Monthly Archives: November 2008

ON THIS DAY IN BLACK MUSIC HISTORY: NOVEMBER 25

#1 R&B Song 1957:   “You Send Me,” Sam Cooke

 

Born:   Stride pianist Willie Smith, 1897; Etta Jones, 1928; Percy Sledge, 1940; Stacy Lattisaw, 1966; Eric Sermon, 1968

 

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1953   The Flamoingos signed with Associated Booking Agency and began touring with Duke Ellington.

 

1954   The Moonglows appeared at East Chicago’s Masonic Temple.

 

1960   Ike Turner, the Clovers, Larry Williams, Sugar Pie DeSanto, and Bill Black’s Combo appeared at Chicago’s Regal Theater for the Thanksgiving holidays.

 

1968   The Fifth Dimension performed on the TV special Francis Albert Sinatra Does His Thing.

1976   Muddy Waters performed at the Band’s farewell concert, the Last Waltz, in San Francisco.

 

1990   Gladys Knight & the Pips reunited for the  Motown 30: What’s Goin’ On! CBS-TV special. Also performing were Patti LaBelle and Stevie Wonder.

 

1992   Whitney Houston’s film debut, The Bodyguard, opened natioanlly. The film, which co-starred Kevin Costner, was written twenty years earlier and was originally cast with Diana Ross and Ryan O’Neal.

 

1996   Bo Diddley was the opening act for the Rolling Stones in front of an audience of more than 55,000 at Joe Robbie Stadium in Miami.

 

From the book, “On This Day In Black Music History,” by Jay Warner.

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AFGHAN TEACHER, GIRLS HAVE ACID THROWN ON THEM BY TALIBAN ATTACKERS

 AFGHAN TEACHER WANTS ACID THROWN ON HER ATTACKERS

 

 

 

 

AFGHAN TEACHER WANTS ACID THROWN ON HER ATTACKERS

Writers Noor Khan And Jason Straziuso, Associated Press Writers – 9 mins ago

10 arrested in Afghan schoolgirl acid attack Play Video CBC.ca  – 10 arrested in Afghan schoolgirl acid attack.
 
 

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Doud Doud, an interior ministry official speaks during a press ...
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Tue Nov 25, 7:43 AM ET

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Doud Doud, an interior ministry official speaks during a press conference in Kandahar,Afghanistan,Tuesday, Nov. 25, 2008. Afghan police have arrested 10 Taliban militants allegedly involved in an acid attack against 15 girls and teachers walking to school in southern Afghanistan, a provincial governor said Tuesday.

(AP Photo)
 
 
KANDAHAR, Afghanistan — A 23-year-old teacher burned in an acid attack on 15 schoolgirls and instructors wants the Afghan government to throw acid on her attackers and then hang them. Kandahar’s governor said Tuesday that authorities had arrested 10 alleged Taliban militants for the Nov. 12 attack in this southern city and that several confessed to taking part.
 
Gov. Rahmatullah Raufi said the men would be tried in open court, a pledge that pleased Nuskaal, a first-year math teacher who suffered acid burns on her shoulders.
 
“Those girls were simply going to school to get an education,” said Nuskaal, who like many Afghans goes by one name. “My parents told me that security isn’t good enough and that they were worried about me teaching. But I told my parents I won’t stop teaching. I’m not afraid.”
 
After the attack, President Hamid Karzai called for the perpetrators to be executed in public. Nuskaal said the attackers should have acid thrown on them first.
 
Men riding motorbikes squirted acid from water bottles onto three groups of students and teachers walking to school. Several girls suffered burned faces and were hospitalized. One teenager couldn’t open her eyes for days after the attack, which sparked condemnation around the world.
 
Afghanistan’s government called the attack “un-Islamic,” while the United Nations labeled it “a hideous crime.” First lady Laura Bush decried the attackers as cowardly.
 
The government charged Tuesday that high-ranking Taliban fighters paid the suspects a total of $2,000 to carry out the attack. The assailants came from Pakistan but were Afghan nationals, said Doud Doud, an Interior Ministry official.
 
Taliban spokesman Qari Yousef Ahmadi denied Tuesday that any of the group’s members were involved.
 
Kandahar province is the spiritual birthplace of the Taliban, the hard-line Islamic militiamen who ruled Afghanistan from 1996 to 2001 and are now waging an insurgency against Karzai. The area is one of Afghanistan’s most conservative, a place where women rarely venture far from home.
 
Islamic extremists have attacked many schools to discourage girls from getting an education. Raufi, the governor, said students at the Mirwais Mena girls school didn’t return to class for three days after the acid attack.
 
Girls were banned from schools under hardline Taliban rule, and women could leave their homes only if they were clad in a body-hiding burqa and accompanied by a male relative.
Afghanistan has made a major push to improve access to education for girls since an American-led offensive ousted the Taliban following the Sept. 11 terror attack on the U.S.
Fewer than 1 million Afghan children — mostly boys — attended school under Taliban rule. Now, roughly 6 million do, including 2 million girls.
 
But many conservative families still keep girls at home.
 
Kandahar province’s 232 schools serve 110,000 students, but only 26,000 are girls, the governor said. There are just 10 schools solely for girls, Raufi added.
 
Arsonists have repeatedly attacked girls schools around the country. Attackers burned down a girls school in the northwestern province of Faryab on Sunday, said Gen. Kalil Andrabi, the provincial police chief.
 
Gunmen even killed two students outside a girls school in central Logar province in 2007, one of 236 attacks involving Afghan schools that UNICEF recorded that year.
 
The Afghan government has also accused the Taliban of attacking schools in an attempt to force teenage boys to join the Islamic militia.
 
In other developments, the U.S. military said Tuesday that its troops killed six militants and detained 12 others in two operations in eastern Afghanistan on Monday. The operations targeted militants associated with the warlords Gulbuddin Hekmatyar and Jalaludin Haqqani, the statement said.
 
Afghanistan’s intelligence agency said it arrested four people, including three religious leaders and a youth, for alleged involvement in suicide and other bomb attacks in northern Kunduz province. The ring was tracked down after a failed attack earlier this year, when the would-be bomber failed to properly detonate his explosives, the agency said.
 
 
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Associated Press writer Noor Khan reported this story from Kandahar and Jason Straziuso from Kabul.
Afghan policemen inspect the site of an explosion on the outskirts ...
AP

Mon Nov 24, 1:29 AM ET

Afghan policemen inspect the site of an explosion on the outskirts of Kabul, Afghanistan, Monday, Nov. 24, 2008. Police said an improvised explosive device went off a few minutes after a member of Parliament’s car went past the road, wounding one boy.

(AP Photo/Rafiq Maqbool)
 

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ON THIS DAY IN BLACK MUSIC HISTORY: NOVEMBER 24

#1 R*B Song 1956:   “Blueberry Hill,” Fats Domino

 

Born:   Ragtime Legend Scott Joplin, 1868

 

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1956   The Dell-Vikings recorded nine a capppella songs, including “Come Go With Me.” After insrumentation was added, “Come” went on to be the first Top 10 pop hit by a racially mixed rock ‘n’ roll vocal group.

