BLACK HISTORY MONTH: AFRO-MEXICANS

Afro-Mexicans.

Theirs is a unique and unknown history that sadly many people are unaware of, especially the two groups of people who need to learn of them the most:  Black Americans and Mexican-Americans.

I have known of the Afro-Mexicans for over 20 years, and their history should be championed and given to the world.

With the strained relationships that exist now between Afro-Americans and Mexican Americans, many people in both groups do not realize that there was a time when relationships between black and brown were positive with the coalitions between blacks and browns dating back centuries. But, with some gang warfare (California) and ethnic tensions (all across America) that is occurring between Latinos and blacks, many people would think that blacks and Latinos never had a history of solidarity together.

From the ancient Africans who journeyed to Mexico before the coming of Columbus, from the days of slavery, when slaves in Texas were able to escape slavery and run across the border to freedom in Mexico, when Mexicans in Texas participated in the underground railroad to shuttle black slaves to freedom in Mexico, when Latinos risked their lives and property to give shelter and protection to Black Americans who were trying to escape death from vicious race mobs in the Greenwood/Tulsa, OK race massacre, to the Black Panthers and the Brown Berets of California, who came to the aid of the Black Panthers and helped them obtain a radio station for the community——black people and Latinos had a more positive relationship in the past than the one they have now.

Pay day for African American and Mexican workers, ca. 1930s.
Prints and Photographs Collection.  SOURCE 

Much of that ignorance of this historical relationship has been erased from the history books in Mexico or not put into history books at all in America. Blacks and Latinos have a rich heritage that needs to be recognized by both groups and no where is this more needed than in the country of the origin of this relationship:  Mexico.

Not only should black and brown Americans learn of their history together, so too, should the country of Mexico. Mexico should not only be proud of its Indigenous and Spanish blood—it should also be proud of its African blood, and thus its black history as well. There has been a tremendous black influence in Mexico, and some of it was before the escaped slaves found refuge in Mexico during the inhumanity of America’s chattel slavery of the “peculiar institution”, but, there was black history and black presence in Mexico before Columbus.

Ivan Van Sertima in  his famous book,  “They Came Before Columbus”, spoke of the African presence in Mexico and the historical artifacts that lay claim to the legacy of that presence as seen in the towering Olmec heads of Mexico. Many people cannot picture, nor fathom an African presence in the Americas, but Van Sertima and others are finding evidence that does prove that Africans made it to the Americas and definitely left an imprint of themselves on the native peoples. Here is an excerpt of my essay on the African presence in the Americas:

“And just as the history of native peoples in the Americas has been thoroughly white-washed, the history of black America, both pre-slavery, and after slavery is practically written out of America’s history books. Especially, the pre-slavery history:

-Islamic historians have recorded histories of voyages west from Mali in West Africa around 1311, during the reign of Mansa Bakari II. (5)

-African pilots helped Prince Henry the Navigator’s ship captains learn their way down the coast of Africa;
-in 1526, 500 Spaniards and 100 black slaves founded a town near the Pee Dee River in what is present-day South Carolina. The slaves rebelled, killed some of their masters, and escaped to the Indians. By then only 150 Spaniards survived, and they retreated to Haiti. The ex-slaves remained behind and probably merged with nearby Indian nations.
-1,000 BCE – 300 AD, evidence of Afro-Phonecians is found in Central America.

If Columbus is especially relevant to western Europeans and the Vikings to Scandinavians, what is the meaning to black Americans of the pre-Colombian voyagers from Africa?

After visiting the Von Wuthenau museum in Mexico City, the Afro-Carib scholar Tiho Narva wrote, “With his unique collection surrounding me, I had an eerie feeling that veils obscuring the past had been torn asunder….Somehow, upon leaving the museum I suddenly felt that I could walk taller for the rest of my days.” (5)

As with the Norse and European, including the Afro-Phonecians gives a more complete and complex picture of the past, showing that navigation and exploration did not begin with Europe in the 1400s. Unlike the Norse, the Afro-phonecians seem to have made a permanent impact on the Americas. The huge stone statues in Mexico imply as much. (5)

American history textbooks promote the belief that most important developments in world history are traceable to Europe. To grant too much human potential and endeavors to pre-Columbian Africans would definately jar European American sensibilities. As Samuel Marble put it:

“The possibility of African discovery of America has never been a tempting one for American historians.” (5)

“It is in contradiction to the most elementary logic and to all artistic experience that an Indian could depict in a masterly way the head of a Negro without missing a single racial characteristic, unless he had actually seen such a person. The types of people depicted must have lived in America. . . .The Negroid element is well proven by the large Olmec stone monuments as well as the terracotta items and therefore cannot be excluded from the pre-columbian history of the Americas.”

