ELINE KAUFMAN, OWNER OF ‘ELAINE’S’, WHO FED AND FUSSED OVER THE FAMOUS
By ENID NEMY
Published: December 3, 2010
Elaine Kaufman, who became something of a symbol of New York as the salty den mother of Elaine’s, one of the city’s best-known restaurants and a second home for almost half a century to writers, actors, athletes and other celebrities, died Friday in Manhattan. She was 81.
Michael Falco for The New York Times
Elaine Kaufman of Elaine’s in 2005. More Photos »
Rooms: The Saloonkeeper’s Sanctum (February 5, 2009)
City Room: Memories of Elaine: An Appreciation (December 3, 2010)
Diner’s Journal Blog: Elaine Kaufman is Dead at 81. Long Live Elaine’s (December 3, 2010)
Her death, at Lenox Hill Hospital, was caused by complications of emphysema, said Diane Becker, the restaurant’s manager.
To the patrons she knew at her Upper East Side establishment, Ms. Kaufman was the quirky, opinionated, tender-hearted and imposingly heavyset proprietor who came in almost every night to check on things and schmooze, moving from table to table and occasionally perching herself on a stool at the end of her 25-foot mahogany bar.
With those she did not know, her demeanor varied; some accused her of being rude, though she indignantly denied that she ever was. As she put it, she had little time to explain to dissatisfied customers why they were being directed to tables in the back, known as Siberia, or led to the bar or even turned away, when they could clearly see empty tables along “the line.”
The line was the row of tables along the right wall of the main room, extending from the front to the back and visible from the entrance. Those tables were almost always saved for the most valued regulars, with or without reservations. One regular was Woody Allen, who filmed a scene for “Manhattan” at Elaine’s.
Elaine’s, in fact, was a scene, a noisy restaurant and bar celebrated as a celebrity hangout that all but shouted “New York” to the rest of the country, if not the world. For Billy Joel, in his 1979 hit “Big Shot,” the very name connoted the uptown in-crowd. (“They were all impressed with your Halston dress/And the people that you knew at Elaine’s.”) And in the new movie “Morning Glory,” with Harrison Ford, Diane Keaton and Rachel McAdams, the indomitable Ms. Kaufman herself makes a cameo appearance.
Of course, it was an unspoken rule among the customers never to appear overly impressed or distracted by the famous. This was New York, after all. But there were exceptions, Ms. Kaufman recalled. Mick Jagger was one. (“The room grew still,” she said.) Luciano Pavarotti was another. (“Everyone stood up and applauded.”) And Willie Nelson proved irresistible. (“He kissed all the women at the bar.”)
Once, when a newcomer asked directions to the men’s room, Ms. Kaufman replied, “Take a right at Michael Caine.”
Ms. Kaufman opened her restaurant in 1963, along an unfashionable block on Second Avenue just north of 88th Street. Soon a loyal clientele began to form, as if by chain reaction.
Almost from the beginning there were writers, many of whom were granted credit privileges when cash was low or nonexistent. And the writers — Gay Talese, George Plimpton, Peter Maas, Dan Jenkins, Joseph Heller, Mario Puzo, Frank Conroy and others — drew editors: Clay Felker, Willie Morris and James Brady, to name a few.
Then came the theater, film and television personalities, eager to meet literary lights. And they, having added to the growing cultural cachet of Elaine’s, soon attracted the famous from other arenas — sports figures, politicians and gossip-column society — all wanting to be part of the scene.
Elaine’s flourished, despite its less-than-stellar reputation for food. For 14 years, it was the site of the New York Oscar-night parties hosted by Entertainment Weekly. “I live a party life,” Ms. Kaufman said in an interview in 1983 in The New York Times. “Elsa Maxwell used to have to send out invitations. I just open the door.”
Elaine Edna Kaufman was born in Manhattan on Feb. 10, 1929, one of four children of Joseph and Pauline Kaufman. Brought up in Queens and the Bronx, she graduated from Evander Childs High School in the Bronx and worked at the stamp department at Gimbels, a wholesale fabric house and the long-gone Astor Pharmacy, where she was night cosmetician. She also sold cigars and checked hats at the Progressive Era Political Club in Greenwich Village before being introduced to the restaurant business by Alfredo Viazzi.