 

1956   Frankie Lymon & the Teenagers’ “Baby Baby/I’m Not a Juvenile Delinquent,” from the film Rock, Rock, Rock, was released. A hit in England (#12), it bombed in America.

 

1956   LaVern Baker’s “Jim Dandy” was released. It soared to #1 R&B and #17 pop.

 

 

 

1958   The soul era began with the release of the Fiesta’s “So Fine” (#11 pop, #3 R&B), a cover of the Sheiks’ 1955 single.

 

1958   Ruth Brown’s “Mama, He Treats Your Daughter Mean” was released for the second of three times. The first time, in 1953, the fiery tune reached #1 R&B, while a third remake in 1962 scratched the bottom of the pop charts at #99. The 1958 issue went nowhere.

 

1972  Don Kirshner’s Rock Concert TV show, debuted featuring Chuck Berry.

 

1979   Donna Summer reached #1 pop (#20 R&B) with her Barbra Streisand duet “Enough is Enough.” The Bruce Roberts/Paul Jabara tune spent two weeks in the top spot.

 

1991   Little Richard officiated at the New York wedding of Cyndi Lauper to actor David Thornton while Patti LaBelle sang “A Whiter Shade of Pale.”

 

1993   Michael Jackson entered into an administration deal with EMI for the ATV music catalog he had bought (which contained more than 250 Beatles songs) for a princely sum reported to be $70 million for five years of representation.

 

From the book, “On This Day In Black Music History”, by Jay Warner.

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ON THIS DAY IN BLACK MUSIC HISTORY: NOVEMBER 23

#1 R&B Song 1968:   “Who’s Making Love,” Johnnie Taylor

 

Born:   Ruth Ettig, 1907; Gloria Lynn, 1931; Betty Everett, 1939

 

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1936   Legendary blues artist Robert Johnson recorded his first session at the Gunter Hotel in San Antonio, TX, for American Record Corporation’s Vocalion label. Some of the eight classics recorded included “I Believe I’ll Dust My Broom,” “Kind Hearted Woman Blues,” “Sweet Home Chicago,” “Travelin’ Riverside Blues,” “Cross Road Blues,” and “Terraplane Blues.” His first and most successful 78 RPM single would soon be “Terraplane Blues” backed with “Kind Hearted Woman Blues.”

 

 

1967   Aretha Franklin appeared in New York’s Thanksgiving Day Parade on the Lady in the Show Float.

 

1968   Marvin Gaye’s “I Heard It Through the Grapevine” charted on its way to #1 both pop and R&B for seven weeks, becoming his biggest pop hit. Gaye started out in 1957, with a vocal group called the  Marquees, on a single titled “Wyatt Earp.” The group, discovered by Bo Diddley, became the new Moonglows when they auditoned for Moonglows leader Harvey Fuqua outside a performance of the original Moonglows at a Washington, DC, theater. After hearing the Marquees, Fuqua fired his old vocalists and replaced them with Gaye’s group.

 

1973   Harold Melvin & the Blue Notes, the O’Jays, and the Stylistics performed at San Francisco’s famed Cow Palace.

 

1985   Rapper LL Cool J (James Todd Smith, whose stage name stands for “Ladies Love Cool James”) charted with “I Can’t Live Without My Radio,” reaching R&B #15.

 

1991   Patti LaBelle sang her favorite song, “Over the Rainbow,” on CBS-TV’s Party for Richard Pryor. She recorded the standard twice as a single, once with the Bluebelles and once solo; neither of the stirring renditions charted. Also performing were the Pointer Sisters and Bobby Womack.

 

1991   Seal reached #8 in Britain with the “Killer” EP, featuring Jimi Hendrix’s “Hey Joe.” The promo clip featured the first ever 3D video.

 

1995   Junior Walker (born Autry DeWalt Walker), the master sax player who charted twenty-six times with and without his soul group the All-Stars, died today of cancer in Battle Creek, MI. His group was named when an enthusiatically inebriated man jumped up at a show and proclaimed, “These guys are all stars.” Junior was sixty-four.

 

From the book, “On This Day In Black Music History”, by Jay Warner.

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IN REMEMBRANCE: NOVEMBER 23

JAMES W. ARMSEY, FORD FOUNDATION EXECUTIVE WHO FOUGHT DISCRIMINATION IN GRANT FUNDING
 
 
Published: November 19, 2008
 
 
James W. Armsey, a former Ford Foundation executive who directed more than $350 million in grants to universities in the 1960s while prompting the foundation to deny grants to segregated universities, died on Nov. 2 at his home in Urbana, Ill. He was 90.
 
Richard Magat, a former colleague of Mr. Armsey’s at the Ford Foundation, confirmed his death.
 
From 1956 through 1975, Mr. Armsey held several high-ranking positions at the foundation, including assistant to the president and director of its programs in higher education, public broadcasting and journalism. In all, he oversaw $497 million in foundation grants.
 
He was perhaps most influential as director, from 1960 to 1967, of the higher education programs, which provided $362 million in grants to universities and colleges. The grants, some of the largest in higher education at the time, came with no specific requirements other than that the universities had to raise matching funds from other sources.
 
Two years into the program, Mr. Armsey approached Henry T. Heald, the foundation’s president, and urged that one other requirement be imposed: that the colleges and universities could not bar black students. The Ford Foundation’s board approved the requirement, and as a result, Mr. Magat said, several major universities began to integrate.
 
In 1968, under Mr. Armsey’s direction, the foundation started a program to help American Indians and Mexican-Americans study for doctoral degrees. It also announced an expansion of its doctoral program for black students. The new efforts were aimed at preparing minority youths to become college teachers.
 
Born in Olney, Ill., on Dec. 13, 1917, Mr. Armsey was the son of William and Mary Ann Abbeehl Armsey. He is survived by his wife of 67 years, the former Beth L. Loveless.
 
After receiving a bachelor’s degree in journalism from the University of Illinois in 1941, Mr. Armsey served as an Army public information officer during World War II. He returned to the University of Illinois and earned a master’s degree in political science in 1946.
 
From 1947 to 1952, he was public relations director at the Illinois Institute of Technology, working with Dr. Heald, the institute’s president. When Dr. Heald became chancellor of New York University in 1952, he chose Mr. Armsey as his assistant. Four years later, when Dr. Heald became president of the Ford Foundation, he took Mr. Armsey with him.
 
As Ford Foundation grants spread across the country, Mr. Armsey’s influence grew. A Newsweek profile of him in 1964 was headlined “B.M.O.C.,” for Big Man on Campus.
 
SOURCE:  The New York Times:  http://www.nytimes.com
 
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BETTY JAMES, CO-FOUNDED COMPANY THAT MADE ‘SLINKY’
 
November 23, 2008
HOLLIDAYSBURG, Pa. — Betty James, who co-founded the company that made the Slinky and beat the odds as a single mother in the late 1950s to become a successful executive, has died. She was 90.
 
She died Thursday, said a spokeswoman for the Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia.
 
In 1945, James and her husband at the time, Richard, founded the company that would later make Slinky, the toy for which she was inducted into the Toy Industry Hall of Fame in 2001.
 
She took over management of James Industries Inc. 14 years after the company was founded, after her husband left her to follow a religious cult in Bolivia. Richard James died in 1974.
 