—Alexander Von Wuthenau, The Art of  Terracotta Pottery in Pre-Columbian South and Central America” (5)

“The negro started his career in America not as a slave, but as a master.”

-R. A. JAIRAZBHOY,  Ancient Egyptians and Chinese in America  (5)

http://kathmanduk2.wordpress.com/2007/10/09/in-1492-columbus-sailed-the-ocean-blue/

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Mexico.Tab.OlmecHead.01.jpg
Monument 1, one of the four Olmec colossal heads at La Venta. This one measures nearly 3 meters (9 ft.) tall.

 

Sanlorenzohead6.jpg
Colossal Olmec head No. 6 from San Lorenzo Tenochtitlan, taken at the Museum of Anthropology at Xalapa, Vera Cruz, Mexico.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

That the pre-slavery history of blacks in the Americas is not known is bad enough; that the later history during the time of America’s slavery era is not known, is unconscionable.

Black Americans, Mexican-Americans and Mexicans need to know of this history. There has been an important  existence of a black African presence in Mexico.

There is Gaspar Yanga, an Afro-Mexican who is never mentioned in history books in America, and most probably not mentioned in Mexican history textbooks. Gaspar Yanga was a leader of a slave rebellion in Mexico during the early period of Spanish colonial rule. Said to be a member of the royal family of Gabon, Yanga came to be the head of a band of revolting slaves near Veracruz around 1570. Escaping to the difficult highlands, he and his people built a small free colony. For more than 30 years it grew, partially surviving by capturing caravans bringing goods to Veracruz. However, in 1609 the Spanish colonial government set itself to regain control of the territory. Yanga was made a national hero of Mexico by the diligent work of Vicente Riva Palacio. The influential Riva Palacio (grandson of Mexico’s “Black President”, Vicente Guerrero) was an historian, novelist, short story writer, military general and mayor of Mexico City during his long life. In the late 1860s he retrieved from moldy Inquisition archives accounts of Yanga and of the expedition against him. From his research, he brought the story to the public in an anthology in 1870, and as a separate pamphlet in 1873. Reprints have followed, including a recent edition in 1997. Others have written about Yanga, but none have matched the flair of Riva Palacio in conveying the image of proud fugitives who would not be defeated.

Yanga1.jpg
A statue of Gaspar Yanga, located in the town of Yanga, Veracruz.

Other Afro-Mexicans practically many people know nothing of are Vicente Guerreo and Jose Morelos:

Guerrero vicente.jpg
Portrait of Vicente Ramon Guerrero Saldana, Mexican president.

Vicente Ramón Guerrero Saldaña (August 10, 1782 – February 14, 1831) was a Mexican revolutionary leader and president. He was one of the main rebel leaders of the War of Independence who fought against Spain for independence in the early 19th century; and an early President of Mexico. Guerrero was born in the town of Tixtla, some 100 km inland from the port of Acapulco, in the Sierra Madre del Sur. He belonged to a poor rural family of mixed Spanish, Amerindian and African ancestry. He was the grandfather of the Mexican politician and intellectual Vicente Riva Palacio.

And Jose Maria-Morelos:

In the early Spanish conquest of the Americas, Spainiards who came to America during the time of colonial conquest, brought African slaves with them mainly for labor and as military soldiers/guards. Since the Spanish and Africans came to the Americas with no women, they began to mix with the native Indigenous women. Slavery in the Americas began with the Spanish enslaving the native peoples, but the priest Bartolomeo de las Casas saw the cruelty in this type of slavery, and advocated the enslavement of black Africans. When he saw how barbaric slavery was towards the black Africans, he lobbied for the abolition of slavery of black slaves.

