Monthly Archives: February 2014

SKYWATCH: TELESCOPE MASTER PASSES AWAY, NEW MAP OF GANYMEDE, AND MORE

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http://www.jpl.nasa.gov/spaceimages/details.php?id=pia17901

USGS Astrogeology Science Center / Wheaton / NASA / JPL-Caltech

Unveiling Ganymede

February 14, 2014                                                                | Get an eyeful of the solar system’s largest moon — a world of ancient, crater-packed plains and broad swaths of younger grooved terrain that defies easy explanation. > read more

Curiosity Navigates the Crossroads

February 12, 2014                                                                | NASA’s Mars Science Laboratory — Curiosity — has successfully crossed a sand dune standing between the rover and its final science destination. > read more

New Splat on Mars

February 11, 2014                                                                | NASA’s Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter HiRISE camera captured this stunning image of a fresh impact on the Martian surface. > read more

Shedding Light on Circumbinary Systems

February 10, 2014                                                                | Astronomers are beginning to understand the unlikely formation and dangerous survival of exoplanets circling binary stars.  > read more

Observing

Magnitude 11.3 and rising...

S&T: Dennis di Cicco

Supernova in M82 Passes Its Peak

February 14, 2014                                                                | Supernova 2014J, in the galaxy M82 in Ursa Major, peaked at magnitude 10.5 in early February and is now down to 10.9. Spot it with your telescope above the Big Dipper. > read more

Ceres and Vesta in 2014

February 4, 2014                                                                | The two brightest asteroids are very close to each other in the sky in 2014, fitting in a single field of view through binoculars and some telescopes. > read more

Tour February’s Sky by Eye and Ear!

January 31, 2014                                                                  | Jupiter is well up in the east as darkness falls, surrounded by a cohort of bright winter stars and constellations. > read more

Community

Jean Texereau

David Vernet

Jean Texereau, Master Optician

February 11, 2014                                                                | In France, one of the giants of telescope making has died. He shared his years of professional experience with amateurs around the world.  > read more

This Week’s Sky at a Glance

This Week’s Sky at a Glance

February 14, 2014                                                                  | Jupiter shines high in evening, Mars and Saturn follow up late, and Venus blazes at its brightest as the Morning Star at dawn. > read more

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WORLD RADIO DAY: FEBRUARY 13, 2014

WORLD RADIO DAY

Quick Facts

World Radio Day is an annual United Nations (UN) event that promotes the importance of the radio in communicating information worldwide.

Local names

Name Language
World Radio Day English
Día Mundial de la Radio Spanish
עולם יום רדיו Hebrew
اليوم العالمي للإذاعة Arabic
세계 라디오 데이 Korean
Welttag des Radios German

World Radio Day 2014

Thursday, February 13, 2014

World Radio Day 2015

Friday, February 13, 2015

February 13 is World Radio Day, which celebrates the radio as a way of educating people, providing information, and promoting freedom of expression across cultures.

Vintage radios that served their purpose during times of peace and war.©iStockphoto.com/jimeone

Celebrate World Radio Day

Each year the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) celebrates World Radio Day by planning activities with broadcasters, organizations and communities around the world.

Public life

Radio Day is a global observance and not a public holiday.

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About World Radio Day

Despite being over 100 years old, the radio is one of the most popular ways to exchange information, provide social interchange, and educate people all over the world. It has been used to help people, including youth, to engage in discussions on topics that affect them. It can save lives during natural or human-made disasters, and it gives journalists a platform to report facts and tell their stories. The first World Radio Day was officially celebrated in 2012.

World Radio Day Observances

Weekday Date Year Name Holiday type Where it is observed
Mon Feb 13 2012 World Radio Day United Nations observance
Wed Feb 13 2013 World Radio Day United Nations observance
Thu Feb 13 2014 World Radio Day United Nations observance
Fri Feb 13 2015 World Radio Day United Nations observance
Sat Feb 13 2016 World Radio Day United Nations observance
Mon Feb 13 2017 World Radio Day United Nations observance
Tue Feb 13 2018 World Radio Day United Nations observance
Wed Feb 13 2019 World Radio Day United Nations observance
Thu Feb 13 2020 World Radio Day United Nations observance

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HATEWATCH: WHITE SUPREMACISTS PROTEST BLACK HISTORY MONTH EVENT IN HARRISON, ARKANSAS

Ah, yes, Black History Month. There will always be racists who think that one little month out of the year is just too much for America’s uppity Black citizens.

I had originally posted on the history of Harrisburg, AK  here.

As for the insane statement:

““But I think it’s wrong to just assume that the white people were bad,” Robb said, adding that “while blacks may have been driven from their town, according to what we’re being told, right today, 2014, we can witness millions, not hundreds, but millions of white people who have been driven from their homes – Detroit, Chicago, Cleveland and Memphis and every major city in the country.” Robb said his is not a message of hate, but a message of love “for my people.”

…..there were many White people who were more than just bad. Many White people drove innocent defenseless Black citizens from their rightful property; many White people murdered in cold blood Black citizens who were forced to flee for their lives, with nothing but the clothes on their backs; many White people stood by and did nothing to protect their fellow Black citizens from vicious race hatred.