Initially, James would leave her six children with a caregiver from Sunday through Thursday while she oversaw operations in Philadelphia. But in 1965, she moved the company to her hometown of Hollidaysburg, where although it was sold in 1998, it remains today.
 
Hundreds of millions of Slinkys have been sold worldwide. James explained the classic toy’s success in a 1995 interview with The Associated Press.
 
”I think really it’s the simplicity of it,” she said. ”There’s nothing to wind up; it doesn’t take batteries. I think also the price helps. More children can play with it than a $40 or $60 toy.”
 
 
AP
Copyright 2008 Associated Press
 
SOURCE:  The Chicago Sun-Times:  http://www.suntimes.com
 
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IRVING GERTZ, COMPOSER FOR SCIENCE-FICTION AND MONSTER MOVIES
 
 
Published: November 20, 2008
 
Irving Gertz, a prolific though often uncredited B-movie composer whose melodies haunt a spate of pictures with words like “Hell,” “Thing” and “Creature” in the titles, died on Nov. 14 at his home in Los Angeles. He was 93.
 
His death was announced by David Schecter, a producer at Monstrous Movie Music, an independent record label specializing in science-fiction, fantasy and horror film music.
Active from the late 1940s to the late 1960s, Mr. Gertz composed or contributed to the scores of more than 200 films. He was most closely associated with three Hollywood studios: Columbia, Universal and 20th Century Fox.
 
Among the movies on which Mr. Gertz worked are many that if not precisely classics are enduring representatives of their genre: “The Incredible Shrinking Man,” “It Came From Outer Space,” “The Creature Walks Among Us,” “The Monolith Monsters” and “Abbott and Costello Meet the Mummy.”
 
 
Mr. Gertz contributed music to many television shows, including “Land of the Giants” and “Voyage to the Bottom of the Sea.” He also composed concert music.
 
Irving Gertz was born on May 19, 1915, in Providence, R.I. Musical as a youth — he played the piano, clarinet, tuba and string bass — he attended the Providence College of Music and studied composition privately with Walter Piston.
 
Hired by Columbia Pictures in 1938, Mr. Gertz interrupted his work for service in the Army Signal Corps in World War II. Returning to the studio after the war, he studied with the composer Mario Castelnuovo-Tedesco.
 
Mr. Gertz is survived by his wife, the former Dorothy Stadler; two daughters, Susie Anson and Madeleine Herron; and four grandchildren.
 
His filmography also includes many westerns, among them “Hell Bent for Leather” and “Hell Canyon Outlaws,” as well as “Top Gun,” “The Lone Gun,” “Gun Brothers,” “Gun Fury,” “Gun Belt,” “Gun for a Coward” and “Money, Women and Guns.”
 
Still other films on which Mr. Gertz worked, like “Francis Joins the WACS,” starring Donald O’Connor and Francis the Talking Mule, are beyond category.
 
 
SOURCE:  The New York Times:  http://www.nytimes.com
 
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JIM MATTOX, COMBATIVE TEXAS POLITICIAN
 
 
 
Published: November 20, 2008
 
AUSTIN, Tex. (AP) — Jim Mattox, a former attorney general of Texas and member of Congress who is best remembered as a fierce political campaigner who battled Ann Richards in a vicious primary campaign for governor, died in his sleep Thursday at his home in Dripping Springs. He was 65.
 
His sister, Janice Mattox, confirmed the death but said she did not know the cause.
As attorney general, Mr. Mattox was head of the agency that fought efforts to spare condemned inmates from death. He routinely traveled to Huntsville to attend executions in Texas, the most active state in carrying out the death penalty.
 
Mr. Mattox, a bare-knuckled political brawler while the state was still overwhelmingly Democratic, was also remembered for his advocacy of the everyday Texan, a reputation that earned him the nickname the “people’s lawyer.”
 
As attorney general, he sued the Mobil Oil Company, an action that benefited a campaign donor. Mr. Mattox was indicted on commercial bribery charges but was acquitted by a jury in 1985.
 
He was elected to the House of Representatives in 1976 and remained in office until 1982. He was elected attorney general in 1982 and re-elected in 1986.
 
Some political analysts say that in his unsuccessful run for governor in 1990, his bruising campaign style cost him the Democratic nomination. He lost to Ms. Richards after accusing her of cocaine use with no evidence to back it up.
 
That 1990 campaign effectively ended Mr. Mattox’s political career, though he tried twice more, losing the Democratic primary for the Senate in 1994 to Richard Fisher and losing another campaign for attorney general in 1998 to a Republican, John Cornyn.
Mr. Mattox had his detractors.
 
In the 1998 campaign, the Texas Civil Justice League attacked Mr. Mattox in a fund-raising letter for Mr. Cornyn. “Mattox’s vicious attack campaigns are infamous — and frighteningly effective,” the letter said. “That’s why he has long been known as the ‘junkyard dog’ of Texas politics.”
 
Mr. Mattox started his career as the assistant district attorney in Dallas and later ran for the State Legislature to represent East Dallas. While in the Texas House, he took an interest in ethics reform and open-government legislation.
 
In Congress, he was the only freshman elected to the powerful House Budget Committee and later was chairman of that committee’s Task Force on National Security and Veterans Affairs, as well as the Banking Committee.
 
He is survived by his wife, Marta, and their two children, Jim and Cissy.
 
 
SOURCE:  The New York Times:  http://www.nytimes.com
 
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DR. JAY KATZ, EXPLORER OF ETHICS ISSUES
 
 
 
Published: November 19, 2008
 
 
Dr. Jay Katz, a physician and a professor at Yale Law School who spent more than 40 years tackling confounding questions on the boundaries between law, medicine, psychology and ethics, died Monday at his home in New Haven, Conn. He was 86.
 
 
Yale University

Dr. Jay Katz

 

 

The cause was heart failure, his son, Dan, said.
 
Among the issues that Dr. Katz explored as an outspoken public advocate were medical experimentation without patient consent; whether frozen embryos deserved consideration as potential human beings; and the rights of biological parents whose children lived with adoptive parents.
 
“He posed these often unanswerable questions,” said Alan M. Dershowitz, the Harvard law professor, who in the 1950s was one of Dr. Katz’s first students at Yale. “He would ask, for instance, ‘Did somebody intend to kill?’ ” Mr. Dershowitz recalled on Tuesday. “Let’s say it was a case involving somebody who killed while sleepwalking. The law narrowly says that person did not intend to kill, whereas psychoanalysts say that maybe, at a deeper level, he did. Jay broke down disciplinary walls.”
 
If many of the questions Dr. Katz dealt with were debatable, there was no doubt where he stood on medical experimentation without informed consent. In 1972, he was named to a federal panel to investigate the Tuskegee Syphilis Study, a 1932 experiment by the United States Public Health Service in which about 400 infected black men in Alabama were left untreated, with their outcomes compared with those of about 200 healthy men. The investigation found that at least 28 of the men died as a direct result of syphilis and many others suffered severe damage to the central nervous system, heart trouble or other ailments.
 
The panel described the study as “ethically unjustified.” It said penicillin should have been made available to the infected participants in later years and it called for federal protections for medical research subjects.
 