During the days of colonial domination, Spanish enslavement of blacks grew hellish and this maltreatment of the slaves formented rebellions, most notably the rebellion led by Gaspar Yanga and Francisco de la Matosa, in 1609. After fierce battles, Yanga came to negotiate a peace with the viceroy Luis de Velasco. A black community, called “San Lorenzo” (Later renamed Yanga) was founded and still exists; it would be the first of several. But this would not stop the brutalities committed by the Spanish. The Spanish authorities suspected a new rebellion, and in 1612, they imprisoned, tortured and executed 33 slaves (twenty nine males and four women). Their heads were cut off and remained in the main square of Mexico City for a long time as an example.

There were also some persons of African descent who were not made slaves. These were the descendants of slaves who escaped their slave-masters in the sugar cane farms in United States, especially Texas, and settled as free people in Coahuila in the nineteenth century. Mexico also experienced a settlement of thousands of Black Seminoles, who are descendants of free and escaped Africans who married Native Americans of Seminole ancestry. These settlers also escaped their slave-masters in Oklahoma Indian Territory and made a free African village in Nacimiento, Coahuila and a few villages along the Texas-Mexico border. Unlike some Native American tribes in America, the Five Tribes, wko kept blacks as slaves and returned escaped slaves back to their owners –either alive, or the cut-off ears of dead black slaves for bounties/rewards put out by the white slavemasters, Mexicans allowed escaped black slaves to settle in Mexico and live lives free of enslavement and degradation. Mexicans did not take escaped slaves back across the order.  They did not forcibly return escaped slaves back to a living nightmare.

Those slaves who could escape to freedom across the Rio Grade in Mexico were able to make lives and communities for themselves, free from the racial cleansings that blacks living later in the Reconstruction South suffered through.

Some of the Indio African in Yucatan traveled to the country of Belize. Though there is an African presence in Belize some forget their roots. In recent years, some Afro-Mexicans include blacks who immigrated to Mexico from Caribbean countries such as Cuba, or from Africa to earn money in Mexico as contract workers. Many Afro-Mexicans also went abroad to find better economic fortune, mostly to the United States, where they and their U.S. children are called African Americans and Mexican Americans of African descent.

The best site that I know of that gives an excellent history of the Afro-Mexicans is the website of Bobby Vaughn. I discovered his site over 3 years ago, and it it well worth anyone’s time to visit and learn of the true history of Mexico’s Afro-Mexicans.

Bobby Vaughn’s site is entitled,  “The Black Mexico Homepage”:  http://www.afromexico.com/

Mr. Vaughn gives a wonderful history of the Afro-Mexicans, or “Costenos” as they are known since so many of them live on Mexico’s coastal areas, the Pacific Ocean and the Gulf of Mexico. Mr. Vaughn provides links of Africa’s legacy in Mexico, a photo gallery of Afro-Mexicans, and many books on Afro-Mexicans to further one’s knowledge of these forgotten and marginalized people.

Mexican-Americans need to learn of their African roots and the richness of of their Afro-Mexican heritage. Black Americans need to learn of the history of the Afro-Mexicans.

Because of the embracing of the whiteness of Spanish blood, and the vilification of African black blood, Mexico has tried to wipe out its black blood through the centuries. The idea of the so-called “Cosmic Race”  spoken of by the racist Mexican author, intellectual Jose Vasconcelos, was sought in Mexico’s attempt to commit a process of de-Africanization in Mexico. Vasconcelos advocated the wiping out of the black blood to make way for the Indian and white Spanish blood, so that those two blood types  would reign predominantly. Here Vasconcelos argues in effect of a “one drop of white blood rule.” This is opposite of the “one drop ruled” used in the United States. This twist of racism is linked to “beauty,” which according to Vasconcelos ruled out black features as beautiful and put forth that so-called white and Indian blood was more beautiful and should be more sought after—-in essence, rid Mexico of its black blood, its black history, its black people. The closer blacks looked Mestizo/European/Light with the “hiding” of the blackness/Africaness, the more Mexico tried to stamp out the African blood—thereby the African presence, from Mexico. As Vasconcelos stated in such racist terms:

The awareness if the species itself would gradually develop . . .in a very few generations, monstrosities will disappear; what today is normal will come to seem abominable. The lower types of the species will be absorbed by the superior type. In this manner, for example, the Black could be redeemed, and step by step, voluntary extinction [my emphasis], the uglier stocks will give way to the more handsome.

The Afro-Mexican population has mixed mostly with the larger populations and many have forgotten their African ancestry, but some populations like Costa Chica and others still remain with stronger visual cues of their African ancestry.