Mr. Viazzi, a former seaman and struggling writer, owned Portofino, a Greenwich Village restaurant popular with publishing and downtown theater people, and in 1959 he and Ms. Kaufman, having begun a romantic relationship, joined forces in running it.
When she broke up with Mr. Viazzi four years later, she “took my pots and pans” and decided to open her own restaurant. “I couldn’t afford to open in the Village,” she said, “so I found an Austrian-Hungarian restaurant in an area of the Upper East Side which was Siberia then.” She bought it with a partner for “$10,000 or $12,000,” she said. (Within eight years she was the sole owner.)
Many of her old patrons followed her uptown, and neighborhood celebrities like the painters Helen Frankenthaler and Robert Motherwell, who were married at the time, began dropping in. She was also discovered by the columnists Dorothy Kilgallen and Leonard Lyons.
During the first year, Ms. Kaufman waited on tables herself; one summer Elaine Stritch, unwilling to do summer stock, tended bar.
The restaurant’s indifferent décor — the comedian Alan King once said the place was “decorated like a stolen car” — changed little through the years. The rummage from junk shops and $5 light fixtures remained, but one feature continued to grow: the framed covers of books by authors who ate and drank there. Several hundred of the covers festooned the walls between the main dining area and the adjoining Paul Desmond room — named after the jazz saxophonist, another regular — which was used for overflow crowds, private parties and sometimes B-, C- and D-list people.
In the later 1960s Ms. Kaufman bought the low-rise building that houses the restaurant as well as the building next to it. The rental apartments above helped finance the restaurant over the years.
Ms. Kaufman treated many of her regular patrons as both friends and extended family, though she had her limits. She had several run-ins with well-known personalities. After an argument with her, Norman Mailer vowed never to return and wrote her an unflattering letter. She scribbled “Boring” across the top and sent it back to him. A day or two later, he was back.
In 1998, Ms. Kaufman was arrested on assault charges after slapping a customer. The case involved a man and a woman who said she had called them “white trash” after they ordered one drink between them. Ms. Kaufman denied using the expression and said she had slapped the man only after “he got in my face.” The charges were later dropped, as were civil lawsuits that both Ms. Kaufman and the customer filed.
Ms. Kaufman was married in 1980 to Henry Ball, who was also in the restaurant business. They were divorced in 1984, and he died in later years. Ms. Kaufman, who lived in Manhattan, is survived by three nephews, a niece and several cousins. The restaurant will remain open and maintain the same hours and staff, Ms. Becker said.
Though patronage at Elaine’s fell off in the late 1980s, it returned within several years, and the restaurant, which often stays open until the wee hours, once again became a favorite of celebrities. It was a prime destination on summer Sunday evenings, when weekenders returning to the city stopped in for dinner. But on almost any night, the regulars treated it as their club, talking to friends and to Elaine and playing darts, card games and backgammon. The games ended some years ago, but the ambience remained.
In 2003, Ms. Kaufman was named a Living Landmark by the New York Landmarks Conservancy.
“I’ve lived just about the most perfect life,” Ms. Kaufman said in 1998. “I’ve had the best time. If I wanted to do something, I did it. Designers designed my clothes and did my apartment. I had house seats for the theater. I was invited to screenings and book parties. I’ve had fun. What else can you ask in life?”
A concert and oratorio singer who performed in public until she was in her 90s, Mrs. Boatwright was known for her pure, unfussy sound; impeccable diction; and thoughtful, sensitive interpretations. These attributes made her well suited for early music and contemporary works, and throughout her career she sang both, to favorable notices.
Mrs. Boatwright gave the world premiere performances of some of Ives’s songs and, with the pianist John Kirkpatrick, made the first extensive recording of his songs. The album, originally titled “Twenty-Four Songs,” was first released in 1954 on the Overtone label.
At the other end of the historical continuum, Mrs. Boatwright appeared as a soloist with many of the country’s best-known early-music groups, including the Yale Collegium Musicum, founded by the eminent composer Paul Hindemith, and the Cantata Singers in New York.
Among the conductors with whom she performed are Leopold Stokowski, Erich Leinsdorf, Seiji Ozawa and Zubin Mehta.
Mrs. Boatwright’s work took her to many of the country’s best-known concert halls as well as to the White House, where she sang for President John F. Kennedy in 1963.
She also taught at Syracuse University, the Eastman School of Music, the Peabody Conservatory of Music and elsewhere.