Dr. Katz said the report did not go far enough. He issued a statement saying that the participants had been “exploited, manipulated and deceived.”
 
A year after the Tuskegee report, Dr. Katz served on a panel of prominent academics who called for a moratorium on the use of poor people as subjects of medical experimentation.
Dr. Katz had been hired as a physician by Yale in 1953 and soon became the chief resident of the outpatient clinic at the university’s medical school. He began teaching psychiatry at Yale in 1955 and three years later was appointed to the law school as an assistant professor of psychiatry and law. He retired in 1993, but taught until recently as an emeritus professor.
 
“As a doctor steeped in the law,” Harold Hongju Koh, the dean of the law school, said in a statement, “Jay Katz illuminated better than anyone has before or since the complex of medical, legal and ethical choices that haunt the silent world of doctor and patient.”
 
The sometimes blurred line between medical ethics and the law was a theme of many of Dr. Katz’s books, which include: “The Family and the Law,” written with Joseph Goldstein (1964); “Psychoanalysis, Psychiatry and Law,” with Mr. Goldstein and Mr. Dershowitz, (1967); “Experimentation with Human Beings” (1972); “Catastrophic Diseases: Who Decides What?” written with Alexander M. Capron (1975); and “The Silent World of Doctor and Patient” (1984).
 
Jacob Katz was born on Oct. 20, 1922, in Zwickan, Germany, one of two sons of Paul and Dora Ungar Katz. His father owned a department store. When Jacob was 11, the Nazis came to power and his family’s citizenship was revoked. His father managed to get him a Czech passport. At 16, on his own, Jacob went to Prague, and then, by way of Italy and England, made his way to New York, where he found work in an auto parts store. The rest of Jacob’s family followed in 1940.
 
Four years later, he graduated from the University of Vermont, and in 1949 he received his medical degree from Harvard. He then served as a captain in the Air Force.
 
In 1952, Dr. Katz married Esta Mae Zorn; she died in 1987. Besides his son, he is survived by his second wife, Marilyn Arthur; two daughters, Sally Katz and Amy Goldminz; two stepdaughters, Mary Arthur and Emily Arthur; a brother, Norman; and four grandchildren.
 
If there was one revelation that most focused Dr. Katz on issues of medical ethics throughout his career it was the unspeakable experiments performed by Nazi doctors during World War II.
 
He expressed consternation in 1996 when the Food and Drug Administration revised 50-year-old federal regulations to allow medical researchers to enroll patients in some studies without their consent. Although the new rules could be applied only in carefully circumscribed situations, they stepped back from a principle dating back to the Nuremberg War Crimes trials, when American judges wrote an international code of medical ethics.
 
“It’s a fateful step,” Dr. Katz told The New York Times in a telephone interview from Germany, where at the time he was about to give the keynote speech at a conference in observance of the 50th anniversary of the doctors’ trials at Nuremberg.
 
“The first sentence of the first principle of the Nuremberg Code,” he said, stated that no research on human beings should be done without their consent. And now, he said, “here we are making exceptions.”
 
“The revised rules remain in effect and are very controversial,” the University of Pennsylvania ethicist Arthur L. Caplan, a friend of Dr. Katz, said Wednesday. “We fight about them all the time.”
 
SOURCE: The New York Times:  http://www.nytimes.com
 
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GRACE HARTIGAN, ABSTRACT PAINTER
 
 
 
Published: November 18, 2008
 
 
Grace Hartigan, a second-generation Abstract Expressionist whose gestural, intensely colored paintings often incorporated images drawn from popular culture, leading some critics to see in them prefigurings of Pop Art, died on Saturday in Baltimore. She was 86.
 
 
 
 
November 18, 2008    

Marty Katz/baltimorephotographer.com

Grace Hartigan in her studio in 1993 with her painting “Junk Shop With Egyptian Violet.”

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

November 19, 2008    

Grace Hartigan/Corcoran Gallery of Art

“Summer Street,” 1956.

 

 

 

 

The cause was liver failure, said Julian Weissman, a longtime dealer of hers.
 
Ms. Hartigan, a friend and disciple of Jackson Pollock and Willem de Kooning, subscribed to the Abstract Expressionist notion of the painterly brushstroke as existential act and cri de coeur but, like de Kooning, she never broke entirely with the figurative tradition.
 
Determined to stake out her own artistic ground, she turned outward from the interior world sanctified by the Abstract Expressionists and embraced the visual swirl of contemporary American life.
 
In “Grand Street Brides” (1954), one of several early paintings that attracted the immediate attention of critics and curators, she depicted bridal-shop window mannequins in a composition based on Goya’s “Royal Family.” Later paintings incorporated images taken from coloring books, film, traditional paintings, store windows and advertising, all in the service of art that one critic described as “tensely personal.”
 
“Her art was marked by a willingness to employ a variety of styles in a modernist idiom, to go back and forth from art-historical references to pop-culture references to autobiographical material,” said Robert Saltonstall Mattison, the author of “Grace Hartigan: A Painter’s World” (1990).
 
Grace Hartigan was born in Newark in 1922 and grew up in rural New Jersey, the oldest of four children. Unable to afford college, she married early and, in a flight of romantic fancy, she and her husband, Bob Jachens, struck out for Alaska to live as pioneers. They made it no farther than California, where, with her husband’s encouragement, she took up painting.
 
“I didn’t choose painting,” she later told an interviewer. “It chose me. I didn’t have any talent. I just had genius.”
 
In the mid-1940’s she left her husband, placed their son, Jeffrey, in the care of his parents and moved back to Newark, where she trained in mechanical drafting and took painting lessons with Isaac Lane Muse. After moving to the Lower East Side of Manhattan in 1945, she became part of the postwar New York artistic scene, forming alliances with the Abstract Expressionist painters — although de Kooning reduced her to tears by telling her she completely misunderstood modern art — and poets like Frank O’Hara, John Ashbery and Kenneth Koch.
 
Ms. Hartigan won fame early. In 1950, the critic Clement Greenberg and the art historian Meyer Schapiro included her in their “New Talent” show at the Kootz Gallery, and a one-woman exhibition at the Tibor de Nagy Gallery soon followed. “Persian Jacket,” an early painting, was bought for the Museum of Modern Art by Alfred Barr.
 
Barr and the Museum of Modern Art curator Dorothy Miller included her in two important shows, “12 Americans” in 1954 and “The New American Painting,” an exhibition that toured Europe in 1958 and 1959 and introduced Abstract Expressionism abroad. In 1958, Life magazine called her “the most celebrated of the young American women painters.”
After starting out as a purely abstract painter, Ms. Hartigan gradually introduced images into her work. It was O’Hara’s blending of high art and low art in his poetry that influenced her to cast far and wide for sources.
 
In 1949 she married the artist Harry Jackson, “not one of my more serious marriages,” she later said. The marriage was annulled after a year. In 1959 she married Robert Keene, a gallery owner, whom she divorced a year later. In 1960 she married Winston Price, an epidemiologist at Johns Hopkins University who collected modern art and had bought one of her paintings. After injecting himself with an experimental vaccine against encephalitis in 1969 and contracting spinal meningitis, he began a long descent into physical and mental illness that ended with his death in 1981.
 