As for “millions, not hundreds, but millions of white people who have been driven from their homes – Detroit, Chicago, Cleveland and Memphis and every major city in the country.”–I sure would love to see the facts and evidence where Whites were driven from their homes in the dead of night, at gunpoint, and told:  “Leave, or die“.

So, give me proof of these “millions of White people driven from their homes”.

Present the evidence.

Convince me.

Prove it to me.

Those White people in their white flight from the major cities had the help of the United States federal government and city/state/county governments as well in the building of suburbs, all-white communities, and gated communities.

Here, here, and here.

Yeah.

White people have been discriminated against in America so much.

Cry me a damn fucking river.

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White Supremacists Protest Black History Month Event in Harrison, Arkansas

By Don Terry on February 12, 2014 – 4:11 pm

AntiRacistSignOne thing was missing Tuesday night from a Black History Month presentation at the Boone County Library in Harrison, Ark.

Black people.

There were at least 75 people packed into a library meeting room for the event but not one black person, according to Patty Methvin of the Harrison Community Task Force on Race Relations – a 10-year-old organization, which includes the Mayor of Harrison, the police chief and the head of the chamber of commerce, working mightily to improve race relations and the city’s racially charged image.

The Klan, however, did show up, including Thomas Robb, an Arkansas-based Christian Identity pastor and leader of the Knights Party.

“Fourteen racial patriots,” about half of them Knights Party members, filed into the meeting room just before the 5:30 p.m. starting time, Billy Roper, the notorious neo-Nazi son and grandson of a Klansman, said today in a post on the racist web forum Stormfront.

They went, Roper said, “to counter the Anti-White agenda of the ‘Community Task Force on Race Relations,’ which held their Black History Month presentation and hosted an NPR Jewess as a speaker.”

“We easily had the Antis matched, if not outnumbered,” Roper said. “I relished being able to be the first one present to put on my bright yellow ‘Anti-Racist Is A Code Word For Anti-White’ sticker and staring down the anti-White Mayor.”

The subject line on Roper’s post was “Klan vs. Antis Tues. Night.”

Jeff Crockett, the mayor of Harrison, which is 95 percent white, sighed deeply when he heard about Roper’s account. “That’s total BS about us being outnumbered,” Crockett told Hatewatch today. “There were close to 100 people there and almost everybody had come for the presentation and to commemorate Black History Month.”

Billy Roper

Billy Roper

Indeed, beyond Roper’s hyperbole, there were no fireworks during or after the one-hour presentation about the two race riots that chased Harrison’s black residents out of town more than 100 years ago and the present day efforts of the Task Force and the city of 12,000 residents to “foster and promote the image and reality of Harrison as a cohesive, warm community to all people of peace and goodwill, regardless of color.”

One of the speakers at the event was Jacqueline Froelich, a reporter for a Public Radio station in Arkansas and the co-author of an article published in The Arkansas Historically Quarterly titled “Total Eclipse: The Destruction of the African American Community of Harrison, Arkansas, in 1905 and 1909.”

At the end of the presentation, there was a 10-minute question and answer session. Most of the questions seemed to come from the people Roper called the “racial patriots.”

“They spread out and sat in different corners of the room,” said Task Force member Layne Ragsdale. “The questions were primarily about, ‘wasn’t this a play on white guilt?” Ragsdale said most of the people who raised their hands to ask questions had written them out beforehand and the questions “were long, more statement, than question.”

One man with the group said that Harrison was a safe city and that “we know crime has a color.” Ragsdale said she responded that crime has many factors – education, age, economic – “but it’s not color.”

“We agree that we want our community to be a safe vibrant place,” Ragsdale said she told the man. “Where we disagree is that I don’t believe color is the designed way you get there.”

Robb, the Klan leader, spoke near the end of the evening. “There was no confrontation,” Robb told Hatewatch today. “Everybody got along very good. The people of the Harrison Task Force for White Race Genocide were polite. This is a small town. I see them occasionally in town. I’m always polite to them. They’re always polite to me. Yesterday was no different.”

Robb said he has lived in the area for more than 40 years. He owns a compound where extremist events have been held about 15 miles outside of town, a fact the mayor of Harrison repeatedly points out.

Robb said he told the meeting that “I certainly agree that no one of any color should be harmed or mistreated.” He said, however, that since he did not witness the race riots 100 years ago and neither did anyone else at the meeting no one should “pass judgment pro or con.”

“But I think it’s wrong to just assume that the white people were bad,” Robb said, adding that “while blacks may have been driven from their town, according to what we’re being told, right today, 2014, we can witness millions, not hundreds, but millions of white people that have been driven from their homes – Detroit, Chicago, Cleveland and Memphis and every major city in the country.” Robb said his is not a message of hate, but a message of love “for my people.”

Ragsdale, the Task Force member, agreed that the Tuesday night encounter with the Klan was civil. “I think if they truly just wanted to focus on the idea of loving the white person, which is what they say, I don’t know why they wouldn’t use a different name,” Ragsdale said. “If that’s truly their mission to not be intimidating, why would you use a name that is filled with intimidation?