Helena Johanna Strassburger, known as Helen, was born on Nov. 17, 1916, in Sheboygan, Wis. She was the youngest of six children in a family of gifted amateur singers; Bach chorales in four-part harmony were sung nightly around the dinner table.
She earned bachelor’s and master’s degrees in music from the Oberlin College Conservatory. In 1942, while she was a graduate student, she sang at Tanglewood in a production of Otto Nicolai’s opera “The Merry Wives of Windsor,” opposite a young tenor named Mario Lanza in his operatic debut.
In 1943, she married Howard Leake Boatwright Jr., a violinist and composer. In the decades that followed, the couple performed together in many recitals, and Mrs. Boatwright often sang songs by her husband, written for her.
Mrs. Boatwright, who also appeared frequently in joint recitals with other singers, did not make her New York solo recital debut until 1967, when she performed Hindemith’s song cycle “Das Marienleben“ at Town Hall.
Reviewing the concert in The New York Times, Raymond Ericson wrote that Mrs. Boatwright “sang the cycle as she has other music, with a total submersion of her own personality in the work.” He added: “She has a voice of rare purity, and she sings phrases with comparable clarity and firm outline.”
Mrs. Boatwright’s husband died in 1999. Besides her son, Howard Leake III, known as Lea, she is survived by another son, David Alexander, and a daughter, Alice Karth Boatwright.
If the concert singing Mrs. Boatwright favored has less marquee value than opera, which she performed on occasion, then that, she made unequivocally clear, was fine with her.
“I sing opera, but I am a musician,” she told The Sheboygan Press in 2004. “I teach too many crummy kids who think they’ve got to be opera singers. Opera is such a teeny tiny part in the world of music. I don’t want to be called an opera singer.”
AL MASINI, ‘ENTERTAINMENT TONIGHT’ CREATOR
By DENNIS HEVESI
Published: December 1, 2010
Al Masini, a creator of hit television shows that often focused on glamour and fame, among them “Lifestyles of the Rich and Famous” and “Entertainment Tonight,” the breezy show business news program that has run for 29 years, died on Monday in Honolulu. He was 80.
Edward Hausner/The New York Times
Al Masini was the force behind many long-running TV hits.
The cause was cancer, his publicist, Kristin Jackson, told The Associated Press.
For years the tabloid-style “Entertainment Tonight” has billed itself as “the most watched entertainment newsmagazine in the world.” That is just what Mr. Masini and his colleagues at TeleRep, the company he founded in 1968, had in mind when the show had its premiere on Sept. 14, 1981. Its fast-paced, paparazzi-like mix of celebrity news and gossip, inspired by TV Guide and People magazine, was often scoffed at by critics. That didn’t turn off viewers. It is scheduled to run at least through the 2012 season.
While “Entertainment Tonight” was Mr. Masini’s biggest hit, he was also the hard-driving force behind other long-running shows, most of them in syndication. His first, “Solid Gold,” which originally starred the pop singer Dionne Warwick, offered a countdown of the Top 10 songs of the week, several pick hits and the occasional oldie. It ran from 1980 to 1988.
“Lifestyles of the Rich and Famous,” which displayed the extravagance of entertainers, athletes and business moguls, ran from 1984 to 1996. It was hosted by Robin Leach, a seemingly breathless Englishman, who, in his closing catchphrase, expressed the hope that viewers would have “Champagne wishes and caviar dreams.”
Among Mr. Masini’s many other shows was “Star Search,” with Ed McMahon as host, which gave unknown performers their big chance before a national audience.
Mr. Masini also dealt with more serious fare. In 1976 he organized a nationwide consortium of local stations under the name Operation Prime Time. With many mini-series and television specials, the syndicate demonstrated that it could deliver dramatic hits, like those produced by the networks. Its 1982 mini-series “A Woman Called Golda,” starring Ingrid Bergman as the Israeli prime minister Golda Meir, won three Emmy Awards.
“All of my ideas come from studying what’s not on the air,” Mr. Masini told The New York Times in 1986. “Most people think the simplest way to sell a show is to say it’s like another show. If ‘Cosby’ is a hit, soon you get 10 ‘Cosby’ imitations. My attitude has always been to look for what’s missing. If historically there was an appetite for a certain type of show — or, if the appetite is apparent through other media — then I try to fill the need.”