Ms. Hartigan is survived by a brother, Arthur Hartigan of Huntington Beach, Calif.; a sister, Barbara Sesee of North Brunswick, N.J.; and three grandchildren. Her son, Jeffrey Jachens, died in 2006.
 
Ms. Hartigan’s move to Baltimore coincided with a drastic shift in artistic fashion, as Pop Art and Minimalism eclipsed Abstract Expressionism. Out of the spotlight, Ms. Hartigan embarked on what she later recalled as “an isolated creative life.” For decades she painted in a loft in a former department store and taught at the Maryland Institute College of Art. The college created a graduate school around her, the Hoffberger School of Painting, of which she became director in 1965. She taught at the school until retiring last year.
 
As historians and curators reassessed the history of postwar art, she experienced a resurgence of sorts. Her use of commercial imagery led her to be included in “Hand-Painted Pop,” a 1993 exhibition at the Whitney Museum, despite her loathing for the movement.
 
“Pop Art is not painting because painting must have content and emotion,” she said in the 1960’s. On the other hand, she reflected at the time of the Whitney show, “I’d much rather be a pioneer of a movement that I hate than the second generation of a movement that I love.”
 
Her work was exhibited as recently as May at the Jewish Museum in New York, in “Action/Abstraction: Pollock, de Kooning and American Art, 1940-1976.”
 
On an artistic path marked by twists and turns and restless experimentation, she maintained a fierce commitment to the modernist agenda and a belief in art’s near-magical powers.
 
“Now as before it is the vulgar and the vital and the possibility of its transformation into the beautiful which continues to challenge and fascinate me,” she told the reference work “World Artists: 1950-1980.”
 
“Or perhaps the subject of my art is like the definition of humor — emotional pain remembered in tranquillity.”
 
 
SOURCE:  The New York Times:  http://www.nytimes.com
 
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IRVING BRECHER, COMEDY-SCRIPT WRITER
 
Published: November 19, 2008
 
 
Irving Brecher, who wrote vaudeville sketches for Milton Berle, jokes for Henny Youngman, comedies for the Marx Brothers, a television series for Jackie Gleason and screenplays for movie musicals including “Meet Me in St. Louis” and “Bye Bye Birdie,” died on Monday in Los Angeles. He was 94.
 
 
 
Nam Y. Huh/Associated Press, 2004

Irving Brecher

 

 

 

His death was confirmed by Nell Scovell, a friend, who said Mr. Brecher had had a series of heart attacks last week.
 
Within the tribe of Hollywood gag writers, Mr. Brecher (pronounced BRECK-er) was a literary lion, a reflexive offerer of reactive jokes, a relisher of puns, a connoisseur of often topical, arch repartee. He once angered the film producer Darryl Zanuck, telling him the movie he had just made hadn’t been released; it had escaped.
 
“If I were any drier, I’d drown,” he had Groucho Marx saying, stuck in the rain in the 1939 film “At the Circus.” Always a tester of taboos, in the same film he had Groucho tease the guardians of Hollywood’s decency. In one scene, a mischievous vixen played by Eve Arden hides a billfold in her cleavage, and Groucho, wanting it back, says to the camera: “There must be some way of getting that money without getting in trouble with the Hays Office.” Groucho would later say it was the biggest laugh in the film. He and S. J. Perelman, asked to name the world’s quickest wits, listed Mr. Brecher along with George S. Kaufman and Oscar Levant.
 
Mr. Brecher received sole screenplay credit for two Marx Brothers films, a feat in itself. (The second was “Go West,” released in 1940.) He was nominated for an Academy Award for his screenplay for “Meet Me in St. Louis,” the Vincente Minnelli family musical set in the early 1900s, which became one of Judy Garland’s biggest hits, but only after Mr. Brecher talked her into making it by reading her the script. Garland had been afraid her co-star, Margaret O’Brien, was going to upstage her, Mr. Brecher explained to Hank Rosenfeld, his collaborator on a forthcoming autobiography.
 
“When I got to O’Brien’s lines, I would kind of throw them away,” he said. “Then I would emphasize what Judy’s character was doing.”
 
Mr. Brecher was the creator of the long-running radio series “The Life of Riley,” about an ordinary working-class schnook who causes no end of trouble for his family; it was played first by Lionel Stander and later, more famously by William Bendix. Mr. Brecher turned it into a feature film, with Bendix, in 1949, and a television series in the fall of the same year — making it arguably the first situation comedy on TV — and hired Jackie Gleason for the lead role of Chester A. Riley. The series lasted only until the following spring. But when it was reprised in 1953, with Bendix back in the title role (frequently uttering his signature line, “What a revoltin’ development this is!”), it stayed on the air until 1958.
 
The writer in Mr. Brecher had something of an affinity with Riley, an airplane riveter. During the writers’ strike of 2007, he made a video in which he urged the writers not to settle.
“Since 1938, when I joined what was then the Radio Writers Guild, I have been waiting for the writers to get a fair deal; I’m still waiting,” he said to the camera. He added: “As Chester A. Riley would have said, ‘What a revoltin’ development this is!’ But he only said it because I wrote it.”
 
Irving Brecher was born in the Bronx on Jan. 17, 1914, and he grew up in Yonkers. At 19, after a brief stint covering high school sports for a local newspaper, he took a job as an usher and ticket taker at a Manhattan movie theater, where he learned from a critic for Variety that he could earn money writing jokes for comedians. Knowing of Milton Berle’s reputation as joke-pilferer, he placed an ad in Variety, reading, in part: “Positively Berle-proof gags. So bad not even Milton will steal them.”
 
Berle himself hired him.
 
In 1937, he moved to Hollywood and began working on scripts for Mervyn LeRoy, a prominent producer at MGM. He was an uncredited script doctor on “The Wizard of Oz,” leading Groucho Marx to call him “The Wicked Wit of the West.” (He took it as the title of his autobiography, to be published in January by Ben Yehuda Press.)
 
His film credits include “Shadow of the Thin Man” (1941), with William Powell and Myrna Loy; “Du Barry Was a Lady” (1942), with Lucille Ball, Gene Kelly and Red Skelton; “Yolanda and the Thief” (1945), starring Fred Astaire; and “Bye Bye Birdie” (1963).
Mr. Brecher’s first wife, Eve Bennett, died in 1981. He is survived by his wife, Norma, and three stepchildren.
 
In 1989, at Mr. Brecher’s 75th birthday party, Milton Berle both expressed his appreciation and extracted some revenge.
 
“As a writer, he really has no equals,” Berle said. “Superiors, yes.”
 
 
This article has been revised to reflect the following correction:
Correction: November 22, 2008
An obituary on Wednesday about Irving Brecher, a writer for vaudeville, movies and television, included several errors.
The given name of a producer whom Mr. Brecher angered, telling him that one of his films had not been released but had escaped, was misspelled. He was Darryl Zanuck, not Daryl.
Part of a line written by Mr. Brecher and spoken by a rain-drenched Groucho Marx in the film “At the Circus” was misstated. The line is, “If I were any drier, I’d drown,” not “I’d be drowning.”
And Mervyn LeRoy, for whom Mr. Brecher wrote scripts, was not the head of production at M.G.M., though many sources attributed that position to him. (He was, however, considered the most prominent of the studio’s producers and directors.)
 
