two weeks ago that he would consider removing the flag if it caused any controversy in the city of 4,600 residents, about 28 percent of whom are black.

It has done just that, yet the flag remains, just yards from the front door of the Chattooga County Courthouse.

“County governments in Georgia should not approve another permanent display of the Sons of Confederate Veterans,” Rev. Dr. Francys Johnson, a civil rights attorney and president of the Georgia NAACP, said in a statement on April 13. “[SCV}’s insistence on using the Rebel Battle flag, a patently offensive symbol of hate, for display from the Courthouse and places of sovereignty such as flagpoles is a part of their effort to win a war that was lost 150 years ago.”

The flag overlooks a 7-foot tall granite monument on the courthouse lawn honoring Confederate soldiers. Stan Hammond, commander of the local SOCV chapter, told Jett that the monument and flag commemorate the fallen sons of the South. “They’ll never be forgotten,” he said.

But it is not just Summerville’s black population that wants the flag to come down, Jett said. “A ton of white people, that I’ve talked to in that town, aren’t happy with it either,” he said.

Sutton Connelly, an attorney who practices law in Summerville with his legendary grandfather Bobby Lee Cook, told Hatewatch that “people are starting to galvanize against” the battle flag.

“I do not believe that flag should be flying in front of the courthouse given the connotations it carries,” Connelly said. “We should have two flags in front of the courthouse: the Georgia State flag and the flag of the United States of America.”

Mayor Harvey, who took office in 2013, said the monument, which has been in place for about eight months, should also be removed from the front lawn of the courthouse – “one of those places where justice is supposed to be dispensed to everybody fairly.”

The mayor said he has spoken with Winters about removing, at the very least, the battle flag and the commissioner is “working hard on a resolution.”

“I don’t have a time table for when that will happen,” the mayor said. “But the commissioner wants to see the city progress, too.”

The telephone at Commissioner Winters’ office was repeatedly busy on Wednesday, and Hatewatch was not able to reach him for a comment.

When members of his congregation recently told Rev. Solomon Missouri that there was a large Confederate battle flag in front of the courthouse, the young pastor was incredulous. He could not believe that local and county officials would allow such a display on government property, not in 2015, 150 years after the Confederate surrender, not with a black man in the White House, not with Summerville’s black population pushing 30 percent and not, for the first time in the town’s history, with a black mayor and a black police chief.

“The flag must come down,” the pastor said in a letter he personally delivered to Winters’ office, according to Jett. “If this sign is part of your collective heritage, then your heritage bears the stench of oppression. If this sign evokes feelings of pride than (sic) your pride is indeed a sin.”

SOURCE

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THE DANCE OF DEATH: THE ABBOT

The_Abbot,_from_The_Dance_of_Death,_by_Hans_Holbein_the_Younger

The Abbot, woodcut from the Dance of Death series, 1523–26, 6.5 x 4.8 cm inside frame, by Hans Holbein, the Younger.

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EARTH DAY: APRIL 22, 2015

EARTH DAY

Earth Day is a name used for 2 similar global observances. While some people celebrate Earth Day around the time of the March Equinox, others observe the occasion on April 22 each year. Earth Day aims to inspire awareness of and appreciation for earth’s environment. It’s not to be confused with Earth Hour.

Earth Day
People unite on Earth Day to appreciate and respect earth’s environment.
People unite on Earth Day to appreciate and respect earth’s environment.
©iStockphoto.com/webphotographeer

What do people do

The April 22 Earth Day is usually celebrated with outdoor performances, where individuals or groups perform acts of service to earth. Typical ways of observing Earth Day include planting trees, picking up roadside trash, conducting various programs for recycling and conservation, using recyclable containers for snacks and lunches. Some people are encouraged to sign petitions to governments, calling for stronger or immediate action to stop global warming and to reverse environmental destruction.  Television stations frequently air programs dealing with environmental issues.

Public Life

Earth Day is not a public holiday and public life, with regard to transport schedules and opening hours for schools and businesses, is not affected.

Background

The April 22 Earth Day, founded by Senator Gaylord Nelson, was first organized in 1970 to promote ecology and respect for life on the planet as well as to encourage awareness of the growing problems of air, water and soil pollution.

Some people prefer to observe Earth Day around the time of the March equinox. In 1978, American anthropologist Margaret Mead added her support for the equinox Earth Day, founded by John McConnell. She stated that the selection of the March Equinox for Earth Day made planetary observance of a shared event possible.

Symbols

Symbols used by people to describe Earth Day include: an image or drawing of planet earth; a tree, a flower or leaves depicting growth; or the recycling symbol. Colors used for Earth Day include natural colors such as green, brown or blue.

The “Earth Flag”, which was designed by John McConnell, has been described as a “flag for all people”. It features a two-sided dye printed image of the Earth from space on a dark blue field, made from recyclable, weather-resistant polyester. Margaret Mead believed that a flag that showed the earth as seen from space was appropriate.

International Mother Earth Day 2015 Theme: “It’s Our Turn To Lead”

Earth Day Observances

 

Weekday Date Year Name Holiday type Where it is observed
Sun Apr 22 1990 Earth Day Worldwide observance
Mon Apr 22 1991 Earth Day Worldwide observance
Wed Apr 22 1992 Earth Day Worldwide observance
Thu Apr 22 1993 Earth Day Worldwide observance
Fri Apr 22 1994 Earth Day Worldwide observance
Sat Apr 22 1995 Earth Day Worldwide observance
Mon Apr 22 1996 Earth Day Worldwide observance
Tue Apr 22 1997 Earth Day Worldwide observance
Wed Apr 22 1998 Earth Day Worldwide observance
Thu Apr 22 1999 Earth Day Worldwide observance
Sat Apr 22 2000 Earth Day Worldwide observance
Sun Apr 22 2001 Earth Day Worldwide observance
Mon Apr 22 2002 Earth Day Worldwide observance
Tue Apr 22 2003 Earth Day Worldwide observance
Thu Apr 22 2004 Earth Day Worldwide observance
Fri Apr 22 2005 Earth Day Worldwide observance
Sat Apr 22 2006 Earth Day Worldwide observance
Sun Apr 22 2007 Earth Day Worldwide observance
Tue Apr 22 2008 Earth Day Worldwide observance
Wed Apr 22 2009 Earth Day Worldwide observance
Thu Apr 22 2010 Earth Day Worldwide observance
Fri Apr 22 2011 Earth Day Worldwide observance
Sun Apr 22 2012 Earth Day Worldwide observance
Mon Apr 22 2013 Earth Day Worldwide observance
Tue Apr 22 2014 Earth Day Worldwide observance
Wed Apr 22 2015 Earth Day Worldwide observance
Fri Apr 22 2016 Earth Day Worldwide observance
Sat Apr 22 2017 Earth Day Worldwide observance
Sun Apr 22 2018 Earth Day Worldwide observance
Mon Apr 22 2019 Earth Day Worldwide observance
Wed Apr 22 2020 Earth Day Worldwide observance

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