Alfred Michael Masini was born in Jersey City on Jan. 5, 1930, to Alfred and Marie Malta Masini. He graduated from Fordham University in 1952 and soon was working as a film editor at the CBS-TV library in New York. He joined an advertising company in New York in 1956 before going on to found TeleRep.
Mr. Masini is survived by his wife, Charlyn Honda Masini, and his sister, Melba Marvinny.
When it came to nuts-and-bolts television production, Mr. Masini did not relegate himself to the executive suite. In 1980, when “Solid Gold” was about to begin its long run, he flew from his New York office to Los Angeles so he could personally choreograph the dance numbers.
“Sure, we had a choreographer,” he later told The Times, “but I knew what I wanted. I can’t be happy unless I have complete control.”
FROM THE ARCHIVES
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INTERNATIONAL VOLUNTEER DAY FOR ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL DEVEOLPMENT
The United Nations’ (UN) International Volunteer Day for Economic and Social Development, also known as International Volunteer Day (IVD), is observed on December 5 each year.
|International Volunteer Day for Economic and Social Development||English|
|Día Internacional de los Voluntarios para el Desarrollo Económico y Social||Spanish|
International Volunteer Day
International Volunteer Day for Economic and Social Development 2010
Sunday, December 5, 2010
International Volunteer Day for Economic and Social Development 2011
Monday, December 5, 2011
See list of observations below.
International Volunteer Day recognizes the work of volunteers and the importance of volunteering. ©iStockphoto.com/Steven Robertson
What do people do?
This day hopes to heighten people’s and governments’ awareness of the voluntary contributions. It also focuses on stimulating people to offer their services as volunteers, both at home and abroad. Over the years, governments, businesses, nonprofit organizations, and individuals contribute the International Volunteer Day through various activities including:
- Voluntary community projects.
- Parades, marches, or rallies.
- Award ceremonies for volunteers who made significant contributions to their communities.
- “Time donation” campaigns that involve people pledging hours of voluntary service to specific projects.
- Companies launching voluntary programs as part of their corporate responsibility.
- Volunteer competitions.
Activities and events for the day help promote the impact of volunteering and the UN’s Millennium Development Goals, via volunteering to:
- Help eradicate poverty.
- Achieve universal primary education.
- Promote gender equality and empower women.
- Reduce child mortality and to improve maternal health.
- Reverse the spread of HIV/AIDS, malaria and other major diseases.
- Help ensure environmental sustainability.
Many people participate in many of these events through the World Volunteer Web, which the United Nations Volunteers (UNV) operates in partnership with various organizations.
International Volunteer Day is a global observance and not a public holiday. Some organizations, businesses and communities may take the time to contribute to the day through activities mentioned earlier in this article.
Each year UN General Assembly invites governments to observe the International Volunteer Day for Economic and Social Development on December 5 (A/RES/40/212 of 17 December 1985). As a result of the resolution from December 17, 1985, governments, the UN, and civil society organizations work together with volunteers around the world to celebrate the Day on December 5 each year.
In 2001, the International Year of Volunteers, the Assembly adopted a set of recommendations on ways that governments and the UN could support volunteering and asked that they be widely disseminated. The International Year of Volunteers aimed to stimulate national and international policy debate around, and to advocate for, recognizing, facilitating, networking and promoting voluntary action. The year led to a much better appreciation of the power of volunteerism in its many forms and the ways to support it.
The IVD logo is used to promote the day. The logo features two olive branches that encapsulate three Vs in a cup-like manner. Each V has bullet points at the top of each tip of the letter, so the Vs are drawn in a way to resemble simple figures of people in unity. The words “International Volunteer Day” are under the olive branches. The image, including the words, is in orange on a white background.
International Volunteer Day for Economic and Social Development Observances
The United Nations’ (UN) International Day of Persons with Disabilities is an occasion to re-affirm and draw attention to the rights of people who live with disabilities worldwide. It is held annually on December 3.
|International Day of Persons with Disabilities||English|
|Día Internacional de las Personas con Discapacidad||Spanish|
International Day of Persons with Disabilities 2010
Friday, December 3, 2010
International Day of Persons with Disabilities 2011
Saturday, December 3, 2011
List of dates for other years.
Since 1992, the United Nations’ (UN) International Day of Persons with Disabilities is annually held on December 3. It aims to increase the understanding of the issues around disabilities and attention to the dignity, rights and well-being of persons with disabilities.