SOURCE:  The New York Times:  http://www.nytimes.com
 
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JODY REYNOLDS, ROCKABILLY SINGER
 
 
Published: November 19, 2008
 
PALM DESERT, Calif. (AP) — Ralph Joseph Reynolds, known as Jody, the rockabilly singer and songwriter whose lone hit, “Endless Sleep,” ushered in a wave of tragic teenage pop songs in the 1950s, died here on Nov. 7. He was 75.
 
His death was announced by his friend Alan Clark, a musician who toured with him in the 1980s.
 
Mr. Reynolds was inducted into the Rockabilly Hall of Fame in 1999.
 
“Endless Sleep,” which sold more than a million copies in 1958, kicked off the melodramatic teenage-tragedy genre, including Mark Dinning’s “Teen Angel,” Ray Peterson’s “Tell Laura I Love Her,” Dickey Lee’s “Patches” and the Shangri-Las’ “Leader of the Pack.”
 
Mr. Reynolds continued to write and record while supporting his family by running a music store in Palm Springs, Calif., and eventually selling desert real estate. He also occasionally toured the rock oldies circuit.
 
He is survived by his wife of 47 years, Judy; daughters Malinda Bustos and Marla Reynolds; a son, Mark Reynolds; and sisters Marguerite Honeycutt and Martha Palladine.
 
 
SOURCE:  The New York Times:  http://www.nytimes.com
 
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IRWIN C. GUNSALUS, VITAMIN BIOCHEMIST
 
Published: November 21, 2008
 
Irwin C. Gunsalus, who discovered the vitaminlike substance lipoic acid, which has been used as a successful treatment for chronic liver disease, and one of the active forms of vitamin B6, essential in metabolism, died Oct. 25 at his home in Andalusia, Ala. He was 96.
 
 
 
University of Illinois

Irwin C. Gunsalus

 

 

 

The cause was congestive heart failure, said his daughter C. K. Gunsalus of Urbana, Ill.
Dr. Gunsalus, a nutritional biochemist who was long associated with the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, also led genetic-engineering research as an assistant secretary general of the United Nations.
 
He was granted a patent on lipoic acid in 1962. His work at the University of Illinois led, in the 1970s, to the use at other medical institutions of lipoic acid to treat chronic liver disease, and more recently to the experimental treatment of pancreatic and other cancers.
Lipoic acid is found naturally in a variety of organ meats, including kidney, heart and liver, and in potatoes, broccoli and spinach. It is proposed as a dietary supplement to prevent or delay conditions like Parkinson’s and Alzheimer’s diseases, but its efficacy has yet to be proved conclusively.
 
Trained as a bacteriologist and searching, in the early 1950s, for essential growth factors in the digestive system bacterium Enterococcus, Dr. Gunsalus discovered chemical forms of lipoic acid, including lipoate, which he called pyruvate oxidation factor, as well as one of the B6 (pyridoxine) vitamins, now called pyridoxal phosphate.
 
He later discovered the roles the compounds play in the metabolism of microbes, plants and mammals.
 
After retiring in 1982 from the University of Illinois, Dr. Gunsalus was named the founding director of the United Nations International Center for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology and later led ecological studies of the Gulf of Mexico for the federal Environmental Protection Agency.
 
Irwin C. Gunsalus, known as Gunny to friends and colleagues, was born June 29, 1912, at the family’s prairie homestead in Sully County, S.D. His father was a grain farmer and self-taught mechanic who died in a threshing machine accident before his son left for college.
Dr. Gunsalus studied first at South Dakota State University, then transferred to Cornell University, where he earned bachelor’s, master’s and doctoral degrees in bacteriology.
 
From 1940 to 1947, Dr. Gunsalus taught bacteriology at Cornell, while leading investigations of disease risk and food safety during World War II.
 
After the war, he moved to Indiana University, serving as a professor of bacteriology until 1950, when he joined the Illinois faculty as a professor of microbiology.
 
In 1955, he changed his scientific specialty to become chairman of the division of biochemistry, a department he headed at Illinois until 1966.
 
Together with Roger Y. Stanier, he wrote several volumes of “The Bacteria: A Treatise on Structure and Function.”
 
His first marriage, to Merle Lamont Gunsalus, who survives, ended in divorce. His second wife, Carolyn Foust Gunsalus, his third wife, Dorothy Clark Gunsalus, and one son, Gene Gunsalus, all died before him.
 
He is survived by six children, Ann Gunsalus Miguel, C. K. Gunsalus, Glen Gunsalus, Kristin C. Gunsalus, Richard Gunsalus, and Robert Gunsalus; a sister, Anna Gunsalus Higgs; and seven grandchildren.
 
In the 1960s and ’70s, Dr. Gunsalus led biochemical studies of enzymes like bacterial cytochrome P-450, which helps to metabolize artificial and natural compounds in humans, animals and plants during stress and environmental adaptation.
 
Working in the field of genetics, he developed an explanation for the way microbes acquire their ability to adapt in different nutritional environments.
 
He was an adviser in the postdoctoral studies of Al Chakrabarty, who later bioengineered the first oil-eating microbes, and in the doctoral studies of James D. Watson, who later shared a Nobel Prize for his co-discovery of the DNA double helix.
 
Dr. Gunsalus was elected to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, the American Academy of Microbiology, and the National Academy of Sciences, where he was chairman of the biochemistry section from 1978 to 1981.
 
He was the founding editor of the journal Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications.
 
SOURCE:  The New York Times:  http://www.nytimes.com
 
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BOB JETER, ALL-PRO FOR GREEN BAY PACKERS
 
 
Published: November 21, 2008
 
 
MILWAUKEE (AP) — Bob Jeter, a former All-Pro cornerback who played in the first two Super Bowls with the Green Bay Packers, died Thursday at his home in Chicago. He was 71.

The apparent cause was cardiac arrest, said his son, Rob Jeter, the men’s basketball coach at the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee.
 
Jeter was an all-Big Ten halfback at Iowa and played on the Green Bay teams that won the N.F.L. championship in 1965 and the first two Super Bowls, defeating Kansas City in 1967 and Oakland in 1968.
 
He played for the Packers from 1963 to 1970, starting five seasons as part of a formidable cornerback combination with Herb Adderley. Jeter earned Pro Bowl berths in 1967, when he had eight interceptions, and in 1969.
 
Jeter also played for the Chicago Bears, from 1971 to 1973. He was inducted into the Packers Hall of Fame in 1985.
 
Besides his son, his survivors include his wife, Gwen, and another son, Carlton.
 
SOURCE:  The New York Times:  http://www.nytimes.com

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ON THIS DAY IN BLACK MUSIC HISTORY: NOVEMBER 22

#1 R&B Song 1969:   “Baby I’m for Real,” the Originals

 

Born:   Steven Caldwell (the Orlons), 1942

 

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1963   Mary Wells and sam Cooke performed their first of two concerts today at New York’s Apollo Theater. Between shows, word came that President Kenedy had been assassinated. Cooke immediately canceld his performance and flew back to Los Angeles.