Mexicans need to know and accept that cultural diversity does exist in their country and that the Indigenous and Spanish heritage is not the only aspect of Mexico that should be celebrated—Afro-Mexicans are the missing group. The missing piece that has just as much an important part of  Mexico as are the Indigenous peoples and the Spanish. Many of the present-day Afro-Mexicans live now largely assimilated in the general population, and have historically been majorities in certain communities in Mexico. They are currently concentrated in the coastal states such as Guerrero, Oaxaca, Michoacán, Veracruz, Campeche, Quintana Roo, and Yucatán, but mostly in Oaxaca and Veracruz.

Mexico states evolution.gif
Mexico states in evolution: Animated map/timeline of the territorial evolution of Mexico.  (Click on map for interactive timeline).

Just as many Mexicans do not know of the major impact Africans have made all across Mexico’s history, so too do the Mexican-Americans and Black Americans not know of this history either. Mexican-Americans, both native-born and foreign-born, need to learn of their African history. Black Americans sholud learn of this history. It is a rich, varied and proud history. The many contributions that Africans through the centuries have made to Mexico have been both positive and long-lasting to Mexico and her people—on both sides of the Rio Grande.

The drive for the preservation of Indigenous cultures in Mexico is definitely necessary; but, so too should the preservation of Afro-Mexican culture be upheld. The Afro-Mexicans have made many contributions to Mexico, and these contributions should be promoted, preserved and presented to the world: technology, archaeological artifacts, arts, music, dance, language, agriculture, culinary— —all of which are heavily influenced by a strong African presence.

Afro-Mexicans are a presence that cannot be denied, hidden away, nor ignored any more.

They have been forgotten in Mexico.

They have been forgotten in America.

Visitors to the coastal areas of Veracruz, Oaxaca, and Guerrero can see Africa in the faces of people who live in these coastal areas.

And Vicente Guerrero and Jose Morelos are not the only historical Mexican figures who had African blood in them—others did as well, such as Emiliano Zapata, and so too did Pancho Villa, the Mexican revolutionary.

Although history books speak nothing of the Afro-Mexicans, they do indeed exist. It is important to rescue the history of solidarity that once existed between blacks and browns from the collective historical amnesia that has erased this knowledge of Afro-Mexicans from the minds of many people, in order to re-unite the Black American and Mexican-American communities in the United States, once again.

This huge chasm that has grown as wide as the Grande Canyon between blacks and browns has created animus between both groups because they know so little of their history and solidarity both groups once shared with each other. Only when blacks and browns learn of their past history they once had together, only when they realize they have so much in common with each other, only when they find they can rebuild that broken link—-the link they had shared during Spain’s period of colonial conquest, America’s period of slavery, during the time of the 19TH Century when Mexico had presidents with black blood flowing in their veins—-then with this knowledge that arms them against the forces of the status quo that seeks to drive wedges between black and brown to divide and separate them—when blacks and browns learn of and embrace their shared history—then, will the fears, distrusts, rivalies, the wary circling of each other, then will the barriers that have built up between black and brown finally begin to crumble, then will the wall that has been erected between black and brown start to come tumbling down.

To know your past, is to know your history; to know your history, is to know your future.

RELATED LINKS:

“BLACK MEXICANS SEE PRIDE IN LOST HISTORY”:  http://www.latinamericanstudies.org/mexico/black-mexicans.htm

AFRO-MEXICANS FACE DISCRIMINATION:

http://www2.eluniversal.com.mx/pls/impreso/noticia.html?id_nota=10462&tabla=miami

“HISTORY OF MEXICAN-BLACK SOLIDARITY”:  http://www.workers.org/2007/us/solidarity-0503/

“THE UNEXPECTED FACE OF MEXICO”:  http://articles.latimes.com/2007/oct/08/entertainment/et-gleaton8

 

REFERENCES:

WIKIPEDIA – http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Afro-Mexican

GASPAR YANGA AND HIS STORY AND A VISIT TO YANGA:

HISTORY:  LOOKING FOR AFRICAN ROOTS: THE FIRST FREE TOWN FOR SLAVES IN AMERICA  –   http://www.johntoddjr.com/86%20Yanga/yanga01.htm