It also aims to increase the awareness of the gains for everybody if disabled persons are integrated into all aspects of political, social, economic and cultural life and raising money for resources for persons with disabilities.
The International Day of Persons with Disabilities re-affirms and draws attention to the rights of people who live with disabilities. ©iStockphoto.com/Rich Legg
What do people do?
Many events are held on and around the International Day of Persons with Disabilities on December 3 each year. Many of these events aim to involve groups of people from all sections of society in upholding the rights of persons with disabilities and to celebrate the contributions by persons with disabilities to their communities.
Other events take the form of protests to highlight the difficulties disabled people have in playing a full role in society. Examples of events include: forums with experts and disabled persons; public discussions; the presentation of information campaigns; exhibitions of art created by disabled people; social gatherings; and fundraising activities to raise money to support disabled people.
The International Day of Persons with Disabilities is a global observance and not a public holiday.
The United Nations Decade of Disabled Persons was held from 1983 to 1992 to enable governments and organizations to implement measures to improve the life of disabled persons all over the world. On October 14, 1992, as this decade drew to a close, the UN General Assembly proclaimed December 3 as the International Day of Disabled Persons. This day was first observed on December 3, 1992. On December 18, 2007, the assembly changed the observance’s name from the “International Day of Disabled Persons” to the “International Day of Persons with Disabilities”. The new name was first used in 2008.
The International Day of Persons with Disabilities is coordinated by United Nations Enable, which works to support and promote the rights and dignity of persons with disabilities. The symbol of Enable is the blue UN symbol and the word “enable”. The UN symbol consists of an azimuthal equidistant projection of the globe centered on the North Pole surrounded by olive branches. The word “enable” is written entirely in lower case letters. The letter “e” is red and the other letters are blue.
International Day of Persons with Disabilities Observances
The United Nations’ (UN) International Day for the Abolition of Slavery is annually observed on December 2. The day encourages people to take a united stance to abolish all forms of slavery in modern society.
|International Day for the Abolition of Slavery||English|
|Día Internacional de la Abolición de la Esclavitud||Spanish|
International Day for the Abolition of Slavery 2010
Thursday, December 2, 2010
International Day for the Abolition of Slavery 2011
Friday, December 2, 2011
List of dates for other years.
The United Nations’ (UN) International Day for the Abolition of Slavery is annually observed on December 2 to remind people that modern slavery works against human rights.
The day also encourages people to put meaning to the words of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights that “no one shall be held in slavery or servitude” through their actions. This holiday is not to be confused with the UN’s International Day for the Remembrance of the Slave Trade and its Abolition.
The International Day for the Abolition of Slavery reminds people that modern slavery works against human rights. ©iStockphoto.com/milansys
What do people do?
Many people use the International Day for the Abolition of Slavery as an opportunity to share their perspective in writings through poetry, opinion pieces, interviews, feature articles, short stories and other published material. Classrooms may review the history of slave trade, its evolution and changes it has undergone through to modern times. Students may also learn about the negative impacts of slavery on society.
Online, print and broadcast media promote the day through news, debates, forums, and talks about modern day slave trade and why it is a serious human rights issue. Political leaders, including senators and those with ministerial responsibilities, also take the time to urge the public to work together in eradicating any form of slavery in modern society. Flyers, posters, leaflets, newsletters about abolishing slavery and slave trade are also distributed throughout universities and in public areas on this day.
The International Day for the Abolition of Slavery is an observance but not a public holiday.
The United Nations is committed to fighting against slavery and considers bonded labour, forced labour, the worst forms of child labour and trafficking people as modern forms of slavery. Some sources day that more than one million children are trafficked each year for cheap labour or sexual exploitation. These types of slavery are global problems and go against article four of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, which states that “no one shall be held in slavery or servitude; slavery and the slave trade shall be prohibited in all their forms”.
The International Day for the Abolition of Slavery recalls the adoption of the UN Convention for the Suppression of the Traffic in Persons and of the Exploitation of the Prostitution of Others (resolution 317(IV) of December 2, 1949). To remember the convention, a UN report of the Working Group on Slavery recommended in 1985 that December 2 be proclaimed the World Day for the Abolition of Slavery in all its forms. By 1995, the day was known as the International Day for the Abolition of Slavery.