“I believe that’s kind of disingenuous,” Ragsdale said. “They want you to believe that the Klan has changed but they have not changed the name. If you’re under that banner that’s still what people are going to believe.”

SOURCE

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IN REMEMBRANCE: 2-9-2014

ARTHUR RANKIN; HIS PUPPET ANIMATION WAS A HOLIDAY HALLMARK

By

FEB. 5, 2014

        

Arthur Rankin working on the animated theatrical feature “Mad Monster Party” at Rankin/Bass Productions in New York City in 1966. Rankin/Bass Productions, via Rick Goldschmidt Archives
  • Arthur Rankin Jr., who created a canon of children’s holiday television using stop-motion puppet  animation, including “Rudolph the Red-Nosed Reindeer,” one of the longest-running annual network specials, died on Jan. 30 in Harrington Sound, Bermuda, where he had lived in recent years. He was 89.

His death was confirmed by Maury Laws, the former musical director of Rankin/Bass Productions, which was founded by Mr. Rankin and Jules Bass in 1960.

“Rudolph,” based on the song popularized by Gene Autry in 1949 and narrated by Burl Ives, made its debut on NBC in 1964 and has been seen on network television every year since, most recently on CBS. It was the first of more than a dozen animated holiday specials produced by Rankin/Bass from 1964 to 1985, many of which have remained perennial favorites.

Mr. Rankin, who wrote the scripts and sketched the characters, based his most successful films on popular holiday songs, casting Hollywood stars in the leading voice roles. Greer Garson narrated “The Little Drummer Boy” (1968) and Jimmy Durante “Frosty the Snowman” (1969). “Santa Claus Is Comin’ to Town” (1970) featured the voice of Fred Astaire as a North Pole mailman. Both Danny Kaye and Vincent Price lent their voices to the Easter special “Here Comes Peter Cottontail” (1971). “The Little Drummer Boy Book II” (1976), with Ms. Garson and Zero Mostel, was nominated for an Emmy Award as outstanding children’s special.

A scene from the Rankin/Bass television special “Rudolph the Red-Nosed Reindeer.” Character Arts, LLC

Mr. Rankin’s stop-motion films were painstakingly handmade. Collaborating with Japanese puppet makers who fashioned each figure from wood, wire and wool — Rudolph was about five inches tall, Santa about nine inches — the filmmakers shot thousands of still photos of the incremental movements involved in every gesture each character made. Running them together at 24 frames a second created the whimsical, herky-jerky effect of dolls being moved by invisible hands. Mr. Rankin called it Animagic.

“He was a big fan of ‘King Kong’ as a kid — special-effects animations like that,” said Mr. Laws, who wrote the musical scores for many Rankin/Bass productions. “He wanted every detail right. Also, he had exquisite taste.”

Arthur Gardner Rankin Jr. was born into a theatrical family in Manhattan on July 19, 1924. His mother, Marian Mansfield, was a singer and actress in film and on the New York stage in the 1930s and ’40s. His father, also an actor, was the son of Harry Davenport, a well-known character actor in the movies of that era.

Mr. Rankin was an art director at ABC before he and Mr. Bass teamed up in 1955 to make television commercials, forming the company Videocraft International. They changed its name to Rankin/Bass Productions when they began making animated films for television.

Their first syndicated television series, “The New Adventures of Pinocchio,” made its debut in 1960. Their other television projects included the specials “The Ballad of Smokey the Bear” (1966) and “The Wacky World of Mother Goose” (1967). They also made the stop-motion animated feature “Mad Monster Party,” released in 1967.

In the early 1970s, working with Motown, the company co-produced the Jackson Five’s Saturday-morning cartoon series. The company’s animated version of “The Hobbit” was telecast in 1977.

In 1982, Mr. Rankin and Mr. Bass co-directed “The Last Unicorn,” a conventionally animated theatrical feature film based on the novel by Peter S. Beagle; its voice cast included Jeff Bridges, Mia Farrow, Angela Lansbury, Alan Arkin and Robert Klein. Reviewing the film in The New York Times, Janet Maslin described it as “an unusual children’s film in many respects, the chief one being that it is unusually good.”

The partners went on to produce “ThunderCats,” a cartoon series about a group of catlike humanoid aliens, which was syndicated from 1985 to 1987, and “The Wind in the Willows,” a 1987 made-for-television animated version of the children’s classic. In 2001, Mr. Rankin collaborated with the writer Peter Bakalian to produce “Santa, Baby!,” based on the song made popular by Eartha Kitt and featuring the voices of Gregory Hines, Patti LaBelle and Vanessa Williams. It was his last children’s holiday special.

Mr. Rankin is survived by his wife, Olga, and two sons, Todd and Gardner.

SOURCE

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ANNE HEYMAN, RWANDA RESCUER

By FEB. 8, 2014

        

Anne Heyman

  • When Anne Heyman learned in 2005 that the genocide in Rwanda had orphaned 1.2 million children, she saw a glimpse of salvation for the country in the experience of Israel.

“It popped out of my head: They should build youth villages,” she told The New York Times last year.

Ms. Heyman, a South African-born lawyer who had given up her legal career in New York to devote herself to philanthropy, was thinking of how Israel, as a new nation state in the late 1940s, had welcomed and cared for tens of thousands of children who had been orphaned by the Holocaust. The Israelis set up residential communities called youth villages to nurture them.