VICENTE GUERRERO – A STUDY IN TRIUMPH AND TRAGEDY:http://www.mexconnect.com/mex_/history/jtuck/jtvguerrero.html

JOSE MORELOS:  ARTICLE “AN AFRO-MEXICAN LEGEND, JOSE MORELOS” (from African American Registry:   http://www.aaregistry.com/african_american_history/2778/An_AfroMexican_legend_Jos_Morelos 

THE AFRICAN PRESENCE IN MEXICAN NATIONAL IDENTITY: http://www.nhm.org/africa/gleaton/terra.html

FOR MORE INFORMATION ON THE BLACK SEMINOLES, VISIT THIS LINK:

http://www.african-nativeamerican.com/

BLACK SEMINOLES IN TEXAS AND MEXICO:

http://www.texancultures.utsa.edu/seminole/blackseminoleintro.htm

 

CALIFORNIA AFRICAN AMERICAN MUSEUM  –  AFRICAN PRESENCE IN MEXICO: http://www.caamuseum.org/ce_3.htm

 

PRESS RELEASE:  Feb. 2, 2008 cover story on this exhibit in the Los Angeles Times newspaper: http://www.latimes.com/entertainment/la-et-culture2feb02,0,7120599.story)

 
1.
The Proud Story of the Seminole Negro
Our Land Before We Die: The Proud Story of the Seminole Negro by Jeff Guinn (Hardcover – Sep 12, 2002)
5.0 out of 5 stars (1)
2.
The Cosmic Race / La raza cosmica (Race in the Americas) by José Vasconcelos and Didier T. Jaén (Paperback – Jun 25, 1997)
4.5 out of 5 stars (4)
3.
MEXICO, A TRAVES DE LOS SIGLOS  (10 Volumes)
MEXICO, A TRAVES DE LOS SIGLOS (10 Volumes) by D. Vicente Riva Palacio (Hardcover – 1981)
4.
The Legacy of Vicente Guerrero, Mexico's First Black Indian President
The Legacy of Vicente Guerrero, Mexico’s First Black Indian President by THEODORE G. VINCENT (Hardcover – Dec 18, 2001)
5.
5.0 out of 5 stars (1)
*****************************************************************
The Mexican Cultural Institute presented the African By Legacy, “African Blood”, by Roberto Olivares April 13, 2006 as part of the screening of “African Blood”. Mexican identity is

assumed as the fusion between Indigenous and European cultures. 

Protest
(California African-American Museum)

“However, this definition excludes a very important component: our African

blood. This documentary will bring us closer to these forgotten roots, through

testimonies, reflections and powerful cultural expressions made by our

brothers and sisters who live in the Costa Chica region, in the states of

Oaxaca and Guerrero. These are the people who carry this great legacy: the

Afro-Mestizo, or Afro-Mexican culture. Their struggle to strengthen and claim

their own identity makes the wide diversity of cultures in Mexico even greater.”

posted by Ann

21 Comments

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21 responses to “BLACK HISTORY MONTH: AFRO-MEXICANS

  1. Solana DeLamant

    How can I find out about contemporary Afro-Mexican poets?

    • Ann

      Afro-Mexican poets:

      -Carl Senna (Afro-Mexican poet and author, active in the Civil Rights Movement; father of Danzy Senna), and the author of “The Black Press and the Struggle for Civil Rights,” among the many books he wrote;
      -Nancy Lorenza Green, an Afro-Mexican musician and poet. Read more about her here:

      http://www.elpasotimes.com/entertainment/ci_11717624

      The Afro-Mexican community in Mexico’s poetry is unique. There are versos, which are these rhymed couplets that people recite, and quentos, folk tales, and a particular dance called the Artesa, which has very visible connections to African forms and traditions.

  2. I really commend you for putting this all together- everything said is so true. I’m from Chicago and was astounded when I saw the exhibit of “the African Presence in Mexico” at the National Museum of Mexican history because never knew about it. I am of Mexican decent, (my father is actually from Tabasco which is close to Veracruz and my maternal grandfather was born in Veracruz) personally I was happy to discover this history, however I know the complicated views of race that have been embedded in the Mexican cultural consciousness (since the times of Cortes) that keeps both Mexican and Mexican-Americans from embracing this history. I hope that by spreading awareness about this little known history and confronting racist ideas past and present we can slowly teach others how to identify and appreciate this “tercera raiz” (3rd root) of Mexican mestizaje.

    http://www.avjphotography.com/catalogue.html

    • Ann

      Thank you, Micaela, for your comments.