 

1967   The Chambers Brothers began a weeklong engagement with Blodd, Sweat & Tears at New York ‘s the Scene.

 

1969   Jazz diva Nina Simone charted with “To Be Young, Gifted, and Black.” The song obviously had a more receptive audience among R&B chart listeners as it reached #8 while only making it to #76 pop.

 

 

Simone’s first chart single ten years earlier had been the passionate, “I Loves You, Porgy,” from George Gershwin’s  Porgy & Bess, which reached #2 R&B.

 

1975   Natalie Cole peaked at #6 pop while reaching #1 R&B with her dazzling recording of “This Will Be.” Daughter of legendary pop-jazz vocalist Nat King Cole, Natalie started out in a jazz group called, of all things, the Malibu Music Men, which included keyboard player Daryl Dragon (later of Captain & Tennille).

 

1980   Parliament charted with “Agony of DeFeet,” reaching #7 R&B. It would be the last of twenty-three hits for Parliament before they became Funkadelic and went on to twenty-four more hits under their new name.

 

1980   Yarborough & Peoples had their chart debut aand biggest hit all in one when “Don’t Stop the Music” flew onto the R&B hit register, stopping at #1 for five weeks.

 

From the book, “On This Day In Black Music History”, by Jay Warner.

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ON THIS DAY IN BLACK MUSIC HISTORY: NOVEMBER 21

#1 Song 1960:   “Stay,” Maurice Williams & the Zodiacs

Born:   Saxophone legend Coleman Hawkins, 1904; Big John Greer, 1923; Alphonse Mouzon, 1948

 

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1942   The King Cole Trio debuted on the R&B charts with “That Ain’t Right,” which soared to #1. They would have four #1s out of their first five chart singles and instantly become one of the most popular pop-jazz agregations in the nation.

 

1953   Clyde McPhatter & the Drifters reached #1 R&B with “Money Honey” and stayed there for an amazing eleven weeks. Though the group (with a variety of lineups) name would go onto have thirty-seven R&B hits, “Money Honey,” their first release, would remain their biggest. On the strength of that one hit, the group secured a ten-year contract to appear twice a year at the Apollo Theater in New York.

 

1961   The Impressions performed their hit “Gypsy Woman” on American Bandstand .

 

 

1974   Wilson Pickett was arrested for brandishing a gun during an argument in Andes, NY. Performing with passion was apparently not confined to his stage show.

 

1990   En Vogue performed at the Summit in Houston while touring as a supporting act for MC Hammer.

 

1991   Jimi Hendrix received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame. Though only five of his albums came out during his lifetime and only eight were authorized by him, it’s reported that his name appears on more than 300 albums, most of which are bootlegs.

 

1991   B.B. King ended a worldd tour in Washington, DC. The tour had begun seven weeks earlier in Istanbu, Turkey.

 

1992   Sade performed on Saturday Night Live.

 

1996   The reclusive Prince gave a rare interview to Oprah Winfrey on her TV show.

 

From the book, “On This Day In Black Music History”, by Jay Warner.

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BUSH SIGNS UNEMPLOYMENT EXTENSION BILL

By: Jim Abrams, THE ASSOCIATED PRESS
 
November 21, 2008
WASHINGTON – With no end in sight to economic bad news, President George W. Bush on Friday ensured that millions of laid-off workers will keep getting their unemployment checks as the year-end holidays approach.
 
Bush signed an extension of jobless benefits into law just before 8 a.m. ET, as he was preparing to leave the White House for a morning flight to Lima, Peru, to attend the 21-nation Asia-Pacific Economic Co-operation forum.
 
Congressional leadership rushed the bill to the White House after it was approved Thursday to make the unusually quick bill signing possible before Bush left the country.
Earlier in the year, Bush expressed doubts about further benefit extensions, but he came to support the legislation as new figures showed new claims for jobless aid had reached a 16-year high.
 
In what could be its last vote of the year, the Senate approved a measure Thursday that would provide up to three months of extra benefits for those whose unemployment benefits have run out or are about to expire. The House passed the bill in October.
 
“With more Americans filing jobless claims than at any time since the 1992, the Senate’s passage of the House’s unemployment insurance extension legislation will help speed relief to more than two million workers who continue to search for new jobs in these difficult economic times,” said House Speaker Nancy Pelosi.
 
Those times became a little more difficult Thursday as the Dow Jones industrials dropped more than 400 points for the second straight day, reaching the lowest level in more than five years. In part, investors were discouraged by the inability of the White House and Congress to agree on a plan to provide relief to the battered auto industry.
 
Stocks perked up at the opening of the market Friday, with the Dow Jones industrials moving up some 150 points before retreating back toward the opening point later in the morning.
 
Democrats had sought to carve out $25 billion from the $700-billion financial rescue plan to keep the auto industry in business through next spring, but the White House and Senate Republicans objected.
 
Democratic leaders said they were ready to come back into session on Dec. 8, but only if the Big Three automakers first come up with a roadmap showing how federal aid will put them on the path to future economic viability.
 
At stake are millions of jobs in the auto and related industries that could go under if one or more of the major automakers goes bankrupt.
 
“We are prepared to come back into session the week of Dec. 8 to help the auto industry,” said Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid. “But only if they present a responsible plan that gives us a realistic chance to get the needed votes.”
 
Other federal actions to resuscitate an economy crippled by home foreclosures, a credit freeze and confusion in financial markets will probably have to wait until January.
 
President-elect Barack Obama has pledged to make economic recovery the immediate focus of his new administration and both the House and Senate will have increased Democratic majorities eager to support him.
 
The voice vote in the Senate Thursday came just hours after the Labour Department reported that claims for unemployment benefits jumped last week to 542,000. That marked the highest level since July 1992 and provided fresh evidence of a rapidly weakening job market that is expected to get even worse next year. The number of people searching for work has now topped 10 million and the civilian unemployment rate now stands at 6.5 per cent, a 14-year high.
 
About 1.2 million people would exhaust their unemployment insurance by the end of the year without the extension, sponsors said. The measure is estimated to cost about $5.7 billion, although economists put the positive impact at $1.64 for every dollar spent on jobless benefits because the money helps sustain other jobs and restores consumer confidence.
 
“Extending this basic assistance to help unemployed workers pay their mortgages, feed their families, and heat their homes is a down payment on broader economic recovery legislation that our economy desperately needs,” said House Ways and Means Committee Chairman Charles Rangel.
 
The legislation as approved would provide seven additional weeks of payments to people who have exhausted their benefits or will exhaust them soon. Those in states where the unemployment rate is above 6 per cent would be entitled to an additional 13 weeks above the 26 weeks of regular benefits. Benefit checks average about $300 a week nationwide.
 
The benefits provided would be in addition to 13 weeks of federally funded extended benefits Congress approved last June.
 
Congress has enacted federally funded extensions seven times in the past 50 years during economic slumps – in 1958, 1961, 1972, 1975, 1982, 1991 and 2002.
 
The White House had earlier opposed a broader $61 billion bill that would have helped states meet Medicaid costs and fund public works projects as well as extend jobless benefits.
 
But on Thursday White House press secretary Dana Perino urged Congress to move quickly on the benefits bill. “The recent financial and credit crisis has slowed the economy, and it’s having an impact on job creation,” she said.
 