“Israel had a solution to the orphan problem,” Ms. Heyman, a supporter of Jewish causes, told The Jerusalem Post last year. “Without a systemic solution, this is a problem that won’t solve itself.”

Ms. Heyman knew no one in Rwanda and little about the country, but she plowed ahead, raising more than $12 million; recruiting expert help from Rwanda, Israel and the United States; winning the support of the Rwandan government; and acquiring 144 acres in a setting of lakes and hills in eastern Rwanda. She then built a village of 32 houses for orphaned teenagers, setting it high on a hill, she said, “because children need to see far to go far.”

Anne Heyman, center, with President Paul Kagame of Rwanda and the 2012 Agahozo-Shalom Youth Village graduating class.

She died on Jan. 31 at a hospital in Delray Beach, Fla., after falling from a horse while competing in a masters jumper competition at the Palm Beach International Equestrian Center in Wellington, Fla. She was 52.

The cause was cardiac arrest brought on by a head injury, said Marisha Mistry, a spokeswoman for Liquidnet, an Internet stock-trading company founded by Ms. Heyman’s husband, Seth Merrin. Ms. Heyman had homes in Florida, Manhattan, Westchester County, N.Y., and Israel.

When the village for orphans opened in 2008, a long line of teenagers, alone and shattered, stood in the blazing sun holding paper bags containing all their possessions. Entire families of some had been wiped out, and they had no photographs. Some did not know their birthdays, or even what their real names were.

At first, almost all who came had been orphaned by the genocide committed in 1994 by ethnic Hutus against the minority Tutsis and the Tutsis’ moderate Hutu supporters. Later, children of parents who had died of AIDS began arriving. Other vulnerable children were also taken in.

Ethiopian Jews who had grown up at a youth camp in Israel were the first counselors. Housemothers were hired locally to make the houses into homes, often the first the youths had known. Many of the women had lost their husbands and children to genocide.

Today the village houses about 500 youths, who go to high school, work on a farm, learn trades, record gospel music and, most of all, feel a sense of belonging.

The camp was named Agahozo-Shalom Youth Village. “Agahozo” is a Kinyarwanda word meaning “a place where tears are dried.” Shalom is Hebrew for peace. Reflecting this thought, residents do not identify themselves along tribal lines.

Ms. Heyman, who made Hebrew the first language of her own children in New York, saw Agahozo-Shalom as an expression of her Zionist ideals.

“It is a way for us to share those values with the non-Jewish world,” she told The Jerusalem Report in 2007.

Emmanuel Nkundunkundiye, 21, a recent graduate of the village school, told the Jewish American newspaper The Forward, “The Holocaust is the same history that we face, the same tragedy.”

Anne Elaine Heyman was born in Pretoria, South Africa, on June 16, 1961, the second of four children, and was raised in Cape Town. She moved with her family to Boston at 15 and became active in Young Judea, a Zionist youth movement. She spent a year of high school in Israel in a Young Judea program and met her future husband there.

She is survived by him; their sons Jason and Jonathan; their daughter, Jenna; and her parents, Sydney and Hermia Heyman.

Ms. Heyman graduated from the University of Pennsylvania in 1982, then spent another year in Israel before going to George Washington University Law School. In 1984, she transferred to Columbia Law School and graduated the next year. After two years of private practice, she became an assistant district attorney in Manhattan, prosecuting white-collar crime. She quit to devote herself to her family after her son Jonathan was born in 1994.

Ms. Heyman began her career as an activist and philanthropist while at home with her children. She volunteered for Dorot, a Manhattan-based organization that serves the elderly, and became its chairwoman.

One of her first steps in her Rwandan mission was linking up with the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee, which had set up youth villages in the Americas, Europe and Africa. Her principal model was the village of Yemin Orde, one of 50 youth villages in Israel. It has taken in orphans and other needy children from around the world.

She also built one of the largest solar energy plants in sub-Saharan Africa; it contributes power to the rest of Rwanda as well.

Ms. Heyman had plans to make the village self-sustaining, so that major western donors, like her husband’s company, would not always be needed.

Called “Mom,” “Grandmother” and an angel by the youths, she came to the village four or five times a year, staying for several days or more.

Agahozo-Shalom’s announcement of Ms. Heyman’s death quoted a Rwandan proverb: “Death is nothing so long as one can survive through one’s children.”

SOURCE

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CHRISTOPHER JONES, ACTOR WHO QUIT FIELD

By FEB. 8, 2014

        

Christopher Jones in 1966. ABC TV
  • Christopher Jones, an actor who seemed poised for stardom before abruptly abandoning his movie career in the late 1960s, died on Jan. 31 in Los Alamitos, Calif. He was 72.

The cause was gallbladder cancer, said Paula McKenna, his longtime companion.

Mr. Jones made only a few films, but his talent and star power drew comparisons with James Dean, whose brief career his own mimicked in some ways. Like Dean, Mr. Jones studied at the Actors Studio, worked on Broadway and in television, and projected an aura of wild yearning and raw energy, which he showed in films like “Wild in the Streets,” (1968) and “Ryan’s Daughter” (1970).