    • Nico

      I believe 100% we do have African. Blood I’m a Mexican American here in not my father family are dark and have curly hair I’m proud to have native American and African blood now for the whole story they were here in America’s before I don believe so Asian and Pacific island are black to no jus because you have a nose like that does mean your african. Native american have nose like that

  3. Afr0-mexican

    I’m Mexican, I knew about the Afro-Mexican history. Mexicans are very mix, so we don’t really have issues with our African ancestors. There should be more reasearch of the Afro-Mexican anscestry because Mexican don’t even know much about history. The Mexican culture has something in common from Africa as well as from Spain like latin American countries.

  4. Henry Guzman Villalobos (Aztec-Yaqui Native American)

    Some of us are aware, about the African-Americans in Mexico and all Mexicans need to learn about the African roots in Mexico.

    I just wrote an article about the first African (Vicente Guerrero) President of Mexico.

    I am also aware of Emiliano Zapata being part African.

    Henry Guzman Villalobos (Aztec-Yaqui) Founder/President of Native Americans of the Americas Committee, e-mails:aztecyaqui@comcast.net, aztecs5463@yahoo.com

  5. Rosa

    I was born in Mexico City but was raise in LA,CA. As I was growing up I realized I liked the African songs and punta rock which is a mixture of Hindu with punta. My dad is from Mexico the costa chica Guerrero and he said to me once that when he was growing up he remember seeing African people but now he realized that he dont see them anymore. This has been really excited for me to learn more about my third generation something that I always use to wonder why I attractive to African dances thanks for the information I will pass it on to my children.

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  7. Gerald Johnson

    As an African American living in southern California, I would suggest the story of Afro-Mexicans be talked about more, taught in schools (and prisons) where so often racial relations are often tense between Black Americans and Mexican-Americans… too often with violent and tragic results on for both.

  8. THE “AFRO-MEXICANS” OF MEXICO!!!!

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  10. Many Mexicans and Mexican Americans don’t know of their African blood. Not long ago on the George Lopez show, George had a DNA test done and was surprised to find he has 5 or 6 % Sub Saharan African blood. As I understand it many, even those who may appear to look like your everyday Mestizo Mexican, have any where between 4 -12 % Sub Saharan African blood while others along the coastal areas of S. Mex. may have between 45-65% Sub Saharan African blood. Those who have the biggest problem with accepting the 3rd root of Mexico seem to be those of northern Mexico. During the 1860’s, the remaining Spaniard population (AKA “peninsulares”) that ran to Texas and Colorado after getting their clocks cleaned by the COLONIAL POPULATION CREATED between early 1500’s-1829 ( This would be us THE AFRO – MESTIZO) Anyway, as I was saying, during the 1860’s the peninsulares invited german immigrants with hopes of whitening Mexico as much as possible. AGAIN, those with the biggest problem accepting Mexico’s African blood are the german immigrants who arrived during the 1860’s ( This means they are not a true part of COLONIAL MEXICO 1500’s – 1829) and they are correct! They are, as far as I’m concerned, NOT TRUE MEXICANS OF COLONIAL MEJICO!!!! They got to Mexico after all the building was done!!!! They were not here to aid in CHANGING “NEW SPAIN” into MEJICO!!!! The only thing they brought was their polka music that has been rearranged (somewhat) and now called banda (which I don’t really care too much for. But those who left S. Mejico and traveled north, not only adopted the german polka, they also forgot about their true ROOTS, Afro – Mestizo ROOTS!!! Since we are Mestizo with our Indigenous Spanish blood, We must acknowledge our African blood as well HENCE: AFRO-MESTIZO…. Yes I know….. You don’t have a curl in your hair or if you raise your shirt sleeve we can all see that you’re lighter skin above the shirt line DOES NOT QUALIFY YOU AS BEING A german!!! Even if you do play polka music!!! YOU CANNOT HIDE…. The U.S. imported about 200,000 more Africans than Mexico did, that blood is still here.