Unemployment insurance is a joint program between states and the federal government that is almost completely funded by employer taxes, either state or federal.
 
In yet another bad sign for the economy’s near future, the private, New York-based Conference Board said Thursday that its monthly forecast of economic activity declined 0.8 per cent in October. Over the past seven months, the index has declined at a 4.7 per cent annual rate, faster than at any other time since 2001.
 
Most of the decline was due to the drop in stock prices, a decline in building permits and sagging consumer expectations.
 
 
 
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UNEMPLOYMENT BENEFITS BY STATE:  http://unemployment.001webs.com/
STATE UNEMPLOYMENT OFFICES:  http://unemployment.001webs.com/
SURVIVE UNEMPLOYMENT:  http://www.surviveunemployment.com/
 
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I am shocked. I am astounded.
 
Bush actually showed some humanity in him towards American citizens facing massive layoffs and the need for unemployment benefits.
The bill (HR 6867) provides seven additonal weeks of benefits and thirteen additional weeks in states with an unemployment rate above 6%.
 
After all his fighting against the unemployment extensions brought forth by Congress last year, Bush finally decided to face up to the growing crisis of job layoffs, longer periods of out-of-work Americans, and the acceptance that the present unemployment benefits do not begin to go far enough to help many Americans who have to juggle a struggle with not only income loss, but, loss of a home, higher mortgage rates they cannot keep up, loss of monies to even adequately feed their children, and heat their homes with the coming winter cold on their heels.
 
The recent financial crisis that has been escalating for years, has not only slowed the economy; it has had a devastating impact on the creation of jobs, and not just hand-to-mouth jobs.
 
Bush may have done this at the insistence of a Congress that sees the harshness of limited jobless benefits that run out before a person can begin to use them.
 
But, as far as I am concerned, it is too little too late for Bush to try and salvage his image with this action.
 
More could have been done if he had not shown so much mendacious disregard for the citizens, and children, of this country.

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ON THIS DAY IN BLACK MUSIC HISTORY: NOVEMBER 20

#1 R&B Song 1971:  “Have You Seen Her,” the Chi-Lites

Born:  Gospel singing pioneer Sallie Martin, 1896

 

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1954   Known as “Little Miss Share Cropper,” LaVern Baker (Delores Williams) had her debut disc, “Tweedlee Dee,” released today. It reached #4 R&B and #14 pop, beginning her string of twenty-one hits through 1966.

1954   The Drifter’s quintessential R&B version of “White Christmas,” was released, rising to #2 R&B.

1955   Bo Diddley performed on The Ed Sullivan Show , playing “BoDiddley” even though he was scheduled to play “16 Tons.”

 

 

1961   Solomon Burke reached #24 pop today with “Just Out of Reach,” which eventually rose to #7 R&B. Interestingly, he did it singing a country song. It was one of the first country/R&B crossbreeds, a style that would soon find its place in soul music. As a youth, Burke was known as “the Wonder Boy Preacher” at his own Solomon’s temple, which was started for him by his grandmother.

1961   The Crystal’s debut single, “There’s No Other,” charted (#20 pop, #5 R&B), becoming the first of their eight hits.

1991   Michael Jackson’s Dangerous was released. It was apparantly so popular that 30,000 copies of the album, worth more than $400,000, were stolen by shotgun-wielding thugs from a terminal at Los Angeles International Airport.

1993   Anite Baker’s “Witchcraft” duet with Frank Sinatra, from his Duets album, reached its peak at #2 pop in its first week on the charts.

1993   Augusta, GA, honored one of their own when a portion of Ninth Street was officially renamed James Brown Boulevard.

From the book, “On This Day In Black Music History”, by Jay Warner.

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GOOD JOB, SPLC ON THE JORDAN GRUVER/IKA CASE…….NOW, HOW ABOUT PURSUING THE LATINO GANGS WHO MURDER BLACK CITIZENS?

To the Southern Poverty Law Center, do not forget other hate groups in America who have targeted and brutally murdered innocent people, due to hate against their racial group. I am speaking most specifically of Latino gangs:  MS-13 (Mara Salvatrucha-13), FS-13 (Florenza-13), the Latin Queens, Avenues 18, many of whom are ex-prison inmates and illegal immigrants. These groups are also just as vicious and hateful as any Ku Klux Klansman terrorist. These race scab, ass-kissers murder Black American children and adults because the gang members say the Black citizens are dirty and should not be in their neighborhoods, when in fact these neighborhoods were the neighborhoods of Black citizens before the lowlife gang members infested them. As for these killings supposedly being “gang-related”, hell, that is a lie. These Latino gangs specifically target Black American citizens for savage murder. They target Black Americans with ethnic cleansing:  leave or be killed.

They take their venomous race hatred out on defenseless Black citizens:

-Murder of a 6-year-old Black boy, shot in the head; murder of a little 27-month-old baby Black girl, shot to death; murder of a 12-year-old Black boy shot to death while waiting on a school bus.

Many of these Latino gangs are hooking up with and combining forces with Islamic jihadist terrorists. Common sadistic criminals, who for money, are aiding and abetting foreign terrorists; Latino gangs who seek the destruction of American citizens, making Latino gangs increasing national security threats due to their potential link-up with Islamic jihadists. Gangs like the Mara Salvatrucha gang that is helping Al-Quaida: transporting drugs, and people (Al-Quaida terrorists), across Mexico’s borders, into America, for profit.

For all the evidence of race-based targeting of Black American victims, federal prosecutors have not filed civil rights charges against FS-13 members. Many excuses, like so many rectal orifices, are given, with one such excuse that the charges are difficult to prove and wouldn’t increase prison time for those convicted of these crimes anyway. (Then again, most so-called hate crime laws are not worth the toilet paper they are printed on.) 

This race hatred against innocent Black American citizens has been going on for over 10 years. If these victims were anyone other than Black Americans, the uproar would have been tremendous, but, instead, the silence is deafening.

Then again, they are just Black mureder victims, so who really cares?

SPLC, you do outstanding work.

Please do not forget the savage terrorists who murder innocent Black American citizens.

Not all Black-race-hating terrorists come in a whiter shade of pale.

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RELATED ARTICLES ON LATINO GANGS:

“LATIN AMERICAN GANGS TARGETED BLACKS IN RACIAL ‘CLEANSING’ IN LA:  http://www.newsweek.com/id/61950

“MS-13/AL-QUAIDA CONNECTION:  http://www.newschannel5.tv/2005/2/28/1671/MS-13-Al-Qaeda-Connection

“STREET GANGS”:  http://www.streetgangs.com/topics/2007/

“AVENUES OF DEATH”:  http://www.streetgangs.com/topics/2006/071407hpkills.html

“NO ONE HERE GETS OUT A LIVE”:  http://www.streetgangs.com/topics/2007/110807citybeat.html

IN THE HAT (TONY RAFAEL BLOG):  http://www.inthehat.blogspot.com/

“THE MEXICAN MAFIA”, by Tony Rafael:  http://www.tonyrafael.com/reviews.html

FBI GANG TASK FORCE:  http://www.fbi.gov/hq/cid/ngic/violent_gangs.htm

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