No one seemed to know why Mr. Jones dropped out of the movie-star business. Speculation ranged across several possible explanations: a troubled personal history, a rebel’s rejection of the strict regimen of filmmaking, his shock when a loved one was murdered because of her fame.

Mr. Jones told an interviewer in 2007 that he had been having an affair with the actress Sharon Tate when she and four others were viciously killed on Aug. 9, 1969, by members of the Charles Manson cult in the California home of Ms. Tate’s husband, the director Roman Polanski, who was away. Mr. Jones was filming “Ryan’s Daughter” in Ireland at the time.

His year there was one of the worst of his life, he told The Chicago Tribune. He was traumatized and depressed over Ms. Tate’s death and at odds with his co-star, Sarah Miles. “I had absolutely no desire to do anything for a long time,” he said.

He appeared in only one more film — “Mad Dog Time,” a 1996 comedy in which he had a small role — as a favor to a friend, Larry Bishop, the film’s director.

Yet directors and agents sought him out for years. Ron Howard once offered him a part, Ms. McKenna said. Quentin Tarantino sent him the script of “Pulp Fiction” while casting it.

“I didn’t know who he was,” Mr. Jones said in 2000. “And I wasn’t interested.”

He made his living in later years as a painter and sculptor, Ms. McKenna said, and became deeply involved in bringing up his children, five they shared and two from previous relationships. “He wanted to be there, the way he never had it,” she said.

William Frank Jones was born in Jackson, Tenn., on Aug. 18, 1941. His father was a grocery store clerk. His mother was an artist who entered a mental hospital when he was 4 and died there when he was 19. Mr. Jones and his older brother, Bobby Joe, ended up in an orphanage.

When he came of age, Mr. Jones joined the Army then went AWOL and spent six months in jail. Finding his way to New York, he worked odd jobs, studied painting, met artists and landed a small role in the 1961 Broadway production of Tennessee Williams’s “The Night of the Iguana.”

In 1965 he married Susan Strasberg, the daughter of the acting coaches Lee and Paula Strasberg. That same year he was cast in the starring role of the television series “The Legend of Jesse James,” which lasted one season. He and Ms. Strasberg divorced in 1968.

Besides Ms. McKenna, Mr. Jones is survived by his brother; four sons, Seagen, Tauer, Jeromy and Christopher, and three daughters, Calin, Delon and Jennifer Jones.

Mr. Jones’s second film, the low-budget satire “Wild in the Streets,” which remains a cult favorite, struck a nerve in a year of political upheaval and brought Mr. Jones’s looks and charisma to wide attention. In quick succession he was cast in “Three in the Attic” (1968), a tale of infidelity that also starred Yvette Mimieux; “The Looking Glass War” (1969), a spy thriller based on a John le Carré novel; and “Brief Season,” a story of star-crossed love.

His stardom peaked in 1969 when David Lean, the director of “Doctor Zhivago,” cast him as the romantic lead in “Ryan’s Daughter.” Mr. Jones portrayed a brooding British army officer who becomes involved with an Irish woman (Ms. Miles) married to an older man (Robert Mitchum).

The movie was a box-office hit but received mixed reviews, and Lean himself considered it a disappointment, according to Kevin Brownlow’s biography of him. He and Mr. Jones had many conflicts on the set, but despite that, he told Mr. Brownlow, he found something special about Mr. Jones.

“He had this extraordinary quality of screen personality,” Lean said, “which I always find terribly difficult to describe, or even to understand.”

SOURCE

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GLORIA LEONARD, PUBLISHER AND PORNOGRAPHY STAR

By DANIEL E. SLOTNIKFEB. 5, 2014

        

Ms. Leonard Evart Enterprises
  • Gloria Leonard, who became a pornographic film star in her 30s and then a men’s magazine publisher and a prominent spokeswoman for her industry, died on Monday in Waimea, Hawaii. She was 73.

The cause was a stroke, her daughter, Robin Leonardi, said.

Ms. Leonard took a decidedly atypical path into pornographic movies in the 1970s, a time many in the industry now regard as its golden age, when films had story lines and actors enjoyed some crossover appeal with mainstream audiences. She was a divorced single mother, much older than most starlets and had held other jobs, including as a Wall Street broker and publicist.

“I was a fairly liberated lady, and I figured this would be the supreme test of just how liberated I really was,” she told The Miami Herald in 1983.

Her first credited role was in “The Opening of Misty Beethoven” (1976), Radley Metzger’s erotic reimagining of George Bernard Shaw’s play “Pygmalion.” She went on to appear in dozens of films, including “Odyssey: The Ultimate Trip” (1977), directed by Gerard Damiano of “Deep Throat” fame, and “All About Gloria Leonard” (1978), based on her memoirs, which she also directed.

Gloria Leonard in 2006. Ted Davis

Ms. Leonard’s background in public relations, as well as her high profile on screen, led to her hiring as the publisher of the men’s magazine High Society in 1977, a job she held for more than a decade while continuing to appear in and direct films.