On December 18, 2002, the UN General Assembly proclaimed 2004 the International Year to Commemorate the Struggle against Slavery and its Abolition. On November 28, 2006, the assembly designated March 25, 2007, as the International Day for the Commemoration of the 200th Anniversary of the Abolition of the Transatlantic Slave Trade. The UN also annually observes the UN’s International Day for the Remembrance of the Slave Trade and its Abolition on August 23.
The UN emblem is often found in online and print material used to promote events such as the United Nations’ International Day for the Abolition of Slavery. The emblem consists of a projection of the globe centered on the North Pole. It depicts all continents except Antarctica and four concentric circles representing degrees of latitude. The projection is surrounded by images of olive branches, representing peace. The emblem is often blue, although it is printed in white on a blue background on the UN flag.
Note: It is unclear on when the name “International Day for the Abolition of Slavery” was first used instead of the “World Day for the Abolition of Slavery” but the new name was mentioned in a UN report in 1995.
International Day for the Abolition of Slavery Observances
The United Nations’ (UN) World AIDS Day is an occasion to honor those who have died of AIDS and those who live with HIV or AIDS and to increase awareness of these conditions. It is held on December 1 each year.
|World AIDS Day||English|
|Día Mundial del SIDA||Spanish|
World AIDS Day 2010
Wednesday, December 1, 2010
World AIDS Day 2011
Thursday, December 1, 2011
See list of observations below.
AIDS is a condition resulting from damage done to the human immune system by HIV. It affects tens of millions of people around the world. The United Nations’ (UN) World AIDS Day is held on December 1 each year to honor the victims of the AIDS pandemic and focus attention on the prevention and treatment of HIV and AIDS related conditions.
A simple red ribbon is one of the most widely recognized symbols of HIV and AIDS. ©iStockphoto.com/Jill Chen
What do people do?
World AIDS Day is the focal point of the World AIDS Campaign, which is active all year round. During the days and weeks leading up to World AIDS Day, there is often a lot of coverage of the condition in the media and fundraising for AIDS and HIV-related charities. In addition, health education campaigns aiming to reduce the transmission of HIV and discrimination of people living with HIV and AIDS are often launched on or around December 1.
On World AIDS Day, many community, national and international leaders issue proclamations on supporting and treating people living with HIV and AIDS and stimulating research into the treatment of these conditions. Local communities may hold events to remember and honor members who have died of AIDS-related conditions or exhibitions around the subject. A particularly well-known example is the AIDS Memorial Quilt. This project allows friends or family members of a person who has died of AIDS to construct a quilt panel. The panels are then exhibited all over the United States.
World AIDS Day is a global observance and not a public holiday.
AIDS stands for “acquired immune deficiency syndrome” or “acquired immunodeficiency syndrome” and denotes a condition, which results from the damage done by HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) to the immune system. The condition was first identified in 1981 and the name “AIDS” was first introduced on July 27, 1982.
HIV can only be transmitted between people through direct contact of a mucous membrane or the blood stream with a bodily fluid. Hence, there has been a lot of stigma around the spread of HIV and people living with HIV and AIDS. It has been estimated that around 33 million people around the world have been infected with HIV and that around two million people die from AIDS related conditions each year. On October 27, 1988, the UN General Assembly officially recognized that the World Health Organization declared December 1, 1988, to be World AIDS Day. World AIDS Day has also been observed on this date each year since then.
A simple red ribbon is one of the most widely recognized symbols of HIV and AIDS and the people who live with these conditions. The symbol was presented by the Visual AIDS Artists Caucus in 1991. The individuals in this group wished to remain anonymous, keep the image copyright free and create a symbol to raise consciousness of HIV and AIDS. The red ribbon was originally intended to be worn as a badge, but is now used in a wide variety of ways.
The symbol of UNAIDS, the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS consists of the word “UNAIDS”. The letters “U” and “N” are in black and the rest of letters are in red. To the left of the word ‘UNAIDS’ is a red ribbon superimposed on the symbol of the United Nations. This symbol is shown in black and consists of an azimuthal equidistant projection of the globe centered on the North Pole surrounded by olive branches.
The symbol of the World AIDS Campaign consists of a sketched image of a red ribbon and the words “world aids campaign”. The words “world” and “campaign” are in black and the word “aids” is in red. The ends of the ribbon merge into splashes of green, blue, purple and orange. The splashes of color can be interpreted in a variety of ways, but are often taken to indicate the diversity of people living with HIV and AIDS.