  11. I’ve read many who have written; “It is time that Mejicanos recognize and be proud of their African blood as well as their Indigenous and Spanish blood but the conqueror’s concept of divide and conquer continues to live in present day Mejico. In Rwanda Africa the Belgian rulers after WWII gave preferential status to the minority Tutsis and just before Belgian rule fell off the wayside in 1992, they changed the preferential status and made the Hutus feel superior over the Tutsis telling the Hutus that they had more of a caucasian look as opposed to the minority Tutsis. Yes, the Belgian rulers used the Hutus against the Tutsis by convincing them that they had somewhat longer noses (European like) as compared to the Tutsis and since they displayed this European trait, they MUST be better than the Tutsis….. The Hutus went for the Belgian fried icecream and felt superior over the Tutsis yet both groups are very much alike and prior to white colonization, sure they had their differences but none of their past differences ever came close to the 800,000 murdered Tutsis that was provoked by the EX white Belgian rulers. I’d say the “DIVIDE AND CONQUER” method is being used by the minority Spaniard white ruling class of Mexico along with their german counter-parts that were invited during the 1860’s by the Spaniards. These german immigrants arrived in nortern Mexico bringing their polkas and convincing the Mejicanos that had moved up north that they were better looking than the darker black Mexicans of the south. These Mejicanos have bit into their DIVIDE AND CONQUEROR method which allows them ( The whites, both Spaniards and Germans ) to sit back and watch as the “SO CALLED MESTIZOS” continue to propagate the Indigenous/ Spanish
    “MESTIZO” while negating the close to half million Africans who helped build Mejico…. Yes. The close to half million Africans that now are a hidden part of all TRUE MEJICANOS…. When I say TRUE MEJICANOS I speak of everyone who can trace their roots back to COLONIAL Mejico 1500’s – 1829. The 15-20,000 germans immigrants arrived after the fact, so they did not participate in changing “NEW SPAIN into MEJICO!!!! ELLOS NO SON MEJICANOS VERDADEROS! ELLOS SON MOJADOS de alemania …. PUNTO!!!! Don’t allow them to once again CONQUER us!!! The Spanish came and put the Indigenous in chains and when millions died off they brought our African brothers who throughout the 3 centuries became a part of US…. It may not show in most of us but after centuries of miscegenation we all became so well blended. NEVERTHELESS, We Are Indigeno, Africano, y Gallego, SOMOS AFRO-MESTIZOS!!!!! PUNTO!!!! Es Cierto que los alemanes no tienen raices Africano. Sabes por que? Por que ellos no nacieron de los dias coloniales!!!!!

  12. Anonymous

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  13. “AFRICAN ROOTS STRETCH DEEP INTO MEXICO.”
    IN FACT, DURING THE COLONIAL ERA, THERE WERE MORE AFRICANS THAN EUROPEANS IN MEXICO, ACCORDING TO SOME OF US NATIVE AMERICAN INDIANS FROM MEXICO AND THE U.S.A. SOME OF US NATIVE PEOPLE KNOW OUR REAL HISTORY. AND WE CAN PROVE IT IN FEDERAL COURT AND IN THE WORLD COURT.

  14. Vetter1

    Latin is an African dialect used in the commonwealth of Carthage 500 years before the Roman Empire. Hieroglyphics, Hebrew and Latin are all Afican languages.

  15. Vidal

    I am Mexican American and I am also Afro Mestizo de raices Mejicana. When I say Afro Mestizo I’m saying I am of all 3 bloods. Unlike many others of Mexican descent, I know of my Black blood. My great grandfather was Negro Mejicano. I have no problem acknowledging my Afro Mestizo roots but I need to make it clear that Indigenous blood with spanish blood is Mestizo. So my African bloid along with the other two bloods gives me the perfect com ination of Afro Mestizo. Honestly speaking, most Mexicans are Afro Mestizos, they just don’t know it. There are some who are pretty much pure white but they are the minority. These white Mexicans are usually descendants of german immigrants that arrived in Mex. during the 1860’s. There are also the inbred criollos (spanish) who married relatives in order to preserve their white blood(and they called us Jarochos) Jarocho was a term used to describe Indigenous/African Mix which translates to filthy pig. As far as I know we never practiced their inbredmanners.

  16. Troy

    Great and informative post. The African presence in the Americas is most profound.

  17. It is always the way to divide and conquer the people. Union of Black and Mexican Americans would change the balance of political power in America, so propaganda will continued to be spewed which keeps people of color divided.

  18. Pingback: Fred

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