One feature she introduced to the magazine showcased risqué photos of celebrities like Jodie Foster and Goldie Hawn, usually lifted from film stills. “We were sued by a number of celebrities, including Barbra Streisand and Ann-Margret, and we won every case,” Ms. Leonard said in an interview with The Rialto Report, a website and podcast dedicated to pornographic cinema. A sultry recording of her voice on an answering machine previewing the magazine’s next issue proved so popular that it inspired the magazine’s Living Centerfold Telephone Service, one of the first phone-sex lines, in 1983. About 500,000 to 700,000 callers each day paid to listen to recorded messages on answering machines.

Ms. Leonard defended the pornography industry and her participation in it, appearing on talk shows and in debates on college campuses with feminists who regarded the business as misogynistic.

“I said the whole point of the women’s movement is for women to choose whatever they want to do,” she said “Why should my choice be considered any less or more valid than your choice?”

Ms. Leonard was born Gale Sandra Klinetsky in the Bronx on Aug. 28, 1940. Her first two marriages ended in divorce. She was separated from her third husband, Bobby Hollander, a producer and director of pornographic films, when he died in 2002.

After she left High Society, Ms. Leonard was the administrative director of the Adult Film Association from 1989 to 1992. In 1998 she became president of the Free Speech Coalition, a pornography industry trade group. At her death she lived in Hawi, Hawaii.

Besides her daughter, Ms. Leonard is survived by a granddaughter.

Ms. Leonard said that she had no regrets about her career, but that she thought the sex-film industry had been cheapened by the ubiquity of video. Anyone with a video camera “can rent a hotel room and make a porno these days,” she told The Rialto Report. She added, “I don’t know that anyone will remember the girls of today’s porn.”

SOURCE

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SKYWATCH: SPOT CERES AND VESTA, GALAXIES DELAYING STARBIRTH, AND MORE

News
The LMC

Akira Fujii

Why Galaxies Delay Star Birth

February 5, 2014                                                                | Two teams have independently pinpointed the same key player in postponing the growth of the universe’s smaller galaxies. > read more

Mixed Message from Asteroid Belt

February 7, 2014                                                                | New compositional map of the main asteroid belt shows that minor planets are not strongly grouped by composition, as had been thought, but instead are mixed up. > read more

Observing

Path of Ceres and Vesta in 2014

S&T Illustration

Ceres and Vesta in 2014

February 4, 2014                                                                | The two brightest asteroids are very close to each other in the sky in 2014, fitting in a single field of view through binoculars and some telescopes. > read more

Jupiter: Big, Bright, and Beautiful

February 6, 2014                                                                | The King of Planets reached opposition in the first half of January but it’s still big and bright, a captivating sight no matter how you look at it. > read more

Supernova in M82 Passes Its Peak

January 22, 2014                                                                | Supernova 2014J, in the galaxy M82 in Ursa Major, stopped brightening at magnitude 10.5 and now the merest trace fainter at 10.6. Spot it with your telescope above the Big Dipper. > read more

Tour February’s Sky by Eye and Ear!

January 31, 2014                                                                  | Jupiter is well up in the east as darkness falls, surrounded by a cohort of bright winter stars and constellations. > read more

Community

Crater on Mercury globe

Sky & Telescope

First Mercury Globe Now Available

February 3, 2014                                                                | Sky & Telescope announces the first-ever globe of Mercury, pieced together from the latest images taken by the Messenger spacecraft. It’s now available on our online store! > read more

This Week’s Sky at a Glance

This Week’s Sky at a Glance

February 7, 2014                                                                  | Jupiter is moving ever higher in the evening, and Mars and Saturn advance into better late-night view.  > read more

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HATEWATCH: SQUABBLING ARYAN NATIONS FACTIONS DESCEND INTO VICIOUS NAME-CALLING

Squabbling Aryan Nations Factions Descend Into Vicious Name-Calling

By Bill Morlin on January 27, 2014 – 3:34 pm

A Louisiana-based faction of the neo-Nazi Aryan Nations, headed by a man with his own checkered criminal past, has severed its ties in a rather public, name-calling way with an Illinois-based motorcycle club, the Sadistic Souls, headed by a former Ku Klux Klan leader.

Morris L. Gulett, the Louisiana man who calls himself “Aryan Nations World Leader,” accused the Sadistic Souls Motorcycle Club and its president, Dennis “SS Lightnin’” McGiffen, of being “drunks and race-mixers” who do little more than post pictures of themselves on social media with their middle fingers raised.

Aryan-Nation.org

Aryan-Nation.org

Not one to hold back, McGiffen responded with his own Internet posting late last year, calling Gulett a “rabbi,” a “costume Nazi” and a “worthless welfare king” deserving of the “Sadistic Souls MC Asshole of the Year 2014” award. McGiffen’s posting comes complete with an obscene Photoshopped image of Gulett appearing in a body orifice of an African-American woman.

The tumultuous marriage between Gulett’s white supremacy organization and the equally racist Sadistic Souls MC lasted less than two years — yet another example of strife and infighting between various splinter remnants of the Aryan Nations that developed after the 2004 death of Aryan Nations founder Richard G. Butler.

In the 1990s, the Aryans Nations was perhaps America’s most visible neo-Nazi group, but it started to fall apart after the Southern Poverty Law Center sued it in 1999, winning a $6.3 million judgment the following year for its clients, who had been terrorized by Aryan Nations security guards. Since Butler’s death, a range of former members have claimed to be his rightful heir as Aryan Nations chieftain, but none has succeeded in bringing the group back to prominence, and most spend the bulk of their energies attacking one another as undeserving pretenders and worse.

The latest spat between would-be Aryan Nations leaders was typical of the kind of endless, sophomoric invective and internecine battles that characterize enormous swaths of the American radical right.

President Dennis Michael McGiffen (left) His Son Damien Michael McGiffen (right): Aryan-Nation.org

President Dennis Michael McGiffen (left) His Son Damien Michael McGiffen (right). Aryan-Nation.org

Before becoming a so-called outlaw biker, McGiffen was a grand dragon in the Ku Klux Klan. He left the Klan, calling it “wimpy,” to form a racist-based group, The New Order, in the mid-1990s; it was named after The Order, an infamous white supremacist domestic terrorist group that was destroyed by law enforcement in 1984. But before McGiffen’s group could carry out its plans — to blow up buildings, poison the water supply of major cities, murder a federal judge and other people, and rob banks and armored cars — he was arrested on federal weapons charges and sent to prison for eight years. Investigators found a New Order hit list that included filmmaker Steven Spielberg, then-Federal Reserve Chairman Alan Greenspan, and Southern Poverty Law Center co-founder Morris Dees.

Gulett’s rap sheet is just as serious. He was arrested in 2005 and went to prison for six years after pleading guilty to conspiracy to rob a bank. Court documents say his earlier crimes included shoplifting, aggravated assault, unauthorized use of a motor vehicle, possession of drugs, receiving stolen property and homicide.

With their common criminal histories and shared racist views, Gulett and McGiffen sounded like a logical tag-team when they hooked up in 2012. And at first, they indeed seemed to make a match.

Almost immediately, Gulett posted pictures of McGiffen and his beer-guzzling bikers on his Aryan Nations website, appointed McGiffen a “general” on the Aryan Nations National Advisory Council, and described him as one of the great racist leaders of the day.

Now, things have turned downright nasty between the two.

In a posting on his website, Gulett wrote that he was “again saddled with another unpleasant task” — publicly distancing himself from the Sadistic Souls and McGiffen. “What is it about Aryan Nations that attracts the lowest of the low that think they are qualified to lead this organization and know what’s best for Aryan Nations?” Gulett asked. He accused McGiffen and his fellow bikers of attempting to “hijack the Aryan Nations or at least its name and use it for their own nefarious purposes.”

“Let me make this perfectly clear,” Gulett writes. “These guys are NOT Aryan Nations members.”

It was McGiffen, Gulett wrote, who approached him in 2012 “wanting to merge his club with Aryan Nations since he claimed that his club’s by-laws and goals were pretty much the same as Aryan Nations and National Socialist in nature.”

Gulett now says he had some misgivings when he initially agreed to the merger with the motorcycle club, which is based in East St. Louis and has “patched” members from Illinois, Pennsylvania and Utah. “We were not thrilled about the name ‘Sadistic Souls’ because to start with Aryan Nations is a Christian organization and that name just did not seem to fit,” Gulett said. “But we thought we’d give it a shot and if it looked like it was going to work we could collaborate on a name change at a later date.”

With a shared loved of white supremacy, the relationship went “pretty smoothly” initially. But the bikers weren’t interested in complying with the “military-style” dress code of the Aryan Nations, Gulett said.

“The guys from the motorcycle club wanted to just wear their vests and jeans as their uniform,” Gulett complained, “plus they seemed to want to spend a lot of time drinking beer, posting photos of themselves on social networks such as Facebook wearing the Aryan Nations standard on their vests, flipping the bird and using four letter words that are unsuitable for any Aryan’s conversation.”

“These guys wanted to act like common ghetto niggers and that was supposed to be alright? Well it wasn’t,” Gulett wrote in a racist tirade against his former comrades.

The final straw came, Gulett said, when he learned that McGiffen’s daughter has

African Americans as “friends” on her Facebook page and that his son, Sadistic Souls member Damien M. McGiffen, is the father of a multiracial son. Gulett attempts to back his allegations – not refuted by either of the McGiffens – with Facebook photos of the little boy and court documents related to paternity support.

“Notice the boy is named after his father and grandfather,” Gulett sneers, “so you know the McGiffens are a proud multi-racial family.”

“Don’t you think they are a fine Aryan family and the Sadistic Souls MC is a fine White Nationalist Aryan Motorcycle Club? You don’t agree? Well neither do we, we don’t agree at all. If it stinks like hell it just might be a skunk,” Gulett said.

Dennis McGiffen responded: “Once again, rabbi Gullette [sic] loves to run his pussyfied [sic] neck. Maybe it’s because his congress was a complete failure and he has no membership (no dues paying members anyway — all 10).”

Maybe Gullet is “salty over his complete incompetence and failure as a leader in our struggle or maybe it’s just because he’s an idiot who believes he’s some kind of savior,” he added. “Whatever the case may be, if he’d spend more time fighting the enemy instead of pissing on every white power order out there (always behind a computer in the comfort of mommys home), just maybe we could even take him serious! But a joke is a joke and at the forefront of this joke” is Gulett, McGiffen said.

Under his leadership, the Sadistic Souls annual gathering in Illinois last September “was a huge success with near 100 brothers coming together under the black and silver standard of our beloved Aryan Nation,” McGiffen said.

“Our men are solid and proven unlike the paper tiger in Louisiana,” McGiffen said, adding that all “white brothers with the mentality of separation” can join the Sadistic Souls, even if they don’t have a motorcycle.

“We welcome all our racial brothers, and by the way Rabbi Morris Gullette [sic], we do ‘drink beer, cuss & flip the bird,’ so go fuck yourself!” McGiffen said.

SOURCE

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INTERNATIONAL DAY OF ZERO TOLERANCE TO FEMALE GENITAL MUTILATION: FEBRUARY 6, 2014

INTERNATIONAL DAY OF ZERO TOLERANCE TO FEMALE GENITAL MUTILATION

Quick Facts

The International Day of Zero Tolerance to Female Genital Mutilation is an awareness campaign to end a harmful practice that violates girls’ and women’s rights.

Local names

Name Language
International Day of Zero Tolerance to Female Genital Mutilation English
Día Internacional de Tolerancia Cero de La Mutilación Genital Femenina Spanish
היום הבינלאומי של אפס סובלנות לנקבה באברי המין השחתה Hebrew
اليوم العالمي لرفض ختان الإناث Arabic
여성 성기 절단에 무관의 국제 날 Korean
Internationaler Tag gegen weibliche Genitalverstümmelung German

International Day of Zero Tolerance to Female Genital Mutilation 2014

Thursday, February 6, 2014

International Day of Zero Tolerance to Female Genital Mutilation 2015

Friday, February 6, 2015

The International Day of Zero Tolerance to Female Genital Mutilation is a United Nations (UN) campaign held on February 6 to stop genital mutilation to girls and women.

Many girls are unfortunately affected by female genital mutilation. This photo is used for illustrative purposes only and the model is not directly associated with the article.©iStockphoto.com/MissHibiscus

Celebrate International Day of Zero Tolerance to Female Genital Mutilation

Various activities and events are held on February 6 each year to promote the UN’s campaign to raise awareness and educate people about the dangers of Female Genital Mutilation (FGM). Public conferences and forums often feature FGM survivors who are invited to share their personal experiences. Other activities include photo essays and round-table discussions on making policies and laws to end FGM.

Public life

The International Day of Zero Tolerance to Female Genital Mutilation is a global observance and not a public holiday.

About International Day of Zero Tolerance to Female Genital Mutilation

About 120 to 140 million women have been subject to FGM and 3 million girls are at risk each year, according to the World Health Organization (WHO). FGM relates to all procedures that involve partial or total removal of the external female genitalia or other injury to the female genital organs for non-medical reasons. This practice is an abuse of human rights and causes serious health complications, including fatal bleeding.

The UN first officially commemorated the International Day of Zero Tolerance to Female Genital Mutilation on February 6, 2003. It continues to fight against FGM through a range of activities in addition to the observance.

International Day of Zero Tolerance to Female Genital Mutilation Observances

Weekday Date Year Name Holiday type Where it is observed
Thu Feb 6 2003 International Day of Zero Tolerance to Female Genital Mutilation United Nations observance
Fri Feb 6 2004 International Day of Zero Tolerance to Female Genital Mutilation United Nations observance
Sun Feb 6 2005 International Day of Zero Tolerance to Female Genital Mutilation United Nations observance
Mon Feb 6 2006 International Day of Zero Tolerance to Female Genital Mutilation United Nations observance
Tue Feb 6 2007 International Day of Zero Tolerance to Female Genital Mutilation United Nations observance
Wed Feb 6 2008 International Day of Zero Tolerance to Female Genital Mutilation United Nations observance
Fri Feb 6 2009 International Day of Zero Tolerance to Female Genital Mutilation United Nations observance
Sat Feb 6 2010 International Day of Zero Tolerance to Female Genital Mutilation United Nations observance
Sun Feb 6 2011 International Day of Zero Tolerance to Female Genital Mutilation United Nations observance
Mon Feb 6 2012 International Day of Zero Tolerance to Female Genital Mutilation United Nations observance
Wed Feb 6 2013 International Day of Zero Tolerance to Female Genital Mutilation United Nations observance
Thu Feb 6 2014 International Day of Zero Tolerance to Female Genital Mutilation United Nations observance
Fri Feb 6 2015 International Day of Zero Tolerance to Female Genital Mutilation United Nations observance
Sat Feb 6 2016 International Day of Zero Tolerance to Female Genital Mutilation United Nations observance
Mon Feb 6 2017 International Day of Zero Tolerance to Female Genital Mutilation United Nations observance
Tue Feb 6 2018 International Day of Zero Tolerance to Female Genital Mutilation United Nations observance
Wed Feb 6 2019 International Day of Zero Tolerance to Female Genital Mutilation United Nations observance
Thu Feb 6 2020 International Day of Zero Tolerance to Female Genital Mutilation United Nations observance

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